PubMed Journal Database | Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.) RSS

21:10 EDT 2nd May 2016 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,400+ from Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)

Wafer-Scale, Homogeneous MoS2 Layers on Plastic Substrates for Flexible Visible-Light Photodetectors.

An appropriate solution is suggested for synthesizing wafer-scale, continuous, and stoichiometric MoS2 layers with spatial homogeneity at the low temperature of 450 °C. It is also demonstrated that the MoS2 -based visible-light photodetector arrays are both fabricated on 4 inch SiO2 /Si wafer and polyimide films, revealing 100% active devices with a narrow photocurrent distribution and excellent mechanical durability.

An Aqueous Rechargeable Zn//Co3 O4 Battery with High Energy Density and Good Cycling Behavior.

An aqueous rechargeable Zn//Co3 O4 battery is demonstrated with Zn@carbon fibers and Co3 O4 @Ni foam as the negative and positive electrodes, respectively, using an electrolyte of 1 m KOH and 10 × 10(-3) m Zn(Ac)2 . It can operate at a cell voltage as high as 1.78 V with an energy density of 241 W h kg(-1) and presents excellent cycling. The battery is also assembled into a flexible shape, which can be applied in flexible or wearable devices requiring high energy.

Responsive Biomaterials: Advances in Materials Based on Shape-Memory Polymers.

Shape-memory polymers (SMPs) are morphologically responsive materials with potential for a variety of biomedical applications, particularly as devices for minimally invasive surgery and the delivery of therapeutics and cells for tissue engineering. A brief introduction to SMPs is followed by a discussion of the current progress toward the development of SMP-based biomaterials for clinically relevant biomedical applications.

Toward Wearable Cooling Devices: Highly Flexible Electrocaloric Ba0.67 Sr0.33 TiO3 Nanowire Arrays.

Flexible lead-free ferroelectric ceramic nanowire arrays exhibit a unique combination of features that can contribute to the realization of wearable cooling devices, including an outstanding electrocaloric effect at low fields, high efficiency, bendability and stretchability, and robustness against mechanical deformations. Thermodynamic and phase-field simulations are carried out to validate their superior electrocaloric effect in comparison to thin films.

Quasistatic Metamaterials: Magnetic Coupling Enhancement by Effective Space Cancellation.

A novel and broadly applicable way to increase magnetic coupling between distant circuits in the quasistatic regime is introduced. It is shown how the use of magnetic metamaterials enhances the magnetic coupling between emitting and receiving coils. Results are experimentally demonstrated by measuring a boost on the efficiency of the wireless transmission of power between distant circuits.

Synthesis and Properties of Novel Silver-Containing DNA Molecules.

Migration of silver atoms from silver nano-particles selectively to a double stranded poly(dG)-poly(dC) polymer leads to metallization of the DNA. As a result the DNA molecules become shorter and thicker (higher), as evident from the atomic force microscopy imaging analysis. The metalized molecules can be detected by transmission and scanning electron microscopy in contrast to the initial non-metalized ones.

Organic Photodiodes: The Future of Full Color Detection and Image Sensing.

Major growth in the image sensor market is largely as a result of the expansion of digital imaging into cameras, whether stand-alone or integrated within smart cellular phones or automotive vehicles. Applications in biomedicine, education, environmental monitoring, optical communications, pharmaceutics and machine vision are also driving the development of imaging technologies. Organic photodiodes (OPDs) are now being investigated for existing imaging technologies, as their properties make them interesting ...

Albumin Carriers for Cancer Theranostics: A Conventional Platform with New Promise.

Theranostic nanoplatforms with integrated diagnostic and therapeutic functions, aiming at imaging-guided therapy to improve treatment planning, as well as combination therapy to enhance treatment efficacy, have received tremendous attention in recent years. Among numerous types of functional nanomaterials explored in this field, protein-based nanocarriers with inherent biocompatibility have also been selected as building blocks to construct multifunctional theranostic platforms. In particular, albumin, whic...

A Low-Operating-Power and Flexible Active-Matrix Organic-Transistor Temperature-Sensor Array.

An organic flexible temperature-sensor array exhibits great potential in health monitoring and other biomedical applications. The actively addressed 16 × 16 temperature sensor array reaches 100% yield rate and provides 2D temperature information of the objects placed in contact, even if the object has an irregular shape. The current device allows defect predictions of electronic devices, remote sensing of harsh environments, and e-skin applications.

Real-Space Visualization of Energy Loss and Carrier Diffusion in a Semiconductor Nanowire Array Using 4D Electron Microscopy.

A breakthrough in the development of 4D scanning ultrafast electron microscopy is described for real-time and space imaging of secondary electron energy loss and carrier diffusion on the surface of an array of nanowires as a model system, providing access to a territory that is beyond the reach of either static electron imaging or any time-resolved laser spectroscopy.

Progress in Corneal Stromal Repair: From Tissue Grafts and Biomaterials to Modular Supramolecular Tissue-Like Assemblies.

Corneal injuries and degenerative conditions have major socioeconomic consequences, given that in most cases, they result in blindness. In the quest of the ideal therapy, tissue grafts, biomaterials, and modular engineering approaches are under intense investigation. Herein, advancements and shortfalls are reviewed and future perspectives for these therapeutic strategies discussed.

Triplet-Polaron-Interaction-Induced Upconversion from Triplet to Singlet: a Possible Way to Obtain Highly Efficient OLEDs.

Two D-A-type molecules, 4-N-[4-(9-phenylcarbazole)]-3,5-bis(4-diphenylamine)phenyl-4H-1,2,4-triazole and 4,4'-(9-(4-(1-phenyl-1H-phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazol-2-yl)phenyl)-9H-carbazole-3,6-diyl) bis-(N,N-diphenylaniline), are designed and synthesized. The organic light-emitting diodes based on them exhibit deep-blue emission and the singlet formation ratios are higher than the simple spin-statistics of 25%. The triplet-polaron-interaction-induced upconversion from triplet to singlet through a one-electron tran...

Organic Semiconductors based on Dyes and Color Pigments.

Organic dyes and pigments constitute a large class of industrial products. The utilization of these compounds in the field of organic electronics is reviewed with particular emphasis on organic field-effect transistors. It is shown that for most major classes of industrial dyes and pigments, i.e., phthalocyanines, perylene and naphthalene diimides, diketopyrrolopyrroles, indigos and isoindigos, squaraines, and merocyanines, charge-carrier mobilities exceeding 1 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) have been achieved. The most...

Enhanced Photoresponse from Phosphorene-Phosphorene-Suboxide Junction Fashioned by Focused Laser Micromachining.

Enhanced photoresponse is obtained from phosphorene-phosphorene-suboxide. A scanning focused laser beam is employed as a straightforward approach to convert part of a phosphorene film into phosphorene suboxide, creating a functional junction in situ on the optoelectronic device based on phosphorene. As a result, the photoelectrical properties of the optoelectronic device are significantly improved.

Color Depth Modulation and Resolution in Phase-Change Material Nanodisplays.

The demonstration of non-volatile color-depth modulation in novel phase change nanodisplays allowing for continuous "grayscale" images with ultra-high resolution and low dimensionality is described. Our results hold promise for a new generation of bistable, ultra high-resolution and flexible display technologies, while allowing for other potential applications in nanophotonics and optoelectronics.

Tuning the Electrochemical Reactivity of Boron- and Nitrogen-Substituted Graphene.

The structural modification of nanomaterials at the atomic level has the potential to generate tailor-made components with enhanced performance for a variety of tasks. The chemical versatility of graphene has been constantly employed to fabricate multi-functional doped 2D materials with applications encompassing energy storage and electrocatalysis. Despite the many reports on boron- and nitrogen-doped graphenes, the possible synergy that arises from combining these electronically complementary elements has ...

Broadband Black-Phosphorus Photodetectors with High Responsivity.

An array of black-phosphorus photodetectors with channel lengths down to 100 nm is fabricated, and temperature-dependent photodetection measurements from 300 K down to 20 K are carried out. The devices show high photoresponse in a broadband spectral range with a record-high photoresponsivity of 4.3 × 10(6) A W(-1) at 300 K for the 100 nm device.

Lithium Anodes: Conductive Nanostructured Scaffolds Render Low Local Current Density to Inhibit Lithium Dendrite Growth (Adv. Mater. 11/2016).

A nanostructured lithium-metal anode employing an unstacked graphene "drum" and a dual-salt electrolyte is reported by Q. Zhang and co-workers on page 2155, which brings about a dendrite-free lithium depositing morphology. The image conceptually reveals the use of the unstacked graphene framework with ultrahigh specific surface area, guaranteeing an ultralow local current density that prevents the growth of lithium dendrites.

Contents: (Adv. Mater. 11/2016).

Mn2 FeWO6 : A New Ni3 TeO6 -Type Polar and Magnetic Oxide.

Transistors: Impact of Interfacial Microstructure on Charge Carrier Transport in Solution-Processed Conjugated Polymer Field-Effect Transistors (Adv. Mater. 11/2016).

The interfacial microstructure of a semicrystalline semiconductor polymer film is precisely modulated by the dielectric with surface roughness ranging from 0.15 to 0.39 nm, without affecting the morphology in the upper layers, as described by K. Müllen, W. Pisula, and co-workers. On page 2245, they demonstrate that the interfacial microstructure has only a minor impact on transistor performance because charge carriers can bypass the interfacial defects.

Damage Detection: Autonomous Indication of Mechanical Damage in Polymeric Coatings (Adv. Mater. 11/2016).

Smart polymeric materials that autonomously indicate mechanically damaged areas are developed by N. R. Sottos and co-workers, as described on page 2189. Microcapsules containing the color-changing indicator are homogeneously dispersed in a polymer matrix. Mechanical damage (e.g., scratch, abrasion, or compression) causes the microcapsules to rupture and release the core materials. A dramatic color change is initiated immediately to highlight the damaged regions.

Photonic Crystals: Spectral Transition in Bio-Inspired Self-Assembled Peptide Nucleic Acid Photonic Crystals (Adv. Mater. 11/2016).

Guanine crystals are present in the skin of a wide range of animals, providing vivid structural colors. Growing guanine crystals with similar optical properties in vitro is a still unmet challenge. Using guanine-based peptide nucleic acid monomers, a reflective array of self-assembled spheres is developed by E. Gazit and co-workers, as described on page 2195. The guanine-based supramolecular structure changes color, similar to the spectral change mechanism employed by chameleons.

Masthead: (Adv. Mater. 11/2016).

Ultrarobust Thin-Film Devices from Self-Assembled Metal-Terpyridine Oligomers.

Ultrathin molecular layers of Fe(II) -terpyridine oligomers allow the fabrication of large-area crossbar junctions by conventional electrode vapor deposition. The junctions are electrically stable for over 2.5 years and operate over a wide range of temperatures (150-360 K) and voltages (±3 V) due to the high cohesive energy and packing density of the oligomer layer. Electrical measurements reveal ideal Richardson-Shottky emission in surprising agreement with electrochemical, optical, and photoemission data...

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