PubMed Journal Database | International journal of surgery (London, England) RSS

13:52 EDT 29th July 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 309 from International journal of surgery (London, England)

The effects of preoperative oral antibiotic use on the development of surgical site infection after elective colorectal resections: A retrospective cohort analysis in consecutively operated 90 patients.

The influence of oral antibiotic use together with mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on surgical site infection (SSI) rate, length of hospital stay and total hospital costs in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were evaluated in this study.

Differentiated thyroid cancer in patients ≥75 years: Histopathological features and results of surgical treatment.

The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate clinical and pathologic characteristics of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in patients ≥75 years and to analyze results of surgical treatment in this age group.

Intrathecal morphine verse femoral nerve block for pain control in total knee arthroplasty: A meta-analysis from randomized control trials.

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is usually associated with postoperative pain. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of femoral nerve block compared with intrathecal morphine for pain management after TKA.

Human immune-cell response towards diverse xenogeneic and allogeneic decellularized biomaterials.

Immunological knowledge on processed biological implants and mesh-prostheses is still mainly based on animal models, lacking information on the species-specific human immune response. We hypothesized that in contrast to human tissue even decellularized xenogenic specimens would lead to significant and tissue source dependent human immune reactions.

Anterior Approach for Right Hepatectomy Using the 5-steps Stapling Technique: A Preliminary Study.

Right hepatectomy via the anterior approach without prior liver mobilization is an accepted technique and the liver hanging maneuver facilitates this procedure. Hepatic parenchymal transection remains a critical part of this operation during which excessive blood loss can occur. Control of blood loss is important in hepatectomy as excessive bleeding and blood transfusion are associated with increased postoperative morbidity/mortality rates and compromised long-term oncological outcomes in these patients.

Topical fibrin sealant versus intravenous tranexamic acid for reducing blood loss following total knee arthroplasty: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Efficacy and safety of topical application of a fibrin sealant (FS) compared with intravenous administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. We undertook a meta-analysis to compare the effects of topical application of FS or intravenous administration of TXA on blood loss after TKA.

"Parathyroid surgery can be safely performed in a community hospital by experienced parathyroid surgeons: A retrospective cohort study".

Outcomes of sutureless total thyroidectomy in elderly.

Thyroid disease is common in elderly population. The incidence of hypothyroidism and multinodular goiter increases with age. Surgery in elderly patients has been considered to be more hazardous than in a youthful population. Besides the traditional surgical hemostatic techniques, different hemostatic approaches, which further minimize the risk of bleeding and complications during thyroidectomy, have become available. Aim of this study was to review and compare the outcomes of total thyroidectomy (TT) in eld...

Editor's perspectives - June 2016.

Para aortic lymphadenectomy in patients with peri-ampullary cancer: Is there any survival advantage?

Metastatic para aortic lymph nodes (PALN) in patients with peri ampullary cancer entail poor prognosis. Role of curative surgery in these patients remains debatable. The objective of the current study was to evaluate outcome after extended pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in patients with and without positive PALN.

Protocol for the Development of a Core Outcome Set for Autologous Fat Grafting to the Breast.

One in eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime. Reconstruction is routinely offered to patients and can be autologous and/or implant based. One area of growing interest in autologous fat grafting (AFG). Our group recently published a systematic review and meta-analysis of this topic which showed 51 different outcomes were being utilized in the published literature, with substantial heterogeneity in their definitions.

Primary and recurrent sporadic desmoids: Prognostic factors influencing recurrence-free survival after complete gross resection.

There is continuing controversy over the significance of prognostic factors in sporadic desmoid-type fibromatosis (DF). Further, only limited data is available in the literature concerning second recurrence in patients with recurrent DF. The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic factors influencing recurrencefree survival (RFS) and to determine rates of local recurrence (LR) in patients with primary and recurrent DF.

Challenging situations in partial nephrectomy.

Although most partial nephrectomies are performed as primary procedures in the elective or semi-imperative setting on kidneys with relatively normal anatomy, this is not always the case. The indications for partial nephrectomy continue to expand and it is becoming particularly relevant in patients with single functioning kidneys, poor kidney function, anatomical anomalies and hereditary syndromes predisposing to multiple kidney cancers, such as Von Hippel-Lindau syndrome. These, along with previous abdomina...

Comparison of intravenous and topical tranexamic acid in primary total hip replacement: A systemic review and meta-analysis.

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is associated with substantial blood loss. Tranexamic acid (TXA) could reduce perioperative blood loss. The optimal administration routine of TXA remains controversial. The objective of the present systemic review and meta-analysis was to compare the effectiveness and safety of various application methods of tranexamic acid in primary THA.

Low vs. Standard Dose Computed Tomography in Suspected Acute Appendicitis: Is it Time for a Change?

Clinical diagnosis is accurate in only 80% of patients with suspected appendicitis with negative appendectomy rates of up to 21%. In the UK the use of standard-dose CT (SDCT) is conservative due to concerns over radiation exposure and resource implications. The use of low dose computer tomography (LDCT) instead of standard dose computer tomography (SDCT) may partially address these concerns.

Adverse impact of low skeletal muscle index on the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatic resection.

Skeletal muscle depletion predicts poor prognosis of patients with certain cancers. However, the correlation between low skeletal muscle index (SMI) and the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not well understood.

Negative and positive predictors of portal vein system thrombosis after laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection: a 3-month follow-up.

Portal vein system thrombosis (PVST) is an alarming and potentially life-threatening complication of laparoscopic splenectomy and azygoportal disconnection (LSD). The objective of this study was to investigate negative and positive predictors of PVST after LSD in patients receiving anticoagulant regimens with aspirin or warfarin.

Global scientific production of robot surgery in medicine: a 20-year survey of research activities.

Robot-assisted surgery operations are being performed more frequently in the world these years. In order to have a macroscopic view of publication activities about robotic surgery, the first bibliometric analysis was conducted to investigate the publication distributions of robotic surgery.

Prior Trans-arterial chemoembolization- A protective factor against rapid HCV recurrence post liver transplant in patients with HCV with HCC??? - A retrospective analysis.

HCV recurrence after liver transplant is nearly universal and results in progressive fibrosis, cirrhosis, graft loss, retransplantation and mortality. There are very few studies comparing impact of pretransplant HCC therapies either as a bridge to transplant or to downstage like TACE, hepatectomy, RFA, PEI on HCV recurrence post transplant. Primary aim of the study was studying prognostic factors associated with HCV recurrence including pre transplant HCC therapies.

The role of minimal access valve surgery in the elderly. A meta-analysis of observational studies.

Minimal access valve surgery, both mitral and aortic, may be related to improvement in specific post-operative outcomes, therefore may be beneficial for the subgroup of the elderly referred for valve surgery.

Efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus radical surgery in patients with bulky stage II cervical squamous cell carcinoma: a retrospective study in china single medical center.

In order to evaluate the usefulness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) with cisplatin and taxol (PT) follow radical surgery for stage II cervical squamous cell carcinoma with a bulky mass.

Teaching the TransREctus sheath PrePeritoneal mesh repair: TREPP in 9 steps.

The preperitoneal mesh position seems preferable to reduce the number of patients with postoperative chronic pain after inguinal hernia surgery. The transrectus sheath preperitoneal mesh repair (TREPP) is gaining popularity. Teaching a new technique requires a standardized approach to achieve an optimal learning curve. The aim of this paper was to provide a step-by-step teaching module for hernia surgeons learning the TREPP.

Comparing the risk prediction systems POSSUM and P-POSSUM with the Surgical Risk Scale in a cohort of general surgery patients.

The outcomes of surgery are subject to variability and difficult to be accurately predicted. Different score systems have been developed to estimating the risk of undergoing a surgical procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive ability of POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems, compared to the Surgical Risk Scale (SRS), in Spanish patients undergoing general surgery.

Clinical evaluation of percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteolytic and osteoblastic metastatic vertebral lesions.

Percutaneous vertebral augmentation (Percutaneous vertebroplasty, PVP and Percutaeous kyphoplasty, PKP) for the treatment of metastatic spinal lesions has been considered as a preferred alternative to relieve pain and rebuild spinal stabilization relying on minimally invasive procedure. However, there have been few reports on clinical outcomes of percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteolytic and osteoblastic metastatic vertebral fracture. We report our experience for 81 kyphoplasty procedures perf...

The 100 Most Influential Manuscripts in Gastric Cancer: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Bibliometric analysis highlights the key topics and publications which have shaped the understanding and management of Gastric cancer. Here the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of gastric cancer (GC) are analyzed.

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