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Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is a potent preconditioning stimulus that may confer subsequent protection to organs subjected to potentially lethal injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of RIPC on nuclear factor (NF)-κB activation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α release, and hepatic injury in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis.
We performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial to assess the efficacy and safety of a single, fixed, intravenous dose of palonosetron (0.075 mg) in the treatment of established postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV).
Beta-defensins (BDs) and dendritic cells (DC) have been described as major effectors on host antimicrobial innate immunities. In the present study, the ability of DC to produce BDs was explored using DC from normal mice and full-thickness (FT)-burned mice.
A large individual variation in both the infusion rate and the blood concentration of rocuronium necessary for obtain adequate surgical muscle relaxation during total intravenous anesthesia with propofol and remifentanil.
Rocuronium (Rb) is ideal for continuous infusion but has a widely variable duration of action. We investigated the distribution of Rb infusion in a steady state of optimal muscle relaxation and the relationship between the measured and predicted blood Rb concentrations in laparoscopic surgery.
Non-invasively continuous total hemoglobin (SpHb) measurement has not been assessed adequately in acute bleeding and rapid blood transfusion during surgery. Thus, we have assessed the efficacy of SpHb during both acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) and autologous blood transfusion (ABT).
Ketamine is traditionally avoided in sedation management of patients with risk of intracranial hypertension. However, results from many clinical trials contradict this concern. We critically analyzed the published data of the effects of ketamine on intracranial pressure (ICP) and other cerebral hemodynamics to determine whether ketamine was safe for patients with hemodynamic instability and brain injuries.
Amide local anesthetics are known to inhibit coagulation. 2-chloroprocaine is the only ester agent used in obstetric anesthesia. It is used during obstetric emergencies, and also to supplement inadequate epidural block produced by amide local anesthetics. There is no study to date that has evaluated the effect of ester local anesthetics on blood coagulation and fibrinolysis in the parturient.
We compared the recovery profile of propofol and sevoflurane when used for maintenance of anesthesia in elective day care operative procedures.
PHACE syndrome is a neurocutaneous syndrome characterized by the association of large cutaneous hemangiomas and the cardiac and cerebral vascular anomalies. We report a 6-year-old female with PHACE syndrome presented with left facial hemangiomas, cystic lesion in the cerebral posterior fossa, coarctation of the aorta, aplasia of the left vertebral artery and stenosis of the left internal carotid artery. Surgical repair of the aorta with left heart bypass under beating heart was scheduled. We monitored regio...
Opioid-induced spastic paraplegia after transient spinal cord ischemia during aortic surgery has been reported. Opioids modulate neurotransmission through mu (μ) opioid receptors (MORs) in the spinal ventral horn. However, their effects during ischemic insult are not understood.
Minimizing hemodynamic changes during the peri-intubation period is a concern for anesthesiologists. We investigated the effect of lidocaine sprayed on the laryngoscope blade and trachea on hemodynamics during direct laryngoscopic intubation.
Evaluation of chest compression effect on airway management with air-Q(®), aura-i (®), i-gel (®), and Fastrack (®) intubating supraglottic devices by novice physicians: a randomized crossover simulation study.
In the 2010 American Heart Association guidelines, supraglottic devices (SGDs) such as the laryngeal mask are proposed as alternatives to tracheal intubation for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Some SGDs can also serve as a means for tracheal intubation after successful ventilation. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of chest compression on airway management with four intubating SGDs, aura-i(®) (aura-i), air-Q(®) (air-Q), i-gel(®) (i-gel), and Fastrack(®) (Fastrack), during cardiopulmon...
The aim of our study was to evaluate the success rate of fiberoptic-guided endotracheal intubation through an Intubating Laryngeal Mask Airway (ILMA), a Cobra Perilaryngeal Airway (Cobra PLA), and a C-Trach Laryngeal Mask Airway (C-Trach) in patients whose necks are stabilized in a hard cervical collar.
To investigate the association between steroid medication before hospital admission and barotrauma in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).
We evaluated the pharmacokinetics of ropivacaine following rectus sheath block (RSB) and transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with or without epinephrine. A total of 26 adult patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery with RSB (=RSB trial) and another 26 adult patients undergoing open prostatectomy with TAP block (=TAP trial) were enrolled. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either a mixture of 0.75 % ropivacaine 13.2 mL with 1 % plain lidocaine 6.8 mL (TAP-E(-) and RSB-E(-) groups) or a mix...
It has been proven that the use of an inferior vena cava filter (IVCF) is effective in decreasing the incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in high-risk spinal surgery patients. A case of fatal PE after spinal surgery in a 78-year-old woman who had a history of pulmonary hypertension due to peripheral PE treated with a permanent IVCF and anticoagulant therapy for 3 years is reported. The patient had experienced an episode of recurrent PE during the withdrawal of anticoagulants, but she had uneventfully unde...
Systemic inflammation can trigger transient or longer-lasting cognitive impairments, particularly in elderly patients. However, its pathogenesis has not been sufficiently clarified. In this study, we explored the potential effects of multisensory rehabilitation on cognitive dysfunction following systemic inflammation using an animal model. Aged male Wister rats were randomly injected intraperitoneally with either saline (control) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 5 mg/kg). After injection, both groups of rats we...
The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey of emergency or complication during sedation and change of attitude toward sedation by simulation-based sedation training course (SEDTC) hosted by the Japanese Association of Medical Simulation. We used a questionnaire survey to non-anesthesiologists who participated in the 1st to 13th SEDTCs from 2011 to 2012. Survey contents included emergencies or complications during sedation and impressions of the Sedation and Analgesia guidelines for non-anesthesia doc...