PubMed Journal Database | Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing RSS

12:34 EDT 4th September 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 65 from Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing


Psychiatrist's adherence: a new factor in relapse prevention of schizophrenia. A randomized controlled study on relapse control through telemedicine system.

Exposure to psychotic states has detrimental effects on the long-term outcome of schizophrenia and brain integrity. Therefore, improving relapse prevention is a key component of long-term management of schizophrenia. Previous studies using continuous monitoring of an individual's early signs of relapse and adopting preventative pharmacological interventions, when early signs are detected, showed promising clinical results in terms of relapse risk reduction. This 18-month multi-centre parallel randomized con...


Psychometric properties of the Spanish Burnout Inventory among staff nurses.

The burnout syndrome contributes to the deterioration in the quality of personal life as well as lower quality practice in healthcare personnel. Researchers have been concerned about the psychometric limitations of some previous questionnaires designed to evaluate burnout. The Spanish Burnout Inventory was developed to address the problems associated with other instruments, but it has not yet been validated in staff nurses. This study provides evidence that the Spanish Burnout Inventory has adequate psychom...


Identifying and describing patients' learning experiences towards self-management of bipolar disorders: a phenomenological study.

Existing evidence suggest that patient education in promoting self-management strategies of bipolar disorder (BD) is effective. However, results across the full range of service users with BD vary. Learning experiences of service users look to be a crucial factor to take into account when designing, delivering, and evaluating effective interventions that promote self-management in chronic illness. What learning activities service users actually undertake themselves when self-managing BD that might explain v...

Sunday 31st August 1287

Religion, assessment and the problem of 'normative uncertainty' for mental health student nurses: a critical incident-informed qualitative interview study.

What is known about the subject? There is very minimal research available on mental health (MH) student nurse perceptions of cultural phenomenon - specifically, the ways in which they differentiate between 'normal' and 'psychopathological' beliefs related to culture and religion. Work in cultural psychiatry suggests that other MH professionals struggle with identifying whether beliefs or experiences indicate 'psychosis' or are 'typical' of a person's religious and cultural background. One research study wit...

Saturday 31st May 1287

Patients' satisfaction with community treatment: a pilot cross-sectional survey adopting multiple perspectives.

Patients' satisfaction is scarcely studied within the context of community treatment for adolescents. Thus, this study adopts a multiple perspective on patients' satisfaction (including service users as well as staff members). The results highlighted that all informants (patients, foster carers in foster homes and professional caregivers from community treatment teams) perceived the patients to be satisfied, with foster carers reporting the highest patient satisfaction rate. Considering the patient satisfac...

Sunday 23rd March 1287

Exploring why people with SMI smoke and why they may want to quit: baseline data from the SCIMITAR RCT.

People with severe mental ill health are up to three times more likely to smoke than other members of the general population. Life expectancy in this client group is reduced by up to 30 years, and smoking is the single most important cause of premature death. The aim of this study was to explore why people with severe mental ill health smoked and why they might want to stop smoking or cut down on the amount of cigarettes that they smoked. The study found that people with severe mental ill health are motivat...

Thursday 9th January 1287

Service users' experiences of participation in decision making in mental health services.

Despite the potential positive impact of shared decision making on service users knowledge and experience of decisional conflict, there is a lack of qualitative research on how participation in decision making is promoted from the perspective of psychiatric service users. This study highlights the desire of users to participate more actively in decision making and demonstrates that persons with SMI struggle to be seen as competent and equal partners in decision-making situations. Those interviewed did not f...


Risk of burnout among early career mental health professionals.

Burnout is a stress-related syndrome that often affects mental health professionals (MHPs) and may have serious consequences on personal well-being as well as on the quality of provided psychiatric care. Established literature shows a high risk to develop burnout among MHPs. Few data are available on the incidence and on the clinical implications of the burnout syndrome in the early phases of MHP professional career. We confirmed the presence of burnout among early career MHPs: early career psychiatrists sh...

Thursday 21st March 1173

Communication elements supporting patient safety in psychiatric inpatient care.

Communication is important for safe and quality health care. The study provides needed insight on the communication elements that support patient safety from the psychiatric care view. Fluent information transfer between the health care professionals and care units is important for care planning and maintaining practices. Information should be documented and implemented accordingly. Communication should happen in an open communication culture that enables discussion, the opportunity to have debriefing discu...


Editorial: Hello from your new editor.


From expression to symptom to disorder: the psychiatric evolution of self-harm in the DSM.


Music therapy for service users with dementia: a critical review of the literature.

Dementia is a progressive illness that to date has no cure and currently affects over 35 million people worldwide. This figure is predicted to increase significantly over the next two decades. There is growing interest in identifying non-pharmacological therapies effective in improving quality of life and reducing challenging behaviours with a dementia client group. Our objective is to identify if music therapy is a beneficial therapy for use with dementia patients. We conducted a review of the literature a...


Is knowledge and practice safer in England after the release of national guidance on the resuscitation of patients in mental health and learning disabilities?

This paper reports on the issue of resuscitation in mental health inpatient environments. It reviews the literature on national standards and best practice when emergency situations arise in mental health settings. The discussion on the best practice literature takes place alongside the reporting of a national evaluation of how National Patient Safety Agency improvement guidelines for the provision for life support, and resuscitation for mental health service users was effectively implemented across health-...


Characteristics of Jordanian depressed pregnant women: a comparison study.

Jordanian women reported double the rates of antenatal depression in comparison with developed countries. Further, no studies have been conducted here in Jordan that compares sociodemographic characteristics of women who have antenatal depression symptoms and women who do not have such symptoms. The results of this study revealed that Jordanian pregnant women who were smokers, less educated and those with high-parity pregnancy had a high tendency towards antenatal depressive symptoms. Nurses and midwives ne...


Role performance of psychiatric nurses in advanced practice: a systematic review of the literature.

Psychiatric advanced practice nurses perform multifaceted roles and demonstrate significant results in managing clients with depression and psychological stress, and community-dwelling individuals with mental health-care needs. Psychiatric advanced practice nurses can potentially develop collaborative partnerships with non-mental health service providers, services that are more accessible to users of mental health-care service, and services that enhance the quality of inpatient care. Psychiatric advanced pr...


Are there associations among physical activity, fatigue, sleep quality and pain in people with mental illness? A pilot study.

Many people with mental health disorders experience fatigue, pain and poor sleep. In other patient groups, physical exercise has been shown to have positive effects on these symptoms. It is unknown whether day-to-day physical activity (not necessarily exercise) affects sleep quality or severity of pain or fatigue in those with mental illness. This study observed physical activity, sleep quality, pain and fatigue in four people hospitalized with severe mental illness. Significant associations were found betw...


Factors causing stress in women with babies 0-3 months old and their coping styles.

Women who became stressed because of problems with self-care, baby care and social life use emotion-oriented styles. Women adopted the helpless approach within the 'emotion-oriented/passive' coping style.


Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) in the treatment of borderline personality disorder.

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a complex disorder that is difficult to treat. Five psychotherapeutic approaches are used in the management of BPD. These include cognitive behavioural therapy, mentalization-based therapy, schema-focused therapy, transference-focused therapy and dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT). Of the five approaches used to manage BPD, DBT has been studied the most extensively. Dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is a multi-pronged approach comprising of skills-based training, ...


Factors that influence activities of daily living in the elderly with probable dementia.

The aim of the research was to identify the factors that influence activities of daily living (ADL) in the elderly with probable dementia. Factors that influenced ADL were faecal and urinary incontinence, regularity of exercise, MMSE-KC score and stroke history. The factors that affect ADL in the present study can serve as a basis to develop a multidisciplinary intervention programme with the aim of reducing admissions to long-term care facilities by increasing the ability to perform ADL. Such interventions...


What have we learnt so far about child and adolescent restraint in our health and social care services?


Mental health recovery and voting: why being treated as a citizen matters and how we can do it.

It helps people with mental illnesses to recover if they are not deprived of their rights of citizenship. The right to vote is an important marker of citizenship. Ensuring citizenship through the right to vote is especially important when someone is committed under mental health legislation, yet it is unclear how and whether this occurs in practice. This paper discusses what occurs for this population in Australia and overseas and reviews the role of capacity and supported decision making in the context of ...


Awareness of venous thromboembolism in mental health services for older people.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is an important safety issue in the inpatient mental health care of older people. In a survey of specialist mental health staff, knowledge of deep vein thrombosis was good. More variable awareness of the presentation and risk factors for pulmonary embolism indicates the need for training integrated into regular physical health care updates.


The effects of group psychoeducational programme on family burden in caregivers of Iranian patients with schizophrenia.

This randomized-controlled trial investigated the effect of group psychoeducation therapy on family burden in caregivers of Iranian patients with schizophrenia. Results of this study on 71 caregivers of patients with schizophrenia showed that a 4-week group psychoeducational programme was significantly effective in reducing family burden by more than one third. Findings showed that group psychoeducational programme for caregiver and family of patients with schizophrenia is beneficial for reducing family bur...


A qualitative study into the attitudes of patients and staff towards violence and aggression in a high security hospital.


Improving forensic mental health care to Indigenous Australians: theorizing the intercultural space.

This paper uses the 'intercultural space' as an educational strategy to prepare nurses to work respectfully with Indigenous patients in a forensic mental health context; offers an educational approach that introduces nurses to Indigenous knowledge, beliefs and values, examines power relations in colonized countries between the dominant white cultural group and the Indigenous population and encourages nurses to critically reflect on their health care practice; and explores the intercultural space as a shared...