PubMed Journal Database | International journal of surgery (London, England) RSS

09:41 EDT 1st May 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 287 from International journal of surgery (London, England)

Comparing the risk prediction systems POSSUM and P-POSSUM with the Surgical Risk Scale in a cohort of general surgery patients.

The outcomes of surgery are subject to variability and difficult to be accurately predicted. Different score systems have been developed to estimating the risk of undergoing a surgical procedure. The aim of this study was to assess the predictive ability of POSSUM and P-POSSUM scoring systems, compared to the Surgical Risk Scale (SRS), in Spanish patients undergoing general surgery.

Clinical evaluation of percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteolytic and osteoblastic metastatic vertebral lesions.

Percutaneous vertebral augmentation (Percutaneous vertebroplasty, PVP and Percutaeous kyphoplasty, PKP) for the treatment of metastatic spinal lesions has been considered as a preferred alternative to relieve pain and rebuild spinal stabilization relying on minimally invasive procedure. However, there have been few reports on clinical outcomes of percutaneous kyphoplasty in the treatment of osteolytic and osteoblastic metastatic vertebral fracture. We report our experience for 81 kyphoplasty procedures perf...

The 100 Most Influential Manuscripts in Gastric Cancer: A Bibliometric Analysis.

Bibliometric analysis highlights the key topics and publications which have shaped the understanding and management of Gastric cancer. Here the 100 most cited manuscripts in the field of gastric cancer (GC) are analyzed.

TNMF Versus TNM in staging of colorectal cancer.

TNM staging and histological grading of rectal cancer has undergone no or minimal changes during the past 20 years despite their major impact on planning, reporting and outcome of the disease. The addition of category 'F' to the 'TNM' staging of colorectal cancer, which becomes TNMF will accommodate the expanding list of risk factors that may affect the management and thus avoid squeezing them into the TNM categories.

Laparoscopic cholecystectomy during pregnancy: A systematic review.

The incidence of symptomatic biliary disease during pregnancy ranges from 0.05 to 8%. Cholecystectomy is one of the common operations performed during pregnancy and laparoscopic approach has gained popularity as an attractive alternative to open surgery.

Effects of the SLCO1B1 *1 and SLCO1B1 *5 polymorphisms on IL-6 and IL-10 levels in patients under pravastatin treatment prior to inguinal hernia repair.

Different genetic variants in the SLCO1B1 gene have been shown to have functional importance in individual variability in pravastatin pharmacokinetics, resulting in different inflammatory responses to surgical inguinal hernia repair. The aim of this study was to determine IL-6 and IL-10 serum concentrations in the presence and absence of the SLCO1B1*1 and SLCO1B1*5 polymorphisms in patients under pravastatin treatment that underwent inguinal hernia repair.

Comparing transaxillary robotic surgery (TARS) with open thyroidectomy in a Western population: A case control study.

Transaxillary robotic surgery (TARS) was pioneered in South Korea where cultural factors, anthropometry and remuneration favour this approach. Moreover, small thyroid nodules account for the majority of cases due to a national thyroid cancer screening programme. The technique has not been evaluated in the United Kingdom where larger thyroid nodules tend to undergo surgery in a patient population with a significantly higher body mass index (BMI).

Antimicrobial treatment after laparoscopic appendectomy for preventing a post-operative intraabdominal abscess: Observational study.

Post-operative antimicrobial treatment is usually administered to prevent a post-operative intraabdominal abscess (IAA) after laparoscopic appendectomy (LA). The aim of this study was to identify the role of post-operative antibiotic treatment and the optimal length for the antibiotic course to prevent post-operative IAA after LA.

Does elective parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism affect renal function? A prospective study.

Major surgery is associated with acute kidney injury (AKI). This study examines associations between elective parathyroid surgery and post-operative renal impairment.

Complications of Bariatric Surgery: Presentation and Emergency Management.

The epidemic in obesity has led to an increase in number of so called bariatric procedures. Doctors are less comfortable managing an obese patient after bariatric surgery. Peri-operative mortality is less than 1%. The specific feature in the obese patient is that the classical signs of peritoneal irritation are never present as there is no abdominal wall and therefore no guarding or rigidity. Simple post-operative tachycardia in obese patients should be taken seriously as it is a WARNING SIGNAL. The most co...

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band removal: single center experience. Cohort study.

Laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) removal is required in cases of slippage, erosion, infection, intolerance, or failure in weight loss. The aim of the study was to follow up the patients who underwent band removal and analyze the outcome of subsequent revisional bariatric procedures.

CT scan findings do not predict outcome of nonoperative management in small bowel obstruction.

The study purpose was to investigate the ability of Emergency Department CT scan to predict the need for operative intervention in patients hospitalized for small bowel obstruction (SBO) likely secondary to adhesions (ASBO) and initially managed nonoperatively.

Does omental pedicle flap reduce anastomotic leak and septic complications after rectal cancer surgery?

Whether creation of omental pedicle flap (OPF) to reinforce bowel anastomosis can reduce septic outcomes remains controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of this technique on anastomotic leak and septic complications after rectal cancer surgery.

Lymph node retrieval for colorectal cancer: Estimation of the minimum resection length to achieve at least 12 lymph nodes for the pathological analysis.

Adequate lymph node retrieval is important in colorectal cancer staging for the selection of patients that necessitate adjuvant treatments. The minimum number of 12 lymph nodes is one of the premises and is dependent, among the other factors, from the length of bowel resected. We have reviewed our specimens to identify the high-risk operations for inadequate nodal sampling and estimate the minimum length of bowel needed to resect to achieve this purpose.

Editor's perspectives - December 2015.

Italian experience on use of E.S.W. therapy for avascular necrosis of femoral head.

Osteonecrosis (avascular necrosis) of the femoral head is a clinical disease due to a severe bone vascular alteration associated with intense pain and loss of joint function, with an incidence of 0.1% and unknown aetiology. Many classifications exist to describe it and in the final stages the patient will need a total hip arthroplasty. In the early stages, ESWT has given excellent responses.
The Neapolitan school studied more than 600 patients who had very good results in I and II stages of Ficat and Arle...

Diagnostic value of serum fibrinogen as a predictive factor for complicated appendicitis (perforated). A cross-sectional study.

Acute appendicitis (AA) has a prevalence of 8% in the general population with a rate of complicated (perforated) appendicitis (CA) up to 40%. Serum fibrinogen may serve as an indicator for CA.

Outcomes of Parathyroidectomy in Renal Hyperparathyroidism in Patients with No Access to Renal Transplantation in Singapore.

Total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation (TPTX+AT) and subtotal parathyroidectomy (SPTX) are considered standard surgical treatments for refractory renal hyperparathyroidism. However, there is little data available comparing their outcomes in an area with poor access to renal transplant and calcimimetics.

Shockwave as Biological Therapeutic Tool: from mechanical stimulation to recovery and healing, through Mechanotransduction.

⁃Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) is a form of "mechanotherapy", that, from its original applications as urological lithotripsy, gained the field of musculo-skeletal diseases as Orthotripsy (mainly tendinopaties and bone regenerative disorders) and Regenerative Medicine as well. ⁃The mechanisms of action of Shock Waves (SW), when applied in non-urological indications, are not related to the direct mechanical effect, but to the different pathways of biological reactions, that derive from that aco...

The value of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of appendicitis: a pediatric surgeon's perspective.

Accurate triage of lower gastrointestinal bleed (LGIB)- Cohort Study.

Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB) is a common acute presenting complaint to hospital. Unlike upper gastrointestinal bleeding, the diagnostic and therapeutic approach is not well-standardised. Intensive monitoring and urgent interventions are essential for patients with severe LGIB. The aim of this study is to investigate factors that predict severe LGIB and develop a clinical predictor tool to accurately triage LGIB in the emergency department of a busy metropolitan teaching hospital.

Blepharoptosis correction transconjunctivally using buried suture method: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Blepharoptosis correction with minimal eyelid scarring is a desirable outcome. The aim of this study was to describe in detail our method of blepharoptosis correction transconjunctivally using buried suture method and to demonstrate its effectiveness.

Understanding surgeon decision making in the use of radiotherapy as neoadjuvant treatment in rectal cancer.

Strong evidence supports the use of neoadjuvant radiotherapy in rectal cancer to improve local control. This randomised controlled trial aimed to determine the effect of clinical and non-clinical factors on decision making by colorectal surgeons in patients with rectal cancer.

Extent of lymph node dissection and overall survival in patients with uterine carcinosarcoma, papillary serous and endometrioid adenocarcinoma: A retrospective cohort study.

To evaluate the interaction between extent of lymph node dissection (LND) and overall survival (OS) in patients with various histologic types of uterine cancer.

Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Xenotransplantation.

Xenotransplantation attracted interest from regulatory authorities, particularly after the demonstration of pig-to-human transmission of porcine endogenous retrovirus (1996). This added to the risk of a product, resulting in a Guidance of the US Food and Drug Administration (2003). This addresses the full flow chart in product manufacturing, starting with the designated pathogen-free status of the source animal; and special aspects regarding the recipient like informed consent and monitoring for infectious ...

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