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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
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The effects of preoperative oral antibiotic use on the development of surgical site infection after elective colorectal resections: A retrospective cohort analysis in consecutively operated 90 patients.
The influence of oral antibiotic use together with mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on surgical site infection (SSI) rate, length of hospital stay and total hospital costs in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were evaluated in this study.
The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate clinical and pathologic characteristics of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in patients ≥75 years and to analyze results of surgical treatment in this age group.
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is usually associated with postoperative pain. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of femoral nerve block compared with intrathecal morphine for pain management after TKA.
Immunological knowledge on processed biological implants and mesh-prostheses is still mainly based on animal models, lacking information on the species-specific human immune response. We hypothesized that in contrast to human tissue even decellularized xenogenic specimens would lead to significant and tissue source dependent human immune reactions.
Right hepatectomy via the anterior approach without prior liver mobilization is an accepted technique and the liver hanging maneuver facilitates this procedure. Hepatic parenchymal transection remains a critical part of this operation during which excessive blood loss can occur. Control of blood loss is important in hepatectomy as excessive bleeding and blood transfusion are associated with increased postoperative morbidity/mortality rates and compromised long-term oncological outcomes in these patients.
Efficacy and safety of topical application of a fibrin sealant (FS) compared with intravenous administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. We undertook a meta-analysis to compare the effects of topical application of FS or intravenous administration of TXA on blood loss after TKA.
Thyroid disease is common in elderly population. The incidence of hypothyroidism and multinodular goiter increases with age. Surgery in elderly patients has been considered to be more hazardous than in a youthful population. Besides the traditional surgical hemostatic techniques, different hemostatic approaches, which further minimize the risk of bleeding and complications during thyroidectomy, have become available. Aim of this study was to review and compare the outcomes of total thyroidectomy (TT) in eld...
Metastatic para aortic lymph nodes (PALN) in patients with peri ampullary cancer entail poor prognosis. Role of curative surgery in these patients remains debatable. The objective of the current study was to evaluate outcome after extended pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with and without positive PALN.
One in eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. Reconstruction is routinely offered to patients and can be autologous and/or implant based. One area of growing interest in autologous fat grafting (AFG). Our group recently published a systematic review and meta-analysis of this topic which showed 51 different outcomes were being utilized in the published literature, with substantial heterogeneity in their definitions.
There is continuing controversy over the significance of prognostic factors in sporadic desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF). Further, only limited data is available in the literature concerning second recurrence in patients with recurrent DF. The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic factors influencing recurrencefree survival (RFS) and to determine rates of local recurrence (LR) in patients with primary and recurrent DF.
Although most partial nephrectomies are performed as primary procedures in the elective or semi-imperative setting on kidneys with relatively normal anatomy, this is not always the case. The indications for partial nephrectomy continue to expand and it is becoming particularly relevant in patients with single functioning kidneys, poor kidney function, anatomical anomalies and hereditary syndromes predisposing to multiple kidney cancers, such as Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. These, along with previous abdomina...
Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with substantial blood loss. Tranexamic acid (TXA) could reduce perioperative blood loss. The optimal administration routine of TXA remains controversial. The objective of the present systemic review and meta-analysis was to compare the effectiveness and safety of various application methods of tranexamic acid in primary THA.
Clinical diagnosis is accurate in only 80% of patients with suspected appendicitis with negative appendectomy rates of up to 21%. In the UK the use of standard-dose CT (SDCT) is conservative due to concerns over radiation exposure and resource implications. The use of low dose computer tomography (LDCT) instead of standard dose computer tomography (SDCT) may partially address these concerns.
Skeletal muscle depletion predicts poor prognosis of patients with certain cancers. However, the correlation between low skeletal muscle index (SMI) and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well understood.
Portal vein system thrombosis (PVST) is an alarming and potentially life-threatening complication of laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection (LSD). The objective of this study was to investigate negative and positive predictors of PVST after LSD in patients receiving anticoagulant regimens with aspirin or warfarin.
Robot-assisted surgery operations are being performed more frequently in the world these years. In order to have a macroscopic view of publication activities about robotic surgery, the first bibliometric analysis was conducted to investigate the publication distributions of robotic surgery.
HCV recurrence after liver transplant is nearly universal and results in progressive fibrosis, cirrhosis, graft loss, retransplantation and mortality. There are very few studies comparing impact of pretransplant HCC therapies either as a bridge to transplant or to downstage like TACE, hepatectomy, RFA, PEI on HCV recurrence post transplant. Primary aim of the study was studying prognostic factors associated with HCV recurrence including pre transplant HCC therapies.
Minimal access valve surgery, both mitral and aortic, may be related to improvement in specific post-operative outcomes, therefore may be beneficial for the subgroup of the elderly referred for valve surgery.
In order to evaluate the usefulness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with cisplatin and taxol (PT) follow radical surgery for stage II cervical squamous cell carcinoma with a bulky mass.
The preperitoneal mesh position seems preferable to reduce the number of patients with postoperative chronic pain after inguinal hernia surgery. The transrectus sheath preperitoneal mesh repair (TREPP) is gaining popularity. Teaching a new technique requires a standardized approach to achieve an optimal learning curve. The aim of this paper was to provide a step-by-step teaching module for hernia surgeons learning the TREPP.
The outcomes of surgery are subject to variability and difficult to be accurately predicted. Different score systems have been developed to estimating the risk of undergoing a surgical procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive ability of POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems, compared to the Surgical Risk Scale (SRS), in Spanish patients undergoing general surgery.
Percutaneous vertebral augmentation (Percutaneous vertebroplasty, PVP and Percutaeous kyphoplasty, PKP) for the treatment of metastatic spinal lesions has been considered as a preferred alternative to relieve pain and rebuild spinal stabilization relying on minimally invasive procedure. However, there have been few reports on clinical outcomes of percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteolytic and osteoblastic metastatic vertebral fracture. We report our experience for 81 kyphoplasty procedures perf...
Bibliometric analysis highlights the key topics and publications which have shaped the understanding and management of Gastric cancer. Here the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of gastric cancer (GC) are analyzed.