PubMed Journal Database | Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.) RSS

17:47 EDT 26th July 2016 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,500+ from Advanced materials (Deerfield Beach, Fla.)

Large-Size 2D β-Cu2 S Nanosheets with Giant Phase Transition Temperature Lowering (120 K) Synthesized by a Novel Method of Super-Cooling Chemical-Vapor-Deposition.

2D triangular β-Cu2 S nanosheets with large size and high quality are synthesized by a novel method of super-cooling chemical-vapor-deposition. The phase transition of this 2D material from β-Cu2 S to γ-Cu2 S occurs at 258 K (-15 °C), such transition temperature is 120 K lower than that of its bulk counterpart (about 378 K).

Explosives: Metal-Organic Framework Templated Synthesis of Copper Azide as the Primary Explosive with Low Electrostatic Sensitivity and Excellent Initiation Ability (Adv. Mater. 28/2016).

On page 5837, L. Yang, B. Wang, and co-workers describe a metal-organic framework (MOF) templating method to synthesize copper azide uniformly anchored in a 3D interconnected carbon matrix and evenly spaced by the electron-conductive joints. This strategy sheds light on the preparation of powerful yet safe primary explosives and fulfills the need for controllable explosive systems.

Contents: (Adv. Mater. 28/2016).

An Ultralong, Highly Oriented Nickel-Nanowire-Array Electrode Scaffold for High-Performance Compressible Pseudocapacitors.

Flexible Electronics: High Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition of Hydrogenated Amorphous Silicon Films and Solar Cells (Adv. Mater. 28/2016).

On page 5939, J. V. Badding and co-workers describe the unrolling of a flexible hydrogenated amorphous silicon solar cell, deposited by high-pressure chemical vapor deposition. The high-pressure deposition process is represented by the molecules of silane infiltrating the small voids between the rolled up substrate, facilitating plasma-free deposition over a very large area. The high-pressure approach is expected to also find application for 3D nanoarchitectures.

Artificial Synapses: Organometal Halide Perovskite Artificial Synapses (Adv. Mater. 28/2016).

A synapse-emulating electronic device based on organometal halide perovskite thin films is described by T.-W. Lee and co-workers on page 5916. The device successfully emulates important characteristics of a biological synapse. This work extends the application of organometal halide perovskites to bioinspired electronic devices, and contributes to the development of neuromorphic electronics.

Carbon Nanotubes: Ultrabreathable and Protective Membranes with Sub-5 nm Carbon Nanotube Pores (Adv. Mater. 28/2016).

A flexible membrane with sub-5 nm single-walled carbon nanotube (SWNT) pores is developed by F. Fornasiero and co-workers, as described on page 5871, for application as a key component of protective, yet breathable fabrics. The SWNTs are shown to enable exceptionally fast transport of water vapor under a concentration driving force. Thus, membranes having SWNTs as moisture-conductive pores feature outstanding breathability and provide a high degree of protection from biological threats by size exclusion.

Masthead: (Adv. Mater. 28/2016).

Multifunctional Energy Storage and Conversion Devices.

Multifunctional energy storage and conversion devices that incorporate novel features and functions in intelligent and interactive modes, represent a radical advance in consumer products, such as wearable electronics, healthcare devices, artificial intelligence, electric vehicles, smart household, and space satellites, etc. Here, smart energy devices are defined to be energy devices that are responsive to changes in configurational integrity, voltage, mechanical deformation, light, and temperature, called s...

Metal-Organic Framework Coatings as Cytoprotective Exoskeletons for Living Cells.

The biomimetic mineralization of metal-organic framework (MOF) material on living cells is reported. ZIF-8 can be crystallized on a living cell surface as an exoskeleton that offersphysical protection while allowing transport of essential nutrients, thus maintaining cell viability. The MOF shell prevents cell division, leading to an artificially induced pseudo-hibernation state. Cellular functions can be fully restored upon MOF removal.

11% Efficient Ternary Organic Solar Cells with High Composition Tolerance via Integrated Near-IR Sensitization and Interface Engineering.

Highly efficient electron extraction is achieved by using photoconductive cathode interlayer in inverted ternary organic solar cells (OSCs) where a near-IR absorbing porphyrin molecule is used as the sensitizer. The OSCs show improved device performance when the ratio of the two donors varies in a large region and the maximum power conversion efficiency up to 11.03% is demonstrated.

Chemical Vapor Deposition Synthesis of Ultrathin Hexagonal ReSe2 Flakes for Anisotropic Raman Property and Optoelectronic Application.

Hexagonal crystalline ultrathin ReSe2 flakes are synthesized for the first time by a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method. The as-synthesized ReSe2 flake is revealed as a novel structure which has mirror symmetric single-crystal domains inside by polarization incident Raman and HRTEM. The successful development of CVD method will facilitate the research on the novel anisotropic electronic/optoelectronic properties of ReSe2 in future.

Hydrophobic Properties of Biofilm-Enriched Hybrid Mortar.

A mortar hybrid material is presented in which biomineralization processes are stimulated by adding a biological component, i.e., bacterial biofilm, to standard mortar. A material is obtained that exhibits increased roughness on the microscale and the nanoscale. Accordingly, the hybrid mortar not only resists wetting but also suppresses the uptake of water by capillary forces.

Phonon-Assisted Population Inversion in Lanthanide-Doped Upconversion Ba2 LaF7 Nanocrystals in Glass-Ceramics.

The effective population inversion of (2) H11/2 from (4) S3/2 state of Er(3) (+) ions can be achieved through the annihilation of phonons, random lasing action from BLF films embedded with Yb(3+) /Er(3+) codoped BLF nanocrystals is demonstrated and high ambient temperature (>433 K) operation lasers with a very low excitation threshold (

Ultra-Stretchable and Force-Sensitive Hydrogels Reinforced with Chitosan Microspheres Embedded in Polymer Networks.

An ultra-stretchable and force-sensitive hydrogel with surface self-wrinkling microstructure is demonstrated by in situ synthesizing polyacrylamide (PAAm) and polyaniline (PANI) in closely packed swollen chitosan microspheres, exhibiting ultra-stretchability (>600%), high sensitivity (0.35 kPa(-1) ) for subtle pressures (

Core-Shell Particles for Simultaneous 3D Imaging and Optical Tweezing in Dense Colloidal Materials.

A new colloidal system which consists of core-shell "probe" particles embedded in an optically transparent "host" particle suspension is developed. This system enables simultaneous fast confocal imaging and optical tweezing in dense 3D colloidal materials.

Design and Synthesis of a Low Bandgap Small Molecule Acceptor for Efficient Polymer Solar Cells.

A novel non-fullerene acceptor, 2,2'-((2Z,2'Z)-((5,5'-(4,4,9,9-tetrakis(4-hexylphenyl)-4,9-dihydro-s-indaceno[1,2-b:5,6-b']dithiophene-2,7-diyl)bis(4-((2-ethylhexyl)oxy)thiophene-5,2-diyl))bis(methanylylidene))bis(3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-indene-2,1-diylidene))dimalononitrile (IEICO), possessing a very low bandgap of 1.34 eV and a high-lying lowest unoccupied molecular orbital level of -3.95 eV, is designed and synthesized by introducing electron-donating alkoxy groups to the backbone of a conjugated small mole...

A Plasmonic Platform with Disordered Array of Metal Nanoparticles for Three-Order Enhanced Upconversion Luminescence and Highly Sensitive Near-Infrared Photodetector.

A promising platform is suggested for three-order enhanced upconversion luminescence from the upconversion nanoparticles by utilizing the disordered array of plasmonic metal nanoparticles and its applications to the highly sensitive NIR photodetector application.

Indium-Free Fully Transparent Electronics Deposited Entirely by Atomic Layer Deposition.

Indium-free, fully transparent thin-film transistors are fabricated entirely by atomic layer deposition technique on rigid and flexible substrates at a low temperature of 160 °C. The transistors show high saturation mobility, large switching ratio and small subthreshold swing value. The inverters and ring oscillators show large gain value and small propagation delay time, indicating the potential of this process in transparent electronic devices.

Near-Zero Thermal Expansion and High Ultraviolet Transparency in a Borate Crystal of Zn4 B6 O13.

Intrinsic isotropic near-zero thermal expansion is discovered in borate crystal Zn4 B6 O13 with high transparency in the ultraviolet region. First-principles calculations demonstrate that the very low thermal expansion originates mainly from the invariability of the solid [B24 O48 ] truncated octahedra that are fixed by the [Zn4 O13 ] clusters in the ZBO structure.

Electric Field Induce Blue Shift and Intensity Enhancement in 2D Exciplex Organic Light Emitting Diodes; Controlling Electron-Hole Separation.

A simple but novel method to study the characteristics of the exciplex state pinned at a donor-acceptor abrupt interface and the effect an external electric field has on these excited states is designed. The reveres Onsager process, where the field induces blue shifted emission and increases the efficiency of the exciplex emission as the e-h separation reduces, is discussed.

Multilayer Dielectric Elastomers for Fast, Programmable Actuation without Prestretch.

A novel method for fabrication of dielectric elastomer actuators (DEAs) combines acrylic polymers and single wall carbon nanotube network electrodes. DEAs made using this technique do not require prestretching, have extremely thin electrodes, and can be actuated at low voltage. The method is applied to create a multimorph device with nine actuation modes based on just four inputs.

Efficient Low-Temperature Solution-Processed Lead-Free Perovskite Infrared Light-Emitting Diodes.

Lead-free perovskite infrared light-emitting diodes are achieved by using a halide perovskite CsSnI3 as an emissive layer. The film shows compact micrometer-sized grains with only a few pinholes and cracks at the grain boundaries. The device exhibits maximum radiance of 40 W sr(-1) m(-2) at a current density of 364.3 mA cm(-2) and maximum external quantum efficiency of 3.8% at 4.5 V.

Superb Electrically Conductive Graphene Fibers via Doping Strategy.

Graphene fibers (GFs) with superb electrical conductivity are produced via a chemical doping strategy. The electrical conductivities reach up to 0.77 × 10(7) -2.24 × 10(7) S m(-1) , which are the highest values among all the reported GFs. The combination of lightness, superb conductivity, and easy scalability makes GFs a promising new carbonaceous fiber species with high performance and advanced functionality.

Pulsed Laser Deposited Dysprosium-Doped Gadolinium-Vanadate Thin Films for Noncontact, Self-Referencing Luminescence Thermometry.

Lanthanide-doped vanadate thin films offer (i) a promising platform for luminescence-based noncontact temperature sensing; (ii) ratiometric/self-referencing absolute measurements; (iii) exceptional repeatability and reversibility for multirun uses and a long life cycle; (iv) 2% K(-1) maximum temperature sensitivity (among the highest recorded for inorganic nanothermometers); (v) a temperature resolution greater than 0.5 K; and (vi) the potential for high-resolution 2D temperature mapping.

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