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PubMed Journals Articles About "Malnutrition" - Page: 2 RSS

04:25 EDT 23rd April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Malnutrition PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Malnutrition articles that have been published worldwide.

More Information about "Malnutrition" on BioPortfolio

We have published hundreds of Malnutrition news stories on BioPortfolio along with dozens of Malnutrition Clinical Trials and PubMed Articles about Malnutrition for you to read. In addition to the medical data, news and clinical trials, BioPortfolio also has a large collection of Malnutrition Companies in our database. You can also find out about relevant Malnutrition Drugs and Medications on this site too.

Showing "Malnutrition" PubMed Articles 26–50 of 166

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Intensified Tuberculosis Case Finding among Malnourished Children in Nutritional Rehabilitation Centres of Karnataka, India: Missed Opportunities.

Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is the most serious form of malnutrition affecting children under-five and is associated with many infectious diseases including Tuberculosis (TB). In India, nutritional rehabilitation centres (NRCs) have been recently established for the management of SAM including TB. The National TB Programme (NTP) in India has introduced a revised algorithm for diagnosing paediatric TB. We aimed to examine whether NRCs adhered to these guidelines in diagnosing TB among SAM children.

Impact of fetal and neonatal malnutrition on the onset of puberty and associated noncommunicable disease risks.

Fetal and neonatal malnutrition impacts the timing of the onset of puberty. The timing of puberty onset has been shown to be a rough indicator of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk. Recent advances in understanding the various inter-related neurochemical and genetic controls underpinning puberty onset have shed new light on these interesting and important phenomena. These studies have suggested that developmental trajectory is set very early by epigenetic mechanisms that serve to adjust phenotype to environ...

Nutrition biomarkers and clinical outcomes in critically ill children: A critical appraisal of the literature.

Malnutrition can significantly affect clinical outcomes in critically ill children. In view of the limitations of anthropometry, nutrition-related serum biomarkers have been used to assess the degree of malnutrition in the pediatric intensive care unit. The aim of this review is to critically appraise the use of nutrition-related serum biomarkers in predicting clinical outcomes in critically ill children.

Comparison of various scoring methods for the diagnosis of protein-energy wasting in hemodialysis patients.

The present study was designed to determine the cutoff points for the diagnosis of mild-to-moderate and severe protein-energy wasting (PEW) based on dialysis malnutrition score (DMS) and malnutrition inflammation score (MIS), and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, area under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), positive likelihood ratio (LR(+)) and negative likelihood ratio (LR(-)) of DMS and MIS in comparison with subjective g...

A multidisciplinary approach to short bowel syndrome.

Short bowel syndrome is a complex clinical picture, characterized by signs and symptoms of malabsorption and subsequent malnutrition, which often occurs after extensive bowel resections. Short bowel syndrome's treatment must begin together with the planning of the first surgery, especially for disease that may need multiple interventions. Patients with short bowel should be individually managed because they all are different in diagnosis, length of the remaining bowel and in psychosocial characteristics. Fo...

Geriatric nutritional risk index is a strong predictor of mortality in hemodialysis patients: data from the Riscavid cohort.

Malnutrition is a common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients and it is related to morbidity and mortality. Although a gold standard method for diagnosis of malnutrition is not available, serum albumin, body weight and height are commonly used and are included in the calculation of the Geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI). Recently the association between GNRI and mortality in chronic HD patients has been documented in Asian populations. Our aim was to examine the relative reliability of the GNRI a...

To assess the effects of nutritional intervention based on advocacy approach on malnutrition status among school-aged children in Shiraz.

The present study was carried out to assess the effects of community nutrition intervention based on advocacy approach on malnutrition status among school-aged children in Shiraz, Iran.

Intravenous Glutamine Administration Reduces Lung and Distal Organ Injury in Malnourished Rats With Sepsis.

Malnutrition is a risk factor for infection, compromising immune response. Glutamine (Gln) protects the lungs and distal organs in well-nourished septic and non-septic conditions; however, no study to date has analyzed the effects of glutamine in the presence of sepsis and malnutrition. In the present work, we tested the hypothesis that early therapy with intravenous Gln prevents lung and distal organ damage in septic malnourished rats. Protein-energy malnutrition was induced in male Wistar rats for 4 weeks...

In Process Citation.

Malnutrition is the primary cause of immunodeficiency worldwide and profoundly affects immune responses. Malnutrition diminishes immune function and therefore prevents the host from mounting an adequate protective response to infectious agents. In turn, infections alter nutrient status and can create a deficiency state. Thus, malnutrition and infection often act synergistically to increase morbidity and mortality. Almost all forms of immunity may be affected by PEM, but non-specific immune responses and cel...

Nutrition and IBD-Consensus of the Austrian Working Group of IBD (Inflammatory Bowel Diseases) of the ÖGGH.

This is a consensus of the Austrian working group of IBD (inflammatory bowel diseases) of the ÖGGH on nutrition in IBD. Malnutrition should be assessed in case of IBD (in 20 - 70 % of Crohn's patients) and weight loss(> 5 % within 3 months) or nutritional deficiencies or after extensive bowel resection and afterwards also treated. Malnutrition should be treated with medical therapy of IBD and also adequate - as far as possible - with oral nutritional therapy particularly because of reduced life q...

Early detection of coagulation abnormalities in patients at nutritional risk: the novel role of thromboelastography.

It is believed that malnutrition is common among hospitalized patients and associated with increased risk of morbidity and mortality. It is unclear if it is more likely to cause coagulation disorders in patients with malnutrition. We, therefore, investigate the feasibility of using thromboelastography (TEG) in early detection of coagulation abnormalities in patients at nutritional risk. Fifty successive adult patients with gastrointestinal disease were prospectively divided into one of two groups according...

Malnutrition screening tools need to be applied properly before they can be compared.

Analysis of the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Malnutrition among Hospitalized Patients in Busan.

This study investigated the prevalence of and risk factors for malnutrition in hospitalized patients in Busan, Republic of Korea. 944 patients (440 men and 504 women) were hospitalized in four Busan general hospitals from March through April, 2011. Nutritional status was assessed on admission by the Nutritional Risk Screening 2002. Data were collected from the electronic medical records system for the characteristics of the subjects, clinical outcomes, biochemical laboratory data, and nutrition support stat...

Dietary intake of trace elements, minerals and vitamins among severely malnourished children and its interrelationship with nutritional status:A prospective study.

Dietary deficiency of trace elements, minerals and vitamins has been associated with severe malnutrition among young children. Although levels of severe malnutrition among children are high in developing countries, data on dietary intake of trace elements, minerals, vitamins and other nutrients by severely malnourished (SMN) children are limited. The present prospective study was conducted for a period of 12 months in order to assess the intake of trace elements, minerals, vitamins and other nutrients by SM...

Mid-upper-arm circumference development and its validity in assessment of undernutrition.

As part of a prospective, longitudinal study that was carried out in Hanoi, Vietnam (as from 1981), mid-upper-arm circumference (MUAC) measurements, and the weight and height of children were taken from children for the first year of life. These measurements were recorded monthly, 12-36 months: 3-monthly, 36-72 months: 6-monthly and yearly for children beyond 72 months. The aim of this study was to observe development of MUAC of children on a longitudinal basis. Mid-upper-arm circumference increases by abou...

Prevalence of malnutrition and current use of nutrition support in cancer patient study.

Adaptation of innate lymphoid cells to a micronutrient deficiency promotes type 2 barrier immunity.

How the immune system adapts to malnutrition to sustain immunity at barrier surfaces, such as the intestine, remains unclear. Vitamin A deficiency is one of the most common micronutrient deficiencies and is associated with profound defects in adaptive immunity. Here, we found that type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3s) are severely diminished in vitamin A-deficient settings, which results in compromised immunity to acute bacterial infection. However, vitamin A deprivation paradoxically resulted in dramatic ex...

Role of body protein as a prognostic indicator in wasting disease.

Malnutrition is associated with many chronic diseases, though its extent and effect is not well known. Measurement of body protein provides a quantitative and reproducible means of monitoring malnutrition. Results for anorexia nervosa, end stage renal failure value and asymptomatic and symptomatic HIV positive subjects are presented to show that, with the exception of asymptomatic HIV subjects, substantial protein depletion does occur. A more difficult problem is to determine the relation between body prote...

Vieillir en sante en situation minoritaire linguistique au Canada : enjeux, defis et mobilisation collective.

Au Canada, la santé des francophones et des anglophones vivant en milieu linguistique minoritaire est un sujet d'intérêt pour plusieurs chercheurs et organismes communautaires. Cet article s'inspire d'un symposium sur le thème concernant le vieillissement en santé en situation minoritaire linguistique présentée lors du 4(e) Colloque international des programmes locaux et régionaux de santé. Trois volets sont présentés, soit l'identification des facteurs associés à la santé perçue, le maintien...

National Trends and In-Hospital Outcomes of Adult Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease Receiving Parenteral Nutrition Support.

Background: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), including Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are susceptible to protein-calorie malnutrition secondary to decreased oral intake, malabsorption, and increased metabolic expenditure. In this study, we seek to assess the national frequencies of parenteral nutrition (PN) use among hospitalized patients with IBD and to determine their in-hospital outcomes. Methods: We analyzed the Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 1988-2006 to determine th...

Night blindness and Crohn's disease.

Signs of malnutrition are common clinical features in Crohn's disease; and bowel resection, commonly needed in these cases, can aggravate malnutrition. These patients are at risk of developing vitamin A deficiency, which can lead to night blindness. We present a 60-year-old male, with history of Crohn's disease and multiple resections for strictures and fistulas leading to short bowel syndrome, with progressive bilateral loss of night vision (nyctalopia). Serum vitamin A level was markedly depleted (11 µg...

Present and future of folate biofortification of crop plants.

Improving nutritional health is one of the major socio-economic challenges of the 21st century, especially with the continuously growing and ageing world population. Folate deficiency is an important and underestimated problem of micronutrient malnutrition affecting billions of people worldwide. More and more countries are adapting policies to fight folate deficiency, mostly by fortifying foods with folic acid. However, there is growing concern about this practice, calling for alternative or complementary s...

Intestinal amebiasis: a concerning cause of acute gastroenteritis among hospitalized lebanese children.

Intestinal amebiasis is an important public health problem worldwide. More severe disease is associated with young age, malnutrition and immunosuppression.

Overweight, obesity and chronic mal nutrition in 6 to 9 year-old children in Peru, 2009-2010.

Objectives. To determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and chronic malnutrition in 6- to 9-year-old children in Peru. Materials and methods. A cross-cutting study based on the 2009-2010 National Household Survey. The size/age ratio was analyzed with references of the National Center for Health Statistic (NCSH) and the World Health Organization (WHO), considering less than two standard deviations for chronic malnutrition (CM); and the Must and WHO reference tables to measure the body mass index with...

Assistance for the prescription of nutritional support must be required in nonexperienced nutritional teams.

The aim of the study was to determine the current practices of nutritional support among hospitalized patients in nonspecialized hospital departments. Materials and Methods. During an observation period of 2 months, a surgeon and a gastroenterologist designated in each of the two departments concerned, not "specialized" in nutritional assistance, have treated patients in which nutritional support seemed necessary. Assessing the degree of malnutrition of the patient, the therapeutic decision and the type of...


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