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Showing PubMed Articles 51–75 of 942 from MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

Erratum: Vol. 64, No. 37.

QuickStats: Percentage of Youths Aged 10-17 Years Who Did Not Receive a Well-Child Checkup in the Past 12 Months,* by Metropolitan Status of Residence(†) - National Health Interview Survey, United States, 2008-2014(§).

Notes from the Field: Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis Misdiagnoses at a Rural Urgent-Care Clinic - Wyoming, March 2015.

Group A Streptococcus (GAS) is the most common bacterial cause of pharyngitis, implicated in 20%-30% of pediatric and 5%-15% of adult health care visits for sore throat (1). Along with the sudden onset of throat pain, GAS pharyngitis symptoms include fever, headache, and bilateral tender cervical lymphadenopathy (1,2). Accurate diagnosis and management of GAS pharyngitis is critical for limiting antibiotic overuse and preventing rheumatic fever (2), but distinguishing between GAS and viral pharyngitis clini...

Notes from the Field: Hepatitis C Outbreak in a Dialysis Clinic - Tennessee, 2014.

Outbreaks of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections can occur among hemodialysis patients when recommended infection control practices are not followed (1). On January 30, 2014, a dialysis clinic in Tennessee identified acute HCV in a patient (patient A) during routine screening and reported it to the Tennessee Department of Health. Patient A had enrolled in the dialysis clinic in March 2010 and had annually tested negative for HCV (including a last HCV test on December 19, 2012), until testing positive for HCV...

QuickStats: Birth Rates Among Females Aged 15-19 Years, by Race/Ethnicity* - National Vital Statistics System, United States,† 1991 and 2014.

Tuberculosis Contact Investigations - United States, 2003-2012.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is transmitted through the air from an infectious patient (index patient) to other persons (contacts) who share space. Exposure to M. tuberculosis can result in tuberculosis (TB) disease or latent TB infection (LTBI), which has no clinical symptoms or radiologic evidence of disease. The cycle of transmission can be ended by isolating and treating patients with TB disease, examining contacts, and treating LTBI to prevent progression to TB disease. CDC systematically collects aggreg...

Fatal Bacterial Meningitis Possibly Associated with Substandard Ceftriaxone - Uganda, 2013.

The burden of disease from bacterial meningitis is highest in low-income countries (1). Early initiation of antibiotic therapy is important in reducing the risk for mortality. Current treatment guidelines recommend the use of an expanded-spectrum cephalosporin (cefotaxime or ceftriaxone) (2), but these therapies increasingly are limited by drug resistance, and are threatened by the proliferation of substandard and falsified medicines (3,4). In February 2013, a case of bacterial meningitis following a middle...

Increases in Drug and Opioid Overdose Deaths - United States, 2000-2014.

The United States is experiencing an epidemic of drug overdose (poisoning) deaths. Since 2000, the rate of deaths from drug overdoses has increased 137%, including a 200% increase in the rate of overdose deaths involving opioids (opioid pain relievers and heroin). CDC analyzed recent multiple cause-of-death mortality data to examine current trends and characteristics of drug overdose deaths, including the types of opioids associated with drug overdose deaths. During 2014, a total of 47,055 drug overdose dea...

CDC Grand Rounds: Prevention and Control of Skin Cancer.

Notes from the Field: Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae Producing OXA-48-like Carbapenemases - United States, 2010-2015.

Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are bacteria that are often resistant to most classes of antibiotics and cause health care-associated infections with high mortality rates (1). Among CRE, strains that carry plasmid-encoded carbapenemase enzymes that inactivate carbapenem antibiotics are of greatest public health concern because of their potential for rapid global dissemination, as evidenced by the increasing distribution of CRE that produce the Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase and the New De...

Lower Levels of Antiretroviral Therapy Enrollment Among Men with HIV Compared with Women - 12 Countries, 2002-2013.

Equitable access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) for men and women with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is a principle endorsed by most countries and funding bodies, including the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Relief (PEPFAR) (1). To evaluate gender equity in ART access among adults (defined for this report as persons aged ≥15 years), 765,087 adult ART patient medical records from 12 countries in five geographic regions* were analyzed to estimat...

Scale-up of HIV Viral Load Monitoring - Seven Sub-Saharan African Countries.

To achieve global targets for universal treatment set forth by the Joint United Nations Programme on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) (UNAIDS), viral load monitoring for HIV-infected persons receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) must become the standard of care in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) (1). CDC and other U.S. government agencies, as part of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, are supporting multiple countries in sub-Saharan Africa to...

Vital Signs: Estimated Percentages and Numbers of Adults with Indications for Preexposure Prophylaxis to Prevent HIV Acquisition - United States, 2015.

In 2014, approximately 40,000 persons in the United States received a diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with daily oral antiretroviral medication is a new, highly effective intervention that could reduce the number of new HIV infections.

Vital Signs: Increased Medicaid Prescriptions for Preexposure Prophylaxis Against HIV infection - New York, 2012-2015.

Approximately 3,000 incident cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection occur in New York state each year. Daily HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with the oral antiretroviral medication Truvada is a key component of New York's plan to end HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) as an epidemic in the state by 2020.

Erratum: Vol. 64, No. 45.

QuickStats: Percentage* of Children and Adolescents Aged 4-17 Years with Serious Emotional or Behavioral Difficulties,(†) by Poverty Status(§) and Sex - National Health Interview Survey, 2011-2014(¶).

Diabetes Among Asians and Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders - United States, 2011-2014.

Asians and Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders (NHPIs) are fast-growing U.S. minority populations*(,†) at high risk for type 2 diabetes (1-4). Although national studies have described diabetes prevalence, incidence, and risk factors among Asians (2-5) and NHPIs (2,5) compared with non-Hispanic whites, little is known about state-level diabetes prevalence among these two racial groups, or about how they differ from one another with respect to diabetes risk factors. To examine state-level prevalence...

Exposure to Elevated Carbon Monoxide Levels at an Indoor Ice Arena - Wisconsin, 2014.

On December 13, 2014, the emergency management system in Lake Delton, Wisconsin, was notified when a male hockey player aged 20 years lost consciousness after participation in an indoor hockey tournament that included approximately 50 hockey players and 100 other attendees. Elevated levels of carbon monoxide (CO) (range = 45 ppm-165 ppm) were detected by the fire department inside the arena. The emergency management system encouraged all players and attendees to seek medical evaluation for possible CO poiso...

Progress Toward Poliomyelitis Eradication - Pakistan, January 2014-September 2015.

Since Nigeria reported its last case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) in July 2014, Pakistan and Afghanistan remain the only two countries where WPV transmission has never been interrupted (1). This report describes actions taken and progress achieved toward polio eradication in Pakistan during January 2014-September 2015 and updates previous reports (2,3). A total of 38 WPV1 cases were reported in Pakistan during January-September 2015,* compared with 243 during the same period in 2014 (an 84% decline). Am...

National Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Awareness Month - November 2015.

Erratum: Vol. 62, No. 54.

QuickStats: Percentage of Long-Term Care Services Providers* That Use Electronic Health Records(†) and Have a Computerized System for Electronic Health Information Exchange,(§) by Provider Sector and Type of Electronic Information - United States, 2014(¶).

Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adults - United States, 2005-2014.

Increase in Incidence of Congenital Syphilis - United States, 2012-2014.

Progress Toward Regional Measles Elimination - Worldwide, 2000-2014.

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