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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
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Ionic heterostructures are used as a strain-modulated memristive device based on the model system Gd0.1 Ce0.9 O2-δ /Er2 O3 to set and tune the property of "memristance." The modulation of interfacial strain and the interface count is used to engineer the Roff /Ron ratio and the persistence of the system. A model describing the variation of mixed ionic-electronic mobilities and defect concentrations is presented.
A facile, high-output strategy is developed for fabricating near-infrared-emissive polymer-carbon nanodots (PCNDs). The PCNDs emit at a wavelength of 710 nm with a QY of 26.28%, which is promising for deep biological imaging and luminescent devices. Moreover, the PCNDs possess two-photon fluorescence and. In vivo bioimaging and red light emitting diodes based on these PCNDs are demonstrated.
The photoactive layer of bulk-heterojunction organic solar cells, in a thickness range of tens to hundreds of nanometers, comprises phase-separated electron donors and acceptors after solution casting. The component distribution in the cross-section of these thin films is found to be heterogeneous, with electron donors or acceptors accumulated or depleted near the electrode interfaces. This vertical stratification of the photovoltaic blend influences device metrics through its impact on charge transport and...
A set of biocompatible, biodegradable, and biofunctionalizable diffractive optical elements (DOEs) using silk proteins as the building materials are reported. The diffraction pattern of a DOE is highly sensitive to the surrounding environment and the structural integrity, offering numerous opportunities for biosensing applications.
Thermoelectric generator composed of crystalline radical ion salts: The unipolar charge transport along the molecular stacks facilitates complementary p- and n-type organic thermoelectric materials of high electrical conductivity and of 1D electronic structure. The specific power output of 5 mW cm(-2) and the zT > 0.15 below 40 K demonstrate a new field of low-temperature thermoelectric applications unlocked by organic metals.
A multifunctional electronic skin (e-skin) with multimodal sensing capabilities of perceiving mechanical and thermal stimuli, discriminating matter type, and sensing wind is developed using the thermosensation of a platinum ribbon array, whose temperature varies with conductive or convective heat transfer toward the surroundings. Pressure is perceived by a porous elastomer covering on the heated platinum ribbon, which bears mechanical-thermal conversion to allow high integration with other sensors.
Hydrogel optical fibers are utilized for continuous glucose sensing in real time. The hydrogel fibers consist of poly(acrylamide-co-poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate) cores functionalized with phenylboronic acid. The complexation of the phenylboronic acid and cis-diol groups of glucose enables reversible changes of the hydrogel fiber diameter. The analyses of light propagation loss allow for quantitative glucose measurements within the physiological range.
Highly reproducible organometallic-halide-perovskite-based devices are fabricated by a manufacturing process, which is demonstrated. Various shapes that are hard to synthesize directly are fabricated, and many unique properties are achieved.The fabrication procedure is utilized to create a photodetector and the detection sensitivity is significantly improved. The results will bring revolutionary advancement to the future of lead-halide-perovskite-based optoelectronic devices.
A pathology-adaptive nanosystem, in which nest-like hosts are built based on nanofibers that are transformed from i.v. injected nanoparticles under acidic tumor microenvironment. The solid tumor is artificially modified by nest-like hosts readily and firmly, resulting in highly efficient accumulation and stabilization of guest theranostics. This strategy shows great potential for the theranostics delivery to tumors.
The first mitochondrion-anchoring photosensitizer that specifically generates singlet oxygen ((1) O2 ) in mitochondria under white light irradiation that can serve as a highly effective radiosensitizer is reported here, significantly sensitizing cancer cells to ionizing radiation. An aggregation-induced emission luminogen (AIEgen), namely DPA-SCP, is rationally designed with α-cyanostilbene as a simple building block to reveal AIE, diphenylamino (DPA) group as a strong electron donating group to benefit re...
Metal Acetylacetonate Series in Interface Engineering for Full Low-Temperature-Processed, High-Performance, and Stable Planar Perovskite Solar Cells with Conversion Efficiency over 16% on 1 cm(2) Scale.
A series of metal acetylacetonates produced by a full low-temperature (below 100 °C) process are successfully employed to obtain both "multistable" and high-performance planar-inverted perovskite solar cells. All the three kinds of champion cells in small area exhibit over 18% in conversion-efficiency with negligible hysteresis, along with above 16% in conversion-efficiency for planar PSCs in an aperture area of over 1 cm(2) .
Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) can be grafted to metal-oxide photocatalysts such as titanium oxide by simple UV irradiation in solution or melt. The PDMS graft metal oxides are still photocatalytically active. They are hydrophobic, liquid repellent, self-cleaning, prevent biofouling and are long-term stable even in UV light.
The properties of two alloyed metals have been known since the Bronze Age to outperform those of a single metal. How alloying and mixing metals applies to the nanoworld is now attracting considerable attention. The galvanic process, which is more than two centuries old and involves the reduction of a noble-metal cation by a less noble metal, has not only been used in technological processes, but also in the design of nanomaterials for the synthesis of bimetallic transition-metal nanoparticles. The backgroun...
The high temperature performance oforganic field-effect transistorsbased on a molecular organic semiconductor with intermediate dimensions, namely X2, is evaluated. Hole mobility is stable, even at 200-250 °C. Changes in device characteristics at high temperature are reversible across multiple cycles of high temperature operation. Measurements at high temperature exhibit larger hysteresis, while at low temperature one observes the emergence of ambipolar transport.
Superefficient water-splitting materials comprising sub-nanometric copper clusters and quasi-amorphous cobalt sulfide supported on copper foam are reported. While working together at both the anode and cathode sides of an alkaline electrolyzer, this material gives a catalytic output of overall water splitting comparable with the Pt/C-IrO2 -coupled electrolyzer.
An in situ electrochemical scanning electronic microscopy method is developed to systematically study the lithium plating/stripping processes in liquid electrolytes. The results demonstrate that the lithium dendrite growth speed and mechanism is greatly affected by the additives in the ether-based electrolyte.
A new, all room-temperature solution process is developed to fabricate efficient, low-cost, and stable perovskite solar cells (PVSCs). The PVSCs show high efficiency of 17.10% and 14.19%, with no hysteresis on rigid and flexible substrates, respectively, which are the best efficiencies reported to date for PVSCs fabricated by room-temperature solution-processed techniques. The flexible PVSCs show a remarkable power-per-weight of 23.26 W g(-1) .
Fabrication of novel organic and inorganic depolarizing films derived from quasinematic cellulose nanocrystal (CNC) organization is demonstrated. These films convert linearly polarized and circularly polarized light into unpolarized light over the entire visible region. Patterning of the quasinematic CNCs on top of a chiral nematic film gives latent images that are revealed only upon observation through the circularly polarizing filters.
A robust and smart protoporphyrin-based polymer nanoplatform, which is capable of successively recognizing the variation of biological signals and reacting with them in a dynamic mode, is successfully developed. It combines the chemotherapy and photodynamic therapy in a same system, leading to a high treatment outcome while a low adverse side effect of therapeutic agent.
Vertical stacking and lateral growth of molybdenum disulfide (MoS2 ) are controlled with remarkable precision, and MoS2 nanotubes are directly converted from nanofibers. Predictive synthesis is enabled by identifying the specific thermodynamic region where the Boudouard reaction becomes favored. It reveals how the chemical potential of each species in the MoSCO system can predict phase behaviors.
A room-temperature perovskite material yielding a power conversion efficiency of 18.1% (stabilized at 17.7%) is demonstrated by judicious selection of cations. Both cesium and methylammonium are necessary for room-temperature formamidinium-based perovskite to obtain the photoactive crystalline perovskite phase and high-quality crystals. This room-temperature-made perovskite material shows great potential for low-cost, large-scale manufacturing such as roll-to-roll process.
Rechargeable nonaqueous metal-air batteries attract much attention for their high theoretical energy density, especially in the last decade. However, most reported metal-air batteries are actually operated in a pure O2 atmosphere, while CO2 and moisture in ambient air can significantly impact the electrochemical performance of metal-O2 batteries. In the study of CO2 contamination on metal-O2 batteries, it has been gradually found that CO2 can be utilized as the reactant gas alone; namely, metal-CO2 batterie...
Vacuum-sublimed inorganic cesium lead halide perovskite thin films are prepared and integrated in all-vacuum-deposited solar cells. Special care is taken to determine the stoichiometric balance of the sublimation precursors, which has great influence on the device performance. The mixed halide devices exhibit exceptional stabilized power conversion efficiency (11.8%) and promising thermal and long-term stabilities.