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23:36 EDT 9th October 2015 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 51–75 of 1,100+

Youth Speak: increasing engagement of young people in mental health research.

Patient and Public Involvement is now an essential part of health-related research. Evidence suggests that research that involves patients and members of the public can enhance methodological rigor and facilitate the implementation of research findings.

Young Investigators Helping Define Our Future.

Yes we can! The Raffles Dialogue on Human Wellbeing and Security.

The future of human wellbeing and security depends on our ability to deal with the multiple effects of globalisation and on adoption of a new paradigm and philosophy for living and for health that emphasises people's wellbeing and social justice. Such was the topic of the inaugural Raffles Dialogue on Human Wellbeing and Security held in Singapore on Feb 2-3, 2015. Participants agreed that, to achieve these goals, four conditions must be met. First, equity must be integral to the implementation of technolog...

YouTube as a source of information on varicose veins.

There has been little investigation of videos related to varicose veins in Internet media. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics and scientific accuracy of the videos related to varicose veins which were uploaded to the website.

You Cannot Step Into the Same River Twice: When Power Analyses Are Optimistic.

Statistical power depends on the size of the effect of interest. However, effect sizes are rarely fixed in psychological research: Study design choices, such as the operationalization of the dependent variable or the treatment manipulation, the social context, the subject pool, or the time of day, typically cause systematic variation in the effect size. Ignoring this between-study variation, as standard power formulae do, results in assessments of power that are too optimistic. Consequently, when researcher...

Yoga and Cognition: A Meta-Analysis of Chronic and Acute Effects.

To review and synthesize the existing literature on the effects of yoga on cognitive function by determining effect sizes that could serve as a platform to design, calculate statistical power, and implement future studies.

Yeast m6A Methylated mRNAs Are Enriched on Translating Ribosomes during Meiosis, and under Rapamycin Treatment.

Interest in mRNA methylation has exploded in recent years. The sudden interest in a 40 year old discovery was due in part to the finding of FTO's (Fat Mass Obesity) N6-methyl-adenosine (m6A) deaminase activity, thus suggesting a link between obesity-associated diseases and the presence of m6A in mRNA. Another catalyst of the sudden rise in mRNA methylation research was the release of mRNA methylomes for human, mouse and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. However, the molecular function, or functions of this mRNA 'ep...

Young and Old Have New Issues With Being Transgender.

Yersinia enterocolitica strains isolated from beavers (Castor fiber).

Pseudocloacal swabs and palatine tonsils from beavers have been examined for the Yersinia enterocolitica presence. Thirty-six samples from 24 beavers were collected and subjected to bacteriological examinations including sero- and biotypisation. Amplicons confirmed by PCR as Y. enterocolitica were sequenced. Positive samples originated from 4 out of the 24 beavers (16.7 %) and all the strains belonged to biotype 1A. The study suggested that Y. enterocolitica could be isolated from beavers, which may therefo...

Youth Whose Weight Exceeds Healthy Guidelines Are High-Risk Targets for Tobacco Prevention Messaging and Close Monitoring of Cigarette Use.

Adolescents are long-standing tobacco prevention targets, given that smoking patterns typically originate before adulthood. Pediatric overweight/obesity remains at epidemic levels. Links between these two biobehavioral risks are not well understood, yet of keen public health and pediatric care relevance. The aims of the present study were to examine smoking behaviors and attitudes of overweight (OV), obese (OB), and severely obese (SO) adolescents, compared to healthy weight (HW), utilizing the nationally r...

Your postop patient is confused and agitated--next steps?

Your older patient exhibits signs and symptoms that suggest delirium. Here's how to best handle this complication.

You're the Flight Surgeon.

Andrus DE. You're the flight surgeon: sarcoidosis. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2015; 86(1):67-69.

You're the Flight Surgeon.

Govil N. You're the flight surgeon: aviator with brief psychotic episode. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2015; 86(1):69-72.

You're the Flight Surgeon.

Howard CT, Vu P. You're the flight surgeon: hand, foot, and mouth disease. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2015; 86(5):497-500.

You're the Flight Surgeon.

Woolford JS. You're the flight surgeon: epilepsy. Aerosp Med Hum Perform. 2015; 86(4):500-503.

Yellow Pigment Aurovertins Mediate Interactions Between the Pathogenic Fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia and its Nematode Host.

Nematophagous fungi are globally distributed soil fungi and well-known natural predators of soil-dwelling nematodes. Pochonia chlamydosporia can be found in diverse nematode suppressive soils as a parasite of nematode eggs and is one of the most studied potential biological control agents of nematodes. However, little is known about the functions of small molecules in the process of infection of nematodes by this parasitic fungus, or small-molecule-mediated interactions between the pathogenic fungus and its...

Yeast with bacteriocin from ruminal bacteria enhances glucose utilization, reduces ectopic fat accumulation, and alters cecal microbiota in dietary-induced obese mice.

This study investigated the effect of yeast with bacteriocin (YB) on the homeostasis of lipid and glucose in diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. Seven-week-old C57BL/6 male mice were fed with a Western diet for 24 weeks to induce obesity. These DIO mice were randomly assigned to 2 groups: obese control (WS) and WYB [0.125 μg YB per g body weight (BW)]. YB was administered daily to the WYB mice in the last 4 weeks, while an equal volume of normal saline was administered to the WS mice.

YoeB toxin is activated during thermal stress.

Type II toxin-antitoxin (TA) modules are thought to mediate stress-responses by temporarily suppressing protein synthesis while cells redirect transcription to adapt to environmental change. Here, we show that YoeB, a ribosome-dependent mRNase toxin, is activated in Escherichia coli cells grown at elevated temperatures. YoeB activation is dependent on Lon protease, suggesting that thermal stress promotes increased degradation of the YefM antitoxin. Though YefM is efficiently degraded in response to Lon over...

Y2O3:Yb,Er@mSiO2-CuxS double-shelled hollow spheres for enhanced chemo-/photothermal anti-cancer therapy and dual-modal imaging.

Multifunctional composites have gained significant interest due to their unique properties which show potential in biological imaging and therapeutics. However, the design of an efficient combination of multiple diagnostic and therapeutic modes is still a challenge. In this contribution, Y2O3:Yb,Er@mSiO2 double-shelled hollow spheres (DSHSs) with up-conversion fluorescence have been successfully prepared through a facile integrated sacrifice template method, followed by a calcination process. It is found th...

Yvh1 protein phosphatase is required for pre-autophagosomal structure formation after TORC1 inactivation.

The pre-autophagosomal structure (PAS) is a putative site for autophagosome formation in budding yeast. Upon nutrient depletion or rapamycin treatment, target of rapamycin complex 1 (TORC1) becomes inactive, inducing PAS formation and autophagy. Here, we show that Yvh1 phosphatase is critical for PAS formation, but not autophagy induction, after TORC1 inactivation.

Yield of pulmonary tuberculosis cases by symptoms: Findings from a community survey in Madhya Pradesh, central India.

A cross-sectional tuberculosis prevalence survey was undertaken in Jabalpur district, Madhya Pradesh, central India. All individuals were questioned for chest symptoms. Sputum samples were collected and examined for microscopy and culture. Overall prevalence of sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis was found to be 255.3 per 100,000 population. Cough, with or without other symptoms, was present in 75.5% individuals and yielded 88.2% of the detected pulmonary tuberculosis cases. Elicitation of a previous his...

YU238259 is a Novel Inhibitor of Homology-dependent DNA Repair that Exhibits Synthetic Lethality and Radiosensitization in Repair-deficient Tumors.

Radiation therapy and DNA-damaging chemotherapy are frequently utilized in the treatment of solid tumors. Innate or acquired resistance to these therapies remains a major clinical challenge in oncology. The development of small molecules that sensitize cancers to established therapies represents an attractive approach to extending survival and quality of life in patients. Here, we demonstrate that YU238259, a member of a novel class of DNA double-strand break repair inhibitors, exhibits potent synthetic let...

Yin-and-Yang of mTORC1/C2 in Angelman syndrome mice.

YAlC: A Bonding Chameleon with Heteropolyacetylene Features.

YAlC was prepared by a flux method. It crystallizes as a partially filled-up TlI structure, showing remarkable structural aspects at the border between Zintl phases and intermetallics. This novel ternary aluminide-carbide exhibits a unique one-dimensional multi-center bond and a polyacetylene-related aluminum carbide substructure. The different functionalities of aluminum and of yttrium are quite remarkable. While the latter behaves more like a trivalent ion, aluminum contributes considerably to covalent bo...

Yeast prions are useful for studying protein chaperones and protein quality control.

Protein chaperones help proteins adopt and maintain native conformations and play vital roles in cellular processes where proteins are partially folded. They comprise a major part of the cellular protein quality control system that protects the integrity of the proteome. Many disorders are caused when proteins misfold despite this protection. Yeast prions are fibrous amyloid aggregates of misfolded proteins. The normal action of chaperones on yeast prions breaks the fibers into pieces, which results in prio...