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20:20 EDT 25th June 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 51–75 of 1,200+ from MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

Notes from the Field: Powassan Virus Disease in an Infant - Connecticut, 2016.

QuickStats: Number of Deaths from 10 Leading Causes,* by Sex - National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2015.

In 2015, a total of 1,339,226 deaths among females and 1,373,404 deaths among males occurred. Heart disease and cancer were the top two causes of death for both females and males; other leading causes varied in rank by sex. The 10 leading causes of death accounted for approximately three-quarters of all deaths.

Incidence and Trends of Infections with Pathogens Transmitted Commonly Through Food and the Effect of Increasing Use of Culture-Independent Diagnostic Tests on Surveillance - Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network, 10 U.S. Sites, 2013-2016.

Foodborne diseases represent a substantial public health concern in the United States. CDC's Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) monitors cases reported from 10 U.S. sites* of laboratory-diagnosed infections caused by nine enteric pathogens commonly transmitted through food. This report describes preliminary surveillance data for 2016 on the nine pathogens and changes in incidences compared with 2013-2015. In 2016, FoodNet identified 24,029 infections, 5,512 hospitalizations, and 98 dea...

Notes from the Field: Varicella Fatality on a Cargo Vessel - Puerto Rico, 2015.

Announcement: World Malaria Day - April 25, 2017.

World Malaria Day is commemorated each year on April 25, the date in 2000 when leaders of 44 African nations met in Abuja, Nigeria, and committed their countries to reducing the number of malaria-related deaths. Approximately 90% of all malaria deaths occur in Africa (1). During the last 15 years, donors have collectively supported the procurement and distribution of billions of insecticide-treated bed nets and courses of artemisinin-based combination therapy globally. These improvements in malaria control ...

Characteristics of Fentanyl Overdose - Massachusetts, 2014-2016.

Opioid overdose deaths in Massachusetts increased 150% from 2012 to 2015 (1). The proportion of opioid overdose deaths in the state involving fentanyl, a synthetic, short-acting opioid with 50-100 times the potency of morphine, increased from 32% during 2013-2014 to 74% in the first half of 2016 (1-3). In April 2015, the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) and CDC reported an increase in law enforcement fentanyl seizures in Massachusetts, much of which was believed to be illicitly manufactured fentanyl (IMF) (4)....

Use of Video Directly Observed Therapy for Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection - Johnson County, Kansas, 2015.

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is spread from person to person through the air. TB can be spread in congregate settings, such as school environments, to varying degrees, based on factors including duration of contact and air ventilation (1); therefore, evaluating potential contacts and exposures can be challenging. In February 2015, a student at a Kansas high school received a diagnosis of active pulmonary TB disease. Screening of 385 (91%) school contacts, four ...

QuickStats: Percentage Distribution of Gestational Age in Weeks for Infants Who Survived to Age 1 Year and Infants Who Died Before Age 1 Year - National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2014.

Infants who do not survive the first year of life are more likely to be born at earlier gestational ages. In 2014, 66% of infants who survived to age 1 year were delivered at full term or later (≥39 completed weeks) compared with 16% of infants who died before reaching age 1 year. Fifty-eight percent of infants who died before age 1 year were delivered at

Notes from the Field: Complications of Mumps During a University Outbreak Among Students Who Had Received 2 Doses of Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine - Iowa, July 2015-May 2016.

Hospitalizations for Crohn's Disease - United States, 2003-2013.

In 2009, an estimated 565,000 Americans had Crohn's disease (1), an inflammatory bowel disorder that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Symptoms include persistent diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain, constipation leading to bowel obstruction, and rectal bleeding.* Symptoms sometimes intensify in severity and require hospitalization and surgeries of the small intestine, colon, or rectum (2). Hospital discharge data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) of the Healthcare Cost and Utilizati...

HIV Services Provided by STD Programs in State and Local Health Departments - United States, 2013-2014.

The incidence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the United States is higher among persons with other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and the incidence of other STDs is increased among persons with HIV infection (1). Because infection with an STD increases the risk for HIV acquisition and transmission (1-4), successfully treating STDs might help reduce the spread of HIV among persons at high risk (1-4). Because health department STD programs provide services to populations who are at r...

Surveillance Systems to Track Progress Toward Polio Eradication - Worldwide, 2015-2016.

Global measures to eradicate polio began in 1988; as of 2014, four of six World Health Organization (WHO) regions have been certified polio-free. Within the two endemic regions (African and Eastern Mediterranean), Nigeria, Afghanistan, and Pakistan have never interrupted transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) (1). The primary means of detecting poliovirus transmission is surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) among children aged

State-Specific Rates of Primary and Secondary Syphilis Among Men Who Have Sex with Men - United States, 2015.

In 2015, the rate of reported primary and secondary syphilis in the United States was 7.5 cases per 100,000 population, nearly four times the previous lowest documented rate of 2.1 in 2000 (1). In 2015, 81.7% of male primary and secondary syphilis cases with information on the sex of the sex partner were among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (collectively referred to as MSM) (1). These data suggest a disproportionate incidence of disease among MSM. However, attempts to quantify this dispa...

QuickStats: Age-Adjusted Death Rates,* by Race/Ethnicity(†) - National Vital Statistics System, United States, 2014-2015.

From 2014 to 2015, the age-adjusted death rate for the total U.S. population increased 1.2% from 724.6 to 733.1 per 100,000 population. The rate increased 0.6% from 870.7 to 876.1 for non-Hispanic blacks and 1.4% from 742.8 to 753.2 for non-Hispanic whites. The rate for Hispanic persons did not change significantly. The highest rate was recorded for the non-Hispanic black population, followed by the non-Hispanic white and Hispanic populations.

Erratum: Vol. 66, No. 5.

In the report "Notes from the Field: Mortality Associated with Hurricane Matthew - United States, October 2016" on page 145, the last sentence of the first paragraph should have read "This report summarizes state-confirmed Hurricane Matthew-associated deaths that occurred during October 1-October 21 in Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia."

Vital Signs: Update on Zika Virus-Associated Birth Defects and Evaluation of All U.S. Infants with Congenital Zika Virus Exposure - U.S. Zika Pregnancy Registry, 2016.

In collaboration with state, tribal, local, and territorial health departments, CDC established the U.S. Zika Pregnancy Registry (USZPR) in early 2016 to monitor pregnant women with laboratory evidence of possible recent Zika virus infection and their infants.

Methadone Prescribing and Overdose and the Association with Medicaid Preferred Drug List Policies - United States, 2007-2014.

Drug overdose is a leading cause of injury death in the United States; 47,055 fatal drug overdoses were reported in 2014, a 6.5% increase from the previous year (1), driven by opioid use disorder (2,3). Methadone is an opioid prescribed for pain management and is also provided through opioid treatment programs to treat opioid use disorders. Because methadone might remain in a person's system long after the pain-relieving benefits have been exhausted, it can cause slow or shallow breathing and dangerous chan...

Notes from the Field: Adverse Events Following a Mass Yellow Fever Immunization Campaign - Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, September 2016.

Announcement: National Public Health Week - April 3-9, 2017.

CDC joins the American Public Health Association (APHA) in celebration of National Public Health Week, April 3-9, 2017. Since 1995, APHA has led the observance of National Public Health Week during the first full week of April. The week recognizes the impact of public health on the health of the nation. The 2017 observance focuses on making the United States the Healthiest Nation in One Generation by 2030 by spotlighting the importance of prevention, employing successful strategies for collaboration, and pr...

QuickStats: Percentage of U.S. Women Aged 21-65 Years Who Never Had a Papanicolaou Test (Pap Test),* by Place of Birth and Length of Residence in the United States(†) - National Health Interview Survey, 2013 and 2015(§).

In 2013 and 2015 combined, 6.8% of U.S. women aged 21-65 years had never received a Pap test in their lifetime. Foreign-born women were more than twice as likely as U.S. born women to have never received a Pap test (13.4% versus 5.2%). Foreign-born women who lived in the United States for

Zika Virus Transmission - Region of the Americas, May 15, 2015-December 15, 2016.

Zika virus, a mosquito-borne flavivirus that can cause rash with fever, emerged in the Region of the Americas on Easter Island, Chile, in 2014 and in northeast Brazil in 2015 (1). In response, in May 2015, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), which serves as the Regional Office of the Americas for the World Health Organization (WHO), issued recommendations to enhance surveillance for Zika virus. Subsequently, Brazilian investigators reported Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), which had been previously ...

Yellow Fever Outbreak - Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo, August 2016.

On April 23, 2016, the Democratic Republic of the Congo's (DRC's) Ministry of Health declared a yellow fever outbreak. As of May 24, 2016, approximately 90% of suspected yellow fever cases (n = 459) and deaths (45) were reported in a single province, Kongo Central Province, that borders Angola, where a large yellow fever outbreak had begun in December 2015. Two yellow fever mass vaccination campaigns were conducted in Kongo Central Province during May 25-June 7, 2016 and August 17-28, 2016. In June 2016, th...

Evaluation of Automated Molecular Testing Rollout for Tuberculosis Diagnosis Using Routinely Collected Surveillance Data - Uganda, 2012-2015.

In 2012, Uganda introduced the use of GeneXpert MTB/RIF (Cepheid, Sunnyvale CA), a sensitive, automated, real-time polymerase chain reaction-based platform for tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis, for programmatic use among children, adults with presumptive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated TB, and symptomatic persons at risk for rifampicin (RIF)-resistant TB. The effect of using the platform's Xpert MTB/RIF assay on TB care and control was assessed using routinely collected programmatic data; in additi...

Screening for Excessive Alcohol Use and Brief Counseling of Adults - 17 States and the District of Columbia, 2014.

Excessive and/or risky alcohol use* resulted in $249 billion in economic costs in 2010 (1) and >88,000 deaths in the United States every year from 2006 to 2010 (2). It is associated with birth defects and disabilities (e.g., fetal alcohol spectrum disorders [FASDs]), increases in chronic diseases (e.g., heart disease and breast cancer), and injuries and violence (e.g., motor vehicle crashes, suicide, and homicide).(†) Since 2004, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended alcohol mis...

Sodium Intake Among Persons Aged ≥2 Years - United States, 2013-2014.

High sodium consumption can increase hypertension, a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases (1). Reducing sodium intake can lower blood pressure, and sodium reduction in the U.S. population of 40% over 10 years might save at least 280,000 lives (2). Average sodium intake in the United States remains in excess of Healthy People 2020 objectives,* and monitoring sources of sodium in the U.S. population can help focus sodium reduction measures (3,4). Data from 2013-2014 What We Eat in America (WWEIA), th...

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