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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of anesthesia RSS

08:46 EDT 23rd April 2014 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 481 from Journal of anesthesia


The effects of 2-chloroprocaine on coagulation and fibrinolysis in the parturient: an in vitro study.

Amide local anesthetics are known to inhibit coagulation. 2-chloroprocaine is the only ester agent used in obstetric anesthesia. It is used during obstetric emergencies, and also to supplement inadequate epidural block produced by amide local anesthetics. There is no study to date that has evaluated the effect of ester local anesthetics on blood coagulation and fibrinolysis in the parturient.


Comparison of cognitive, ambulatory, and psychomotor recovery profiles after day care anesthesia with propofol and sevoflurane.

We compared the recovery profile of propofol and sevoflurane when used for maintenance of anesthesia in elective day care operative procedures.


Anesthesia for aortic reconstruction in a child with PHACE syndrome.

PHACE syndrome is a neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by the association of large cutaneous hemangiomas and the cardiac and cerebral vascular anomalies. We report a 6-year-old female with PHACE syndrome presented with left facial hemangiomas, cystic lesion in the cerebral posterior fossa, coarctation of the aorta, aplasia of the left vertebral artery and stenosis of the left internal carotid artery. Surgical repair of the aorta with left heart bypass under beating heart was scheduled. We monitored regio...


The mu opioid receptor activation does not affect ischemia-induced agonal currents in rat spinal ventral horn.

Opioid-induced spastic paraplegia after transient spinal cord ischemia during aortic surgery has been reported. Opioids modulate neurotransmission through mu (μ) opioid receptors (MORs) in the spinal ventral horn. However, their effects during ischemic insult are not understood.


Are videolaryngoscopes useful for nasotracheal intubation?


Hemodynamic effects of topical lidocaine on the laryngoscope blade and trachea during endotracheal intubation: a prospective, double-blind, randomized study.

Minimizing hemodynamic changes during the peri-intubation period is a concern for anesthesiologists. We investigated the effect of lidocaine sprayed on the laryngoscope blade and trachea on hemodynamics during direct laryngoscopic intubation.


Evaluation of chest compression effect on airway management with air-Q(®), aura-i (®), i-gel (®), and Fastrack (®) intubating supraglottic devices by novice physicians: a randomized crossover simulation study.

In the 2010 American Heart Association guidelines, supraglottic devices (SGDs) such as the laryngeal mask are proposed as alternatives to tracheal intubation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Some SGDs can also serve as a means for tracheal intubation after successful ventilation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chest compression on airway management with four intubating SGDs, aura-i(®) (aura-i), air-Q(®) (air-Q), i-gel(®) (i-gel), and Fastrack(®) (Fastrack), during cardiopulmon...


Endotracheal intubation with Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA)™, C-Trach™, and Cobra PLA™ in simulated cervical spine injury patients: a comparative study.

The aim of our study was to evaluate the success rate of fiberoptic-guided endotracheal intubation through an Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA), a Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (Cobra PLA), and a C-Trach Laryngeal Mask Airway (C-Trach) in patients whose necks are stabilized in a hard cervical collar.


Impact of steroid medication before hospital admission on barotrauma in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care units.

To investigate the association between steroid medication before hospital admission and barotrauma in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).


Femoral neuropathy caused by hyperlordotic positioning.


Effects of adding epinephrine on the early systemic absorption kinetics of local anesthetics in abdominal truncal blocks.

We evaluated the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine following rectus sheath block (RSB) and transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with or without epinephrine. A total of 26 adult patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery with RSB (=RSB trial) and another 26 adult patients undergoing open prostatectomy with TAP block (=TAP trial) were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either a mixture of 0.75 % ropivacaine 13.2 mL with 1 % plain lidocaine 6.8 mL (TAP-E(-) and RSB-E(-) groups) or a mix...


Anesthetic management of Schimke syndrome.


Cerebral oximetry for cesarean delivery in a Moyamoya case.


Fatal pulmonary embolism following spinal surgery in a patient with permanent inferior vena cava filter placement.

It has been proven that the use of an inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) is effective in decreasing the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in high-risk spinal surgery patients. A case of fatal PE after spinal surgery in a 78-year-old woman who had a history of pulmonary hypertension due to peripheral PE treated with a permanent IVCF and anticoagulant therapy for 3 years is reported. The patient had experienced an episode of recurrent PE during the withdrawal of anticoagulants, but she had uneventfully unde...


Preventive effects of multisensory rehabilitation on development of cognitive dysfunction following systemic inflammation in aged rats.

Systemic inflammation can trigger transient or longer-lasting cognitive impairments, particularly in elderly patients. However, its pathogenesis has not been sufficiently clarified. In this study, we explored the potential effects of multisensory rehabilitation on cognitive dysfunction following systemic inflammation using an animal model. Aged male Wister rats were randomly injected intraperitoneally with either saline (control) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 5 mg/kg). After injection, both groups of rats we...


Effects of a simulation-based sedation training course on non-anesthesiologists' attitudes toward sedation and analgesia.

The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey of emergency or complication during sedation and change of attitude toward sedation by simulation-based sedation training course (SEDTC) hosted by the Japanese Association of Medical Simulation. We used a questionnaire survey to non-anesthesiologists who participated in the 1st to 13th SEDTCs from 2011 to 2012. Survey contents included emergencies or complications during sedation and impressions of the Sedation and Analgesia guidelines for non-anesthesia doc...


Incidence and predictors of difficult nasotracheal intubation with airway scope.

The airway scope (AWS) improves views of the larynx during orotracheal intubation. However, the role of the AWS in routine nasotracheal intubation has not been studied adequately.


The effects of stellate ganglion block on the electroencephalogram in rats.

It is reported that the sympathetic nervous system may play an important role in the arousal response. The present study evaluated the effect of stellate ganglion block (SGB) on electroencephalogram (EEG) activity in rats.


Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest for hemiarch replacement in a pediatric patient with moyamoya disease.

Moyamoya disease is a chronic cerebrovascular occlusive disease, occurring predominantly in young populations, that causes cerebral ischemia and hemorrhage. Patients with moyamoya disease are at high risk of neurological complications during cardiac surgery because of perioperative hemodynamic changes. However, there is no established evidence on temperature management during cardiopulmonary bypass. Previous reports described normothermia or mild to moderate hypothermia during cardiopulmonary bypass in pati...


Modified 45-degree head-up tilt increases success rate of lumbar puncture in patients undergoing spinal anesthesia.

Lumbar puncture (LP) is one of the most common procedures performed in medicine. The aim of this prospective study is to determine the success rate of LP in lateral decubitus with 45-degree head-up tilt position, and compare it with traditional positions like sitting and lateral decubitus.


Postsurgical coagulopathy in a hemophilia A patient with inhibitors: efficacy of recombinant factor VIIa.

Perioperative hemostatic management in patients with hemophilia A who develop the coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitor is challenging, because exogenous FVIII is neutralized, which boosts the inhibitor to provoke postoperative coagulopathy. Recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) has become available for this type of patient, although FVIII is sometimes required. We treated a 56-year-old male patient with hemophilia A with FVIII inhibitor scheduled for total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arth...


Comparison of nifekalant and amiodarone for resuscitation of out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest resulting from shock-resistant ventricular fibrillation.

Nifekalant is a pure potassium channel blocker that has been used to treat ventricular tachyarrhythmias since 1999 in Japan. Intravenous amiodarone was approved later than nifekalant in Japan, and it is still unclear which of the two agents is superior. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of nifekalant and amiodarone for resuscitation of out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest caused by shock-resistant ventricular fibrillation.


Modified ERAS protocol using preoperative oral rehydration therapy: outcomes and issues.


Effect of decreased fetal perfusion on placental clearance of volatile anesthetics in a dual perfused human placental cotyledon model.

Placental transfer of volatile anesthetics is a critical issue in managing fetal distress during cesarean section under general anesthesia. Using dual perfused human placental cotyledons obtained from parturients undergoing elective cesarean section (n = 5), we investigated the effect of decreased fetal perfusion on placental clearance of sevoflurane and isoflurane. Keeping the maternal flow rate fixed, fetal flow rate was consecutively decreased from 3 ml/min (control perfusion) to 2 ml/min (intermedia...


Pain research in Africa: a ten-year bibliometric survey.

Over the years, a trend for very low numbers of scientific publications from Africa has emerged. There has been no evaluation of pain research publications from this region. This study was conducted to determine the African pain research spectrum over the last 10 years, to identify trends in the number of publications from different countries, to identify currently underexplored areas of pain research, and to stimulate renewed interest in quality pain research in Nigeria and Africa.

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