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Large-scale FET-type graphene micropatten (GM) nano-biohybrid-based immunosensor (GMNS) is fabricated in a controlled fashion to detect human immunodeficiency virus 2 antibody. Flexible GMNS shows a highly sensitive response and excellent mechanical bendability. The flexible GMNS in fluidic systems also has a stable response. This is the first experimental demonstration of a large-scale flexible fluidic FET-type immunoassay based on GM nano-biohybrids.
Best of both worlds: A heterostructured material is synthesized that comprises a core of layered lithium-rich material and an outer layer of nanospinel material. This spinel/layered heterostructured material maximizes the inherent advantages of the 3D Li(+) insertion/extraction framework of the spinel structure and the high Li(+) storage capacity of the layered structure. The material exhibits super-high reversible capacities, outstanding rate capability and excellent cycling ability.
A prodrug forms nanocapsules responsive to tumor GSH/ROS heterogeneity releasing the parent drug SN38 via thiolysis in the presence of GSH (glutathione) or via enhanced hydrolysis due to ROS (reactive oxygen species)-oxidation of the linker, giving rise to high in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo anticancer therapeutic activity. The nanocapsules are a suitable size for tumor targeting by means of the EPR effect and have a fixed SN38 loading content of 35 wt%, ideal for translational nanomedicine.
Dye-sensitized solar cells with an energy storage function are demonstrated by modifying its counter electrode with a poly (vinylidene fluoride)/ZnO nanowire array composite. This simplex device could still function as an ordinary solar cell with a steady photocurrent output even after being fully charged. An energy storage density of 2.14 C g(-1) is achieved, while simultaneously a 3.70% photo-to-electric conversion efficiency is maintained.
The advances of nanomaterials have provided exciting technologies and novel materials for protein detection, based on the unique properties associated with nanoscale phenomena such as plasmon resonance, catalysis and energy transfer. This article reviews a series of nanomaterials including nanoparticles, nanofibers, nanowires, and nanosheets, and evaluates their performances in the application for protein detection, focusing on approaches that realize ultrasensitive detection. Many of these nanomaterials we...
The self-organization of ferroelectric columnar liquid crystals (FCLCs) is demonstrated. Columnar order is spontaneously formed in thin films made by the wet-process due to its liquid crystallinity. Electric-field application results in high optical quality and uniform spontaneous polarization. Such good processability and controllability of the wet-processed FCLC films provide us with potential organic ferroelectric materials for device applications.
A gas-driven ultrafast adhesion switching of water droplets on palladium-coated Si nanowire arrays is demonstrated. By regulating the gas-ambient between the atmosphere and H2 , the super-hydrophobic adhesion is repeatedly switched between water-repellent and water-adhesive. The capability of modulating the super-hydrophobic adhesion on a super-hydrophobic surface with a non-contact mode could be applicable to novel functional lab-on-a-chip platforms.
By encapsulating NaYF4 :Tm.Yb upconverting nanocrystals in UV-degradable polymer capsules, it is possible to access efficient polymer photodegradation and remotely controlled release using near-IR laser light at an unprecedentedly low power.
Seminal recent studies that have shed new light on the remarkable properties of clay interactions suggest unexplored opportunities for biomaterial design and regenerative medicine. Here, recent conceptual and technological developments in the science of clay interactions with biomolecules, polymers, and cells are examined, focusing on the implications for tissue engineering and regenerative strategies. Pioneering studies demonstrating the utility of clay for drug-delivery and scaffold design are reviewed an...
Cross-linked polypeptide-based films are fabricated via a novel and robust method employing surface-initiated ring opening polymerization of α-amino acid N-carboxyanhydrides (NCA-ROP). The judicious combination of amine-based hyperbranched macroinitiators and benzyl ester-protected NCA derivatives promotes network formation by cross-chain terminations, which allows the formation of stable cross-linked peptide-based capsules in a one-pot system.
Nano-graphene oxide can adsorb both doxorubicin and zwitterionic dioleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DOPC) liposomes in an orthogonal and non-competing manner with high capacities based on different surface and intermolecular forces taking place on the heterogeneous surface of the graphene oxide. The system forms stable colloids, allowing co-delivery of both cargos to cancer cells.
This review is intended to reflect the recent progress on therapeutic applications of nanomaterials in amyloid diseases. The progress on anti-amyloid functions of various nanomaterials including inorganic nanoparticles, polymeric nanoparticles, carbon nanomaterials and biomolecular aggregates, is reviewed and discussed. The main functionalization strategies for general nanoparticle modifications are reviewed for potential applications of targeted therapeutics. The interaction mechanisms between amyloid pept...
A series of novel conjugated copolymers based on naphtho[1,2-c:5,6-c]bis(2-octyl-[1,2,3]triazole) (TZNT) are synthesized. These copolymers exhibit medium bandgaps of ≈1.9 eV. One of them demonstrates a high performance of up to 6.10% power conversion efficiency in a bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) solar-cell device. The performance can be further enhanced to 7.11% when applied in an inverted device architecture, using PF3 N-OX as an interfacial modifier.
The synthesis and physicochemical properties of a new class of BODIPY-based donor-acceptor π-conjugated polymers are presented. Solution-processed top-gate/bottom-contact (TG-BC) thin-film transistors on flexible plastic substrates exhibit air-stable p-channel activities with charge carrier mobilities as high as 0.17 cm(2) /V·s and current on/off ratios of 10(5) -10(6) , the highest reported to date for a BODIPY-based semiconductor. The results shown here indicate a significant charge-transport improvemen...
Three different delivery concepts (standard diffusion, global electrodynamic precipitation, and localized nanolens-based precipitation) and three different SERS enhancement layers (a silver film, a nanolens-based localized silver nanoparticle film, and the standard AgFON) are compared. The nanolens concept is applied to increase the SERS signal: a factor of 633, when compared to a standard mechanism of diffusion, is observed.
Polymer tandem solar cells with 10.2% power conversion efficiency are demonstrated via stacking two PDTP-DFBT:PC71 BM bulk heterojunctions, connected by MoO3 /PEDOT:PSS/ZnO as an interconnecting layer. The tandem solar cells increase the power conversion efficiency of the PDTP-DFBT:PC71 BM system from 8.1% to 10.2%, successfully demonstrating polymer tandem solar cells with identical sub-cells of double-digit efficiency.
A simple yet effective method to generate free-standing 1D assemblies of gold nanoparticles by a combined top-down and bottom-up approach in conjunction with superhydrophobicity-directed fluid drying is reported. The free-standing nanoparticle assemblies can be as thin ca. 45 nm and as long as ca. 30 μm, yet mechanically strong without collapsing when held at one end. Furthermore, the 1D nanoparticle assemblies could be used as plasmonic waveguides.
A flexible oxygen sensor based on individual ZnO nanowires is demonstrated with high sensitivity at room temperature and the influence of the piezotronic effect on the performance of this oxygen sensor is investigated. By applying a tensile strain, the already very high sensitivity due to the Schottky contact and pre-treatment of UV light is even further enhanced.
Flexible, compact, ultrathin and all-solid-state micro-supercapacitors are prepared by coating H3 PO4 /PVA gel electrolyte onto micro-patterned rGO interdigitated electrodes prepared by combining photolithography with selective electrophoretic deposition.
A new kind of high-performance asymmetric supercapacitor is designed with pyrolyzed bacterial cellulose (p-BC)-coated MnO2 as a positive electrode material and nitrogen-doped p-BC as a negative electrode material via an easy, efficient, large-scale, and green fabrication approach. The optimal asymmetric device possesses an excellent supercapacitive behavior with quite high energy and power density.
High-performance broad-spectrum nanocarbon bulk-heterojunction photovoltaic photodetectors are reported. These reported photodetectors consist of a semiconducting single-walled carbon nanotube (s-SWCNT) and a PC71 BM blended active layer. Magnetic-field effects and the chirality of the s-SWCNTs play an important role in controlling the photoresponse time and photocurrent improvement.
Self-assembled monolayers of aromatic molecules on copper substrates can be converted into high-quality single-layer graphene using low-energy electron irradiation and subsequent annealing. This two-dimensional solid state transformation is characterized on the atomic scale and the physical and chemical properties of the formed graphene sheets are studied by complementary microscopic and spectroscopic techniques and by electrical transport measurements. As substrates, Cu(111) single crystals and the technol...
Topographic recognition of cancer cells is triggered by fractal gold nanostructures (FAuNSs), leading to dramatically enhanced recognition capability and efficient release of cancer cells with little damage. The unique characteristic of FAuNSs is the similar fractal dimension of their surface (figure) and that of a cancer cell. The design of fractal nanostructures will open up opportunities for functional design of bio-interfaces for highly efficient recognition and release of disease-related rare cells, wh...
Enzyme-directed assembly in vivo: A targeting strategy is demonstrated, which leads to an active accumulation of nanoparticles by virtue of an assembly event specific to endogenous, enzymatic biochemical signals associated with tumor tissue. The viability of this approach is examined through a proof-of-concept study showing enzyme-directed particle targeting and accumulation in human xenograft tumors in mice following intravenous injection, and the retention of particles is demonstrated within tumors for ex...
A novel anode structure composed of silicon nanowires dwelling in graphitic tubes is developed. The thus-fabricated 1D/1D hybrid structure exhibits good rate capability and remarkable cycling stability, which mainly originates from their structural advantages including the built-in void spaces and the robust line-to-line contact mode between the components.