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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
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Plasmonic chiroptical effects have attracted significant attention for their widespread potential applications in negative-refractive-index materials, advanced light-polarization filters, and ultrasensitive sensing devices, etc. As compared to top-down fabrication methods, the bottom-up self-assembly strategy provides nanoscale resolution, parallel production, and isotropic optical response, and therefore plays an indispensable role in the fabrication of chiral plasmonic nanostructures. The optical properti...
Electrons in condensed matter have internal degrees of freedom, such as charge, spin, and orbital, leading to various forms of ordered states through phase transitions. However, in individual materials, a charge/spin/orbital ordered state of the lowest temperature is normally uniquely determined in terms of the lowest-energy state, i.e., the ground state. Here, recent results are summarized showing that under rapid cooling, this principle does not necessarily hold, and thus, the cooling rate is a control pa...
By mimicking muscle actuation to control cavity-pressure-induced adhesion of octopus suckers, smart adhesive pads are developed in which the thermoresponsive actuation of a hydrogel layer on elastomeric microcavity pads enables excellent switchable adhesion in response to a thermal stimulus (maximum adhesive strength: 94 kPa, adhesion switching ratio: ≈293 for temperature change between 22 and 61 °C).
Singly linked and vinyl linked dimer of dithienothiophenes exhibit different electronic behaviors. Single crystal of singly linked dimer shows high conductivity of 0.265 S cm(-1) , five orders of magnitude higher than that of vinyl linked dimer. The huge increase in the hole density of singly linked dimers results from formation of radicals, which can be reversibly tuned by facile thermal de-doping.
A 2D system of Er-doped MoS2 layered nanosheet has been developed. Structural studies indicate that the Er atoms can be substitutionally introduced into MoS2 to form stable doping. Density functional theory calculation implies that the system remains stable. Both NIR-to-NIR up-conversion and down-conversion light-emissions are observed in 2D transition metal dichalcogenides, ascribed to the energy transition from Er(3+) dopants.
A 2D nanosheet-based photonic nose for vapor identification is presented. A HSbP2 O8 nanosheet thin film sensor with resistive readout is developed for the tracking of trace amounts of water, and a photonic HSbP2 O8 /TiO2 multilayer structure is effective at optically distinguishing between chemically similar solvent vapors through analyte-specific host-guest interactions.
By reassembling the thin isolated atomic planes of hexagonal borum nitride (hBN) with a few layer phosphorene (black phosphorus BP), hBN/BP/hBN heterostructures were mechanically stacked to devise high efficiency THz photodetectors operating in the 0.3-0.65 THz range, from 4K to 300K, with a record signal-to-noise ratio of 20000.
Phase-transformation engineering is successfully applied in designing an alkaline hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) electrocatalyst. Benefiting from phase-transformation engineering, which endows higher electrical conductivity, ideal water adsorption energy, and faster transformation efficiency of Hads into hydrogen, cubic-phase CoSe2 realizes an enhanced electrocatalytic activity for HER under alkaline conditions.
An inactive organoplatinum(IV)-substituted polyoxometalate is developed as an efficient and nontoxic prodrug with significant potential for treating human colorectal cancers. Further encapsulation of Pt(IV) -PW11 with DSPE-PEG2000 nanoparticles (NPs) enables targeted delivery and controlled release of inactive prodrug. Such Pt(IV) -PW11 -DSPE-PEG2000 NPs are highly efficient in inhibiting cellular growth of HT29 cells and treating human colorectal cancer in mice, superior to classic cisplatin.
High performance polymer solar cells incorporating the low-temperature processed aluminum-doped zinc oxide (AZO) cathode interlayer are constructed with power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.42% based on PTB7-Th:PC71 BM blends (insensitive to AZO thickness). Moreover, flexible devices on PET/ITO substrates with PCE of 8.93% are also obtained and well distributed efficiency and good device stability are demonstrated as well.
Room-temperature multiferroism in LuFeO3 (LFO) films is demonstrated by exploiting the orthorhombic-hexagonal (o-h) morphotrophic phase coexistence. The LFO film further reveals magnetoelectric coupling effect that is not shown in single-phase (h- or o-) LFO. The observed multiferroism is attributed to the combination of sufficient polarization from h-LFO and net magnetization from o-LFO.
J.-J. Kim and co-workers achieve highly efficient blue organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) using a low-refractive-index layer. As described on page 4920, an external quantum efficiency over 34% is achieved, owing to the low refractive index of the materials. A milepost and a shining entrance of the castle are the metaphor indicating the way to highly efficient blue OLEDs. On the way to the castle, the depicted chemical structures serve as the light-emitting layer.
G. Meng, N. Wu, and co-workers develop a hierarchically ordered array of silver nanorod bundles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) detection. As described on page 4871, in each bundle, small gaps are formed between adjacent silver nanorods upon solution evaporation. At these sites, "hot spots" are generated where analyte molecules are trapped, leading to high sensitivity of the SERS sensor.
T. Ling, X.-W. Du, S. Z. Qiao, and co-workers report strongly coupled Nafion molecules and ordered-porous CdS networks for visible-light water splitting. The image conceptually shows how the three-dimensional ordered structure effectively harvests incoming light. As described on page 4935, the inorganic CdS skeleton is homogeneously passivated by the organic Nafion molecules to facilitate hydrogen generation.
D. Porath, A. Kotlyar, and co-workers transform DNA to a conducting material by metalization through coating or chemical modifications, as described on page 4839. Specific and reversible metalization of poly(dG)-poly(dC) DNA by migration of atoms from silver nanoparticles to the DNA is demonstrated. As the transformation occurs gradually, novel, truly hybrid molecular structures are obtained, paving the way to their usage as nanowires in programmable molecular electronic devices and circuits.
A self-assembled perylene-3,4,9,10-tetracarboxylic diimide(PDINH) supramolecular system consisting of all-organic PDINH molecule building blocks through non-covalent interactions works as a visible light photocatalyst with high activity.
Single-photon emitters in monolayer WSe2 are created at the nanoscale gap between two single-crystalline gold nanorods. The atomically thin semiconductor conforms to the metal nanostructure and is bent at the position of the gap. The induced strain leads to the formation of a localized potential well inside the gap. Single-photon emitters are localized there with a precision better than 140 nm.
A subzero-temperature cathode material is obtained by nucleating cubic prussian blue crystals at inhomogeneities in carbon nanotubes. Due to fast ionic/electronic transport kinetics even at -25 °C, the cathode shows an outstanding low-temperature performance in terms of specific energy, high-rate capability, and cycle life, providing a practical sodium-ion battery powering an electric vehicle in frigid regions.
Here, the development of a sliding hydrogel with mobile crosslinks and biochemical ligands as a 3D stem cell niche is reported. The molecular mobility of this sliding hydrogel allows stem cells to reorganize the surrounding ligands and change their morphology in 3D. Without changing matrix stiffness, sliding hydrogels support efficient stem cell differentiation toward multiple lineages including adipogenesis, chondrogenesis, and osteogenesis.
An aqueous solution processed photoconductive cathode interlayer is developed, in which the photoinduced charge transfer brings multiple advantages such as increased conductivity and electron mobility as well as reduced work function. Average power conversion efficiency over 10% is achieved even when the thickness of the cathode interlayer and active layer is up to 100 and 300 nm, respectively.
The first visible-blind UV photodetector based on MAPbCl3 integrated on a substrate exhibits excellent performance, with responsivities reaching 18 A W(-1) below 400 nm and imaging-compatible response times of 1 ms. This is achieved by using substrate-integrated single crystals, thus overcoming the severe limitations affecting thin films and offering a new application of efficient, solution-processed, visible-transparent perovskite optoelectronics.
Soak n' Boost: A universal strategy to manufacture hybrid double-network hydrogels with eminent mechanical properties is developed by postformation of the chitosan microcrystalline and chain-entanglement physical networks via simple treatment of the chitosan composite hydrogels using alkaline and saline solutions. The strategy may open an avenue to fabricate multifarious double-network hydrogels for promising applications in antifouling materials, drug delivery, and tissue engineering.
On page 4684, C. Dames, L. Hu and co-workers report highly efficient, broadband lighting from printed hybrid nanocarbon structures with carbon nanotubes and reduced graphene oxides. The fast response and excellent stability of the flexible lighting can find applications in a range of emerging applications where the shape and format, as well as being lightweight, are important.