PubMed Journal Database | Respiratory care RSS

03:29 EDT 17th September 2014 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 280 from Respiratory care


Ventilation-Induced Massive Lethal Air Embolism and Subcutaneous Emphysema in a Patient With a Lung Cavern.

The simultaneous occurrence of subcutaneous emphysema and intravascular air due to an air embolism is a rare condition. Here, we report a patient with COPD who developed a severe episode of hemoptysis due to rupture of a previously undiagnosed lung cavern. Intubation and ventilation led to the development of both massive subcutaneous emphysema and a massive air embolism, resulting from aspiration of air through a torn pulmonary vessel in the cavern. The dramatic amount of intravenous air and subsequent cond...


Which Percutaneous Tracheostomy Method Is Better? A Systematic Review.

The aim of this study was to assess the different methods of percutaneous tracheostomy in terms of successful performance of the tracheostomy as well as safety. Tracheostomy is the most common procedure performed on the airway for patients in ICUs. Lately, several methods of percutaneous tracheostomy (multiple dilator, progressive dilator, forceps dilation, screw-like dilation, balloon dilation, and translaryngeal) have been described, with theoretical advantages, but there is no consensus about which is be...


Testing Spirometers: Are the Standard Curves of the American Thoracic Society Sufficient?

The performance of spirometers is often measured only under ideal conditions, with a mechanical simulator reproducing the expiratory standard American Thoracic Society (ATS) curves generated by a computer. Studies have questioned the value of these results in real-life conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and precision of 5 office spirometers with a flow-volume simulator using the ATS curves and using flow-volume curves obtained from patients.


Coil Embolization of Pulmonary Arteries as a Palliative Treatment of Diffuse Type I Hepatopulmonary Syndrome.

Hepatopulmonary syndrome is a serious complication of liver disease. Type I hepatopulmonary syndrome is associated with diffuse dilatation of the pulmonary vasculature, leading to severe hypoxemia. Liver transplantation is the treatment of choice for this condition. There are limited options for those who are not candidates for liver transplantation. We present the case of a patient who presented with severe hypoxemia requiring FIO2 of 0.95 with PaO2 of 59 mm Hg. Workup revealed 33% intrapulmonary right-to-...


Clinical Significance of Smoking Cessation in Patients With Cancer: A 30-Year Review.

Despite the established causal relationship between tobacco smoking and cancer, many cancer patients continue to smoke after diagnosis. This partly reflects ignorance of the beneficial effects of smoking cessation, even after diagnosis. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effects of continuing or quitting smoking in patients with diagnosed cancer.


Physical Activity and Quality of Life Improvements of Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Completing a Pulmonary Rehabilitation Program.

Pulmonary rehabilitation is effective for patients with COPD, but its benefit is less clearly established in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), especially in regard to levels of physical activity and health-related quality of life. The objectives were to determine whether pulmonary rehabilitation increased physical activity as assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and improved quality of life and symptoms as assessed by the St George respiratory questionnaire for IPF (SGRQ-...


Myasthenia Gravis Presenting Initially as Acute Respiratory Failure.


Effects of a Multidisciplinary Care Program on Disability, Autonomy, and Nursing Needs in Subjects Recovering From Acute Respiratory Failure in a Chronic Ventilator Facility.

The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of a multidisciplinary program carried out in a chronic ventilator facility on disability, autonomy, and nursing needs of patients after a prolonged ICU stay. Secondary outcome measures were survival, weaning rate, chronic ventilator facility stay, and discharge destination.


Relationship Between Medication Adherence and Health-Related Quality of Life in Subjects With COPD: A Systematic Review.

Various aspects of medication adherence and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) have been studied in subjects with COPD. Nevertheless, little is known about the association between these factors. The aim of this study was to undertake a systematic review of the published literature focusing on the relationship between medication adherence and HRQOL in COPD.


Effect of the Anatomic Reservoir on Low-Flow Oxygen Delivery Via Nasal Cannula: Constant Flow Versus Pulse Flow With Portable Oxygen Concentrator.

The FIO2 for a nasal cannula with constant flow (CF) depends on the anatomic reservoir (AR), which is affected by changes in frequency and end-expiratory flow. Conversely, pulse flow (PF) devices do not require the AR. The purpose of this study was to compare the FIO2 delivered by a nasal cannula supplied by CF via oxygen tank with that delivered by PF delivered via portable oxygen concentrator. Hypotheses were (1) a lung model of COPD with non-zero end-expiratory flow decreases FIO2 for CF more than for PF...


Impact of Pulmonary Rehabilitation in Patients With Mild COPD.

Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is a core component of the management of patients with moderate-to-very-severe COPD. However, as impairments in quadriceps muscle strength and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are already present in patients with mild COPD, there is a need to investigate whether PR could also be beneficial to these patients. Thus, this study assessed the impact of PR on patients with mild COPD.


A Unidirectional Breathing Pattern Improves Breathing Efficiency in Patients with Severe COPD.

Unidirectional breathing (UB), nose-in mouth-out (NMB) or vice versa, is thought to create PEEP, stabilize small airways, and increase expiratory flow and exhaled tidal volume (VT) in patients with expiratory obstructive disorders. However, the exact mechanism providing the benefits of UB remains unknown. Our hypothesis was that the benefits of UB are achieved mainly through reduction of upper airway dead space.


Nintedanib: A Novel Therapeutic Approach for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive, fibrotic lung disease with no clear etiology and few therapeutic options. Growth factors that act as mediators in the development of this disease might be important therapeutic targets. Nintedanib is a triple-tyrosine kinase inhibitor and a potent antagonist of growth factors such as platelet-derived growth factor, vascular endothelial growth factor, and basic fibroblast growth factor, and it is currently evaluated in clinical trials as a potent...


A Case of Drug-Induced Interstitial Pneumonia Potentially Related to Quetiapine (Seroquel) Therapy for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms.

Quetiapine is regarded as an effective and safe treatment for delirium. An 82-year-old man presented with a 1-week history of violent behavior and dizziness accompanied by weakness on the left side of his body. He was diagnosed with acute cerebral cortical infarction and delirium associated with alcohol abuse. After quetiapine treatment, he complained of fever and coughed up sputum, whereas his aggressive behavior improved. His symptoms persisted despite empirical antibiotic treatment. All diagnostic tests ...


Inter-Observer Agreement of Spontaneous Breathing Trial Outcome.

Spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs) are a very important test in the weaning process. The trial involves evaluation of multiple objective and subjective variables. These characteristics could lead to variability in interpreting outcomes with important clinical implications. We aimed to measure the inter-observer agreement between respiratory therapists when analyzing SBT outcomes.


Expiratory and Expiratory Plus Inspiratory Muscle Training Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength in Subjects with COPD: Systematic Review.

Inspiratory muscle training (IMT) produces beneficial effects in COPD subjects, but the effects of expiratory muscle training (EMT) and EMT plus IMT in ventilatory training are still unclear. The aim of this study was to systematically review the effects of EMT and EMT plus IMT compared to control groups of COPD subjects.


Evaluation of Adherence to Ambulatory Liquid Oxygen Treatment: Are Commercialized Dual-Pressure Transducers Helpful?

Treatment adherence is widely recognized as a critical problem in long-term oxygen therapy, particularly in ambulatory liquid oxygen (LOX) systems. Adherence-monitoring strategies may be helpful in managing patients. We evaluated subjects' adherence to LOX using VisionOx and compared these results with the subjects' own adherence diaries and self-reported perceptions of use.


A Survey of Extended-Interval Aminoglycoside Dosing Practices in United States Adult Cystic Fibrosis Programs.

The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation recently deemed the use of extended-interval dosing (EID) of aminoglycosides acceptable for the treatment of cystic fibrosis (CF) pulmonary exacerbations. However, current practice across United States adult CF programs and affiliate programs is unknown. The objectives of this research are to characterize the practice trends, dosing strategies, therapeutic drug-monitoring practices, and adverse effect monitoring of the EID of aminoglycosides in the treatment of pulmonary exace...


Noninvasive Ventilation in Severe Acute Asthma.

Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in severe acute asthma is controversial but may benefit this population by preventing intubation. We report on a 35-year-old male asthma patient who presented to our emergency department via emergency medical services. The patient was responsive, diaphoretic, and breathing at 35 breaths/min on 100% oxygen with bag-mask assistance, with SpO2 88%, heart rate 110-120 beats/min, blood pressure 220/110 mm Hg, and temperature 35.8°C. NIV at 12/5 cm H2O and FIO2 0.40 was applied, and...


Reversed Halo Sign: A Systematic Review.

A reversed halo sign (RHS) is defined as the presence of a focal ring-shaped area of ground-glass opacity within a peripheral rim of consolidation. Although originally described in patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, it has been described with several other noninfectious and infectious diseases, including fungal infections. Thus, it is imperative that a proper diagnosis be established before initiating treatment. In this article, we systematically review the literature (PubMed and Embase) for th...


Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome.


Editor's Commentary.


The order of the factors affects a product!


Aerosol Administration During Nasal CPAP in Newborns Can Be Optimized.


Pediatric extubation readiness: faith-based practice or amenable to standardization?

Search BioPortfolio: