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The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.
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The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of resistance training on subjects with COPD.
Nasal CPAP is the most common respiratory support for neonates. Several factors are considered important for effective treatment, including leaks at the patient interface and the delivery of pressure-stable CPAP. Investigations of pressure stability during leaks should include both the change in the mean delivered CPAP and the pressure variation during each breath. The aim of this study was to examine the response of ventilators delivering nasal CPAP when challenged with leaks at the patient interface.
In this study, we examined the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration and successful weaning from mechanical ventilation in a cohort of ICU survivors requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation.
Hypercapnia and hypocapnia commonly complicate conditions that are present in critically ill patients. Both conditions have important physiologic effects that may impact the clinical management of these patients. For instance, hypercapnia results in bronchodilation and enhanced hypoxic vasoconstriction, leading to improved ventilation/perfusion matching. Hypocapnia reduces cerebral blood volume through arterial vasoconstriction. These effects have also been exploited for therapeutic aims. In patients with t...
Endobronchial chondromas are rare benign tumors. They may be part of the Carney triad; however, isolated endobronchial chondromas can occur in the larynx, trachea, and bronchi. We report a case of an endobronchial chondroma in a 61-y-old man with an incidental 5-mm endobronchial polypoid lesion at the proximal left main bronchus that was later found to be an endobronchial chondroma. Flexible bronchoscopy demonstrated a pedunculated, vascularized, pink mass. An excisional biopsy revealed a well-circumscribed...
We sought to identify risk factors for mechanical ventilation in patients with malignancies and acute respiratory failure (ARF).
The significance of changes in PaCO2 during long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on prognosis remains unclear. We aimed to clarify whether stabilizing PaCO2 during NIV had a favorable prognostic effect.
The use of ultrasound (US) guidance for radial artery cannulation has been shown to improve first attempt success rate, reduce time to successful cannulation, and reduce complications. We sought to determine whether properly trained respiratory therapists (RTs) could utilize US guidance for the placement of radial artery catheters. Primary outcome measurements were successful cannulation and first attempt success rate. Secondary outcomes included the effect of systolic blood pressure, prior attempts, palpab...
The management of cystic fibrosis (CF) includes adherence to a home management program (airway clearance, medication, nutritional advice, and exercise). This has led to an increase in life expectancy, although the benefits depend greatly on a patient's level of adherence to daily treatments at home. To date, no systematic review has established adherence rates to all World Health Organization guidelines in the home setting; hence, this review was undertaken.
In 1993, the New York State (NYS) legislature and governor signed into law the Respiratory Therapy Guide to Practice Education Law to guide and regulate the profession of respiratory care under the auspices of the New York State Education Department. New guidelines were implemented by the New York State Education Department for respiratory therapists (RTs) in 2010 to provide the opportunity for RTs to receive continuing education units (CEUs) when participating as clinical preceptors. This study was conduct...
Spirometry is an apparently simple test, yet the recommended criteria for acceptability and reproducibility can be difficult to fulfill. This study aimed (1) to prospectively assess the number of tests that meet the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society (ATS/ERS) 2005 acceptability and repeatability criteria in the routine practice of an experienced technician at a referral hospital's lung function laboratory, (2) to identify the most common errors, and (3) to explore patient characteristic...
Pulmonary necrobiotic nodules represent a rare extra-intestinal manifestation of Crohn's disease. Histologically, they are composed of sterile aggregates of inflammatory cells with necrosis. The differential diagnosis is broad, and exclusion of infectious etiologies is mandatory before starting immunosuppressive therapy. Here, we present the fifth reported case of pulmonary necrobiotic nodules in Crohn's disease. Our patient had new-onset Crohn's disease associated with both cavitating and non-cavitating lu...