PubMed Journal Database | Respiratory care RSS

02:01 EDT 1st October 2014 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 305 from Respiratory care

Wednesday 10th February 1080

Carbon dioxide in the critically ill: too much or too little of a good thing?

Hypercapnia and hypocapnia commonly complicate conditions that are present in critically ill patients. Both conditions have important physiologic effects that may impact the clinical management of these patients. For instance, hypercapnia results in bronchodilation and enhanced hypoxic vasoconstriction, leading to improved ventilation/perfusion matching. Hypocapnia reduces cerebral blood volume through arterial vasoconstriction. These effects have also been exploited for therapeutic aims. In patients with t...

Tuesday 9th February 1080

Neonatal pressure support ventilation: are we doing what we think we are doing?

Monday 8th February 1080

Engineered aerosol medicine and drug delivery methods for optimal respiratory therapy.

Sunday 7th February 1080

Editor's Commentary.

1073880

Endobronchial Chondromas.

Endobronchial chondromas are rare benign tumors. They may be part of the Carney triad; however, isolated endobronchial chondromas can occur in the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. We report a case of an endobronchial chondroma in a 61-y-old man with an incidental 5-mm endobronchial polypoid lesion at the proximal left main bronchus that was later found to be an endobronchial chondroma. Flexible bronchoscopy demonstrated a pedunculated, vascularized, pink mass. An excisional biopsy revealed a well-circumscribed...

1073879

Identifying Cancer Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure at High Risk for Intubation and Mechanical Ventilation.

We sought to identify risk factors for mechanical ventilation in patients with malignancies and acute respiratory failure (ARF).

1073878

The Importance of Controlling PaCO2 Throughout Long-Term Noninvasive Ventilation.

The significance of changes in PaCO2 during long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on prognosis remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether stabilizing PaCO2 during NIV had a favorable prognostic effect.

1073877

Analysis of Radial Artery Catheter Placement by Respiratory Therapists Using Ultrasound Guidance.

The use of ultrasound (US) guidance for radial artery cannulation has been shown to improve first attempt success rate, reduce time to successful cannulation, and reduce complications. We sought to determine whether properly trained respiratory therapists (RTs) could utilize US guidance for the placement of radial artery catheters. Primary outcome measurements were successful cannulation and first attempt success rate. Secondary outcomes included the effect of systolic blood pressure, prior attempts, palpab...

1073876

Adherence of Subjects With Cystic Fibrosis to Their Home Program: A Systematic Review.

The management of cystic fibrosis (CF) includes adherence to a home management program (airway clearance, medication, nutritional advice, and exercise). This has led to an increase in life expectancy, although the benefits depend greatly on a patient's level of adherence to daily treatments at home. To date, no systematic review has established adherence rates to all World Health Organization guidelines in the home setting; hence, this review was undertaken.

1073875

Awareness of the 2010 Guidelines Implemented by the New York State Education Department for Respiratory Therapists in Their Role as Clinical Preceptors.

In 1993, the New York State (NYS) legislature and governor signed into law the Respiratory Therapy Guide to Practice Education Law to guide and regulate the profession of respiratory care under the auspices of the New York State Education Department. New guidelines were implemented by the New York State Education Department for respiratory therapists (RTs) in 2010 to provide the opportunity for RTs to receive continuing education units (CEUs) when participating as clinical preceptors. This study was conduct...

1073874

Spirometric Standards and Patient Characteristics: An Exploratory Study of Factors Affecting Fulfillment in Routine Clinical Practice.

Spirometry is an apparently simple test, yet the recommended criteria for acceptability and reproducibility can be difficult to fulfill. This study aimed (1) to prospectively assess the number of tests that meet the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) 2005 acceptability and repeatability criteria in the routine practice of an experienced technician at a referral hospital's lung function laboratory, (2) to identify the most common errors, and (3) to explore patient characteristic...

1073873

Primary Pulmonary Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma Accompanied by a Hydatid Cyst.

1073872

Pulmonary Thromboembolism and Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage in Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis Vasculitis.

1073871

Pulmonary Necrobiotic Nodules in Crohn's Disease: A Rare Extra-intestinal Manifestation.

Pulmonary necrobiotic nodules represent a rare extra-intestinal manifestation of Crohn's disease. Histologically, they are composed of sterile aggregates of inflammatory cells with necrosis. The differential diagnosis is broad, and exclusion of infectious etiologies is mandatory before starting immunosuppressive therapy. Here, we present the fifth reported case of pulmonary necrobiotic nodules in Crohn's disease. Our patient had new-onset Crohn's disease associated with both cavitating and non-cavitating lu...

1073793

CORRECTION.

1073792

Editor's Commentary.

1073745

Thomas L Petty's Lessons for the Respiratory Care Clinician of Today.

Because of the importance of his original contributions and their practical relevance today, Thomas L Petty (1932-2009) was arguably the most important physician in the history of respiratory care. As much as any single individual, he was responsible for the concept of intensive and multidisciplinary respiratory care. In the 1960s and 1970s, he made key observations and introduced pioneering therapies in the ICU and in the home. He was the first to describe and name ARDS and to show how to use PEEP to treat...

1073744

The hidden consequences of ventilator management decisions.

In the following perspective, we will highlight seemingly remote, downstream consequences of common ventilator management decisions. For example, a change in PEEP may alter venous return, blood pressure, cardiac output, arterial and venous blood gas tensions, metabolic rate, respiratory sensations, breathing pattern, and the work of breathing. If providers consider any of these changes dangerous or maladaptive, they may initiate additional interventions in the form of vasoactive agents, intravenous fluids, ...

1073743

The power of suggestion.

1073742

Inhaled Epoprostenol in ARDS.

1073741

Corticosteroid therapy for severe community-acquired pneumonia: a meta-analysis.

1073740

Corticosteroid therapy for severe community-acquired pneumonia: a meta-analysis-reply.

1073739

Expiratory rib cage compressions to improve secretion clearance during mechanical ventilation: not only a matter of squeezing the chest.

1073738

Expiratory rib cage compressions to improve secretion clearance during mechanical ventilation: not only a matter of squeezing the chest-reply.

1073737

Editor's Commentary.


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