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There are significant resource challenges to burn surgical care delivery in low and middle-income countries at baseline and only a few burn cost analysis studies from sub-Saharan Africa have been performed.
To measure adherence to antibiotic prophylaxis (AP) protocol amongst surgeons and anesthetists and explore their understanding of AP prescribing in practice.
Letter to the Editor on ''The combined abdominal and perineal approach for dissection of the lower rectum. The development of new indications ''. How can we describe the anatomical and surgical basis of the combined abdominal and perineal approaches in lower rectal cancer surgery?
There is an increasing interest in the role of preoperative physical activity for postoperative recovery. The effect of preoperative physical activity and recovery after cholecystectomy is unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of self-reported leisure-time preoperative physical activity with postoperative recovery and complications after elective cholecystectomy due to gallstone disease.
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the factors associated with post-operative outcome in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) undergoing Surgery.
Long-term follow is essential for assessment of success of the surgical repair post-cholecystectomy bile duct injuries (BDI). Factors affecting the long-term outcome and satisfactory length of follow-up have been little reported in the literature. The aim of this study is long-term evaluation of hepaticojejunostomy regarding clinical, radiological, laboratory and quality of life assessment.
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the commonest benign neoplasm of salivary glands.(1) PA can undergo malignant transformation to ex-pleomorphic adenoma (2,3) but rarely, can metastasise without malignant transformation.(4,5) Metastasising pleomorphic adenoma (MPA) is a rare malignant tumour which, histologically, is indistinguishable from PA yet produces secondary tumours in distant sites.(6,7,8) OBJECTIVE: Our aim is to review the literature for all reported cases of MPA and create a virtual series. The age and...
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become a popular alternative to open cholecystectomy (OC) in the treatment of acute cholecystitis (AC). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is now considered the gold standard of therapy for symptomatic cholelithiasis and chronic cholecystitis. However no definitive data on its use in AC has been published. CIAO and CIAOW studies demonstrated 48.7% of AC were still operated with the open technique. The aim of the present meta-analysis is to compare OC and LC in AC.
Surgeons are often accused of lagging behind their medical colleagues in embracing evidence based medicine and utilizing new research tools to conducting high quality randomized controlled trials. Although there has been a noticeable improvement in the quantity and quality of high quality studies in surgical journals, the widespread practice of evidence based surgery is still poor. Unlike evidence based medicine, the practice of evidence based surgery is hampered by inherent problems and obstacles. This art...
Total thyroidectomy is a preferred surgical technique for benign as well as malignant thyroid pathologies, but many a times can cause hypoparathyroidism. The aim of this study is to evaluate the intra-operative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) level and its decline as predictors for post-operative hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) still represents one of the most distressing side effects of anaesthesia and surgery. Clinical risk scores e.g. Apfel score is today commonly used to identify patients at risk. We found in a previous study different platelet counts in patients with and without PONV. The aim of the present explorative study was to assess whether females experiencing PONV after breast surgery had any difference in preoperative platelet count and/or volume assessed by platelet testing.
Urethral catheter (UC) removal is often delayed following colorectal resection due to the perceived increased risk of post-operative urinary retention (POUR) in patients with post-operative epidural analgesia (POEA). We aimed to determine if UC removal at 48 hours, irrespective of ongoing POEA use, altered the risk of POUR and other morbidities associated with urethral catheterisation and immobility.
Single-port transumbilical surgery is a well-established platform for minimally invasive abdominal surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the hemodynamics and inflammatory response of a novel transumbilical technique with that of a conventional transthoracic technique in thoracic exploration and lung resection in a canine model.
Partial adrenalectomy is typically performed for the treatment of hereditary and sporadic bilateral tumors, to reduce the risk of adrenal failure, particularly in younger patients. Partial adrenalectomy proposes a postoperative steroid-free course nevertheless, is associated with the risk of local recurrence. In this study we evaluate the recurrence and functional outcomes of partial adrenalectomy.
The diagnosis of Crohn's disease is based mainly on the patient's history and clinical examination and supported by serologic, radiologic, endoscopic, and histologic findings.
Bladder cancer (BC) is the second leading malignant tumors of the genitourinary system. CA 19-9 has served as a diagnostic and prognostic marker for pancreatic carcinoma for years. In recent year, although a few studies have evaluated the roles of CA 19-9 in BC, the results are conflicting and the number of the patients studied is very small.
The aim of this study is to investigate the expected adhesion-modifying effect of clinoquinol which has metal-chelating feature that limits the inflammation and fibroblastic activity.
Hemangiopericytoma of the spleen is a very rare tumor, with 14 isolated reports. It was our aim to review our experience and compare it with all the reported cases in an attempt to standardize surgical treatment, adjuvant treatment and follow-up protocol of this infrequent condition.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting "the little big problem" after surgery/anaesthesia is still a common side-effect compromising quality of care, delaying discharge and resumption of activities of daily living. A huge number of studies have been conducted in order to identify risk factors, preventive and therapeutic strategies. The Apfel risk score and a risk based multi-modal PONV prophylaxis is advocated by evidence based guidelines as standards of care but is not always followed. Tailored anaesthesia and ...
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether robotic parathyroidectomy (RP) is a feasible and safe alternative to targeted open parathyroidectomy for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). A total of 36 papers were identified using the reported searches of which 5 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, date, journal, study type, population, main outcome measures and results are tabulated. Targeted ...
Although considered as an aseptic surgery, infection after prosthesis-based mammoplasty represents the leading cause of morbidity after reconstructive and aesthetic surgery. Antibiotic prophylaxis is supported by several studies to prevent surgical site infection (SSI) and capsular contracture (CC). However, there is no high quality evidence on antibiotic prophylaxis in this area.