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Alteplase Mechanical Thrombolysis Alteplase Stroke PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Alteplase Mechanical Thrombolysis Alteplase Stroke articles that have been published worldwide.
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The management of patients with acute stroke regarding treatment of thromboembolism is supported by a limited evidence base. We present the case of a 55-year-old female patient who initially presented with an ischaemic cerebral infarct with haemorrhagic transformation. Her clinical recovery was complicated by cardiac arrest secondary to massive pulmonary embolism. This was successfully treated with cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thrombolysis using Alteplase, which led to a full recovery to the pre-arrest...
A rare, yet serious, complication of mechanical heart valves is symptomatic obstructive prosthetic valve thrombosis. The risk of valve thrombosis is magnified in patients who are nonadherent to prescribed anticoagulation. In this case report, we describe a 48-year-old male patient with a history of mechanical aortic valve replacement surgery, who stopped taking prescribed warfarin therapy 2 years before presentation and subsequently developed acute decompensated heart failure secondary to valvular dysfuncti...
Background Trials of endovascular therapy for ischemic stroke have produced variable results. We conducted this study to test whether more advanced imaging selection, recently developed devices, and earlier intervention improve outcomes. Methods We randomly assigned patients with ischemic stroke who were receiving 0.9 mg of alteplase per kilogram of body weight less than 4.5 hours after the onset of ischemic stroke either to undergo endovascular thrombectomy with the Solitaire FR (Flow Restoration) stent re...
A 79-year-old woman with hypertension was evaluated 3 hours and 20 minutes after the sudden onset of left-sided weakness which lasted about 15 minutes and was followed by involuntary, coarse, flinging movements of the left extremities (hemiballistic), occurring every few minutes, and facial asymmetry. Brain computed tomography revealed no abnormalities. The patient received intravenous thrombolysis with 0.9 mg/kg of alteplase 4 hours after the symptom onset. Involuntary movements and central facial nerve pa...
Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (alteplase) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 1996 for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Nearly 20 years later, it remains the only approved treatment, despite limitations in both efficacy and safety. With a growing capacity for stroke treatment worldwide, physicians need to understand where we have come from and what the future of stroke treatment might be.
The rate of intravenous thrombolysis with tissue-type plasminogen activator or urokinase for stroke patients is extremely low in China. It has been demonstrated that a telestroke service may help to increase the rate of intravenous thrombolysis and improve stroke care quality in local hospitals. The aim of this study, also called the Acute Stroke Advancing Program, is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of decision-making concerning intravenous thrombolysis via a telemedicine consultation system for ac...
Background Among patients with a proximal vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation, 60 to 80% of patients die within 90 days after stroke onset or do not regain functional independence despite alteplase treatment. We evaluated rapid endovascular treatment in addition to standard care in patients with acute ischemic stroke with a small infarct core, a proximal intracranial arterial occlusion, and moderate-to-good collateral circulation. Methods We randomly assigned participants to receive standard care (...
Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability and mortality. Intravenous thrombolysis can minimize disability when patients present to the emergency department for treatment within the 3 - 4½ h of symptom onset. Blacks and Hispanics are more likely to die and suffer disability from stroke than whites, due in part to delayed hospital arrival and ineligibility for intravenous thrombolysis for acute stroke. Low stroke literacy (poor knowledge of stroke symptoms and when to call 911) among Blacks and His...
The impact of the side in middle cerebral artery (MCA) ischemic stroke is not well established. Our aim was to analyze the differences between right (RMCA) and left middle cerebral artery (LMCA) stroke in patients submitted to intravenous thrombolysis and the influence of the affected side in the patient's mortality after 3 months. Method Patients with MCA ischemic stroke submitted to intravenous thrombolysis from March 2010 to December 2011 at two Brazilian Stroke Centers were included. Differences between...
Thrombolytic treatment for acute ischaemic stroke improves prognosis, although there is a risk of bleeding complications leading to early death/severe disability. Benefit from thrombolysis is time dependent and treatment must be administered within 4.5 hours from onset of symptoms, which presents unique challenges for development of tools to support decision making and patient understanding about treatment. Our aim was to develop a decision aid to support patient-specific clinical decision-making about thr...
Obstruction of the left mechanical heart valve by a thrombus is a serious complication. The factors associated with mortality are functional class, type of valve prosthesis and emergency surgery. Thrombolysis represents a therapeutic option to cardiac surgery. The aim of this investigation was to analyze the role of thrombolysis in the management of thrombus-obstructed left mechanical heart valve.
The drip and ship model is a method used to deliver thrombolysis to acute stroke patients in facilities lacking onsite neurology coverage. We sought to determine whether our drip and ship population differs from patients treated directly at our stroke center (direct presenters).
The goal of the present study was to determine whether the presence or absence of parenchymal FLAIR hyperintensity alone, before thrombolysis, might be a predictive factor of ischemic stroke outcomes after the acute phase of stroke and at 3 months.
Acute ischemic stroke is a frequent cause of death and disability. Therepautic scepticism persists both among doctors and lay people. However, modern reperfusion therapy improved outcomes of acute stroke patients - at least of those presenting early after symptom onset. This review presents multidisciplinary approach to acute stroke - cooperation of neurologists, cardiologists and radiologists. Both reperfusion strategies are discussed: catheter-based thrombectomy and thrombolysis.Key words: stroke - cathet...
Symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage following thrombolysis for ischaemic stroke causes significant morbidity and mortality. This study assessed which of four risk scores (SEDAN, HAT, GRASPS and SITS) best predicts symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage.
Whether cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) detected on pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging increase the risks of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and, most importantly, poor outcome in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke is still debated. We assessed the effect of CMB presence and burden on 3-month modified Rankin Scale and sICH in a multicentric cohort.
The effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke is time dependent. The effects are likely to be highest if the time from symptom onset to treatment is within 60 minutes, termed the golden hour.
Better identification and triage of acute posterior circulation (PC) stroke patients is needed as the PC ischemic stroke (IS) patients may be allowed longer thrombolysis window than anterior circulation (AC) IS patients and PC patients with hemorrhagic stroke (ICH) may require care in a neurosurgical unit possibly remote from stroke unit.
There is an ongoing debate whether stroke patients presenting with minor or moderate symptoms benefit from thrombolysis. Up until now, stroke severity on admission is typically measured with the NIHSS, and subsequently used for treatment decision.
Purpose: The efficacy of i. v. thrombolysis in acute stroke with high clot burden is limited. Successful recanalization is very unlikely if the thrombus length exceeds 7 mm. Thus this retrospective controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of neurothrombectomy in the treatment of acute embolic stroke in patients selected by a thrombus length of ≥ 8 mm using the stent retriever Trevo(®) device. Materials and Methods: 40 patients with acute occlusion of the anterior intracranial arteries w...
Acute ischemic stroke is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the United States. We review the latest data and evidence supporting catheter-directed treatment for proximal artery occlusion as an adjunct to intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute stroke.
Large multicenter acute stroke trials demand a randomization procedure with a high level of treatment allocation randomness, an effective control on overall and within-site imbalances, and a minimized time delay of study treatment caused by the randomization procedure. Driven by the randomization algorithm design of A Study of the Efficacy and Safety of Activase (Alteplase) in Patients with Mild Stroke (PRISMS) (NCT02072226), this paper compares operational and statistical properties of different randomizat...
Abstract Background: Telemedicine has created access to emergency stroke care for patients in all communities, regardless of geography. We hypothesized that there is no difference in speed of assessment between vascular neurologist (VN) robotic telepresence and standard VN-supervised stroke alert patients in a metropolitan primary stroke center. Materials and Methods: A retrospective stroke alert database was used to identify all robotic telepresence and standardly supervised stroke alert patient assessment...