PubMed Journal Database | International journal of surgery (London, England) RSS

21:33 EDT 3rd September 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 253 from International journal of surgery (London, England)

1324782

Current status of pig kidney xenotransplantation.

Significant progress in life-supporting kidney xenograft survival in nonhuman primates (NHPs) has been associated largely with the increasing availability of pigs with genetic modifications that protect the pig tissues from the primate immune response and/or correct molecular incompatibilities between pig and primate. Blockade of the CD40/CD154 costimulation pathway with anti-CD154 mAb therapy has contributed to prolongation of kidney xenograft survival, although this agent may not be clinically available. ...

1318672

Hepatectomy for liver metastases in non-colorectal, non-neuroendocrine cancer patients. The survival benefit in primary unresectable cases.

Although liver resection is widely accepted as a potentially curative treatment for colorectal liver metastases, there is an ongoing debate on the indications for hepatectomy for the treatment of liver metastases from non-colorectal primary tumors. The number of candidates for hepatectomy for non-colorectal liver metastases may increase due to advances in chemotherapy; however, the factors related to prognosis after hepatectomy for non-colorectal liver metastases have yet to be clearly elucidated.

1318671

Effect of Wound Infiltration with Ropivacaine or Bupivacaine Analgesia in Breast Cancer Surgery: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Although not completely painless, breast-conserving surgery is considerably less painful than modified radical mastectomy. Local anesthetics are speculated to reduce postoperative pain when placed at the surgical site. Thus, we conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy of bupivacaine or ropivacaine analgesia for pain relief in breast cancer surgery.

1318670

Large pore size and controlled mesh elongation are relevant predictors for mesh integration quality and low shrinkage - Systematic analysis of key parameters of meshes in a novel minipig hernia model.

Prosthetic mesh implants in hernia repair are frequently used based on that fact that lower recurrence rates are detected. However, an undesirable side effect is persistent foreign body reaction that drives adhesions and shrinkage among other things in the course of time. Thereby a variety of meshes have been created in an attempt to alleviate these side effects, and particular relating to shrinkage, the ideal mesh has not been developed. Large pore size is one of the properties to get better ingrowth of th...

1318669

Predicting success of single step hysteroscopic myomectomy: A single Centre LARGE cohort study of single myomas.

Submucous myomas represent one of the main indications of operative hysteroscopy. Hysteroscopic resection of submucous fibroids should be a simple, well-tolerated and effective procedure and ideally accomplished in in only one surgical step.

1314891

Editor's perspectives - August 2015.

1311976

Quality of life improvement in patients with Hashimoto thyroiditis and other goiters after surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study.

Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) and other benign goiters (BG) might influence patients' quality of life (QoL). The objective of this study was to analyze influence of surgery on these patients' QoL.

1311975

The pivotal role of endovascular repair in treating octogenarians suffering from abdominal aortic aneurysm.

1311974

Definitely not goal-directed fluid therapy in major elective rectal surgery.

1311973

Intrmedullary versus Extramedullary fixation of Lateral Malleolus Fractures.

Intramedullary nails (IM nails) now include dedicated fibular nails for lateral malleolus fractures. This study reviewed nail versus plate for fixation of unstable ankle fractures.

Friday 5th November 1311

Current status of islet xenotransplantation.

Cell therapy for Type 1 diabetes (T1D) utilizing islet cell transplantation can successfully restore endogenous insulin production in affected patients. Islet cell engraftment and survival are conditional on the use of efficacious anti-rejection therapies and on the availability of healthy donor cells. The scarcity of healthy human donor pancreata is a limiting factor in providing sufficient tissue to meet the demand for islet transplantation worldwide. A potential alternative to the use of cadaveric human ...

Thursday 4th November 1311

Risk Factors for the Development of Metachronous Bone Metastasis in Colorectal Cancer Patients after Curative Resection.

Metachronous bone metastasis (MBM) occurs in 6-10% of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients following surgical treatment. The aim of this study is to determine the risk factors affecting the development of MBM in CRC patients following curative resection.

Wednesday 3rd November 1311

A prospective comparative study of clinical and functional outcomes between anatomic double bundle and single bundle hamstring grafts for arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Despite a number of studies comparing postoperative stability and function after anatomic single bundle and double bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, it remains unclear whether double bundle reconstruction has better functional outcome than single bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

Tuesday 2nd November 1311

Breast cancer subtypes can be determinant in the decision making process to avoid surgical axillary staging: A retrospective cohort study.

The need for performing axillary lymph-node dissection in early breast cancer when the sentinel lymph node (SLN) is positive has been questioned in recent years. The purpose of this study was to identify a low-risk subgroup of early breast cancer patients in whom surgical axillary staging could be avoided, and to assess the probability of having a positive lymph-node (LN).

Monday 1st November 1311

Imageless navigation versus traditional method in total hip arthroplasty: a meta-analysis.

Accuracy of acetabular component orientation is improved with computer navigation in THA. In recent years, imageless navigation has become more common place, whereas there still exist different arguments about this technique.

Sunday 31st October 1311

Surgical Morbidity of Cervical Lymphadenectomy for Thyroid Cancer: A Retrospective Cohort Study over 25 years.

Prognosis of thyroid cancer is strictly related to loco-regional metastases. Cervical lymphadenectomy has a specific oncologic role but may lead to significant increase of morbidity. Aim of the study is the analysis of surgical morbidity in cervical lymphadenectomy for thyroid cancer.

Saturday 30th October 1311

Is postoperative cell salvage necessary in total hip or knee replacement? A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are hematological or clinical differences with the use of postoperative cell salvage after total knee (TKR) and hip replacement (THR).

1306536

Reply to: Diagnosing appendicitis with serum bilirubin level: Is there any problem?

1306467

Recent advances in genome editing and creation of genetically modified pigs.

The field of xenotransplantation is benefiting greatly from recent advances in genetic engineering. The efficiency and pace with which new model animals are being created has dramatically sped progress towards clinical relevance. Herein we review the available methods of genetic engineering that have been successfully employed to create genetically modified pigs.

1306466

Safety and feasibility of laparoscopic sigmoid colon and rectal cancer surgery in patients with previous vertical abdominal laparotomy.

Current study aims to analyze the impact of previous vertical laparotomy on safety and feasibility of laparoscopic sigmoid colon and rectal cancer operations.

1306465

Early implementation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS®) protocol - compliance improves outcomes: a prospective cohort study.

1306464

Current status of corneal xenotransplantation.

Corneal allo-transplantation is a well-established technique to treat corneal blindness. However, the limited availability of human donors demands the exploration of alternative treatments such as corneal xenotransplantation (e.g., pigs as donors) and bioengineered corneas. Since the first attempt of corneal xenotransplantation using a donor pig cornea in 1844, great advances have been made in the development of genetically-engineered pigs, effective immunosuppressive protocols and the establishment of guid...

1306463

Laparoscopic appendectomy: Which factors are predictors of conversion? A high-volume prospective cohort study.

Appendicitis represents one of the most frequent condition requiring surgery. In Italy almost 0.2% of the population will be affected by acute appendicitis every year. Laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) has gained acceptance over the past years and despite several meta-analyses, randomized studies and retrospective studies have been conducted, the indications and results are still conflicting especially in cases of complicated appendicitis. The aim of our study is to evaluate which factors are related to conver...

1305761

The "postcode lottery" for the surgical correction of gynaecomastia in NHS England.

Action On Plastic Surgery (AOPS) criteria for funding of gynaecomastia surgery are: the patient should be post-pubertal, have a BMI ≤ 25kg/m(2), endocrine and drug causes and breast cancer should be excluded and the patient should demonstrate psychological distress. We evaluated how NHS funding for gynaecomastia surgery varies between Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs) in England and whether there is a "postcode lottery".

1305760

Reconstruction using massive allografts after resection of extremity osteosarcomas the study design: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Allografts have been shown useful in the reconstruction of bone defects after tumor resection. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of using massive allografts to reconstruct bone defects after resection of extremity osteosarcomas.



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