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PubMed Journal Database | Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.) RSS

10:00 EDT 27th May 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,700+ from Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)

Imaging Nanoscale Morphology of Semiconducting Polymer Films with Photoemission Electron Microscopy.

Photoemission electron microscopy in combination with polarized laser light is presented as a tool permitting direct imaging of polymer-chain orientation and local degree of order in semicrystalline samples of semiconducting polymers, a promising class of materials for future electronics. The key advantages of this imaging tool are its nondestructive and fast measurements, straightforward data analysis, the low complexity of sample preparation, and the possibility of performing measurements on a broad varie...

Oxidized Quasi-Carbon Nitride Quantum Dots Inhibit Ice Growth.

Antifreeze proteins (AFPs), a type of high-efficiency but expensive and often unstable biological antifreeze, have stimulated substantial interest in the search for synthetic mimics. However, only a few reported AFP mimics display thermal hysteresis, and general criteria for the design of AFP mimics remain unknown. Herein, oxidized quasi-carbon nitride quantum dots (OQCNs) are synthesized through an up-scalable bottom-up approach. They exhibit thermal-hysteresis activity, an ice-crystal shaping effect, and ...

Regulating Water-Reduction Kinetics in Cobalt Phosphide for Enhancing HER Catalytic Activity in Alkaline Solution.

Electrochemical water splitting to produce hydrogen renders a promising pathway for renewable energy storage. Considering limited electrocatalysts have good oxygen-evolution reaction (OER) catalytic activity in acid solution while numerous economical materials show excellent OER catalytic performance in alkaline solution, developing new strategies that enhance the alkaline hydrogen-evolution reaction (HER) catalytic activity of cost-effective catalysts is highly desirable for achieving highly efficient over...

Ultrahigh-Conductivity Polymer Hydrogels with Arbitrary Structures.

A poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(4-styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) hydrogel is prepared by thermal treatment of a commercial PEDOT:PSS (PH1000) suspension in 0.1 mol L(-1) sulfuric acid followed by partially removing its PSS component with concentrated sulfuric acid. This hydrogel has a low solid content of 4% (by weight) and an extremely high conductivity of 880 S m(-1) . It can be fabricated into different shapes such as films, fibers, and columns with arbitrary sizes for practical applications. A hi...

Self-Adjusting, Polymeric Multilayered Roll that can Keep the Shapes of the Blood Vessel Scaffolds during Biodegradation.

A self-adjusting, blood vessel-mimicking, multilayered tubular structure with two polymers, poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA), can keep the shape of the scaffold during biodegradation. The inner (PCL) layer of the tube can expand whereas the outer (PLGA) layers will shrink to maintain the stability of the shape and the inner space of the tubular shape both in vitro and in vivo over months. This approach can be generally useful for making scaffolds that require the maintena...

Brain-Inspired Photonic Neuromorphic Devices using Photodynamic Amorphous Oxide Semiconductors and their Persistent Photoconductivity.

The combination of a neuromorphic architecture and photonic computing may open up a new era for computational systems owing to the possibility of attaining high bandwidths and the low-computation-power requirements. Here, the demonstration of photonic neuromorphic devices based on amorphous oxide semiconductors (AOSs) that mimic major synaptic functions, such as short-term memory/long-term memory, spike-timing-dependent plasticity, and neural facilitation, is reported. The synaptic functions are successfull...

Tuning Up or Down the Critical Thickness in LaAlO3 /SrTiO3 through In Situ Deposition of Metal Overlayers.

The quasi 2D electron system (q2DES) that forms at the interface between LaAlO3 and SrTiO3 has attracted much attention from the oxide electronics community. One of its hallmark features is the existence of a critical LaAlO3 thickness of 4 unit-cells (uc) for interfacial conductivity to emerge. In this paper, the chemical, electronic, and transport properties of LaAlO3 /SrTiO3 samples capped with different metals grown in a system combining pulsed laser deposition, sputtering, and in situ X-ray photoemissio...

Ultrahigh Thermal Conductive yet Superflexible Graphene Films.

Electrical devices generate heat at work. The heat should be transferred away immediately by a thermal manager to keep proper functions, especially for high-frequency apparatuses. Besides high thermal conductivity (K), the thermal manager material requires good foldability for the next generation flexible electronics. Unfortunately, metals have satisfactory ductility but inferior K (≤429 W m(-1) K(-1) ), and highly thermal-conductive nonmetallic materials are generally brittle. Therefore, fabricating a fo...

In Situ Probing of Ion Ordering at an Electrified Ionic Liquid/Au Interface.

Charge transport at the interface of electrodes and ionic liquids is critical for the use of the latter as electrolytes. A room-temperature ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-2,3-dimethylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide (EMMIM TFSI), is investigated in situ under applied bias voltage with a novel method using low-energy electron and photoemission electron microscopy. Changes in photoelectron yield as a function of bias applied to electrodes provide a direct measure of the dynamics of ion reconfiguration an...

Optical, Thermal, and Mechanical Characterization of Ga2 Se3 -Added GLS Glass.

Gallium lanthanum sulfide glass (GLS) has been widely studied in the last 40 years for middle-infrared applications. In this work, the results of the substitution of selenium for sulphur in GLS glass are described. The samples are prepared via melt-quench method in an argon-purged atmosphere. A wide range of compositional substitutions are studied to define the glass-forming region of the modified material. The complete substitution of Ga2 S3 by Ga2 Se3 is achieved by involving new higher quenching rate tec...

Macroscopically Oriented Porous Materials with Periodic Ordered Structures: From Zeolites and Metal-Organic Frameworks to Liquid-Crystal-Templated Mesoporous Materials.

Porous materials with molecular-sized periodic structures, as exemplified by zeolites, metal-organic frameworks, or mesoporous silica, have attracted increasing attention due to their range of applications in storage, sensing, separation, and transformation of small molecules. Although the components of such porous materials have a tendency to pack in unidirectionally oriented periodic structures, such ideal types of packing cannot continue indefinitely, generally ceasing when they reach a micrometer scale....

Flexible, Semitransparent, and Inorganic Resistive Memory based on BaTi0.95 Co0.05 O3 Film.

Perovskite ceramics and single crystals are commonly hard and brittle due to their small maximum elastic strain. Here, large-scale BaTi0.95 Co0.05 O3 (BTCO) film with a SrRuO3 (SRO) buffered layer on a 10 µm thick mica substrate is flexible with a small bending radius of 1.4 mm and semitransparent for visible light at wavelengths of 500-800 nm. Mica/SRO/BTCO/Au cells show bipolar resistive switching and the high/low resistance ratio is up to 50. The resistive-switching properties show no obvious changes af...

Cyclodextrin Films with Fast Solvent Transport and Shape-Selective Permeability.

This study describes the molecular-level design of a new type of filtration membrane made of crosslinked cyclodextrins-inexpensive macrocycles of glucose, shaped like hollow truncated cones. The channel-like cavities of cyclodextrins spawn numerous paths of defined aperture in the separation layer that can effectively discriminate between molecules. The transport of molecules through these membranes is highly shape-sensitive. In addition, the presence of hydrophobic (cavity) and hydrophilic (ester-crosslink...

One-Step Solution Phase Growth of Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Thin Films Directly on Solid Substrates.

Ultrathin transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) have exotic electronic properties. With success in easy synthesis of high quality TMD thin films, the potential applications will become more viable in electronics, optics, energy storage, and catalysis. Synthesis of TMD thin films has been mostly performed in vacuum or by thermolysis. So far, there is no solution phase synthesis to produce large-area thin films directly on target substrates. Here, this paper reports a one-step quick synthesis (within 45-90 ...

Electromechanical Nanogenerator-Cell Interaction Modulates Cell Activity.

Noninvasive methods for in situ electrical stimulation of human cells open new frontiers to future bioelectronic therapies, where controlled electrical impulses could replace the use of chemical drugs for disease treatment. Here, this study demonstrates that the interaction of living cells with piezoelectric nanogenerators (NGs) induces a local electric field that self-stimulates and modulates their cell activity, without applying an additional chemical or physical external stimulation. When cells are cultu...

Polar Side Chains Enhance Processability, Electrical Conductivity, and Thermal Stability of a Molecularly p-Doped Polythiophene.

Molecular doping of organic semiconductors is critical for optimizing a range of optoelectronic devices such as field-effect transistors, solar cells, and thermoelectric generators. However, many dopant:polymer pairs suffer from poor solubility in common organic solvents, which leads to a suboptimal solid-state nanostructure and hence low electrical conductivity. A further drawback is the poor thermal stability through sublimation of the dopant. The use of oligo ethylene glycol side chains is demonstrated t...

"Wiring" Fe-Nx -Embedded Porous Carbon Framework onto 1D Nanotubes for Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Alkaline and Acidic Media.

This study presents a novel metal-organic-framework-engaged synthesis route based on porous tellurium nanotubes as a sacrificial template for hierarchically porous 1D carbon nanotubes. Furthermore, an ultrathin Fe-ion-containing polydopamine layer has been introduced to generate highly effective FeNx C active sites into the carbon framework and to induce a high degree of graphitization. The synergistic effects between the hierarchically porous 1D carbon structure and the embedded FeNx C active sites in the ...

Photon-Pair Generation with a 100 nm Thick Carbon Nanotube Film.

Nonlinear optics based on bulk materials is the current technique of choice for quantum-state generation and information processing. Scaling of nonlinear optical quantum devices is of significant interest to enable quantum devices with high performance. However, it is challenging to scale the nonlinear optical devices down to the nanoscale dimension due to relatively small nonlinear optical response of traditional bulk materials. Here, correlated photon pairs are generated in the nanometer scale using a non...

Electrical Stress Influences the Efficiency of CH3 NH3 PbI3 Perovskite Light Emitting Devices.

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials are emerging as semiconductors with potential application in optoelectronic devices. In particular, perovskites are very promising for light-emitting devices (LEDs) due to their high color purity, low nonradiative recombination rates, and tunable bandgap. Here, using pure CH3 NH3 PbI3 perovskite LEDs with an external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 5.9% as a platform, it is shown that electrical stress can influence device performance significantly, increasing the E...

Inflammation-Triggered Cancer Immunotherapy by Programmed Delivery of CpG and Anti-PD1 Antibody.

Thermoresponsive Emission Switching via Lower Critical Solution Temperature Behavior of Organic-Inorganic Perovskite Nanoparticles.

Lead halide perovskites have shown much promise for high-performing solar cells due to their inherent electronic nature, and though the color of bright-light emitters based on perovskite nanoparticles can be tuned by halide mixing and/or size control, dynamic switching using external stimuli remains a challenge. This article reports an unprecedented lower critical solution temperature (LCST) for toluene solutions containing methylammonium lead bromide (MAPbBr3 ), oleic acid, alkylamines, and dimethylformami...

Few-Layer Black Phosphorus Carbide Field-Effect Transistor via Carbon Doping.

Black phosphorus carbide (b-PC) is a new family of layered semiconducting material that has recently been predicted to have the lightest electrons and holes among all known 2D semiconductors, yielding a p-type mobility (≈10(5) cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) ) at room temperature that is approximately five times larger than the maximum value in black phosphorus. Here, a high-performance composite few-layer b-PC field-effect transistor fabricated via a novel carbon doping technique which achieved a high hole mobility of...

Dynamic Orthogonal Switching of a Thermoresponsive Self-Organized Helical Superstructure.

Controllable manipulation of self-organized dynamic superstructures of functional molecular materials by external stimuli is an enabling enterprise. Herein, we have developed a thermally driven, self-organized helical superstructure, i.e., thermoresponsive cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC), by integrating a judiciously chosen thermoresponsive chiral molecular switch into an achiral liquid crystalline medium. The CLC in lying state, in both planar and twisted nematic cells, exhibits reversible in-plane orthog...

Understanding the Crystal Packing and Organic Thin-Film Transistor Performance in Isomeric Guest-Host Systems.

In order to understand how additives influence the structure and electrical properties of active layers in thin-film devices, a compositionally identical but structurally different guest-host system based on the syn and anti isomers of triethylsilylethynyl anthradithiophene (TES ADT) is systematically explored. The mobility of organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) comprising anti TES ADT drops with the addition of only 0.01% of the syn isomer and is pinned at the mobility of OTFTs having pure syn isomer aft...

Photoswitchable Sn-Cyt c Solid-State Devices.

Electron transfer across proteins plays an important role in many biological processes, including those relevant for the conversion of solar photons to chemical energy. Previous studies demonstrated the generation of photocurrents upon light irradiation in a number of photoactive proteins, such as photosystem I or bacteriorhodopsin. Here, it is shown that Sn-cytochrome c layers act as reversible and efficient photoelectrochemical switches upon integration into large-area solid-state junctions. Photocurrents...


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