PubMed Journals Articles About "Malnutrition" - Page: 2 RSS

03:59 EDT 22nd October 2014 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Malnutrition" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 235


Malnutrition in Care Home Residents with Dementia.

Objectives: To investigate the malnutrition prevalence in Dutch care home residents with dementia over the years. Secondly, to examine the relationship of malnutrition and dementia and the role of care dependency and co-morbidity within this relationship. Design: This study is a secondary analysis of data of the annual independent Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems of Maastricht University. The design involves a cross-sectional, multicenter point prevalence measurement. Setting: Care hom...

The role of hepcidin and haemojuvelin in the pathogenesis of iron disorders in patients with severe malnutrition.

introduction and objective. The clinical consequences of malnutrition are multi-directional and result in dysfunctions of the majority of internal organs and systems. The results of recent studies suggest that a significant role is played by malnutrition in pathophysiology of iron homeostasis disorders, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. The study describes the potential role of hepcidin and hemojuvelin in the pathogenesis of disorders of iron metabolism during malnutrition. state of knowledge. The pa...

Malnutrition and disability: unexplored opportunities for collaboration.

There is increasing international interest in the links between malnutrition and disability: both are major global public health problems, both are key human rights concerns, and both are currently prominent within the global health agenda. In this review, interactions between the two fields are explored and it is argued that strengthening links would lead to important mutual benefits and synergies. At numerous points throughout the life-cycle, malnutrition can cause or contribute to an individual's physica...

Post-Discharge Mortality in Children with Severe Malnutrition and Pneumonia in Bangladesh.

Post-discharge mortality among children with severe illness in resource-limited settings is under-recognized and there are limited data. We evaluated post-discharge mortality in a recently reported cohort of children with severe malnutrition and pneumonia, and identified characteristics associated with an increased risk of death.

Malnutrition in Liver Cirrhosis:The Influence of Protein and Sodium.

Protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis and occurs in 50%-90% of these patients. Although the pathogenesis of PCM is multifactorial, alterations in protein metabolism play an important role. This article is based on a selective literature review of protein and sodium recommendations. Daily protein and sodium requirements of patients with cirrhosis have been the subject of many research studies since inadequate amounts of b...

Assessment of Nutritional Risk and Its Associated Factors among Elderly Women of Old Age Homes of South Suburban Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Different physiological, social and psychological factors contribute to nutritional risk in elderly population. Elderly women residing at old age homes are particularly susceptible. Objectives: To find out psychological and financial factors, if any, associated with malnutrition and risk of malnutrition. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted on 200 residents belonging to > 65 years age group of nine old age homes selected randomly among eighteen old age homes located at sout...

Nutritional deficit in children in a major city of the interior of the state of Bahia, Brazil.

The study sought to analyze the nutritional deficit of children and associated environmental factors and maternal and infant characteristics in a major city in the interior of the state of Bahia. Information from mother/child-under-four duos of a birth cohort was assessed. Malnutrition was defined by the height-for-age (H/A) anthropometric index, at a cutoff of -1 z-score relative to the benchmark of the 2006 Multicentre Growth Reference Study. The variables studied were: the characteristics of children (bi...

Nurses' views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in surgical settings in Saudi Arabia - a qualitative study.

Although the occurrence of malnutrition in hospitals is a growing concern, little is known about how hospital staff understand the care that nurses provide to patients with malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to explore nurses' views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in Saudi Arabia (KSA).

A path model of sarcopenia on bone mass loss in elderly subjects.

Objective: Aging is associated with decreases in muscle mass, strength, power (sarcopenia) and bone mineral density (BMD). The aims of this study were to investigate in elderly the role of sarcopenia on BMD loss by a path model, including adiposity, inflammation, and malnutrition associations. Methods: Body composition and BMD were measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry in 159 elderly subjects (52 male/107 female; mean age 80.3 yrs). Muscle strength was determined with dynamometer. Serum albumin and PCR were...

Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in hospital patients over 75years of age admitted for hip fracture.

One percent of falls in over-75years old cause hip fracture (HF). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is associated with falls and fracture. PEM screening and perioperative nutritional management are recommended by the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, yet data on nutritional status in elderly HF patients are sparse. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score is presently the most effective screening tool for PEM in over-75years old.

Prevalence of malnutrition and its correlates in older adults living in long stay institutions situated in beirut, Lebanon.

Malnutrition represents an important issue in older adults; unfortunately, there is lack of data concerning this topic in Lebanon. This paper aims to provide a description of nutritional status and its correlates in older adults living in long stay institutions situated in Beirut.

Impact of fetal and neonatal malnutrition on the onset of puberty and associated noncommunicable disease risks.

Fetal and neonatal malnutrition impacts the timing of the onset of puberty. The timing of puberty onset has been shown to be a rough indicator of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk. Recent advances in understanding the various inter-related neurochemical and genetic controls underpinning puberty onset have shed new light on these interesting and important phenomena. These studies have suggested that developmental trajectory is set very early by epigenetic mechanisms that serve to adjust phenotype to environ...

Studying the Nutritional beliefs and Food Practices of Malagasy School Children Parents: A Contribution to the Understanding of Malnutrition in Madagascar.

Madagascar is severely affected by the problem of children malnutrition. The present study aimed at exploring school children Malagasy parents' food practices and beliefs structure about the nutritional value of foods, to better understand the causes of this malnutrition. A combination of Focus Groups (72 participants), and questionnaires (1000 interviewees) was used to evaluate the food beliefs and the nutritional habits of low incomes parents of school age children in urban and rural areas of Antananarivo...

Cross-Sectional Study of Malnutrition and Associated Factors among School Aged Children in Rural and Urban Settings of Fogera and Libo Kemkem Districts, Ethiopia.

Little information is available on malnutrition-related factors among school-aged children ≥5 years in Ethiopia. This study describes the prevalence of stunting and thinness and their related factors in Libo Kemkem and Fogera, Amhara Regional State and assesses differences between urban and rural areas.

Malnutrition in patients with chronic GVHD.

Malnutrition is a known complication of chronic GVHD (cGVHD), but has not been well described in the context of organ-specific manifestations and the recent National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria. Here, 210 cGVHD patients were analyzed, in a cross-sectional study design, for demographics, transplant-related history, clinical assessments, symptoms, function, quality-of-life, laboratory values and survival in order to determine their associations with nutritional status. Most patients had long-standing,...

Effects of nutrition counseling and monitoring on the weight and hemoglobin of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Ebonyi State, Southeast Nigeria.

The relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malnutrition is easily explained, and the etiology of malnutrition in HIV disease is believed to be multifactorial. It therefore follows that ongoing assessment of nutritional and medical status is crucial to quality nutrition care for every person living with HIV. The aim of this study was to find out the effect of nutritional counseling and monitoring, using personalized dietary prescriptions, on the body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin of pa...

Nutrition biomarkers and clinical outcomes in critically ill children: A critical appraisal of the literature.

Malnutrition can significantly affect clinical outcomes in critically ill children. In view of the limitations of anthropometry, nutrition-related serum biomarkers have been used to assess the degree of malnutrition in the pediatric intensive care unit. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the use of nutrition-related serum biomarkers in predicting clinical outcomes in critically ill children.

Geriatric nutritional risk index is a strong predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients: data from the Riscavid cohort.

Malnutrition is a common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients and it is related to morbidity and mortality. Although a gold standard method for diagnosis of malnutrition is not available, serum albumin, body weight and height are commonly used and are included in the calculation of the Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI). Recently the association between GNRI and mortality in chronic HD patients has been documented in Asian populations. Our aim was to examine the relative reliability of the GNRI a...

Intravenous Glutamine Administration Reduces Lung and Distal Organ Injury in Malnourished Rats With Sepsis.

Malnutrition is a risk factor for infection, compromising immune response. Glutamine (Gln) protects the lungs and distal organs in well-nourished septic and non-septic conditions; however, no study to date has analyzed the effects of glutamine in the presence of sepsis and malnutrition. In the present work, we tested the hypothesis that early therapy with intravenous Gln prevents lung and distal organ damage in septic malnourished rats. Protein-energy malnutrition was induced in male Wistar rats for 4 weeks...


Epigenetics: Transgenerational effects of in utero malnutrition.

Nutrition and IBD-Consensus of the Austrian Working Group of IBD (Inflammatory Bowel Diseases) of the ÖGGH.

This is a consensus of the Austrian working group of IBD (inflammatory bowel diseases) of the ÖGGH on nutrition in IBD. Malnutrition should be assessed in case of IBD (in 20 - 70 % of Crohn's patients) and weight loss(> 5 % within 3 months) or nutritional deficiencies or after extensive bowel resection and afterwards also treated. Malnutrition should be treated with medical therapy of IBD and also adequate - as far as possible - with oral nutritional therapy particularly because of reduced life q...

Severe weight loss in 3 months after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT was associated with an increased risk of subsequent non-relapse mortality.

Patients after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) are at risk of malnutrition. To assess the impact of malnutrition after allogeneic HSCT on transplant outcomes, we conducted a retrospective study. Adult patients who received allogeneic HSCT from 2000 to 2009 for standard-risk leukemia and achieved disease-free survival up to 3 months after allogeneic HSCT were included. From participating centers, 145 patients were enrolled. Median age was 46 years (19-68). Patients were classified based on weight loss du...

Reducing Malnutrition: Time to Consider Potential Links Between Stunting and Mycotoxin Exposure?

Early detection of coagulation abnormalities in patients at nutritional risk: the novel role of thromboelastography.

It is believed that malnutrition is common among hospitalized patients and associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. It is unclear if it is more likely to cause coagulation disorders in patients with malnutrition. We, therefore, investigate the feasibility of using thromboelastography (TEG) in early detection of coagulation abnormalities in patients at nutritional risk. Fifty successive adult patients with gastrointestinal disease were prospectively divided into one of two groups according ...

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