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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
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A novel cardiomimetic biohybrid material, termed as the human ventricular cardiac anisotropic sheet (hvCAS) is reported. Well-characterized human pluripotent stem cell-derived ventricular cardiomyocytes were strategically aligned to reproduce key electrophysiological features of native human ventricle, which, along with specific selection criteria, allows for a direct visualization of arrhythmic spiral re-entry and represents a revolutionary tool to assess preclinical drug-induced arrhythmogenicity.
A unique ethanol-precursor-based LPCVD route is developed for the fast (4 min, improved 20 times) and scalable (25 inch, improved six times) growth of high-quality graphene glass. The obtained graphene glass presents high uniformity across large areas and is demonstrated to be an excellent material for constructing switchable windows and biosensor devices, owing to its excellent transparency and conductivity.
Macroscopic and 3D superaligned CNT (SACNT) sponges are fabricated through a simple, low-cost, controllable, and scalable self-assembly method without using organic binder. Sponges with specific shapes and densities can be achieved. SACNT sponges are ultralight (1-50 mg cm(-3) ), highly porous (97.5%-99.9%) with honeycomb-like hierarchical structure, and highly conductive. Using SACNT sponges as templates, various materials with honeycomb-like structure can be obtained for wide applications.
A new bottom-up nanocrystallization method has been developed to fabricate highly fluorescent organic nanocrystals in aqueous media using an aggregation-induced emission fluorogen (AIEgen) as an example. The nanocrystallization strategy has led to the fabrication of uniform nanocrystals of 110 ± 10 nm size in aqueous media, which shows over 400% increase in brightness as compared to the amorphous nanoaggregates.
A new method of spatially controlled gene regulation in 3D-cultured human embryonic stem cells is developed using hollow gold nanoshells (HGNs) and near-infrared (NIR) light. Targeted cell(s) are discriminated from neighboring cell(s) by focusing NIR light emitted from a two-photon microscope. Irradiation of cells that have internalized HGNs releases surface attached siRNAs and leads to concomitant gene downregulation.
Ladder-type "torsion-free" conducting polymers (e.g., polybenzimidazobenzophenanthroline (BBL)) can outperform "structurally distorted" donor-acceptor polymers (e.g., P(NDI2OD-T2)), in terms of conductivity and thermoelectric power factor. The polaron delocalization length is larger in BBL than in P(NDI2OD-T2), resulting in a higher measured polaron mobility. Structure-function relationships are drawn, setting material-design guidelines for the next generation of conducting thermoelectric polymers.
Chromium nanoparticles are formed using superfluid helium droplets as the nanoreactors, which are strongly ferromagnetic. The transition from antiferromagentism to ferromagnetism is attributed to atomic scale disorder in chromium nanoparticles, leading to abundant unbalanced surface spins. Theoretical modeling confirms a frustrated aggregation process in superfluid helium due to the antiferromagnetic nature of chromium.
Copolymer nanoparticles with a highly polar repeating unit are blended in an elastic matrix and poled at elevated temperatures. The composite exhibits piezoelectricity due to the overall polarization imparted by the particles, which can be easily modulated thanks to the soft matrix.
A self-powered,solution-processed perovskite photodetector with sub-nanosecond response time is presented. Eliminating charge trapping and removing the constraints from the resistance-capacitance constant increases the response speed, which enables them to be applied in a homemade, time-resolved photoluminescence system that successfully resolves the decay process of typical fluorescence and phosphorescent materials with a recombination lifetime from several nanoseconds to microseconds.
A modified poly(dimethylsiloxane) film with nanopores, fabricated through a scalable and low-cost process, can serve as a protective layer for improving lithium-metal anodes. This film can suppress Li-dendrite formation because of its chemical inertness and mechanical properties. Stable cycling over 200 cycles with an averaged CE of 94.5% is demonstrated at 0.5 mA cm(-2) .
Nanoporous monoliths with hierarchical nanostructure are prepared via in situ assembly of template and carbon precursor gel by controlled ultracentrifugation experiments. Benefits of the gradient porosity are demonstrated for the Li-O2 battery.
Realization of permanent valley polarization in Cr-doped monolayer MoS2 is found to be unfeasible because of extended moment formation. Introduction of an additional hole is suggested as a viable solution. V-doped monolayer MoS2 is demonstrated to sustain permanent valley polarization and therefore can serve as a prototype material for valleytronics.
Oil sorbents play a very important part in the remediation processes of oil spills. To enhance the oil-sorption properties and simplify the oil-recovery process, various advanced oil sorbents and oil-collecting devices based on them have been proposed recently. Here, we firstly discuss the design considerations for the fabrication of oil sorbents and describe recently developed oil sorbents based on modification strategy. Then, recent advances regarding oil sorbents mainly based on carbon materials and swel...
Thermodynamically unusual surfaces that possess two contradictory wetting properties, i.e., underoil superhydrophobicity and underwater superoleophobicity, are prepared by the combination of re-entrant topography and delicately matched surface chemistry. The preparation of such extraordinary surfaces relies on two key design criteria and employs a metastable state effect in solid-oil-water systems.
The promising quad-band solar spectral splitter incorporates the properties of the optical filter and the spectrally selective solar thermal absorber can direct PV band to PV modules and absorb thermal band energy for thermal process with low thermal losses. It provides a new strategy for spectral splitting and offers potential ways for hybrid PVT system design.
A bioinspired photodetector with signal transmissible to neuron cells is fabricated. Photoisomerization of the dye molecules embedded in the ferroelectric polymer membrane achieves electric polarization change under visible light. The photodetector realizes high sensitivity, color recognition, transient response, and 3D visual detection with resolution of 25 000 PPI, and, impressively, directly transduces the signal to neuron cells.
Polyaniline/graphene hydrogel composites with a macroscopically phase-separated structure are prepared. The composites show high specific capacitance and excellent rate performance. Further investigation demonstrates that polyaniline inside the graphene hydrogel has low rate performance, thus a phase-separated structure, in which polyaniline is mainly outside the graphene hydrogel matrix, can enhance the rate performance of the composites.
Lithium-ion batteries with a Si anode can drive large mechanical actuation by utilizing the dramatic volume changes of the electrode during the charge/discharge cycles. A large loading of more than 10 MPa can be actuated by a LiFePO4 ||Si full battery with a rapid response while the driving voltage is lower than 4 V.
A novel approach to on-demand improvement of electronic properties in complex-oxide ferroelectrics is demonstrated whereby ion bombardment - commonly used in classic semiconductor materials - is applied to the PbTiO3 system. The result is deterministic reduction in leakage currents by 5 orders of magnitude, improved ferroelectric switching, and unprecedented insights into the nature of defects and intergap state evolution in these materials.
A novel photoelectric conversion device in a yarn type is created by assembling an aligned carbon-nanotube fiber coated with poly(tetrafluoroethylene) and an aligned carbon-nanotube sheet/paraffin wax/polyimide bilayer composite strip together. A high output voltage is achieved with high reversibility and durability.
Functionalized 3D nanographenes with controlled electronic properties have been synthesized through a multistep organic synthesis method and are further used as promising anode materials for lithium-ion batteries, exhibiting a much increased capacity (up to 950 mAh g(-1) ), three times higher than that of the graphite anode (372 mAh g(-1) ).
The interplay between chemical dopants and topological defects plays a crucial role in electrocatalysis of doped graphene. By systematically tuning the curvatures, thereby the density of topological defects, of 3D nanoporous graphene, the intrinsic correlation of topological defects with chemical doping contents and dopant configurations is revealed, shining lights into the structural and chemical origins of HER activities of graphene.
A schematic for the mechanism of accelerating the assembly of intercalated discs (IDs) in cardiac myocytes regulated by gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is presented. AuNPs with local nanoscale stiffness in the substrate activate β1-integrin signaling, which mediates the activation of integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and its downstream signal kinase by stimulating expression of the transcription factors GATA4 and MEF-2c.
This communication presents a novel electrolyte gated field-effect transistor based on a blend of dibenzo-tetrathiafulvalene and polystyrene deposited through bar-assisted meniscus shearing. This technique allows the fabrication of high performing electronic devices suitable for (bio)sensing applications and might capture industrial interest due to its scalability. The reported devices can operate in aqueous solution with comparable complexity to real samples.
Resistance switching (RS) devices have potential to offer computing and memory function. A new computer unit is built of RS array, where processing and storing of information occur on same devices. Resistance states stored in devices located in arbitrary positions of RS array can be performed various nonvolatile logic operations. Logic functions can be reconfigured by altering trigger signals.