PubMed Journals Articles About "Malnutrition" - Page: 2 RSS

15:30 EDT 16th September 2014 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Malnutrition" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 246

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Predicators for weight gain in children treated for severe acute malnutrition: a prospective study at nutritional rehabilitation center.

Introduction. Despite being an important health problem in developing countries, there is little information available on factors affecting the severe acute malnutrition, especially nondietary factors. Objective. To study the impact of various factors, especially nondietary ones affecting directly or indirectly the weight gain in children with severe acute malnutrition. Method. A total of 300 children in the age group of 6 to 60 months meeting the WHO criteria for severe acute malnutrition were enrolled in ...

Malnutrition in Care Home Residents with Dementia.

Objectives: To investigate the malnutrition prevalence in Dutch care home residents with dementia over the years. Secondly, to examine the relationship of malnutrition and dementia and the role of care dependency and co-morbidity within this relationship. Design: This study is a secondary analysis of data of the annual independent Dutch National Prevalence Measurement of Care Problems of Maastricht University. The design involves a cross-sectional, multicenter point prevalence measurement. Setting: Care hom...

The role of hepcidin and haemojuvelin in the pathogenesis of iron disorders in patients with severe malnutrition.

introduction and objective. The clinical consequences of malnutrition are multi-directional and result in dysfunctions of the majority of internal organs and systems. The results of recent studies suggest that a significant role is played by malnutrition in pathophysiology of iron homeostasis disorders, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. The study describes the potential role of hepcidin and hemojuvelin in the pathogenesis of disorders of iron metabolism during malnutrition. state of knowledge. The pa...

Malnutrition in Liver Cirrhosis:The Influence of Protein and Sodium.

Protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) is associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis and occurs in 50%-90% of these patients. Although the pathogenesis of PCM is multifactorial, alterations in protein metabolism play an important role. This article is based on a selective literature review of protein and sodium recommendations. Daily protein and sodium requirements of patients with cirrhosis have been the subject of many research studies since inadequate amounts of b...

Assessment of Nutritional Risk and Its Associated Factors among Elderly Women of Old Age Homes of South Suburban Kolkata, West Bengal, India.

Background: Different physiological, social and psychological factors contribute to nutritional risk in elderly population. Elderly women residing at old age homes are particularly susceptible. Objectives: To find out psychological and financial factors, if any, associated with malnutrition and risk of malnutrition. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted on 200 residents belonging to > 65 years age group of nine old age homes selected randomly among eighteen old age homes located at sout...

Nutrition rehabilitation and the importance of the perception of malnutrition in the follow-up of rehabilitated children.

Nutrition rehabilitation of malnourished children remains a challenge for health services. This paper reports the results of an evaluation of the nutrition component of a mother and child health program in Nepal. The treatment of severely malnourished children was very satisfactory: case fatality rate varied from 4 to 9 % between projects. Follow-up, however, was found to be very poor: only one percent of the discharged children came for a follow-up visit after the first two weeks. The perception of malnutr...

Nutritional deficit in children in a major city of the interior of the state of Bahia, Brazil.

The study sought to analyze the nutritional deficit of children and associated environmental factors and maternal and infant characteristics in a major city in the interior of the state of Bahia. Information from mother/child-under-four duos of a birth cohort was assessed. Malnutrition was defined by the height-for-age (H/A) anthropometric index, at a cutoff of -1 z-score relative to the benchmark of the 2006 Multicentre Growth Reference Study. The variables studied were: the characteristics of children (bi...

A path model of sarcopenia on bone mass loss in elderly subjects.

Objective: Aging is associated with decreases in muscle mass, strength, power (sarcopenia) and bone mineral density (BMD). The aims of this study were to investigate in elderly the role of sarcopenia on BMD loss by a path model, including adiposity, inflammation, and malnutrition associations. Methods: Body composition and BMD were measured by dual X-ray absorptiometry in 159 elderly subjects (52 male/107 female; mean age 80.3 yrs). Muscle strength was determined with dynamometer. Serum albumin and PCR were...

Nutritional status and related factors of patients with advanced gastrointestinal cancer.

The scored Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA) is considered to be the most appropriate tool for detecting malnutrition in cancer patients. In particular, malignant tumours derived from the gastrointestinal tract may impair nutrient intake and absorption and cause malnutrition. We carried out a cross-sectional study to assess the nutritional status and related factors of patients with gastrointestinal cancer. Nutritional status was determined using the scored PG-SGA in patients (n 498) w...

Children, AIDS and nutrition: an experience from Chiang Mai, Thailand.

This paper on the experience in Chiang Mai, Thailand, highlighted some of the features of the nature of the paediatric human immunodeficiency virus infection. In Chiang Mai, the incidence of positive HIV tests in pregnant women was 1- 2% and the perinatal transmission rate was approximately 40%. One particular characteristic of HIV infection in Chiang Mai is the association with Penicillium marneffei skin infection. Common clinical features of HIV-infected children are similar to protein energy malnutrition...

Prevalence of protein-energy malnutrition in hospital patients over 75years of age admitted for hip fracture.

One percent of falls in over-75years old cause hip fracture (HF). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is associated with falls and fracture. PEM screening and perioperative nutritional management are recommended by the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, yet data on nutritional status in elderly HF patients are sparse. The Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score is presently the most effective screening tool for PEM in over-75years old.

Prevalence of malnutrition and its correlates in older adults living in long stay institutions situated in beirut, Lebanon.

Malnutrition represents an important issue in older adults; unfortunately, there is lack of data concerning this topic in Lebanon. This paper aims to provide a description of nutritional status and its correlates in older adults living in long stay institutions situated in Beirut.

Impact of fetal and neonatal malnutrition on the onset of puberty and associated noncommunicable disease risks.

Fetal and neonatal malnutrition impacts the timing of the onset of puberty. The timing of puberty onset has been shown to be a rough indicator of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk. Recent advances in understanding the various inter-related neurochemical and genetic controls underpinning puberty onset have shed new light on these interesting and important phenomena. These studies have suggested that developmental trajectory is set very early by epigenetic mechanisms that serve to adjust phenotype to environ...

Studying the Nutritional beliefs and Food Practices of Malagasy School Children Parents: A Contribution to the Understanding of Malnutrition in Madagascar.

Madagascar is severely affected by the problem of children malnutrition. The present study aimed at exploring school children Malagasy parents' food practices and beliefs structure about the nutritional value of foods, to better understand the causes of this malnutrition. A combination of Focus Groups (72 participants), and questionnaires (1000 interviewees) was used to evaluate the food beliefs and the nutritional habits of low incomes parents of school age children in urban and rural areas of Antananarivo...

Malnutrition in patients with chronic GVHD.

Malnutrition is a known complication of chronic GVHD (cGVHD), but has not been well described in the context of organ-specific manifestations and the recent National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria. Here, 210 cGVHD patients were analyzed, in a cross-sectional study design, for demographics, transplant-related history, clinical assessments, symptoms, function, quality-of-life, laboratory values and survival in order to determine their associations with nutritional status. Most patients had long-standing,...

Effects of nutrition counseling and monitoring on the weight and hemoglobin of patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in Ebonyi State, Southeast Nigeria.

The relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and malnutrition is easily explained, and the etiology of malnutrition in HIV disease is believed to be multifactorial. It therefore follows that ongoing assessment of nutritional and medical status is crucial to quality nutrition care for every person living with HIV. The aim of this study was to find out the effect of nutritional counseling and monitoring, using personalized dietary prescriptions, on the body mass index (BMI) and hemoglobin of pa...

Nutrition biomarkers and clinical outcomes in critically ill children: A critical appraisal of the literature.

Malnutrition can significantly affect clinical outcomes in critically ill children. In view of the limitations of anthropometry, nutrition-related serum biomarkers have been used to assess the degree of malnutrition in the pediatric intensive care unit. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the use of nutrition-related serum biomarkers in predicting clinical outcomes in critically ill children.

Comparison of various scoring methods for the diagnosis of protein-energy wasting in hemodialysis patients.

The present study was designed to determine the cutoff points for the diagnosis of mild-to-moderate and severe protein-energy wasting (PEW) based on dialysis malnutrition score (DMS) and malnutrition inflammation score (MIS), and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), positive likelihood ratio (LR(+)) and negative likelihood ratio (LR(-)) of DMS and MIS in comparison with subjective g...

A multidisciplinary approach to short bowel syndrome.

Short bowel syndrome is a complex clinical picture, characterized by signs and symptoms of malabsorption and subsequent malnutrition, which often occurs after extensive bowel resections. Short bowel syndrome's treatment must begin together with the planning of the first surgery, especially for disease that may need multiple interventions. Patients with short bowel should be individually managed because they all are different in diagnosis, length of the remaining bowel and in psychosocial characteristics. Fo...

Geriatric nutritional risk index is a strong predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients: data from the Riscavid cohort.

Malnutrition is a common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients and it is related to morbidity and mortality. Although a gold standard method for diagnosis of malnutrition is not available, serum albumin, body weight and height are commonly used and are included in the calculation of the Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI). Recently the association between GNRI and mortality in chronic HD patients has been documented in Asian populations. Our aim was to examine the relative reliability of the GNRI a...

To assess the effects of nutritional intervention based on advocacy approach on malnutrition status among school-aged children in Shiraz.

The present study was carried out to assess the effects of community nutrition intervention based on advocacy approach on malnutrition status among school-aged children in Shiraz, Iran.

Intravenous Glutamine Administration Reduces Lung and Distal Organ Injury in Malnourished Rats With Sepsis.

Malnutrition is a risk factor for infection, compromising immune response. Glutamine (Gln) protects the lungs and distal organs in well-nourished septic and non-septic conditions; however, no study to date has analyzed the effects of glutamine in the presence of sepsis and malnutrition. In the present work, we tested the hypothesis that early therapy with intravenous Gln prevents lung and distal organ damage in septic malnourished rats. Protein-energy malnutrition was induced in male Wistar rats for 4 weeks...

MALNUTRITION IN COPD: PREVALENCE AND IMPACT ON OUTCOME.

Epigenetics: Transgenerational effects of in utero malnutrition.

In Process Citation.

Malnutrition is the primary cause of immunodeficiency worldwide and profoundly affects immune responses. Malnutrition diminishes immune function and therefore prevents the host from mounting an adequate protective response to infectious agents. In turn, infections alter nutrient status and can create a deficiency state. Thus, malnutrition and infection often act synergistically to increase morbidity and mortality. Almost all forms of immunity may be affected by PEM, but non-specific immune responses and cel...


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