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PubMed Journal Database | MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report - Page: 3 RSS

02:31 EDT 27th August 2016 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 51–75 of 1,000+ from MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

Electronic Cigarette Use Among Working Adults - United States, 2014.

Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are battery-powered devices that deliver a heated aerosol, which typically contains nicotine, flavorings, and other additives, to the user. The e-cigarette marketplace is rapidly evolving, but the long-term health effects of these products are not known. Carcinogens and toxins such as diacetyl, acetaldehyde, and other harmful chemicals have been documented in the aerosol from some e-cigarettes (1-3). On May 5, 2016, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) finalized a rule...

Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV - Thailand.

Thailand experienced a generalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic during the 1990s. HIV prevalence among pregnant women was 2.0% and the mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) rate was >20% (1-3). In June 2016, Thailand became the first country in Asia to validate the elimination of MTCT by meeting World Health Organization (WHO) targets. Because Thailand's experience implementing a successful prevention of MTCT program might be instructive for other countries, Thailand's prevention of MTCT interv...

Influenza Activity - United States, 2015-16 Season and Composition of the 2016-17 Influenza Vaccine.

During the 2015-16 influenza season (October 4, 2015-May 21, 2016) in the United States, influenza activity* was lower and peaked later compared with the previous three seasons (2012-13, 2013-14, and 2014-15). Activity remained low from October 2015 until late December 2015 and peaked in mid-March 2016. During the most recent 18 influenza seasons (including this season), only two other seasons have peaked in March (2011-12 and 2005-06). Overall influenza activity was moderate this season, with a lower perce...

Vital Signs: Deficiencies in Environmental Control Identified in Outbreaks of Legionnaires' Disease - North America, 2000-2014.

The number of reported cases of Legionnaires' disease, a severe pneumonia caused by the bacterium Legionella, is increasing in the United States. During 2000-2014, the rate of reported legionellosis cases increased from 0.42 to 1.62 per 100,000 persons; 4% of reported cases were outbreak-associated. Legionella is transmitted through aerosolization of contaminated water. A new industry standard for prevention of Legionella growth and transmission in water systems in buildings was published in 2015. CDC inves...

Notes from the Field: Intoxication and Deaths Associated with Ingestion of a Racing Fuel and Carbonated Soft Drink Mixture - Tennessee, January 2016.

In January 2016, the Tennessee Poison Center and Tennessee Department of Health learned of the deaths of two adolescents, and the nonfatal intoxication of two other adolescents, after ingestion of a mixture of racing fuel (approximately 100% methanol) and a carbonated soft drink. The Tennessee Department of Health reviewed medical records and police reports to learn more about the racing fuel source, assess ongoing risk, and guide prevention efforts. These are the first reported deaths in the United States ...

Human Rabies - Wyoming and Utah, 2015.

In September 2015, a Wyoming woman was admitted to a local hospital with a 5-day history of progressive weakness, ataxia, dysarthria, and dysphagia. Because of respiratory failure, she was transferred to a referral hospital in Utah, where she developed progressive encephalitis. On day 8 of hospitalization, the patient's family told clinicians they recalled that, 1 month before admission, the woman had found a bat on her neck upon waking, but had not sought medical care. The patient's husband subsequently ha...

Cigarette Smoking Among Urban American Indian Adults - Hennepin and Ramsey Counties, Minnesota, 2011.

In 2013, it was estimated that the prevalence of cigarette smoking among American Indians was 36.5%, the highest of all racial/ethnic groups in the continental United States (1). Among American Indians, considerable cultural and geographic variation in cigarette smoking exists. Smoking prevalence among American Indians is lowest in the Southwest and highest in the Upper Midwest/Northern Plains (2). Little information is available about tobacco use among urban American Indians, who might not have ever lived ...

Public Confidence in the Health Care System 1 Year After the Start of the Ebola Virus Disease Outbreak - Sierra Leone, July 2015.

Ensuring confidence in the health care system has been a challenge to Ebola virus disease (Ebola) response and recovery efforts in Sierra Leone (1). A national multistage cluster-sampled household survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to Sierra Leone's health care system was conducted in July 2015. Among 3,564 respondents, 93% were confident that a health care facility could treat suspected Ebola cases, and approximately 90% had confidence in the health system's ability to provi...

Interim Guidance for Interpretation of Zika Virus Antibody Test Results.

Zika virus is a single-stranded RNA virus in the genus Flavivirus and is closely related to dengue, West Nile, Japanese encephalitis, and yellow fever viruses (1,2). Among flaviviruses, Zika and dengue virus share similar symptoms of infection, transmission cycles, and geographic distribution. Diagnostic testing for Zika virus infection can be accomplished using both molecular and serologic methods. For persons with suspected Zika virus disease, a positive real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain re...

Notes from the Field: Investigation of Hepatitis C Virus Transmission Associated with Injection Therapy for Chronic Pain - California, 2015.

On November 26, 2014, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) contacted CDC concerning a report from the Santa Barbara County Public Health Department (SBPHD) regarding acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in a repeat blood donor. The patient, who was asymptomatic, was first alerted of the infection by the blood bank and had no traditional risk factors for HCV infection. The donor had a negative HCV nucleic acid test (NAT) 56 days before the first positive NAT test, and an investigation into th...

Notes from the Field: Increase in Neisseria meningitidis-Associated Urethritis Among Men at Two Sentinel Clinics - Columbus, Ohio, and Oakland County, Michigan, 2015.

Neisseria meningitidis (Nm) urogenital infections, although less common than infections caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng), have been associated with urethritis, cervicitis, proctitis, and pelvic inflammatory disease. Nm can appear similar to Ng on Gram stain analysis (gram-negative intracellular diplococci) (1-5). Because Nm colonizes the nasopharynx, men who receive oral sex (fellatio) can acquire urethral Nm infections (1,3,5). This report describes an increase in Nm-associated urethritis in men attend...

QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Prevalence*(,)(†) of Hypertension Treatment(§) Among Adults Aged ≥18 Years with Hypertension,(¶) by Sex and Race/Ethnicity - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2011-2014.

During 2011-2014, 74.6% of adults aged ≥18 years with hypertension reported taking antihypertensive medication. Overall, a smaller percentage of non-Hispanic Asian adults (63.8%) with hypertension reported taking antihypertensive medication compared with non-Hispanic white (75.8%), non-Hispanic black (77.3%), and Hispanic (70.7%) adults with hypertension. This pattern was found for both men and women with one exception: the difference between non-Hispanic Asian men and Hispanic men was not significant. A ...

Fatal Abusive Head Trauma Among Children Aged <5 Years - United States, 1999-2014.

In the United States, abusive head trauma (AHT) is one of the leading causes of maltreatment fatalities among infants and children, accounting for approximately one third of these deaths (1). Monitoring trends in AHT and evaluating prevention strategies have historically been difficult because of differences in AHT definitions used in research and surveillance. CDC's case definition for AHT and data from the National Vital Statistics System were used to examine the trends in fatal AHT during 1999-2014 using...

Sodium in Store and Restaurant Food Environments - Guam, 2015.

Compared with the United States overall, Guam has higher mortality rates from cardiovascular disease and stroke (1). Excess sodium intake can increase blood pressure and risk for cardiovascular disease (2,3). To determine the availability and promotion of lower-sodium options in the nutrition environment, the Guam Department of Public Health and Social Services (DPHSS) conducted an assessment in September 2015 using previously validated tools adapted to include sodium measures. Stores (N = 114) and restaura...

Notes from the Field: Outbreak of Serogroup B Meningococcal Disease at a University - California, 2016.

On January 31, 2016, the Santa Clara County Public Health Department (SCCPHD) was notified of a suspected case of meningococcal disease in a university undergraduate student. By February 2, two additional suspected cases had been reported in undergraduate students living on the same campus. The index patient (patient A) required intensive care, whereas patients B and C had milder illness; there were no deaths. All three patients were part of overlapping social networks and had attended the same events durin...

Notes from the Field: Expanded Chemoprophylaxis Offered in Response to a Case of Meningococcal Meningitis in an Elementary School - Indiana, 2015.

On December 11, 2015, the Fort Wayne-Allen County (Indiana) Department of Health was notified by a local hospital laboratory of a suspected case of meningococcal meningitis based on Gram stain results of cerebrospinal fluid. The county health department interviewed close family members and friends of the patient to establish an infectious period, timeline of events, and possible exposures. Close medical and household contacts were offered chemoprophylaxis (1). This case was associated with an elementary sch...

Announcement: National High Blood Pressure Education Month - May 2016.

May is National High Blood Pressure Education Month. High blood pressure (hypertension) is a major contributor to heart disease and stroke, two leading causes of death in the United States.* High blood pressure affects one third of U.S. adults, or approximately 75 million persons, yet approximately 11 million of these persons are not aware they have hypertension, and approximately 18 million are not being treated (unpublished data) (1,2).

Errata: Vol. 65, No. 19.

In the report, "Prevalence of Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis at State and County Levels - United States, 2014," multiple errors occurred.

QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Prevalence*(,)(†) of Adults Aged ≥18 Years with Hypertension(§) Who Are Aware They Have Hypertension,(¶) by Sex and Race/Ethnicity - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2011-2014.

For the period 2011-2014, 83.3% of adults aged ≥18 years with hypertension were aware of their hypertension status. Overall, a smaller percentage of non-Hispanic Asian adults (74.0%) with hypertension were aware of their status compared with non-Hispanic white (83.9%), non-Hispanic black (85.9%), and Hispanic adults (80.5%) with hypertension. This pattern generally was found for both men and women, with the exception of non-Hispanic Asian men and Hispanic men, where the difference was not significant. A l...

Prevalence of Doctor-Diagnosed Arthritis at State and County Levels - United States, 2014.

Doctor-diagnosed arthritis is a common chronic condition that affects approximately 52.5 million (22.7%) adults in the United States and is a leading cause of disability (1,2). The prevalence of doctor-diagnosed arthritis has been well documented at the national level (1), but little has been published at the state level and the county level, where interventions are carried out and can have their greatest effect. To estimate the prevalence of doctor-diagnosed arthritis among adults at the state and county l...

Binational Dengue Outbreak Along the United States-Mexico Border - Yuma County, Arizona, and Sonora, Mexico, 2014.

Dengue is an acute febrile illness caused by any of four dengue virus types (DENV-1-4). DENVs are transmitted by mosquitos of the genus Aedes (1) and are endemic throughout the tropics (2). In 2010, an estimated 390 million DENV infections occurred worldwide (2). During 2007-2013, a total of three to 10 dengue cases were reported annually in Arizona and all were travel-associated. During September-December 2014, coincident with a dengue outbreak in Sonora, Mexico, 93 travel-associated dengue cases were repo...

Announcement: Healthy and Safe Swimming Week - May 23-29, 2016.

May 23-29, 2016, marks the 12th annual Healthy and Safe Swimming Week.* This observance highlights ways that swimmers; parents of young swimmers; aquatic facility operators; residential pool, hot tub, or spa owners; beach managers; and public health officials can maximize the health benefits of water-based physical activity while minimizing the risk for recreational water-associated illness and injury.

Announcement: Click It or Ticket Campaign - May 23-June 5, 2016.

Click It or Ticket is a national campaign coordinated annually by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to increase the proper use of seat belts. In 2014, more than 21,000 passenger vehicle occupants died in motor vehicle crashes in the United States; 49% were unrestrained at the time of the crash (1). An additional 2.4 million occupants (restrained and unrestrained) were treated in emergency departments for nonfatal crash-related injuries (2).

Errata: Vol. 65, No. 18.

In the report, "Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, 2015-2016," on page 471, in Table 2, the title should have read "Number of reported poliovirus cases, by country - worldwide, January 1, 2015-May 4, 2016," and the heading for the second column should have been "2015 (January-December)."

QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Suicide Rates* for Females and Males, by Method(†) - National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2000 and 2014.

From 2000 to 2014, the age-adjusted suicide rate increased from 4.0 to 5.8 per 100,000 for females and from 17.7 to 20.7 for males. Suicide rates by specific method (firearm, poisoning, suffocation, or other methods) also increased, with the greatest increase seen for suicides by suffocation. During the 15-year period, the rate of suicide by suffocation more than doubled for females from 0.7 to 1.6 and increased from 3.4 to 5.6 for males. In 2014, among females, suicide by poisoning had the highest rate (1....


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