PubMed Journal Database | International journal of surgery (London, England) RSS

15:16 EST 18th December 2014 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 168 from International journal of surgery (London, England)


Challenging diagnostic and therapeutic modalities for leiomyosarcoma of inferior vena cava.

Leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava (IVCL) is a rare malignant tumour originating from the smooth muscle cells of the media with intra- or extra-luminal growth. The type of the lesion is further divided into three levels in relation to hepatic and renal veins respectively. The aim of this review was to evaluate the results of surgical treatment of IVCL with special reference to the extent of its histological spread and to analyse the recent literature in order to provide an update on the current concep...


Association of Surgeons in Training Conference: Manchester 2013.

The Association of Surgeons in Training (ASiT) is a professional body and registered charity working to promote excellence in surgical training for the benefit of junior doctors and patients alike. With a membership of over 2000 surgical trainees from all ten surgical specialities, the association provides support at both regional and national levels throughout the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland. Originally founded in 1976, ASiT is independent of the National Health Service (NHS), Surgical Royal Col...

Tuesday 1st September 1073

Predictors of in-hospital mortality amongst octogenarians undergoing emergency general surgery: a retrospective cohort study.

Elderly patients are often judged to be fit for emergency surgery based on age alone. This study identified risk factors predictive of in-hospital mortality amongst octogenarians undergoing emergency general surgery.

Monday 31st August 1073

Comparison of skin incisions used for open lateral internal sphincterotomies - radial versus circumferential incisions: A retrospective cohort study.

Lateral internal sphincterotomy (LIS) is a safe and effective surgical treatment, commonly used in patients with chronic anal fissures (CAFs). Although LIS is a simple surgical technique, it may cause several complications. Open LIS is usually performed through an incision made in the intersphincteric groove; radial or circumferential incisions, used according to the surgeon's preference. However, differences in clinical outcomes and wound healing, based on type of skin incision, are unclear. We investigate...

Wednesday 27th December 1070

Laparoscopic versus robot-assisted cholecystectomy: A retrospective cohort study.

Introduction: Robot-assisted surgery has permeated all surgical specialties including general surgery. Still, only a few small experimental series have compared experiences between laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and robotic cholecystectomy (RC). We present a single surgeon's experience with LC versus RC in a large case series. Methods: We conducted an IRB-approved retrospective review of 326 patients (147 LC and 179 RC) who underwent surgery between September 2005 and June 2012. The same selection criter...

Tuesday 19th September 1070

Does elevated body mass index (BMI) affect the clinical outcomes of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP): A prospective cohort study.

With the prevalence of obesity in the United States, a significant proportion of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) candidates have an elevated body mass index (BMI). We determine if this impacts on the clinical outcomes of RALP.

Monday 18th September 1070

Oral feeding following laryngectomy: Early or delayed?

A best evidence topic in otolaryngology was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: In patients having undergone laryngectomy, does the timing of oral feeding lead to a higher post-operative complication rate? 172 papers were found using the described protocol. Five of these papers were chosen to describe the best evidence to address the question. The authors, date and country of publication, study type, patient group, outcomes and key results of these papers have been repres...


Total colectomy for cancer: analysis of factors linked to patients' age.

Total colectomy (TC) is a valid option for cancer treatment in selected cases. Emergency presentation, association to FAP or IBD, HNPCC, and synchronous tumors are the common indications to TC for cancer. Despite potential high morbidity and mortality rates for worse general health conditions of the advanced age it has even suggested for elderly patients. We reviewed our experience to analyze the current role of TC comparing different results between young and elderly patients. During the period 1990-2012, ...


Surgical treatment of bronchiectasis: a retrospective observational study of 260 patients.

This study aims to demonstrate our surgical experience for bronchiectasis and analyze the risk factors related with the surgery outcome.

Wednesday 3rd August 1058

Modified transabdominal external needle for mesh size estimation in laparoscopic hernia repair.

Purpose: The obtaining on the accurate mesh size is the key for the good results and making the procedure easy during laparoscopic hernia repair. This study offers a modified transabdominal external needle technique to achieve this goal. Methods: During the period from February 2011 through October 2013, during laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair in 41 patients, the mesh dimensions were determined by novel technique. Where, the mesh size was calculated percutaneous transabdominal by using spinal needle No. ...


Role of diversion ileostomy In low rectal cancer: A randomised Controlled trial.

Rectal cancer continues to be devastating malignancy worldwide .Sphincter preservation is the need of the hour. Distal anastomosis is more prone to leaks.Proximal diversion in form of ileostomy may be used to protect distal anastomosis.


Combined inferior vena cava and visceral resection for benign and malignant disease, a single-centre experience.

Involvement of the inferior vena cava (IVC) by neoplasm has traditionally been considered a contra-indication to curative surgery because of high surgical risks and poor long-term prognosis. Advances in surgical and anaesthetic techniques however have made this feasible. The aim of this study is to evaluate the outcome of combined IVC and visceral resection in a single institution.


The rationality of N3 classification in the 7(th) edition of the International Union Against Cancer TNM staging system for gastric adenocarcinomas: a case-control study.

The 7(th) edition of the International Union Against Cancer/American Joint Committee on Cancer (UICC/AJCC) tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) classification system for gastric cancer is more detailed than the 6(th) edition with respect to tumor depth and lymph node metastasis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the rationality of the 7(th) UICC/AJCC TNM classification system, focusing on N3 gastric cancers.


Intraoperative complications have a negative impact on postoperative outcomes after rectal cancer surgery.

The impact of intraoperative complications on the postoperative outcome in rectal cancer surgery is only poorly studied in literature. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the frequency of intraoperative complications during rectal resections for malignancies and its influence on the short term outcome.


Feasibility of implementing fast-track surgery in pancreaticoduodenectomy with pancreaticogastrostomy for reconstruction - A prospective cohort study with historical control.

Fast track programmes have been introduced in pancreatic surgery, but the data are sparse. The aim of this prospective study was to analyse the feasibility of implementing fast track rehabilitation protocol in PD with pancreaticogastrostomy, using historical control for comparison.


Conversion in mini-invasive colorectal surgery: The effect of timing on short term outcome.

Different results have been reported about postoperative outcomes of conversion during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. We aimed to detect the effect of conversion on postoperative outcome and to identify features associated to better outcome after conversion.


Clinical response to primary letrozole therapy in elderly patients with early breast cancer: Possible role for p53 as a biomarker.

Primary tamoxifen therapy has been widely used to treat elderly women with ER-positive breast cancer in the past. Aromatase inhibitors may be more beneficial than tamoxifen when used as primary endocrine therapy in elderly patients. We aimed to retrospectively evaluate a series of elderly women with ER-positive breast cancer treated with primary letrozole therapy as sole therapy with a minimum of 5 years follow-up. To identify possible predictive biomarkers a pilot immunohistochemical analysis was performed...


External Pancreatic Duct Stent Reduces Pancreatic Fistula: A Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.

Postoperative pancreatic fistula formation (POPF) remains one of the most common and detrimental complications following pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ). The aim of this meta-analysis is to analyze the efficacy of external pancreatic duct stent placement in preventing POPF formation following PJ.


Goitre or "goiter" - A missed opportunity?

Tuesday 22nd July 1033

Outcome of medical and surgical therapy of GERD: Predictive role of quality of life scores and instrumental evaluation.

Aim of this study is to determine whether quality of life (QoL) assessment in association with instrumental evaluation can help to identify factors predictive of outcome both in surgically and medically treated GERD patients.


Perspectives-JULY 2014.


Oriental Cholangiohepatitis-Is our surgery appropriate?

Oriental Cholangiohepatitis, a recurrent Pyogenic cholangitis is only noted in certain parts of the world, especially South East Asia. Due to increasing immigration the disease is now being seen in western countries also. Treating physicians may face difficulty in managing such cases due to lack of exposure. Furthermore management of such cases is not standardized because of lack of a universally accepted classification system. Here we review the disease and share our long experience with management of thes...


Total thyroidectomy with harmonic scalpel combined to gelatin-thrombin matrix hemostatic agent: is it safe and effective? A single-center prospective study.

Hemostasis during thyroidectomy is essential; however, the safest, most efficient and cost-effective way to achieve this is unclear. The aim of this study was toevaluate the outcome of total thyroidectomy (TT) performed with combination of harmonic scalpel (HS) and Floseal.


Pringle Manoeuvre versus Selective Hepatic Vascular Exclusion in Partial Hepatectomy for Tumours Adjacent to the Hepatocaval Junction: a Randomized Comparative Study.

To compare the efficacy of selective hepatic vascular exclusion versus Pringle manoeuvre in partial hepatectomy for tumours adjacent to the hepatocaval junction.

Sunday 3rd January 1018

Toupet versus Dor as a procedure to prevent reflux after cardiomyotomy for achalasia: results of a randomised clinical trial.

The optimal anti-reflux procedure after Heller cardiomyotomy for oesophageal achalasia remains unclear. The most commonly used procedure is the anterior partial fundoplication according to Dor, although during recent years the posterior counterpart (Toupet) has become popular.

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