PubMed Journals Articles About "Malnutrition" - Page: 2 RSS

06:32 EDT 2nd September 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Malnutrition" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 187

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Evaluation of malnutrition with blood ghrelin and fecal elastase levels in acute decompensated heart failure patients.

Exocrine pancreatic dysfunction may contribute to malnutrition and lack of appetite in the advanced stages of heart failure. Nutritional assessment was carried out on patients diagnosed with mild or moderate/severe heart failure. Fecal elastase levels are an indicator of pancreatic exocrine function and ghrelin is an appetite hormone which is also investigated for its contribution to malnutrition.

Mid upper Arm Circumference for Detection of Severe Acute Malnutrition in Infants Aged Between One and Six Months.

This study conducted among 302 infants aimed to determine the most suitable mid upper arm circumference cutoff to diagnose severe acute malnutrition (weight-for-length

Research Priorities to Improve the Management of Acute Malnutrition in Infants Aged Less Than Six Months (MAMI).

By engaging expert opinion, Marko Kerac and colleagues set research priorities for the management of acute malnutrition in infants.

Nutritional status of care-dependent people with dementia in shared-housing arrangements - a one-year follow-up.

Malnutrition in the elderly is an important nursing challenge. Persons with dementia disease are often affected by malnutrition. During recent years, shared-housing arrangements (SHA) for older care-dependent people, frequently with dementia disease, have evolved in Germany. SHA can be an alternative to traditional residential care in nursing homes. The prevalence of malnutrition in SHA is compared to the prevalence in community dwellings and lower than the prevalence of malnutrition in nursing homes. There...

Severe Acute Malnutrition in a Population of Hospitalized Under-Five Nigerian Children.

This study was to determine the prevalence and socio- clinical factors associated with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) among hospitalized under-five children.

Factors contributing to malnutrition in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Our objective in this study was to evaluate the nutritional status and to identify clinical, psychosocial, and nutritional factors contributing to malnutrition in Korean patients with Parkinson's disease. We used a descriptive, cross-sectional study design. Of 102 enrolled patients, 26 (25.5%) were malnourished and 27 (26.5%) were at risk of malnutrition based on Mini-Nutritional Assessment scores. Malnutrition was related to activity of daily living score, Hoehn and Yahr stage, duration of levodopa therapy...

Coverage of Community-Based Management of Severe Acute Malnutrition Programmes in Twenty-One Countries, 2012-2013.

This paper reviews coverage data from programmes treating severe acute malnutrition (SAM) collected between July 2012 and June 2013.

Is the skeleton still in the hospital closet? A review of hospital malnutrition emphasizing health economic aspects.

Hospital malnutrition used to be a skeleton, a well hidden secret. Compelling studies in the last four decades revealed the width and depth of the problem. It encompasses not only critically ill hospitalized individuals, but many other vulnerable groups. The aim of this review was to assess the effectiveness of current hospital routines in eradicating this historical scourge.

PREVALENCE OF UNDERNUTRITION IN HOSPITAL PATIENTS WITH UNBALANCED HEART FAILURE; SUBJECTIVE GLOBAL ASSESSMENT LIKE PROGNOSIS SIGN.

Introduction The malnutrition prevalence's studies in patients with heart failure have a great variability. The proportion depends on the used method and the evaluation moment. Malnutrition increases complications, hospital stay, mortality and hospital reentry. It is good idea to diagnose and treat these patients.

What Explains Child Malnutrition of Indigenous People of Northeast India?

Household risk factors affecting child health, particularly malnutrition, are mainly basic amenities like drinking water, toilet facility, housing and fuel used for cooking. This paper considered the collective impact of basic amenities measured by an index specially constructed as the contextual factor of child malnutrition. The contextual factor operates at both the macro and micro levels namely the state level and the household level. The importance of local contextual factors is especially important whe...

A Swedish version of the SCREEN II for malnutrition assessment among community-dwelling elderly.

The Seniors in the Community: Risk Evaluation for Eating and Nutrition II (SCREEN II) Questionnaire assesses nutritional risk among elderly people living at home. Our aim was to produce a Swedish language version of the SCREEN II and to examine response patterns, data completeness and the relationship between malnutrition and general health.

The Effect of Malnutrition on the Pharmacokinetics and Virologic Outcomes of Lopinavir, Efavirenz and Nevirapine in Food Insecure HIV-infected Children in Tororo, Uganda.

Malnutrition may impact the pharmacokinetics (PKs) of antiretroviral medications and virologic responses in HIV-infected children. The authors therefore evaluated the PK of nevirapine (NVP), efavirenz (EFV) and lopinavir (LPV) in associations with nutritional status in a cohort of HIV-infected Ugandan children.

Enteral Nutritional Support of the Critically Ill Older Adult.

Nutrition continues to be a concern for the older adult in the intensive care setting despite widespread knowledge of the benefits of adequate nutrition and existing evidence-based protocols. The incidence of malnutrition in hospitalized patients ranges between 22% and 43% with the highest probability of occurrence, 50% or more, in the intensive care unit patient. The deleterious effects of malnutrition for the critically ill older adult are described with suggested and accepted screening tools for existing...

Malnutrition According to Mini Nutritional Assessment Is Associated With Severe Functional Impairment in Geriatric Patients Before and up to 6 Months After Hip Fracture.

Hip fractures (HFs) in old age frequently cause severe functional impairment and deteriorating autonomy in everyday life. Many older patients with HFs are malnourished or at risk of malnutrition. In this study, we examined the relationship between nutritional status of geriatric patients before HF and their functional and clinical course up to 6 months after hospital discharge.

IMMEDIATE PREOPERATIVE NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF PATIENTS WITH COLORECTAL CANCER: a warning.

Context Weight loss and malnutrition are disorders observed in colorectal cancer patients. Objectives We sought to evaluate the immediate preoperative nutritional status of patients with colorectal cancer. Methods This is a cross-sectional clinical study conducted at a single center. Sixty-six consecutive patients in preoperative for elective surgical treatment were studied. The clinical history, socio-demographic data and nutritional status of the patients were evaluated using Subjective Global Assessment ...

The Association between Parameters of Malnutrition and Diagnostic Measures of Sarcopenia in Geriatric Outpatients.

Diagnostic criteria for sarcopenia include measures of muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance. Consensus on the definition of sarcopenia has not been reached yet. To improve insight into the most clinically valid definition of sarcopenia, this study aimed to compare the association between parameters of malnutrition, as a risk factor in sarcopenia, and diagnostic measures of sarcopenia in geriatric outpatients.

Modelling the Contributions of Malaria, HIV, Malnutrition and Rainfall to the Decline in Paediatric Invasive Non-typhoidal Salmonella Disease in Malawi.

Nontyphoidal Salmonellae (NTS) are responsible for a huge burden of bloodstream infection in Sub-Saharan African children. Recent reports of a decline in invasive NTS (iNTS) disease from Kenya and The Gambia have emphasised an association with malaria control. Following a similar decline in iNTS disease in Malawi, we have used 9 years of continuous longitudinal data to model the interrelationships between iNTS disease, malaria, HIV and malnutrition.

Refractory celiac disease and EATL patients show severe malnutrition and malabsorption at diagnosis.

Refractory celiac disease type II (RCDII) and EATL (Enteropathy Associated T-cell Lymphoma) are (pre)malignant complications of celiac disease (CD). Data on malnutrition and intestinal absorption is lacking in these patients. Therefore, the aim of the study is to comprehensively assess nutritional status and intestinal absorption capacity of patients with RCDII and EATL, compared with data of newly diagnosed CD patients.

Assessing and Addressing Global Malnutrition.

Malnutrition: Another domain of frailty.

Relationship between intra-household food distribution and coexistence of dual forms of malnutrition.

The relationship between food intake and nutritional status has been clearly established. Yet, there are only limited studies on food intake among family members and their nutritional status. The study examined the relationship between intra-household food distribution and coexistence of dual forms of malnutrition (DFM) in the same household.

Malnutrition: New mouse model of EE.

Gut Bacteria Combined With Poor Diet May Promote Childhood Malnutrition.

Effect on long-term survival of psychiatric disorder, inflammation, malnutrition, and radiotherapy-related toxicity in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer.

To evaluate the effects on the long-term survival of psychiatric disorders, inflammation, malnutrition, and radiotherapy (RT)-related toxicity in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer.

Nutritional counseling: An effective tool in the fight against malnutrition.



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