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Alteplase Mechanical Thrombolysis Alteplase Stroke PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Alteplase Mechanical Thrombolysis Alteplase Stroke articles that have been published worldwide.
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Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase alone cannot reperfuse most large-artery strokes. We aimed to determine whether mechanical thrombectomy in addition to intravenous thrombolysis improves clinical outcome in patients with acute ischaemic stroke.
Orolingual angioedema (OLA) is a known complication of intravenous alteplase used to treat ischaemic stroke. The incidence may be as high as 5.1%. ACE inhibitors are thought to increase the risk of developing this potentially life-threatening complication. This case report demonstrates how we may improve in the identification of risk factors in the history; the counselling of patients appropriately; in seeking alternative therapies such as mechanical thrombectomy; and in the monitoring of patients for signs...
To determine the clinical implications of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after thrombolysis, 241 eligible patients receiving alteplase for acute ischemic stroke were studied. HT was classified, according to the European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study criteria, as hemorrhagic infarction (HI) or parenchymal hemorrhage (PH). Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (SICH) was defined according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke study. A novel classification, clinically significant intra...
Acute ischemic stroke is responsible for around 80% of all strokes and is a leading cause of disability and death globally. There are two potential treatment strategies: restoring blood flow (reperfusion) and preventing cellular injury (neuroprotection). As yet, all the successful trials have involved reperfusion with numerous failures of neuroprotectants. There are two proven reperfusion strategies. Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase was first demonstrated to reduce disability with publication of the ...
We aimed to compare the safety and efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) with alteplase for anterior circulation stroke (ACS) and posterior circulation stroke (PCS). From a large multicenter prospective registry-the Thrombolysis Implementation and Monitor of Acute Ischemic Stroke in China database-all patients who received IVT within 4.5 hours after stroke onset was reviewed. According to the clinical presentations and imaging findings, the eligible patients were divided into ACS and PCS groups. The ...
Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) are preventable through vigilant and thorough care. When CLABSIs occurred at a facility in Southwest Arizona, the root cause analysis discovered that declotting agents, such as alteplase, were not given routinely when nonhemodialysis (non-HD) central vascular access devices (CVADs) lacked blood return. A PICO question was developed that guided the review of literature and central line care standards of practice: In the adult patients with non-HD centr...
Early initiation of stroke thrombolysis is associated with improved outcomes. Procurement of consent is a key factor in prolonging the door-to-needle duration. This study aimed to determine the attitudes and preferences of stroke patients and their next of kin (NOK) towards decision-making for stroke thrombolysis in Singapore.
Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) followed by mechanical thrombectomy (MT) is recommended to treat acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with a large vessel occlusion (LVO). Most hospitals do not have on-site MT facilities, and most patients need to be transferred secondarily after IVT (drip and ship), which may have an effect on the neurologic outcome.
Thrombolysis is the only approved therapy for acute stroke. However, life-threatening complications such as intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) can develop after intravenous administration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Both infection and thrombolysis during cerebral ischemia disrupt the blood-brain barrier (BBB). tPA can induce matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), which is known to be involved in BBB disruption. However, it has still not been investigated whether preexisting influenza virus infection dur...
Intravenous thrombolysis can improve neurological outcomes after acute ischemic stroke (AIS), but hemorrhagic transformation (HT) of the infarct remains a risk. Current definitions for symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) all entail that there be some degree of associated neurological deterioration. However, early deleterious effects of secondary ICH might also be manifested as reduced neurological improvement. This study aims to investigate whether there are any independent associations between diffe...
Clinical Selection Strategies to Identify Ischemic Stroke Patients With Large Anterior Vessel Occlusion: Results From SITS-ISTR (Safe Implementation of Thrombolysis in Stroke International Stroke Thrombolysis Registry).
The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) correlates with presence of large anterior vessel occlusion (LAVO). However, the application of the full NIHSS in the prehospital setting to select patients eligible for treatment with thrombectomy is limited. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of simple clinical selection strategies.
This study is aimed to investigate the relationship between platelet-to-white blood cell ratio (PWR) and 90-day outcomes in acute stroke patients with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT).
Prognostic factors related to mortality rates after stroke have been reported; however, most studies included different treatments and did not focus solely on ischemic stroke. The study aimed to report the short- and long-term survival and predictors of death in patients with first-ever ischemic stroke in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory, submitted to intravenous thrombolysis (IVT).
A suicide bomb blast in 2013 at a distant city of Pakistan killed 84 and wounded more than 150 people. Some patients were transferred to our tertiary care hospital because of extreme load on medical services there. This patient arrived at the Aga Khan Hospital, 2 days after the bomb blast injury and underwent an orthopedic procedure. Next day, he developed sudden tachypnea, desaturation, and circulatory collapse. After initial cardiopulmonary resuscitation, he was immediately transferred to surgical intensi...
The safety and outcomes of intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) to stroke patients via telestroke (TS) is similar to those presenting to stroke centers. Little is known on the accuracy of TS diagnosis among those receiving IVT. We sought to compare the rate of patients receiving IVT with diagnosis of ischemic stroke as opposed to stroke mimic (SM) in our TS network to those who presented to our comprehensive stroke center (CSC).
Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) is underutilized in ethnic minorities and women. To disentangle individual and system-based factors determining disparities in IVT use, we investigated race/sex differences in IVT utilization among hospitals serving varying proportions of minority patients.
In the management of acute ischemic stroke, guideline adherence is often suboptimal, particularly for intravenous thrombolysis or anticoagulation for atrial fibrillation. We sought to improve stroke care quality via a collaborative model, the Breakthrough Series (BTS)-Stroke activity, in a nationwide, multi-center activity in Taiwan. A BTS Collaborative, a short-term learning system for a large number of multidisciplinary teams from hospitals, was applied to enhance acute ischemic stroke care quality. Twent...
Endovascular revascularization with mechanical devices has proven an effective treatment for proximal occlusions of the major intracranial arteries in stroke patients, but there is only limited information as to whether there should be an age limit for its use. We aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of endovascular revascularization in stroke patients aged 80 years and older, and compare the results with younger patients.
Although commonly used in clinical practice, there remains much uncertainty about whether perfusion CT (CTP) should be used to select stroke patients for acute reperfusion therapy. In this study we tested the hypothesis that a small acute perfusion lesion predicts good clinical outcome regardless of thrombolysis administration.
Significant advances have been made in recent years in primary stroke prevention, improved stroke outcomes in high-income populations, emergency stroke therapy, and stroke prevention. In this article, we review recent trends in stroke epidemiology, improvements in delivery of intravenous thrombolysis (via stroke system-wide approaches, application of 'Lean Principles' to improve workflow processes, and re-evaluation of exclusion criteria), recent stroke thrombectomy trials, and new developments in stroke pr...
The prognostic influence of hyperglycemia in acute stroke has been well established. While in cortical stroke there is a strong association between hyperglycemia and poor outcome, this relation is less clear in lacunar stroke. It has been suggested that this discrepancy is present among patients treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), but confirmation is needed.
Whether intravenous thrombolysis adds a further benefit when given before endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) is unknown. Furthermore, intravenous thrombolysis delays time to groin puncture, mainly among drip and ship patients.
The impact of body mass index (BMI) on outcome in stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) was investigated.