PubMed Journal Database | Respiratory care RSS

09:59 EDT 6th October 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 320 from Respiratory care

College Students With Asthma: The Perfect Storm.

Weakness and Fluid Overload Hinder Weaning. Or Do They?

Seriously, Should We Be Treating Severe ARDS With High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen?

Seriously, Should We Be Treating Severe ARDS With High-Flow Nasal Cannula Oxygen?-Reply.


Editor's Commentary.

Impact of Resistance Training in Subjects With COPD: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance training on subjects with COPD.

Efficacy of mechanical insufflation-exsufflation in extubating unweanable subjects with restrictive pulmonary disorders.

What is the potential role of transcutaneous carbon dioxide in guiding acute noninvasive ventilation?

A look at the diversity in management of respiratory failure in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Mechanical ventilation for the treatment of severe excessive dynamic airway collapse.

Excessive dynamic airway collapse in the critical care setting.

Editor's Commentary.

Seven Ventilators Challenged With Leaks During Neonatal Nasal CPAP: An Experimental Pilot Study.

Nasal CPAP is the most common respiratory support for neonates. Several factors are considered important for effective treatment, including leaks at the patient interface and the delivery of pressure-stable CPAP. Investigations of pressure stability during leaks should include both the change in the mean delivered CPAP and the pressure variation during each breath. The aim of this study was to examine the response of ventilators delivering nasal CPAP when challenged with leaks at the patient interface.

Association Between Vitamin D Status and Weaning From Prolonged Mechanical Ventilation in Survivors of Critical Illness.

In this study, we examined the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration and successful weaning from mechanical ventilation in a cohort of ICU survivors requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation.

Carbon dioxide in the critically ill: too much or too little of a good thing?

Hypercapnia and hypocapnia commonly complicate conditions that are present in critically ill patients. Both conditions have important physiologic effects that may impact the clinical management of these patients. For instance, hypercapnia results in bronchodilation and enhanced hypoxic vasoconstriction, leading to improved ventilation/perfusion matching. Hypocapnia reduces cerebral blood volume through arterial vasoconstriction. These effects have also been exploited for therapeutic aims. In patients with t...

Neonatal pressure support ventilation: are we doing what we think we are doing?

Engineered aerosol medicine and drug delivery methods for optimal respiratory therapy.

Editor's Commentary.

Endobronchial Chondromas.

Endobronchial chondromas are rare benign tumors. They may be part of the Carney triad; however, isolated endobronchial chondromas can occur in the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. We report a case of an endobronchial chondroma in a 61-y-old man with an incidental 5-mm endobronchial polypoid lesion at the proximal left main bronchus that was later found to be an endobronchial chondroma. Flexible bronchoscopy demonstrated a pedunculated, vascularized, pink mass. An excisional biopsy revealed a well-circumscribed...

Identifying Cancer Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure at High Risk for Intubation and Mechanical Ventilation.

We sought to identify risk factors for mechanical ventilation in patients with malignancies and acute respiratory failure (ARF).

The Importance of Controlling PaCO2 Throughout Long-Term Noninvasive Ventilation.

The significance of changes in PaCO2 during long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on prognosis remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether stabilizing PaCO2 during NIV had a favorable prognostic effect.

Analysis of Radial Artery Catheter Placement by Respiratory Therapists Using Ultrasound Guidance.

The use of ultrasound (US) guidance for radial artery cannulation has been shown to improve first attempt success rate, reduce time to successful cannulation, and reduce complications. We sought to determine whether properly trained respiratory therapists (RTs) could utilize US guidance for the placement of radial artery catheters. Primary outcome measurements were successful cannulation and first attempt success rate. Secondary outcomes included the effect of systolic blood pressure, prior attempts, palpab...

Adherence of Subjects With Cystic Fibrosis to Their Home Program: A Systematic Review.

The management of cystic fibrosis (CF) includes adherence to a home management program (airway clearance, medication, nutritional advice, and exercise). This has led to an increase in life expectancy, although the benefits depend greatly on a patient's level of adherence to daily treatments at home. To date, no systematic review has established adherence rates to all World Health Organization guidelines in the home setting; hence, this review was undertaken.

Awareness of the 2010 Guidelines Implemented by the New York State Education Department for Respiratory Therapists in Their Role as Clinical Preceptors.

In 1993, the New York State (NYS) legislature and governor signed into law the Respiratory Therapy Guide to Practice Education Law to guide and regulate the profession of respiratory care under the auspices of the New York State Education Department. New guidelines were implemented by the New York State Education Department for respiratory therapists (RTs) in 2010 to provide the opportunity for RTs to receive continuing education units (CEUs) when participating as clinical preceptors. This study was conduct...