PubMed Journal Database | American journal of health promotion : AJHP RSS

11:27 EST 26th January 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 212 from American journal of health promotion : AJHP

1154746

Environmental Correlates of Recreational Walking in the Neighborhood.

Purpose . To assess environmental correlates of neighborhood recreational walking. Design . The study used a cross-sectional survey. Setting . The study was conducted in the local community. Subjects . Participants were adults who recently relocated and walk for recreation in their current neighborhood. Measures . The outcome measure was participant-reported neighborhood recreational walking in participants' prior neighborhood. Exposure measures were (1) participant-reported social and environmental charact...

1154745

Depressive Symptoms Mediate the Association Between Fear of Crime and Higher Body Mass Index.

Purpose . To investigate pathways in the association between fear of crime and obesity. Design . A cross-sectional survey was administered among residents aged 18 years and older across all Census tracts. Setting . Genesee County, Michigan. Subjects . A total of 3192 residents. Measures . Body mass index (BMI) was calculated by using the respondents' reported height and weight. Composite fear-of-crime and depressive symptoms scores were calculated by using several survey items. Analysis . Path analysis exam...

1154744

Facilitators and Barriers to Using Treadmill Workstations Under Real Working Conditions: A Qualitative Study in Female Office Workers.

Purpose . Characterize barriers and facilitators to use treadmill workstations in real work sites. Design . For 6 months, workers tried a sit-stand-walk treadmill workstation at will with expert ergonomic support. Qualitative data were collected monthly. Setting . Administrative and academic departments at a higher education institution in Massachusetts, United States. Participants . Five female administrative office workers. Method . One monthly group interview and one personal interview per participant du...

1154743

Regular Exercise Throughout Pregnancy Is Associated With a Shorter First Stage of Labor.

Purpose . The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of moderate physical exercise throughout pregnancy on the duration of labor stages. Design . Study was a randomized controlled trial. Setting . The study took place at Hospital Puerta de Hierro and Hospital Severo Ochoa in Madrid, Spain. Subjects . We examined 166 pregnant women (31.6 ± 3.8 years), and all had uncomplicated and singleton gestation. Of these 83 were allocated to the exercise group (EG) and 83 to the control group (CG). Inte...

1154742

FUEL Your Life: A Translation of the Diabetes Prevention Program to Worksites.

Purpose . To evaluate the effectiveness of FUEL Your Life, a translation of the Diabetes Prevention Program for worksites. Design . A randomized control group design was conducted in five worksites of a large transportation company. Measures were collected pretest, posttest (6 months), and follow-up (12 months). Setting . Railroad maintenance facilities of Union Pacific Railroad. Subjects . Participants consisted of 362 workers (227 treatment, 135 control). Intervention . FUEL Your Life was translated from ...

1154741

Randomized Controlled Trial of Storytelling Compared to a Personal Risk Tool Intervention on Colorectal Cancer Screening in Low-Income Patients.

Purpose . Screening rates for colorectal cancer (CRC) lag for low-income, minority populations, contributing to poorer survival rates. A model of storytelling as culture-centric health promotion was tested for promoting CRC screening. Design . A two-group parallel randomized controlled trial. Setting . Primary care, safety-net clinics. Subjects . Low-income patients due for CRC screening, ages 50 to 75 years, speaking English or Spanish. Intervention . Patients were exposed to either a video created from pe...

1154740

A Qualitative Evaluation of Patient-Perceived Benefits and Barriers to Participation in a Telephone Care Management Program.

Purpose . To examine why high-risk individuals targeted for a telephone care management program participated at low rates. Design . Study design consisted of qualitative, semistructured interviews. Setting . The setting was a large national insurer's telephone-based care management program. The program employed registered nurses to provide individually tailored education and counseling about health and health care. Subjects . Study subjects comprised members of a national insurer who were recruited to parti...

Saturday 15th August 1113

Associations Between Extracurricular Activity and Self-Regulation: A Longitudinal Study From 5 to 10 Years of Age.

Abstract Purpose . Health promotion in youth is likely to benefit from enhancing academic achievement and physical activity. The present study examines how kindergarten childhood self-regulation skills and behaviors predict involvement in both structured and unstructured physical and nonphysical extracurricular activities in the fourth grade. As a second objective this study also investigated how kindergarten childhood participation in extracurricular activities predicts classroom engagement, reflective of ...

Friday 14th August 1113

Predictors for Persistent Overweight, Deteriorated Weight Status, and Improved Weight Status During 18 Months in a School-Based Longitudinal Cohort.

Abstract Purpose . To examine predictors for persistent overweight/obesity, deteriorated weight status, and improved weight status among students who participated in a school-based obesity prevention intervention from fall 2009 to spring 2011. Design . Longitudinal assessment of a school-based cohort was conducted to determine the characteristics of students who remained overweight/obese, improved their weight status, or showed deteriorated weight status during an 18-month period. Setting . Eleven schools i...

Thursday 13th August 1113

Association of Concurrent Healthy Eating and Regular Physical Activity With Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in U.S. Youth.

Abstract Purpose . Examine whether concurrently consuming a healthy diet and regularly being physically active among U.S. youth is more favorably associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) biomarkers than other physical activity and dietary patterns. Design . Cross-sectional. Setting . United States (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey) 2003-2006. Subjects . Two thousand six hundred twenty-nine youth (6-17 years). Measures . Healthy Eating Index (HEI), accelerometer-determined physical activi...

Wednesday 12th August 1113

Receipt and Timing of Pregnancy-Related Preventive Health Messages Vary by Message Type and Maternal Characteristics.

Abstract Purpose . To determine when women receive pregnancy-related preventive health messages and to examine differences in receipt timing by maternal characteristics. Design . The cross-sectional secondary analyses used data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). Setting . The study used PRAMS responses from Maryland, Michigan, New Jersey, Ohio. Subjects . Study participants were women with a recent live birth. Measures . Health messages included mental health, safe medications, sm...

Tuesday 11th August 1113

Municipal Officials' Participation in Built Environment Policy Development in the United States.

Abstract Purpose . This study examined municipal officials' participation in built environment policy initiatives focused on land use design, transportation, and parks and recreation. Design . Web-based cross-sectional survey. Setting . Eighty-three municipalities with 50,000 or more residents in eight states. Subjects . Four hundred fifty-three elected and appointed municipal officials. Measures . Outcomes included self-reported participation in land use design, transportation, and parks and recreation pol...

Monday 10th August 1113

Relationship Between Intervention Dose and Outcomes in Living Well With Diabetes-A Randomized Trial of a Telephone-Delivered Lifestyle-Based Weight Loss Intervention.

Abstract Purpose . To examine associations of intervention dose with weight, physical activity, glycemic control, and diet outcomes in a randomized trial of a telephone counseling intervention. Design . Study design was a secondary analysis of intervention group. Setting . Study setting was primary care practices in a disadvantaged community in Australia. Subjects . Participants were adult patients with type 2 diabetes (n = 151). Intervention . Up to 27 telephone counseling calls were made during 18 months....

Sunday 9th August 1113

Using Mass Media Campaigns to Reduce Youth Tobacco Use: A Review.

Abstract Objective . This review synthesizes the published literature on using mass media campaigns to reduce youth tobacco use, with particular focus on effects within population subgroups and the relative effectiveness of campaign characteristics. Data Source . A search of PubMed and PsycINFO conducted in March of 2014 yielded 397 studies with 34 suitable for inclusion. Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria . Included were quantitative studies that evaluate an antitobacco media campaign intended to influ...

Saturday 8th August 1113

Screening and Counseling for Tobacco Use in Student Health Clinics: Reports of Health Care Providers.

Abstract Purpose . To assess tobacco screening and counseling in student health clinics, including facilitators, barriers, and associations with campus- and state-level variables. Design . We conducted a mixed-methods study with an online survey and qualitative interviews. Setting . Study setting was student health clinics on college campuses. Subjects . Subjects included 71 clinic directors or designees from 10 Southeastern states (quantitative survey) and 8 directors or designees from 4 Southeastern state...

Friday 7th August 1113

Factors Influencing Physical Activity Behaviors in Colorectal Cancer Survivors.

Abstract Purpose . To elucidate factors that impact intention (INT) to be active as well as actual physical activity (PA) behavior in colorectal cancer survivors (CRC-S) using the theory of planned behavior (TpB). Planning for PA was explored as a mediator of the INT-behavior relationship. Chemotherapy-induced neuropathy and fatigue were also explored. Design . A cross-sectional quantitative mailed survey was used. Setting . The study was conducted among community-dwelling adults living in Pennsylvania when...

Thursday 6th August 1113

The Association of Meal Practices and Other Dietary Correlates With Dietary Intake Among High School Students in the United States, 2010.

Abstract Purpose . To examine behavioral and environmental factors that may be related to dietary behaviors among U.S. high school students. Design . Data were obtained from the 2010 National Youth Physical Activity and Nutrition Study, a cross-sectional study. Setting . The study was school-based. Subjects . Study subjects were a nationally representative sample of students in grades 9 to 12 (n = 11,458). Measures . Variables of interest included meal practices, in-home snack availability, and intakes of h...

Wednesday 5th August 1113

Knowledge of Sugar Content of Sports Drinks Is Not Associated With Sports Drink Consumption.

Abstract Purpose . To examine U.S. adult knowledge of the sugar content of sports drinks and whether this knowledge and other characteristics are associated with their sports drink consumption. Design . Nonexperimental. Setting . Nationally representative 2011 Summer ConsumerStyles survey data. Subjects . 3929 U.S. adults. Measures . The outcome variable was sports drink consumption in the past 7 days. The main exposure variable was knowledge about sports drinks containing sugar. The covariates were sociode...

Monday 23rd April 1111

Cost-Effectiveness of Population-Level Physical Activity Interventions: A Systematic Review.

Abstract Objective . This systematic review synthesizes the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of population-level interventions to promote physical activity. Data Source . A systematic literature search was conducted between May and August 2013 in four databases: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and SPORTDiscus. Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria . Only primary and preventive interventions aimed at promoting and maintaining physical activity in wide population groups were included. An economic evaluatio...

Sunday 22nd April 1111

In Brief.

Saturday 21st April 1111

The Art of Health Promotion.

Friday 20th April 1111

Why Do We Allow Smokers to Assault the People We Love? Secondhand Smoke, Benzene, Myelodysplastic Syndrome, Immunosuppression, and the Americans With Disabilities Act.

1062709

Editor's desk: coaching and accountability.

1062708

The case of coaching accountability at the Spartus Company: part one.

1062707

Coaching experts discuss the relationships between coaching, culture, and health outcomes and for what coaches should be held accountable.


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