PubMed Journal Database | International journal of surgery (London, England) RSS

22:49 EST 24th January 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 174 from International journal of surgery (London, England)


The Role of Fast-Track Surgery in Pancreaticoduodenectomy: A Single-Center Review of 635 Consecutive Resections.

Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is one of the most difficult and dangerous operations in general surgery. This study used the concept of fast-track surgery (FTS) technique, which involves pain control, early enteral nutrition and other measures during the preoperative period, to evaluate the rate of complications and shorter hospitalization.


Crossover study of the effect of coffee consumption on simulated laparoscopy skills.

To observe the effect of caffeine on performing laparoscopic skills in novices in a simulated setting.


Perioperative antiviral therapy improves safety in patients with hepatitis B related HCC following hepatectomy.

Hepatectomies may exacerbate chronic hepatitis B in patients with high hepatitis B viral (HBV) DNA levels, and could result in hepatic insufficiency. Antiviral treatment is effective for suppressing HBV virus loads. This study investigated whether perioperative antiviral therapy is warranted for resection of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with concurrent HBV infections.

Thursday 4th February 1142

Reply to: "Correspondence to: Predictors of in-hospital mortality amongst octogenarians undergoing emergency general surgery: A retrospective cohort study"

Tuesday 11th April 1132

The impact of infrainguinal endovascular interventions on the results of subsequent femoro-tibial bypass procedures: a retrospective cohort study.

Endovascular recanalization has become the accepted first-line treatment strategy for most lower extremity arterial occlusions, especially in patients with critical limb ischemia (Rutherford 4-6). Prior endovascular interventions have been described as risk factors for the outcome of subsequent lower extremity bypass surgery. The effect on subsequent tibial and peroneal bypasses is controversial. We analyzed the impact of prior endovascular lower extremity revascularization procedures on the short- and mid-...


Endoscopic minimal invasive cholecystolithotomy vs laparoscopic cholecystectomy in treatment of cholecystolithiasis in China: A meta-analysis.

Endoscopic minimal invasive cholecystolithotomy (EMIC) is recently popular in China which may offer advantages over laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). We try to find out the most favorable treatment for the patients underwent cholecystolithiasis.


Challenging diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava.

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVCL) is a rare malignant tumour originating from the smooth muscle cells of the media with intra- or extra-luminal growth. The type of the lesion is further divided into three levels in relation to hepatic and renal veins respectively. The aim of this review was to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of IVCL with special reference to the extent of its histological spread and to analyse the recent literature in order to provide an update on the current concep...


Association of Surgeons in Training Conference: Manchester 2013.

The Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) is a professional body and registered charity working to promote excellence in surgical training for the benefit of junior doctors and patients alike. With a membership of over 2000 surgical trainees from all ten surgical specialities, the association provides support at both regional and national levels throughout the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. Originally founded in 1976, ASiT is independent of the National Health Service (NHS), Surgical Royal Col...

Tuesday 1st September 1073

Predictors of in-hospital mortality amongst octogenarians undergoing emergency general surgery: a retrospective cohort study.

Elderly patients are often judged to be fit for emergency surgery based on age alone. This study identified risk factors predictive of in-hospital mortality amongst octogenarians undergoing emergency general surgery.

Monday 31st August 1073

Comparison of skin incisions used for open lateral internal sphincterotomies - radial versus circumferential incisions: A retrospective cohort study.

Lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) is a safe and effective surgical treatment, commonly used in patients with chronic anal fissures (CAFs). Although LIS is a simple surgical technique, it may cause several complications. Open LIS is usually performed through an incision made in the intersphincteric groove; radial or circumferential incisions, used according to the surgeon's preference. However, differences in clinical outcomes and wound healing, based on type of skin incision, are unclear. We investigate...

Wednesday 27th December 1070

Laparoscopic versus robot-assisted cholecystectomy: A retrospective cohort study.

Introduction: Robot-assisted surgery has permeated all surgical specialties including general surgery. Still, only a few small experimental series have compared experiences between laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and robotic cholecystectomy (RC). We present a single surgeon's experience with LC versus RC in a large case series. Methods: We conducted an IRB-approved retrospective review of 326 patients (147 LC and 179 RC) who underwent surgery between September 2005 and June 2012. The same selection criter...

Tuesday 19th September 1070

Does elevated body mass index (BMI) affect the clinical outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP): A prospective cohort study.

With the prevalence of obesity in the United States, a significant proportion of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) candidates have an elevated body mass index (BMI). We determine if this impacts on the clinical outcomes of RALP.

Monday 18th September 1070

Oral feeding following laryngectomy: Early or delayed?

A best evidence topic in otolaryngology was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: In patients having undergone laryngectomy, does the timing of oral feeding lead to a higher post-operative complication rate? 172 papers were found using the described protocol. Five of these papers were chosen to describe the best evidence to address the question. The authors, date and country of publication, study type, patient group, outcomes and key results of these papers have been repres...


Total colectomy for cancer: analysis of factors linked to patients' age.

Total colectomy (TC) is a valid option for cancer treatment in selected cases. Emergency presentation, association to FAP or IBD, HNPCC, and synchronous tumors are the common indications to TC for cancer. Despite potential high morbidity and mortality rates for worse general health conditions of the advanced age it has even suggested for elderly patients. We reviewed our experience to analyze the current role of TC comparing different results between young and elderly patients. During the period 1990-2012, ...


Surgical treatment of bronchiectasis: a retrospective observational study of 260 patients.

This study aims to demonstrate our surgical experience for bronchiectasis and analyze the risk factors related with the surgery outcome.

Wednesday 3rd August 1058

Modified transabdominal external needle for mesh size estimation in laparoscopic hernia repair.

Purpose: The obtaining on the accurate mesh size is the key for the good results and making the procedure easy during laparoscopic hernia repair. This study offers a modified transabdominal external needle technique to achieve this goal. Methods: During the period from February 2011 through October 2013, during laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in 41 patients, the mesh dimensions were determined by novel technique. Where, the mesh size was calculated percutaneous transabdominal by using spinal needle No. ...


Role of diversion ileostomy In low rectal cancer: A randomised Controlled trial.

Rectal cancer continues to be devastating malignancy worldwide .Sphincter preservation is the need of the hour. Distal anastomosis is more prone to leaks.Proximal diversion in form of ileostomy may be used to protect distal anastomosis.


Combined inferior vena cava and visceral resection for benign and malignant disease, a single-centre experience.

Involvement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by neoplasm has traditionally been considered a contra-indication to curative surgery because of high surgical risks and poor long-term prognosis. Advances in surgical and anaesthetic techniques however have made this feasible. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of combined IVC and visceral resection in a single institution.


The rationality of N3 classification in the 7(th) edition of the International Union Against Cancer TNM staging system for gastric adenocarcinomas: a case-control study.

The 7(th) edition of the International Union Against Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification system for gastric cancer is more detailed than the 6(th) edition with respect to tumor depth and lymph node metastasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rationality of the 7(th) UICC/AJCC TNM classification system, focusing on N3 gastric cancers.


Intraoperative complications have a negative impact on postoperative outcomes after rectal cancer surgery.

The impact of intraoperative complications on the postoperative outcome in rectal cancer surgery is only poorly studied in literature. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of intraoperative complications during rectal resections for malignancies and its influence on the short term outcome.


Feasibility of implementing fast-track surgery in pancreaticoduodenectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy for reconstruction - A prospective cohort study with historical control.

Fast track programmes have been introduced in pancreatic surgery, but the data are sparse. The aim of this prospective study was to analyse the feasibility of implementing fast track rehabilitation protocol in PD with pancreaticogastrostomy, using historical control for comparison.


Conversion in mini-invasive colorectal surgery: The effect of timing on short term outcome.

Different results have been reported about postoperative outcomes of conversion during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. We aimed to detect the effect of conversion on postoperative outcome and to identify features associated to better outcome after conversion.


Clinical response to primary letrozole therapy in elderly patients with early breast cancer: Possible role for p53 as a biomarker.

Primary tamoxifen therapy has been widely used to treat elderly women with ER-positive breast cancer in the past. Aromatase inhibitors may be more beneficial than tamoxifen when used as primary endocrine therapy in elderly patients. We aimed to retrospectively evaluate a series of elderly women with ER-positive breast cancer treated with primary letrozole therapy as sole therapy with a minimum of 5 years follow-up. To identify possible predictive biomarkers a pilot immunohistochemical analysis was performed...


External Pancreatic Duct Stent Reduces Pancreatic Fistula: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.

Postoperative pancreatic fistula formation (POPF) remains one of the most common and detrimental complications following pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ). The aim of this meta-analysis is to analyze the efficacy of external pancreatic duct stent placement in preventing POPF formation following PJ.


Goitre or "goiter" - A missed opportunity?

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