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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.
Right hepatectomy via the anterior approach without prior liver mobilization is an accepted technique and the liver hanging maneuver facilitates this procedure. Hepatic parenchymal transection remains a critical part of this operation during which excessive blood loss can occur. Control of blood loss is important in hepatectomy as excessive bleeding and blood transfusion are associated with increased postoperative morbidity/mortality rates and compromised long-term oncological outcomes in these patients.
Efficacy and safety of topical application of a fibrin sealant (FS) compared with intravenous administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. We undertook a meta-analysis to compare the effects of topical application of FS or intravenous administration of TXA on blood loss after TKA.
Thyroid disease is common in elderly population. The incidence of hypothyroidism and multinodular goiter increases with age. Surgery in elderly patients has been considered to be more hazardous than in a youthful population. Besides the traditional surgical hemostatic techniques, different hemostatic approaches, which further minimize the risk of bleeding and complications during thyroidectomy, have become available. Aim of this study was to review and compare the outcomes of total thyroidectomy (TT) in eld...
Metastatic para aortic lymph nodes (PALN) in patients with peri ampullary cancer entail poor prognosis. Role of curative surgery in these patients remains debatable. The objective of the current study was to evaluate outcome after extended pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with and without positive PALN.
One in eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. Reconstruction is routinely offered to patients and can be autologous and/or implant based. One area of growing interest in autologous fat grafting (AFG). Our group recently published a systematic review and meta-analysis of this topic which showed 51 different outcomes were being utilized in the published literature, with substantial heterogeneity in their definitions.
There is continuing controversy over the significance of prognostic factors in sporadic desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF). Further, only limited data is available in the literature concerning second recurrence in patients with recurrent DF. The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic factors influencing recurrencefree survival (RFS) and to determine rates of local recurrence (LR) in patients with primary and recurrent DF.
Although most partial nephrectomies are performed as primary procedures in the elective or semi-imperative setting on kidneys with relatively normal anatomy, this is not always the case. The indications for partial nephrectomy continue to expand and it is becoming particularly relevant in patients with single functioning kidneys, poor kidney function, anatomical anomalies and hereditary syndromes predisposing to multiple kidney cancers, such as Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. These, along with previous abdomina...
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with substantial blood loss. Tranexamic acid (TXA) could reduce perioperative blood loss. The optimal administration routine of TXA remains controversial. The objective of the present systemic review and meta-analysis was to compare the effectiveness and safety of various application methods of tranexamic acid in primary THA.
Clinical diagnosis is accurate in only 80% of patients with suspected appendicitis with negative appendectomy rates of up to 21%. In the UK the use of standard-dose CT (SDCT) is conservative due to concerns over radiation exposure and resource implications. The use of low dose computer tomography (LDCT) instead of standard dose computer tomography (SDCT) may partially address these concerns.
Skeletal muscle depletion predicts poor prognosis of patients with certain cancers. However, the correlation between low skeletal muscle index (SMI) and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well understood.
Portal vein system thrombosis (PVST) is an alarming and potentially life-threatening complication of laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection (LSD). The objective of this study was to investigate negative and positive predictors of PVST after LSD in patients receiving anticoagulant regimens with aspirin or warfarin.
Robot-assisted surgery operations are being performed more frequently in the world these years. In order to have a macroscopic view of publication activities about robotic surgery, the first bibliometric analysis was conducted to investigate the publication distributions of robotic surgery.
HCV recurrence after liver transplant is nearly universal and results in progressive fibrosis, cirrhosis, graft loss, retransplantation and mortality. There are very few studies comparing impact of pretransplant HCC therapies either as a bridge to transplant or to downstage like TACE, hepatectomy, RFA, PEI on HCV recurrence post transplant. Primary aim of the study was studying prognostic factors associated with HCV recurrence including pre transplant HCC therapies.
Minimal access valve surgery, both mitral and aortic, may be related to improvement in specific post-operative outcomes, therefore may be beneficial for the subgroup of the elderly referred for valve surgery.
In order to evaluate the usefulness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with cisplatin and taxol (PT) follow radical surgery for stage II cervical squamous cell carcinoma with a bulky mass.
The preperitoneal mesh position seems preferable to reduce the number of patients with postoperative chronic pain after inguinal hernia surgery. The transrectus sheath preperitoneal mesh repair (TREPP) is gaining popularity. Teaching a new technique requires a standardized approach to achieve an optimal learning curve. The aim of this paper was to provide a step-by-step teaching module for hernia surgeons learning the TREPP.
The outcomes of surgery are subject to variability and difficult to be accurately predicted. Different score systems have been developed to estimating the risk of undergoing a surgical procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive ability of POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems, compared to the Surgical Risk Scale (SRS), in Spanish patients undergoing general surgery.
Percutaneous vertebral augmentation (Percutaneous vertebroplasty, PVP and Percutaeous kyphoplasty, PKP) for the treatment of metastatic spinal lesions has been considered as a preferred alternative to relieve pain and rebuild spinal stabilization relying on minimally invasive procedure. However, there have been few reports on clinical outcomes of percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteolytic and osteoblastic metastatic vertebral fracture. We report our experience for 81 kyphoplasty procedures perf...
Bibliometric analysis highlights the key topics and publications which have shaped the understanding and management of Gastric cancer. Here the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of gastric cancer (GC) are analyzed.
TNM staging and histological grading of rectal cancer has undergone no or minimal changes during the past 20 years despite their major impact on planning, reporting and outcome of the disease. The addition of category 'F' to the 'TNM' staging of colorectal cancer, which becomes TNMF will accommodate the expanding list of risk factors that may affect the management and thus avoid squeezing them into the TNM categories.
The incidence of symptomatic biliary disease during pregnancy ranges from 0.05 to 8%. Cholecystectomy is one of the common operations performed during pregnancy and laparoscopic approach has gained popularity as an attractive alternative to open surgery.
Different genetic variants in the SLCO1B1 gene have been shown to have functional importance in individual variability in pravastatin pharmacokinetics, resulting in different inflammatory responses to surgical inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study was to determine IL-6 and IL-10 serum concentrations in the presence and absence of the SLCO1B1*1 and SLCO1B1*5 polymorphisms in patients under pravastatin treatment that underwent inguinal hernia repair.
Transaxillary robotic surgery (TARS) was pioneered in South Korea where cultural factors, anthropometry and remuneration favour this approach. Moreover, small thyroid nodules account for the majority of cases due to a national thyroid cancer screening programme. The technique has not been evaluated in the United Kingdom where larger thyroid nodules tend to undergo surgery in a patient population with a significantly higher body mass index (BMI).