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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.
A method for targeting to and retaining intravenously injected nanoparticles at the site of acute myocardial infarction in a rat model is described. Enzyme-responsive peptide-polymer amphiphiles are assembled as spherical micellar nanoparticles, and undergo a morphological transition from spherical-shaped, discrete materials to network-like assemblies when acted upon by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2 and MMP-9), which are up-regulated in heart tissue post-myocardial infarction.
Hierarchical carbon framework wrapped Na3 V2 (PO4 )3 (HCF-NVP) is successfully synthesized through chemical vapor deposition on pure Na3 V2 (PO4 )3 particles. Electrochemical experiments show that the HCF-NVP electrode can deliver a large reversible capacity (115 mA h g(-1) at 0.2 C), superior high-rate rate capability (38 mA h g(-1) at 500 C), and ultra-long cycling stability (54% capacity retention after 20 000 cycles).
A hierarchical particle-shell architecture for long-term cycle stability of Li2 S cathodes is described. Multiscale and multilevel protection prevents mechanical degradation and polysulfide dissolution in lithium-sulfur battery chemistries.
A potassium-sulfur battery using K(+) -conducting beta-alumina as the electrolyte to separate a molten potassium metal anode and a sulfur cathode is presented. Results indicate that the battery can operate at as low as 150 °C with excellent performance. This study demonstrates a new type of high-performance metal-sulfur battery that is ideal for grid-scale energy storage applications.
Eight structural elements in biological materials are identified as the most common amongst a variety of animal taxa. These are proposed as a new paradigm in the field of biological materials science as they can serve as a toolbox for rationalizing the complex mechanical behavior of structural biological materials and for systematizing the development of bioinspired designs for structural applications. They are employed to improve the mechanical properties, namely strength, wear resistance, stiffness, flexi...
3D architectures constructed from a tubular graphene network can withstand repeated >95% compression cycling without damage. Aided by intertubular covalent bonding, this material takes full advantage of the graphene tube's unique attributes, including complete pre- and post-buckling elasticity, outstanding electrical conductivity, and extraordinary physicochemical stability. A highly connected tubular graphene will thus be the ultimate, structurally robust, ultrastrong, ultralight material.
A route for fabricating structurally perfect cobalt ferrite magnetic nanostructures is demonstrated. Ultrathin islands of up to 100 μm(2) with atomically flat surfaces and free from antiphase boundaries are developed. The extremely low defect concentration leads to a robust magnetic order, even for thicknesses below 1 nm, and exceptionally large magnetic domains. This approach allows the evaluation of the influence of specific extrinsic effects on domain wall pinning.
Negatively polarized ferroelectric polymer β-P(VDF-TrFE) shows higher positive triboelectric properties than skin, which could lead to new medical applications. Kelvin force microscope measurements and triboelectric nanogenerator characterizations are performed to demonstrate this new property. In addition, how many negative charges are exchanged by contact electrification between the negatively polarized β-P(VDF-TrFE) and the skin is estimated.
The conversion, storage, and utilization of renewable energy have all become more important than ever before as a response to ever-growing energy and environment concerns. The performance of energy-related technologies strongly relies on the structure and property of the material used. The earth-abundant family of tungsten oxides (WOx ≤3 ) receives considerable attention in photocatalysis, electrochemistry, and phototherapy due to their highly tunable structures and unique physicochemical properties. Grea...
A new type of cellular material named Shellular, in which cells are composed of a continuous, smooth-curved shell according to the minimal surface theory, is proposed. Shellular specimens are fabricated using 3D lithography with negative templates and hard coating, and exhibit superb strength and stiffness at densities lower than 10(-2) Mg m(-3) , incorporating benefits from hierarchical structures and constituent materials with nanosized grains.
A NaYF4 host matrix with a new cubic phase is fabricated to offer high upconversion luminescence efficiency. The new cubic phase is formed through a hexagonal-to-cubic phase transition by shining intense near-infrared light on lanthanide-doped hexagonal NaYF4 materials.
Semiconducting polymer nanoparticles dispersed in water are synthesized by a novel method utilizing non-ionic surfactants. By developing a smart surfactant engineering technique involving a selective post-removal process of surfactants, an unprecedentedly high mobility of 2.51 cm(2) V(-1) s(-1) from a water-borne colloid is demonstrated for the first time.
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) receive significant attention for electrochemical energy storage and conversion owing to their wide availability and the low cost of Na resources. However, SIBs face challenges of low specific energy, short cycling life, and insufficient specific power, owing to the heavy mass and large radius of Na(+) ions. As an important component of SIBs, cathode materials have a significant effect on the SIB electrochemical performance. The most recent advances and prospects of inorganic and...
Oxygen inhibition lithography (OIL), an innovative photolithographic technology for the fabrication of multiscale and multipolymeric patterns and devices, is presented by A. Vitale, M. Quaglio, and co-workers on page 4560. Simultaneous control over pattern shape, dimensions, and composition is achieved exploiting the inhibitory effects of oxygen during UV curing in air. Multifunctional structures can be easily fabricated, precisely and concurrently tuning the surface topography and pattern functionality.
On page 4597, A. Tittl and co-workers present a switchable perfect absorber with multispectral thermal imaging capability. Aluminum nanoantenna arrays above a germanium antimony telluride spacer layer and an aluminum mirror are utilized to achieve efficient and wavelength-tunable absorption in the mid-infrared. The image by A. Tittl and D. Floess shows an artist's view of how such switchable absorber layers can be incorporated into a pixelated microbolometer array for band-selective thermal-imaging applicat...
New optically active three-dimensionally (3D) mesostructured AgCl-KCl eutectic photonic crystals and a 3D mesoporous AgCl inverse opal structure emerge from the combination of the characteristic periodic structure of a 3D template, and the native self-organizing structure of a AgCl-KCl eutectic. This is described by K. Thornton, P. V. Braun, and co-workers on page 4551.
Optimal device performance for high-end technologies requires a fundamental grasp of the transport properties at the nanoscale. In work by K. K. Varanasi, K. K. Gleason, and co-workers on page 4604, a completely new aspect and understanding of the conduction mechanism of conducting polymers is introduced, allowing the applicability of the materials to be optimized. The electron conduction is diminished in thicker films due to the 3D nature of the conduction pathways. Conversely, in ultrathin layers having a...
The increasing demand for energy has triggered tremendous research effort for the development of high-performance and durable energy-storage devices. Advanced graphene-based electrodes with high electrical conductivity and ion accessibility can exhibit superior electrochemical performance in energy-storage devices. Among them, binder-free configurations can enhance the electron conductivity of the electrode, which leads to a higher capacity by avoiding the addition of non-conductive and inactive binders. Gr...
Cyclodextrins (CDs), a class of cyclic oligosaccharides, are water-soluble, nontoxic, and commercial available with a low price, and their well-defined hydrophobic cavity can bind various organic/biological substrates. Through their molecular assembly mediated by organic, inorganic, or polymeric molecules as templates, CDs and their functional derivatives can be assembled to 1D supramolecular strands, wherein the functional groups of the CDs are closely located in a highly ordered manner. This structural fe...
Polymer-based materials with tunable nanoscale structures and associated microenvironments hold great promise as next-generation ion-exchange membranes (IEMs) for acid or alkaline fuel cells. Understanding the relationships between nanostructure, physical and chemical microenvironment, and ion-transport properties are critical to the rational design and development of IEMs. These matters are addressed here by discussing representative and important advances since 2011, with particular emphasis on aromatic-p...
Flexible metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) receive much attention owing to their attractive properties that originate from their flexibility and dynamic behavior, and show great potential applications in many fields. Here, recent progress in the discovery, understanding, and property investigations of flexible MOFs are reviewed, and the examples of their potential applications in storage and separation, sensing, and guest capture and release are presented to highlight the developing trends in flexible MOFs.
The first room-temperature terahertz (THz)-frequency nanodetector exploiting a 10 nm thick flake of exfoliated crystalline black phosphorus as an active channel of a field-effect transistor, is devised. By engineering and embedding planar THz antennas for efficient light harvesting, the authors provide the first technological demonstration of a phosphorus-based active THz device.
As nanotheranostics , Congo red/Rutin-MNPs combine the abilities of diagnosis and treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The biocompatible nanotheranostics system based on iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles, with ultrasmall size and excellent magnetic properties, can specifically detect amyloid plaques by magnetic resonance imaging, realize targeted delivery of AD therapeutic agents, achieve drug controlled release by H2 O2 response, and prevent oxidative stress.