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Considerable controversy exists regarding the efficacy of ondansetron in preventing postanesthesia shivering (PAS). We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to examine the controversy.
To compare the effectiveness between anterior corpectomy (CORP) and posterior laminoplasty (LAMP) for the treatment of multilevel cervical myelopathy.
Although angioembolization increases the success rate of non-operative management in patients with blunt splenic injuries (BSI), the issue of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) due to serial administration of contrast medium remains unclear. We aimed to examine the risk factors of CIN and their clinical effect on mortality in patients with BSI.
Case reports have been a long held tradition within the surgical literature. Reporting guidelines can improve transparency and reporting quality. However, recent consensus-based guidelines for case reports (CARE) are not surgically focused. Our objective was to develop surgical case report guidelines.
Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) represents the gold standard in patients with acute abdomen syndrome and suspected bowel ischemia. It provides a correct diagnosis and contributes to appropriate treatment planning. This study aims to evaluate the role of 3D Tissue Transition Projection (TTP) transparent wall CT reconstruction for detecting the degree of bowel dilatation and to correlate this finding with the aetiology and prognosis in patients affected by mesenteric infarction.
Controversy exists regarding the role of laparoscopy in the evaluation of patients with penetrating abdominal trauma (PAT). Our objective was to perform a comprehensive review of the literature and conduct a meta-analysis to compare outcomes of laparoscopy and laparotomy in PAT.
In traditional opinion, history of abdominal surgery was the relative contraindication for Laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) with high rate of conversion to Open gastrectomy (OG).Use of LG for treatment of remnant gastric cancer (RGC) has been documented in some case studies and controlled clinical trials. However, whether LG is superior, equal or inferior to OG in these patients is not clear.
Iatrogenic bile duct injury (BDI) is the most significant associated complication to laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Little is known about the evolution of the pattern of BDI in the era of laparoscopy. The aim of the study is to assess the pattern of post-LC BDIs managed in a tertiary referral centre.
The role of laparoscopic surgery in the repair for peptic ulcer disease is unclear. The present study aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic versus open repair for peptic ulcer disease.
Although morbidity is reduced when sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy is performed with dual isotopic and blue dye identification, the effectiveness of adding blue dye to radioisotope remains debated because side effects including anaphylactic reactions.
The Anterior Perineal PlanE for Ultra-low Anterior Resection of the Rectum (APPEAR) technique utilises a perineal incision to facilitate resection of the distal rectum. The aim of this study was to review use of the APPEAR technique, assessing patient selection, indications, complications and outcomes, both oncological and functional.
Partial nephrectomy is the standard treatment for small renal masses. Currently, it is commonly performed using minimally invasive approaches, including laparoscopic and robot-assisted techniques. The aim of the present review is to report the surgical technique of robot-assisted partial nephrectomy in full detail as well as available literature results.
Diverticular hemorrhage may be massive or recurrent, requiring surgical management. The aim of our study is to define risk factors that predict rebleeding or need for urgent operation in patients with diverticular hemorrhage.
Cryoablation (CA) has been broadly used mostly in the treatment of small renal masses (SRMs). The present review aims to define the current role of CA in the treatment of SRMs by assessing clinical indications and outcomes.
Although uncommon, the incidence of splenic injury from colonoscopy has been increasing significantly since first being reported in 1974. Early recognition is critical because mortality may be as high as 5%.
Laparoscopic resection (LR) is increasingly performed for gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). The aim of this study is to investigate the short-term outcomes and therapeutic effects of LR compared to open resection (OR) of gastric GISTs.
Low-grade gliomas are infrequent lesions requiring special emphasis because of their relatively long follow-up time, and therefore the need for patients' well-being. Surgery provides not only increased survival but also improved quality of life for these patients. The purpose of this study was to present surgical series of frontal low-grade gliomas that were operated in our clinic and to discuss their epileptic and functional outcomes.
This study aimed to compare mortality rates and functional results of transtibial and transfemoral amputations in elderly patients with diabetes.
The effects of preoperative oral antibiotic use on the development of surgical site infection after elective colorectal resections: A retrospective cohort analysis in consecutively operated 90 patients.
The influence of oral antibiotic use together with mechanical bowel preparation (MBP) on surgical site infection (SSI) rate, length of hospital stay and total hospital costs in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery were evaluated in this study.
The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate clinical and pathologic characteristics of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) in patients ≥75 years and to analyze results of surgical treatment in this age group.
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is usually associated with postoperative pain. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of femoral nerve block compared with intrathecal morphine for pain management after TKA.
Immunological knowledge on processed biological implants and mesh-prostheses is still mainly based on animal models, lacking information on the species-specific human immune response. We hypothesized that in contrast to human tissue even decellularized xenogenic specimens would lead to significant and tissue source dependent human immune reactions.
Right hepatectomy via the anterior approach without prior liver mobilization is an accepted technique and the liver hanging maneuver facilitates this procedure. Hepatic parenchymal transection remains a critical part of this operation during which excessive blood loss can occur. Control of blood loss is important in hepatectomy as excessive bleeding and blood transfusion are associated with increased postoperative morbidity/mortality rates and compromised long-term oncological outcomes in these patients.
Efficacy and safety of topical application of a fibrin sealant (FS) compared with intravenous administration of tranexamic acid (TXA) for reducing blood loss after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is controversial. We undertook a meta-analysis to compare the effects of topical application of FS or intravenous administration of TXA on blood loss after TKA.