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Showing PubMed Articles 51–75 of 1,100+ from MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report

QuickStats: Percentage of Persons of All Ages Who Delayed or Did Not Receive Medical Care During the Preceding Year Because of Cost, by U.S. Census Region of Residence* - National Health Interview Survey, 2015(†).

In 2015, approximately 6% of persons of all ages (20.1 million) in the United States delayed medical care during the preceding year because of worry about the cost, and 4.5% (14.2 million) did not receive needed medical care because they could not afford it. Persons living in the Northeast were significantly less likely than persons living in the Midwest, South, or West to delay or not receive needed medical care. Persons living in the South were significantly more likely to not receive needed medical care ...

Multiple Fentanyl Overdoses - New Haven, Connecticut, June 23, 2016.

On the evening of June 23, 2016, a white powder advertised as cocaine was purchased off the streets from multiple sources and used by an unknown number of persons in New Haven, Connecticut. During a period of less than 8 hours, 12 patients were brought to the emergency department (ED) at Yale New Haven Hospital, experiencing signs and symptoms consistent with opioid overdose. The route of intoxication was not known, but presumed to be insufflation ("snorting") in most cases. Some patients required doses of ...

Announcement: Congenital Heart Defect Awareness Week - February 7-14, 2017.

Congenital Heart Defect Awareness Week is observed each year during February 7-14 to promote awareness and education about congenital heart defects (CHDs). CHDs affect approximately one in 100 births every year in the United States and are the most common type of birth defect (1,2). Heart defects are conditions that persons live with throughout their lives; an estimated 1 million children and 1.4 million adults in the United States were living with a CHD in 2010 (3). CDC's website, Stories: Living with Hear...

Erratum: Vol. 66, No. 1.

In the report "Prevalence of Perceived Food and Housing Security - 15 States, 2013," on page 15, the website in reference 3 should be

Cluster of an Unusual Amnestic Syndrome - Massachusetts, 2012-2016.

In November 2015, a neurologist in the Boston, Massachusetts, area reported four cases of an uncommon amnestic syndrome involving acute and complete ischemia of both hippocampi, as identified by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (MDPH) (1). A subsequent e-mail alert, generated by the Massachusetts Board of Registration in Medicine and sent to relevant medical specialists (including neurologists, neuroradiologists, and emergency physicians), resulted in the id...

Prevalence of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease in Sexually Experienced Women of Reproductive Age - United States, 2013-2014.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a clinical syndrome of the female reproductive tract characterized by inflammation of the endometrium, fallopian tubes, or peritoneum (1). PID occurs when microorganisms ascend from the vagina or cervix to the fallopian tubes and other upper genital tract structures (1). PID can result from untreated bacterial infections, including chlamydia and gonorrhea, and can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and chronic pelvic pain (1). Because there is no single diagnostic t...

Announcement: 25th Anniversary of National Program of Cancer Registries, 1992-2017.

This year marks the 25th anniversary of the Cancer Registries Amendment Act (Public Law 102-515), which established the National Program of Cancer Registries (NPCR) administered by CDC (1). NPCR collects high quality data on cancer occurrence (including the type, extent, and location of the cancer), type of initial treatment, and outcomes. NPCR supports cancer registries in 45 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Pacific Island jurisdictions, covering 96% of all cancers diagnosed in the U...

Errrata: Vol. 66, Nos. SS-1 and SS-2.

In the Surveillance Summaries "Leading Causes of Death in Nonmetropolitan and Metropolitan Areas - United States, 1999-2014" and "Reducing Potentially Excess Deaths from the Five Leading Causes of Death in the Rural United States," an error occurred in Figure 5 and Figure 3, respectively. In the last panel of bar charts (stroke), the colors for the left-most set of bars (public health region 1) should be reversed.

Notes from the Field: Multistate Outbreak of Escherichia coli O157:H7 Infections Linked to Dough Mix - United States, 2016.

QuickStats: Prevalence* of Edentualism(†) in Adults Aged ≥65 Years, by Age Group and Race/Hispanic Origin - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2014.

During 2011-2014, 17.6% of adults aged ≥65 years were edentulous or had lost all their natural, permanent teeth. Adults aged ≥75 years (23.0%) were more likely to be edentulous compared with adults aged 65-74 years (13.9%). Non-Hispanic black adults aged ≥65 years were more likely to be edentulous (27.0%) compared with non-Hispanic white (16.2%), non-Hispanic Asian (18.0%), and Hispanic adults (16.4%) aged ≥65 years.

Notes from the Field: Impact of Increasing the Number of Ebola Surveillance Officers - Kambia District, Sierra Leone, September 2014-September 2015.

Association Between Infant Mortality Attributable to Birth Defects and Payment Source for Delivery - United States, 2011-2013.

Birth defects are a leading cause of infant mortality in the United States (1), accounting for approximately 20% of infant deaths. The rate of infant mortality attributable to birth defects (IMBD) in the United States in 2014 was 11.9 per 10,000 live births (1). Rates of IMBD differ by race/ethnicity (2), age group at death (2), and gestational age at birth (3). Insurance type is associated with survival among infants with congenital heart defects (CHD) (4). In 2003, a checkbox indicating principal payment ...

Invasive Cancer Incidence and Survival - United States, 2013.

Although cancer represents many heterogeneous diseases, some cancer types share common risk factors. For example, conclusive evidence links cancer at multiple sites with tobacco use, alcohol use, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, excess body weight, and physical inactivity (1,2). To monitor changes in cancer incidence and assess progress toward achieving Healthy People 2020 objectives,* CDC analyzed data from the U.S. Cancer Statistics (USCS) data set for 2013, the most recent year for which incidence a...

Notes from the Field: Use of Social Media as a Communication Tool During a Mumps Outbreak - New York City, 2015.

On August 16, 2015, a case of parotitis in a resident of the Rockaways neighborhood of Queens, New York City (NYC), was reported to the NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) as a suspected mumps case. Subsequent investigations by DOHMH discovered an outbreak of mumps in the Rockaways, with 52 confirmed and probable mumps cases. DOHMH conducted a Facebook advertisement campaign providing information about mumps and the outbreak, which was targeted to Facebook users in the Rockaways neighborhood...

West Nile Virus and Other Nationally Notifiable Arboviral Diseases - United States, 2015.

Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) are transmitted to humans primarily through the bites of infected mosquitoes and ticks. The leading cause of domestically acquired arboviral disease in the United States is West Nile virus (WNV) (1). Other arboviruses, including La Crosse, St. Louis encephalitis, Jamestown Canyon, Powassan, and eastern equine encephalitis viruses, also cause sporadic cases and outbreaks. This report summarizes surveillance data reported to CDC in 2015 for nationally notifiable arbovirus...

Inpatient Hospitalization Costs Associated with Birth Defects Among Persons of All Ages - United States, 2013.

In the United States, major structural or genetic birth defects affect approximately 3% of live births (1) and are responsible for 20% of infant deaths (2). Birth defects can affect persons across their lifespan and are the cause of significant lifelong disabilities. CDC used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) 2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a 20% stratified sample of discharges from nonfederal community hospitals, to estimate the annual cost of birth defect-associated hospitalizations...

Coverage with Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Acellular Pertussis Vaccine and Influenza Vaccine Among Pregnant Women - Minnesota, March 2013-December 2014.

Pertussis and influenza infections can result in severe disease in infants. The diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis (DTaP) vaccine is recommended for infants beginning at age 2 months, and influenza vaccine is recommended for infants aged ≥6 months. Vaccination of pregnant women induces the production of antibodies that are transferred across the placenta to the fetus and provide passive protection until infants are old enough to receive DTaP and influenza vaccines (1-3). To protect young infants bef...

QuickStats: Percentage* of Adults Aged ≥18 Years Who Have Seen or Talked to a Doctor or Other Health Care Professional About Their Own Health in the Past 12 Months,(†) by Sex and Age Group - National Health Interview Survey,(§) United States, 2015.

In 2015, women aged ≥18 years were more likely than men, overall and for each age group except those aged ≥65 years, to have seen or talked to a doctor or other health professional about their own health in the past 12 months. For both sexes, visits to a doctor or other health care professional increased with age, from 63.1% among men aged 18-29 years to 93.2% among men aged ≥65 years and from 82.4% among women aged 18-29 years to 94.3% among women ≥65 years.

Association Between The Real Cost Media Campaign and Smoking Initiation Among Youths - United States, 2014-2016.

In the United States, approximately 900,000 youths smoke their first cigarette each year (1). Health communication interventions are evidence-based strategies for preventing the initiation of tobacco use, promoting and facilitating cessation, and changing beliefs and attitudes about tobacco use (2,3). This report describes the association between the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) first national tobacco public education campaign, The Real Cost, and rates of smoking initiation among youths in the Uni...

Erratum: Vol. 65, Suppl. 3.

In the report "Safe and Effective Deployment of Personnel to Support the Ebola Response-West Africa," which was part of the supplement entitled "CDC's Response to the 2014-2016 Ebola Pandemic-West Africa and United States," the following author was omitted from the listing on the first page: Jacqueline R. Burkholder, PhD, Division of Emergency Operations, Office of Public Health Awareness, CDC.

Notes from the Field: Occupational Lead Exposures at a Shipyard - Douglas County, Wisconsin, 2016.

QuickStats: Prevalence* of Untreated Dental Caries(†) in Permanent Teeth Among Children and Adolescents Aged 6-19 Years, by Age Group - National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, United States, 2011-2014.

During 2011-2014, 13.3% of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years had untreated dental caries in their permanent teeth. The percentage of children and adolescents with untreated dental caries increased with age: 6.1% among those aged 6-11 years, 14.5% among those aged 12-15 years, and 22.6% among those aged 16-19 years.

State-Level Lifetime Medical and Work-Loss Costs of Fatal Injuries - United States, 2014.

Injury-associated deaths have substantial economic consequences in the United States. The total estimated lifetime medical and work-loss costs associated with fatal injuries in 2013 were $214 billion (1). In 2014, unintentional injury, suicide, and homicide (the fourth, tenth, and seventeenth leading causes of death, respectively) accounted for 194,635 deaths in the United States (2). In 2014, a total of 199,756 fatal injuries occurred in the United States, and the associated lifetime medical and work-loss ...

Guidance for Assessment of Poliovirus Vaccination Status and Vaccination of Children Who Have Received Poliovirus Vaccine Outside the United States.

In 1988, the World Health Assembly resolved to eradicate poliomyelitis (polio). Since then, wild poliovirus (WPV) cases have declined by >99.9%, from an estimated 350,000 cases of polio each year to 74 cases in two countries in 2015 (1). This decrease was achieved primarily through the use of trivalent oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV), which contains types 1, 2, and 3 live, attenuated polioviruses. Since 2000, the United States has exclusively used inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), which contains all three pol...

Notice to Readers: MMWR Weekly Launches Online Manuscript Submission System.

The MMWR Weekly is now using MMWR ScholarOne Manuscripts, an online system for manuscript submissions. Launching this system provides comprehensive workflow management and streamlines the Weekly submission process.

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