Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.
TNM staging and histological grading of rectal cancer has undergone no or minimal changes during the past 20 years despite their major impact on planning, reporting and outcome of the disease. The addition of category 'F' to the 'TNM' staging of colorectal cancer, which becomes TNMF will accommodate the expanding list of risk factors that may affect the management and thus avoid squeezing them into the TNM categories.
The incidence of symptomatic biliary disease during pregnancy ranges from 0.05 to 8%. Cholecystectomy is one of the common operations performed during pregnancy and laparoscopic approach has gained popularity as an attractive alternative to open surgery.
Different genetic variants in the SLCO1B1 gene have been shown to have functional importance in individual variability in pravastatin pharmacokinetics, resulting in different inflammatory responses to surgical inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study was to determine IL-6 and IL-10 serum concentrations in the presence and absence of the SLCO1B1*1 and SLCO1B1*5 polymorphisms in patients under pravastatin treatment that underwent inguinal hernia repair.
Transaxillary robotic surgery (TARS) was pioneered in South Korea where cultural factors, anthropometry and remuneration favour this approach. Moreover, small thyroid nodules account for the majority of cases due to a national thyroid cancer screening programme. The technique has not been evaluated in the United Kingdom where larger thyroid nodules tend to undergo surgery in a patient population with a significantly higher body mass index (BMI).
Post-operative antimicrobial treatment is usually administered to prevent a post-operative intraabdominal abscess (IAA) after laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). The aim of this study was to identify the role of post-operative antibiotic treatment and the optimal length for the antibiotic course to prevent post-operative IAA after LA.
Major surgery is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). This study examines associations between elective parathyroid surgery and post-operative renal impairment.
The epidemic in obesity has led to an increase in number of so called bariatric procedures. Doctors are less comfortable managing an obese patient after bariatric surgery. Peri-operative mortality is less than 1%. The specific feature in the obese patient is that the classical signs of peritoneal irritation are never present as there is no abdominal wall and therefore no guarding or rigidity. Simple post-operative tachycardia in obese patients should be taken seriously as it is a WARNING SIGNAL. The most co...
Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) removal is required in cases of slippage, erosion, infection, intolerance, or failure in weight loss. The aim of the study was to follow up the patients who underwent band removal and analyze the outcome of subsequent revisional bariatric procedures.
The study purpose was to investigate the ability of Emergency Department CT scan to predict the need for operative intervention in patients hospitalized for small bowel obstruction (SBO) likely secondary to adhesions (ASBO) and initially managed nonoperatively.
Whether creation of omental pedicle flap (OPF) to reinforce bowel anastomosis can reduce septic outcomes remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of this technique on anastomotic leak and septic complications after rectal cancer surgery.
Adequate lymph node retrieval is important in colorectal cancer staging for the selection of patients that necessitate adjuvant treatments. The minimum number of 12 lymph nodes is one of the premises and is dependent, among the other factors, from the length of bowel resected. We have reviewed our specimens to identify the high-risk operations for inadequate nodal sampling and estimate the minimum length of bowel needed to resect to achieve this purpose.
Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) of the femoral head is a clinical disease due to a severe bone vascular alteration associated with intense pain and loss of joint function, with an incidence of 0.1% and unknown aetiology. Many classifications exist to describe it and in the final stages the patient will need a total hip arthroplasty. In the early stages, ESWT has given excellent responses. The Neapolitan school studied more than 600 patients who had very good results in I and II stages of Ficat and Arle...
Acute appendicitis (AA) has a prevalence of 8% in the general population with a rate of complicated (perforated) appendicitis (CA) up to 40%. Serum fibrinogen may serve as an indicator for CA.
Total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation (TPTX+AT) and subtotal parathyroidectomy (SPTX) are considered standard surgical treatments for refractory renal hyperparathyroidism. However, there is little data available comparing their outcomes in an area with poor access to renal transplant and calcimimetics.
⁃Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a form of "mechanotherapy", that, from its original applications as urological lithotripsy, gained the field of musculo-skeletal diseases as Orthotripsy (mainly tendinopaties and bone regenerative disorders) and Regenerative Medicine as well. ⁃The mechanisms of action of Shock Waves (SW), when applied in non-urological indications, are not related to the direct mechanical effect, but to the different pathways of biological reactions, that derive from that aco...
Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common acute presenting complaint to hospital. Unlike upper gastrointestinal bleeding, the diagnostic and therapeutic approach is not well-standardised. Intensive monitoring and urgent interventions are essential for patients with severe LGIB. The aim of this study is to investigate factors that predict severe LGIB and develop a clinical predictor tool to accurately triage LGIB in the emergency department of a busy metropolitan teaching hospital.
Blepharoptosis correction with minimal eyelid scarring is a desirable outcome. The aim of this study was to describe in detail our method of blepharoptosis correction transconjunctivally using buried suture method and to demonstrate its effectiveness.
Strong evidence supports the use of neoadjuvant radiotherapy in rectal cancer to improve local control. This randomised controlled trial aimed to determine the effect of clinical and non-clinical factors on decision making by colorectal surgeons in patients with rectal cancer.
To evaluate the interaction between extent of lymph node dissection (LND) and overall survival (OS) in patients with various histologic types of uterine cancer.
Xenotransplantation attracted interest from regulatory authorities, particularly after the demonstration of pig-to-human transmission of porcine endogenous retrovirus (1996). This added to the risk of a product, resulting in a Guidance of the US Food and Drug Administration (2003). This addresses the full flow chart in product manufacturing, starting with the designated pathogen-free status of the source animal; and special aspects regarding the recipient like informed consent and monitoring for infectious ...
Longitudinal changes in bone and body composition occurring in obese men after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has been evaluated.
we propose long-term -ostomy rate following laparoscopic rectal cancer resection must be included as an overall quality indicator of treatment in conjunction with frequently reported and readily available end points.
To establish whether pre-operative investigations are able to predict cerebral tolerance to carotid cross clamping during carotid endarterectomy (CEA).