PubMed Journal Database | International journal of surgery (London, England) RSS

10:29 EDT 5th October 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 263 from International journal of surgery (London, England)

Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Xenotransplantation.

Xenotransplantation attracted interest from regulatory authorities, particularly after the demonstration of pig-to-human transmission of porcine endogenous retrovirus (1996). This added to the risk of a product, resulting in a Guidance of the US Food and Drug Administration (2003). This addresses the full flow chart in product manufacturing, starting with the designated pathogen-free status of the source animal; and special aspects regarding the recipient like informed consent and monitoring for infectious ...

Bone mineral density and body composition after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy in men: a short-term longitudinal study.

Longitudinal changes in bone and body composition occurring in obese men after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been evaluated.

Longterm -ostomy as a quality marker: comparison of outcomes from a six year series of laparoscopic surgery in MRI defined low rectal cancer.

we propose long-term -ostomy rate following laparoscopic rectal cancer resection must be included as an overall quality indicator of treatment in conjunction with frequently reported and readily available end points.

Pre-operative methods to predict need for shunting during carotid endarterectomy.

To establish whether pre-operative investigations are able to predict cerebral tolerance to carotid cross clamping during carotid endarterectomy (CEA).

Intra-abdominal Drainage for Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

To assess the effectiveness of intra-abdominal drain (IAD) post laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC).

Editor's perspectives - September 2015.

Update on the efficacy of extracorporeal shockwave treatment for myofascial pain syndrome and fibromyalgia.

Chronic muscle pain syndrome is one of the main causes of musculoskeletal pathologies requiring treatment. Many terms have been used in the past to describe painful muscular syndromes in the absence of evident local nociception such as myogelosis, muscle hardening, myalgia, muscular rheumatism, fibrositis or myofascial trigger point with or without referred pain. If it persists over six months or more, it often becomes therapy resistant and frequently results in chronic generalized pain, characterized by a ...

Redefining major hepatic resection for colorectal liver metastases: Analysis of 1111 liver resections.

A major hepatic resection is currently defined as resection of 3 or more segments. The aim of this study was to analyse the post-operative morbidity and mortality of hepatic resections in relation to the number of segments excised.

A Chinese randomized prospective trial of floppy nissen and toupet fundoplication for gastroesophageal disease.

To evaluate the clinical outcomes of laparoscopic floppy Nissen fundoplication (LNF) and laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication (LTF) for the treatment of gastroesophageal disease (GERD).

The Effect of Methylprednisolone and Tenoxicam on the Protection of Damage of the Nerve Physiomorphology Caused by Prolene Mesh.

Aim was to investigate the effect of methylprednisolone and tenoxicam on the protection of damage of the nerve physiomorphology caused by prolene mesh used in hernia repair.

Current status of pig kidney xenotransplantation.

Significant progress in life-supporting kidney xenograft survival in nonhuman primates (NHPs) has been associated largely with the increasing availability of pigs with genetic modifications that protect the pig tissues from the primate immune response and/or correct molecular incompatibilities between pig and primate. Blockade of the CD40/CD154 costimulation pathway with anti-CD154 mAb therapy has contributed to prolongation of kidney xenograft survival, although this agent may not be clinically available. ...

Hepatectomy for liver metastases in non-colorectal, non-neuroendocrine cancer patients. The survival benefit in primary unresectable cases.

Although liver resection is widely accepted as a potentially curative treatment for colorectal liver metastases, there is an ongoing debate on the indications for hepatectomy for the treatment of liver metastases from non-colorectal primary tumors. The number of candidates for hepatectomy for non-colorectal liver metastases may increase due to advances in chemotherapy; however, the factors related to prognosis after hepatectomy for non-colorectal liver metastases have yet to be clearly elucidated.

Effect of Wound Infiltration with Ropivacaine or Bupivacaine Analgesia in Breast Cancer Surgery: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Although not completely painless, breast-conserving surgery is considerably less painful than modified radical mastectomy. Local anesthetics are speculated to reduce postoperative pain when placed at the surgical site. Thus, we conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy of bupivacaine or ropivacaine analgesia for pain relief in breast cancer surgery.

Large pore size and controlled mesh elongation are relevant predictors for mesh integration quality and low shrinkage - Systematic analysis of key parameters of meshes in a novel minipig hernia model.

Prosthetic mesh implants in hernia repair are frequently used based on that fact that lower recurrence rates are detected. However, an undesirable side effect is persistent foreign body reaction that drives adhesions and shrinkage among other things in the course of time. Thereby a variety of meshes have been created in an attempt to alleviate these side effects, and particular relating to shrinkage, the ideal mesh has not been developed. Large pore size is one of the properties to get better ingrowth of th...

Predicting success of single step hysteroscopic myomectomy: A single Centre LARGE cohort study of single myomas.

Submucous myomas represent one of the main indications of operative hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopic resection of submucous fibroids should be a simple, well-tolerated and effective procedure and ideally accomplished in in only one surgical step.

Editor's perspectives - August 2015.

Quality of life improvement in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis and other goiters after surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and other benign goiters (BG) might influence patients' quality of life (QoL). The objective of this study was to analyze influence of surgery on these patients' QoL.

The pivotal role of endovascular repair in treating octogenarians suffering from abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Definitely not goal-directed fluid therapy in major elective rectal surgery.

Intrmedullary versus Extramedullary fixation of Lateral Malleolus Fractures.

Intramedullary nails (IM nails) now include dedicated fibular nails for lateral malleolus fractures. This study reviewed nail versus plate for fixation of unstable ankle fractures.

Current status of islet xenotransplantation.

Cell therapy for Type 1 diabetes (T1D) utilizing islet cell transplantation can successfully restore endogenous insulin production in affected patients. Islet cell engraftment and survival are conditional on the use of efficacious anti-rejection therapies and on the availability of healthy donor cells. The scarcity of healthy human donor pancreata is a limiting factor in providing sufficient tissue to meet the demand for islet transplantation worldwide. A potential alternative to the use of cadaveric human ...

Risk Factors for the Development of Metachronous Bone Metastasis in Colorectal Cancer Patients after Curative Resection.

Metachronous bone metastasis (MBM) occurs in 6-10% of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients following surgical treatment. The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors affecting the development of MBM in CRC patients following curative resection.

A prospective comparative study of clinical and functional outcomes between anatomic double bundle and single bundle hamstring grafts for arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Despite a number of studies comparing postoperative stability and function after anatomic single bundle and double bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, it remains unclear whether double bundle reconstruction has better functional outcome than single bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Breast cancer subtypes can be determinant in the decision making process to avoid surgical axillary staging: A retrospective cohort study.

The need for performing axillary lymph-node dissection in early breast cancer when the sentinel lymph node (SLN) is positive has been questioned in recent years. The purpose of this study was to identify a low-risk subgroup of early breast cancer patients in whom surgical axillary staging could be avoided, and to assess the probability of having a positive lymph-node (LN).

Imageless navigation versus traditional method in total hip arthroplasty: a meta-analysis.

Accuracy of acetabular component orientation is improved with computer navigation in THA. In recent years, imageless navigation has become more common place, whereas there still exist different arguments about this technique.