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PubMed Journal Database | International journal of surgery (London, England) RSS

20:06 EST 27th February 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 377 from International journal of surgery (London, England)

Prognostic and clinical significance of claudin-1 in colorectal cancer: a systemic review and meta-analysis.

The current reports on the association of claudin-1 expression with colorectal cancer (CRC) result were controversial. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to assess the correlation between claudin-1 expression and the clinical parameters and assess the prognostic value of claudin-1 in CRC.

Feasibility and safety of minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy using very low intraoperative dose of Tc-99m MIBI.

Surgical resection of the abnormal parathyroid glands is the only curative treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Radioguided parathyroidectomy with technetium-99m (TC-99m) sestamibi has been successfully used in patients with PHPT. This study was designed to evaluate the results of a series of patients with PHPT who underwent minimally invasive radioguided parathyroidectomy (MIRP) using very low dose (1 mCi) of TC-99m sestamibi (MIBI) without application of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PT...

NHS litigation in bariatric surgery over a ten year period.

Negligence claims in the UK NHS has increased over the last 30 years. The aim of this present study was determine the number of claims and the cost of litigation in Bariatric Surgery and compare it to similar other specialties. Data was received from NHS Litigation Authority (NHSLA) in response to Freedom of Information data request. There was a total of 7 claims, of which 4 were successful. The total pay out sum was £210,000 in 10 years. This is a very low amount compared to other surgical specialties. Th...

Comparison of peri-articular liposomal bupivacaine and standard bupivacaine for postsurgical analgesia in total knee arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

This meta-analysis aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of intraoperative peri-articular liposomal bupivacaine and standard bupivacaine in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty.

Transvaginal PVDF-mesh for cystocele repair: A cohort Study.

Optimized biocompatibility of new materials is a major requirement for transvaginal meshes for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair. Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) presented good characteristics in prior animal experiments and clinical use in humans.

Preoperative chlorhexidine reduces the incidence of surgical site infections in total knee and hip arthroplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

This meta-analysis aims to assess the incidences of surgical site infection of patients who applied preadmission chlorhexidine skin preparation, versus those who applied the traditional skin preparation before undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty.

From hysteria to hope: The rise of head transplantation.

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF PREHABILITATION PROGRAMS IN ABDOMINAL CANCER SURGERY.

Prehabilitation programs aim to optimise patients in order to enhance post-operative recovery. This study aims to review the composition of prehabilitation programs for patients undergoing major abdominal cancer surgery and define the outcome measures that are used to evaluate this intervention.

An Innovative Solution to Raise Public Awareness Using a Mobile Colorectal Clinic - The 'Bowel Bus'.

Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the United Kingdom; however, figures show that the uptake for bowel cancer screening lags behind other cancer screening programmes.

The Charlson age comorbidity index predicts prognosis in patients with resected pancreatic cancer.

The Charlson age comorbidity index (CACI) is a useful measure of comorbidity to standardize the evaluation of surgical patients and has been reported to predict postoperative mortality in various cancers.

Postoperative hypomagnesaemia is not associated with hypocalcemia in thyroid cancer patients undergoing total thyroidectomy plus central compartment neck dissection.

The literature remains scarce and controversial regarding the association of hypomagnesaemia and hypocalcemia after total thyroidectomy. This study aims to assess this association in thyroid cancer patients underwent total thyroidectomy (TT) plus central compartment neck dissection (CCND).

Systematic review with meta-analysis of intraoperative neuromonitoring during thyroidectomy.

Intraoperative neuromonitoring (IONM) has been a commonly used technology during thyroid surgery aimed at reducing the incidence of recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy (RLNP), which is a severe complication and leads to significant impacts on a patient's life. In order to give a comprehensive assessment for potential benefits and disadvantage of IONM, this meta-analysis and systematic review discusses RLNP rate, predictive power, continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM), and emphasises application duri...

The immunologic considerations in head transplantation.

The idea of head transplantation appears at first as unrealistic, unethical, and futile. Here we discuss immunological considerations in head transplantation. In a separate accompanying article we discuss surgical, physiologic, anatomic, and ethical issues concerned in body-to-head transplantation (BHT) [1]. The success of such an unusual allograft, where the donor and the recipient can reject each other, depends on prevention of complex immunologic reactions, especially rejection of the head by the body (g...

Do the complications increased in the anterolateral right-side approach to treat the cervical degenerative disorders?

The dysphagia and recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy are the most common complications of the patients who underwent anterior cervical surgery in the current literature. These morbidities have led to the study of the impact of sidedness in anterior cervical spine surgery. However, many reports documented the left-side was more effective and safe than right-side based on the anatomy. So the right-side approach is more challenging. We retrospectively study 503 patients with cervical degenerative diseases w...

Surgical management of patients with progressing metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumors receiving sunitinib treatment.

For selected patients with metastatic gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) who have received first-line imatinib (IM) and are undergoing cytoreductive surgery, response to IM at time of surgery correlates with resection completeness as well as favorable progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). However, surgical impact in GIST patients receiving second-line sunitinib (SU) is still not well clarified.

Vascular resection in pancreaticoduodenectomy for periampullary cancers. Report of a single-center experience.

Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is the only chance of cure for periampullary cancers. This study aims to evaluate survival and complication rates for PD with additional vascular resection performed for local vascular involvement and compare to standard PD.

Surgical, ethical, and psychosocial considerations in head transplantation.

Transplanting a head and brain is perhaps the final frontier of organ transplantation. The goal of body-to-head transplantation (BHT) is to sustain the life of individuals who suffer from terminal disease, but whose head and brain are healthy. Ideally BHT could provide a lifesaving treatment for several conditions where none currently exists. BHT is no ordinary experiment, to transfer a head to another body involves extraordinarily complex medical challenges as well as ethical and existential dilemmas that ...

Clinical impact of sarcopenia on prognosis in pancreatic ductal carcinoma.

To investigate the impact of the body composition such as skeletal muscle, visceral fat and body mass index (BMI) on patients with resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).

High morbidity and mortality after lower extremity injuries in Malawi.

A lower extremity injury can be a devastating event in low-income countries due to limited access to surgical care. Its incidence, treatment patterns, and outcomes, however, have not been well-described.

Interspinous process devices(IPD) alone versus decompression surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis(LSS): A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

and purpose: Interspinous process devices (IPD) were widely used for the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). However, whether IPD was superior to bony decompression was still debated. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of IPD to bony decompression for LSS.

First Experience: Open Small Incision Rectus Sheath Approach Renal Transplant: A Case Series.

Prevention of wound complications is an important goal in surgery, and reduction of modifiable risks factors are an important step towards protecting patients from further complications. Renal transplantation has sought to be more inclusive giving access to transplantation to complex patient populations, many of which have an increased risk of complications. Surgical techniques continue to advance and may contribute to reducing complications. We hypothesized that the Anterior Rectus Sheath (ARS) Approach wo...

Laparoscopic versus open surgery for rectal cancer: A meta-analysis of classic randomized controlled trials and high-quality Nonrandomized Studies in the last 5 years.

To present a meta-analysis of high-quality published reports comparing laparoscopic rectal resection (LRR) and open rectal resection (ORR) for rectal cancer.

Surveying opinions of 149 registrants to the Research Registry: Awareness of and attitudes towards research registration.

Research registration is an important ethical principle in the Declaration of Helsinki, however, progress to increase registration has been slow. Understanding the attitudes of users towards registries may provide insights into increase research registration. In this survey-based study, we sought to gain insight from users of a single global research registry, the Research Registry® (www.researchregistry.com).

Application of carbon nanoparticles accelerates the rapid recovery of parathyroid function during thyroid carcinoma surgery with central lymph node dissection: A retrospective cohort study.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of carbon nanoparticles in identifying lymph nodes and promoting parathyroid gland function recovery after thyroid carcinoma surgery along with central lymph node dissection.

Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy in the setting of previous abdominal surgery: perioperative results, oncological and functional outcomes, and complications in a single surgeon's series.

Data on safety and efficacy of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) after previous abdominal surgery are scarce. Hence, we assessed perioperative, oncological and functional outcomes, and complications of RARP in patients with previous abdominal surgery after 1-year minimum follow-up.


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