PubMed Journals Articles About "Malnutrition" - Page: 2 RSS

23:18 EDT 30th March 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Malnutrition" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 213

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Evidence-Based Recommendations for Addressing Malnutrition in Health Care: An Updated Strategy From the feedM.E. Global Study Group.

The prevalence of malnutrition ranges up to 50% among patients in hospitals worldwide, and disease-related malnutrition is all too common in long-term and other health care settings as well. Regrettably, the numbers have not improved over the past decade. The consequences of malnutrition are serious, including increased complications (pressure ulcers, infections, falls), longer hospital stays, more frequent readmissions, increased costs of care, and higher risk of mortality. Yet disease-related malnutrition...

Periodontal Status, Inflammation, and Malnutrition in Hemodialysis Patients - Is There a Link?

Periodontal disease (PDD) was associated with inflammation, malnutrition, and higher mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients.

Predicators for weight gain in children treated for severe acute malnutrition: a prospective study at nutritional rehabilitation center.

Introduction. Despite being an important health problem in developing countries, there is little information available on factors affecting the severe acute malnutrition, especially nondietary factors. Objective. To study the impact of various factors, especially nondietary ones affecting directly or indirectly the weight gain in children with severe acute malnutrition. Method. A total of 300 children in the age group of 6 to 60 months meeting the WHO criteria for severe acute malnutrition were enrolled in ...

Malnutrition in Care Home Residents with Dementia.

Objectives: To investigate the malnutrition prevalence in Dutch care home residents with dementia over the years. Secondly, to examine the relationship of malnutrition and dementia and the role of care dependency and co-morbidity within this relationship. Design: This study is a secondary analysis of data of the annual independent Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems of Maastricht University. The design involves a cross-sectional, multicenter point prevalence measurement. Setting: Care hom...

The role of hepcidin and haemojuvelin in the pathogenesis of iron disorders in patients with severe malnutrition.

introduction and objective. The clinical consequences of malnutrition are multi-directional and result in dysfunctions of the majority of internal organs and systems. The results of recent studies suggest that a significant role is played by malnutrition in pathophysiology of iron homeostasis disorders, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. The study describes the potential role of hepcidin and hemojuvelin in the pathogenesis of disorders of iron metabolism during malnutrition. state of knowledge. The pa...

The Effect of Malnutrition on the Pharmacokinetics and Virologic Outcomes of Lopinavir, Efavirenz and Nevirapine in Food Insecure HIV-infected Children in Tororo, Uganda.

Malnutrition may impact the pharmacokinetics (PKs) of antiretroviral medications and virologic responses in HIV-infected children. The authors therefore evaluated the PK of nevirapine (NVP), efavirenz (EFV) and lopinavir (LPV) in associations with nutritional status in a cohort of HIV-infected Ugandan children.

Malnutrition and disability: unexplored opportunities for collaboration.

There is increasing international interest in the links between malnutrition and disability: both are major global public health problems, both are key human rights concerns, and both are currently prominent within the global health agenda. In this review, interactions between the two fields are explored and it is argued that strengthening links would lead to important mutual benefits and synergies. At numerous points throughout the life-cycle, malnutrition can cause or contribute to an individual's physica...

Malnutrition Effects on Critically Ill Patients With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia.

Critical Care PostersSESSION TYPE: Original Investigation PosterPRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PMPURPOSE: Malnutrition is a common complication in critically ill patients. Recovery from this critical illness is characterized when the rate of anabolism exceeds that of catabolism. Adequate nutrition provide substrate for anabolic state1, recent evidence suggests that starting feeding early in those patients can markedly affect the outcome1. Acute myelogenous leukemia [AML], one ...

Post-Discharge Mortality in Children with Severe Malnutrition and Pneumonia in Bangladesh.

Post-discharge mortality among children with severe illness in resource-limited settings is under-recognized and there are limited data. We evaluated post-discharge mortality in a recently reported cohort of children with severe malnutrition and pneumonia, and identified characteristics associated with an increased risk of death.

Malnutrition in Liver Cirrhosis:The Influence of Protein and Sodium.

Protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis and occurs in 50%-90% of these patients. Although the pathogenesis of PCM is multifactorial, alterations in protein metabolism play an important role. This article is based on a selective literature review of protein and sodium recommendations. Daily protein and sodium requirements of patients with cirrhosis have been the subject of many research studies since inadequate amounts of b...

Nutritional deficit in children in a major city of the interior of the state of Bahia, Brazil.

The study sought to analyze the nutritional deficit of children and associated environmental factors and maternal and infant characteristics in a major city in the interior of the state of Bahia. Information from mother/child-under-four duos of a birth cohort was assessed. Malnutrition was defined by the height-for-age (H/A) anthropometric index, at a cutoff of -1 z-score relative to the benchmark of the 2006 Multicentre Growth Reference Study. The variables studied were: the characteristics of children (bi...

Nurses' views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in surgical settings in Saudi Arabia - a qualitative study.

Although the occurrence of malnutrition in hospitals is a growing concern, little is known about how hospital staff understand the care that nurses provide to patients with malnutrition. The purpose of this study was to explore nurses' views and experiences of caring for malnourished patients in Saudi Arabia (KSA).

IMMEDIATE PREOPERATIVE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PATIENTS WITH COLORECTAL CANCER: a warning.

Context Weight loss and malnutrition are disorders observed in colorectal cancer patients. Objectives We sought to evaluate the immediate preoperative nutritional status of patients with colorectal cancer. Methods This is a cross-sectional clinical study conducted at a single center. Sixty-six consecutive patients in preoperative for elective surgical treatment were studied. The clinical history, socio-demographic data and nutritional status of the patients were evaluated using Subjective Global Assessment ...

Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in hospital patients over 75years of age admitted for hip fracture.

One percent of falls in over-75years old cause hip fracture (HF). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is associated with falls and fracture. PEM screening and perioperative nutritional management are recommended by the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, yet data on nutritional status in elderly HF patients are sparse. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score is presently the most effective screening tool for PEM in over-75years old.

Studying the Nutritional beliefs and Food Practices of Malagasy School Children Parents: A Contribution to the Understanding of Malnutrition in Madagascar.

Madagascar is severely affected by the problem of children malnutrition. The present study aimed at exploring school children Malagasy parents' food practices and beliefs structure about the nutritional value of foods, to better understand the causes of this malnutrition. A combination of Focus Groups (72 participants), and questionnaires (1000 interviewees) was used to evaluate the food beliefs and the nutritional habits of low incomes parents of school age children in urban and rural areas of Antananarivo...

Cross-Sectional Study of Malnutrition and Associated Factors among School Aged Children in Rural and Urban Settings of Fogera and Libo Kemkem Districts, Ethiopia.

Little information is available on malnutrition-related factors among school-aged children ≥5 years in Ethiopia. This study describes the prevalence of stunting and thinness and their related factors in Libo Kemkem and Fogera, Amhara Regional State and assesses differences between urban and rural areas.

Malnutrition in patients with chronic GVHD.

Malnutrition is a known complication of chronic GVHD (cGVHD), but has not been well described in the context of organ-specific manifestations and the recent National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria. Here, 210 cGVHD patients were analyzed, in a cross-sectional study design, for demographics, transplant-related history, clinical assessments, symptoms, function, quality-of-life, laboratory values and survival in order to determine their associations with nutritional status. Most patients had long-standing,...

Effects of nutrition counseling and monitoring on the weight and hemoglobin of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Ebonyi State, Southeast Nigeria.

The relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malnutrition is easily explained, and the etiology of malnutrition in HIV disease is believed to be multifactorial. It therefore follows that ongoing assessment of nutritional and medical status is crucial to quality nutrition care for every person living with HIV. The aim of this study was to find out the effect of nutritional counseling and monitoring, using personalized dietary prescriptions, on the body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin of pa...

Assessing and Addressing Global Malnutrition.

Malnutrition: Another domain of frailty.

MALNUTRITION IN COPD: PREVALENCE AND IMPACT ON OUTCOME.

Epigenetics: Transgenerational effects of in utero malnutrition.

Severe weight loss in 3 months after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT was associated with an increased risk of subsequent non-relapse mortality.

Patients after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) are at risk of malnutrition. To assess the impact of malnutrition after allogeneic HSCT on transplant outcomes, we conducted a retrospective study. Adult patients who received allogeneic HSCT from 2000 to 2009 for standard-risk leukemia and achieved disease-free survival up to 3 months after allogeneic HSCT were included. From participating centers, 145 patients were enrolled. Median age was 46 years (19-68). Patients were classified based on weight loss du...

Reducing Malnutrition: Time to Consider Potential Links Between Stunting and Mycotoxin Exposure?

Assessment of serum acylated ghrelin in children and adolescents with chronic liver diseases: relation to nutritional status.

Because ghrelin is one of the key hormones in regulating feeding behavior and caloric status, it was suggested that ghrelin behavior might be closely associated with malnutrition state of patients with chronic liver disease (CLD). Thus, we aimed to assess serum ghrelin levels in children with CLD and its relation to anthropometric parameters and severity of CLD. Forty CLD patients were studied in comparison to 40 controls. All subjects were subjected to history, anthropometric, and laboratory assessment of ...


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