PubMed Journals Articles About "Alteplase Mechanical Thrombolysis Alteplase Stroke" RSS

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Showing "Alteplase mechanical thrombolysis Alteplase Stroke" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 4,300+

Therapeutic Potential of Tenecteplase in the Management of Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Given that alteplase has been the only approved thrombolytic agent for acute ischemic stroke for almost two decades, there has been intense interest in more potent and safer agents over the last few years. Tenecteplase is a bioengineered mutation of alteplase with advantageous pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. The superiority of tenecteplase over alteplase has been proven by in vitro and animal studies, and it was approved for use in myocardial infarction more than a decade ago. In patients with acute ...

Endovascular Treatment versus Sonothrombolysis for Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Currently, there are 2 strategies to increase the effect of systemic thrombolysis with alteplase (rtPA) in acute major stroke: endovascular treatment via stent retrieval and ultrasound enhancement (sonothrombolysis). This study compares these 2 approaches in patients with proximal intracranial occlusion of the anterior circulation.

Low-Dose Alteplase Infusion for the Treatment of Mechanical Aortic Valve Thrombosis: A Spotlight on the Importance of Medication Adherence.

A rare, yet serious, complication of mechanical heart valves is symptomatic obstructive prosthetic valve thrombosis. The risk of valve thrombosis is magnified in patients who are nonadherent to prescribed anticoagulation. In this case report, we describe a 48-year-old male patient with a history of mechanical aortic valve replacement surgery, who stopped taking prescribed warfarin therapy 2 years before presentation and subsequently developed acute decompensated heart failure secondary to valvular dysfuncti...

Endovascular Therapy for Ischemic Stroke with Perfusion-Imaging Selection.

Background Trials of endovascular therapy for ischemic stroke have produced variable results. We conducted this study to test whether more advanced imaging selection, recently developed devices, and earlier intervention improve outcomes. Methods We randomly assigned patients with ischemic stroke who were receiving 0.9 mg of alteplase per kilogram of body weight less than 4.5 hours after the onset of ischemic stroke either to undergo endovascular thrombectomy with the Solitaire FR (Flow Restoration) stent re...

Successful treatment with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator in an acute stroke patient presenting with hemiballism.

A 79-year-old woman with hypertension was evaluated 3 hours and 20 minutes after the sudden onset of left-sided weakness which lasted about 15 minutes and was followed by involuntary, coarse, flinging movements of the left extremities (hemiballistic), occurring every few minutes, and facial asymmetry. Brain computed tomography revealed no abnormalities. The patient received intravenous thrombolysis with 0.9 mg/kg of alteplase 4 hours after the symptom onset. Involuntary movements and central facial nerve pa...

Pooled RCTs: Alteplase within 4.5 hours of ischemic stroke improves the likelihood of good outcome.

Progress in Intravenous Thrombolytic Therapy for Acute Stroke.

Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (alteplase) was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 1996 for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke. Nearly 20 years later, it remains the only approved treatment, despite limitations in both efficacy and safety. With a growing capacity for stroke treatment worldwide, physicians need to understand where we have come from and what the future of stroke treatment might be.

Intravenous thrombolysis guided by a telemedicine consultation system for acute ischaemic stroke patients in China: the protocol of a multicentre historically controlled study.

The rate of intravenous thrombolysis with tissue-type plasminogen activator or urokinase for stroke patients is extremely low in China. It has been demonstrated that a telestroke service may help to increase the rate of intravenous thrombolysis and improve stroke care quality in local hospitals. The aim of this study, also called the Acute Stroke Advancing Program, is to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of decision-making concerning intravenous thrombolysis via a telemedicine consultation system for ac...

Multicenter Study of Intravenous Recombinant Tissue Plasminogen Activator Infusion around Hiroshima, Japan: The Hiroshima Acute Stroke Retrospective and Prospective Registry Study.

Approximately 10 years have passed since intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator therapy was approved in Japan. The aim of this retrospective study was to identify the effectiveness and safety of IV alteplase therapy with the Japanese original dose around Hiroshima via consideration of the patients' backgrounds, examination findings, and outcomes.

Intra-Arterial Thrombectomy: Does Invasive Treatment Lead to Better Outcomes than Intravenous Thrombolysis Alone?

Intravenous thrombolysis is considered to be standard of care for acute ischemic stroke patients arriving within 3-4.5 h of stroke symptom onset. Recently, endovascular therapies have been proposed to extend and enhance stroke outcomes by targeting large vessel occlusions. Different radiologic methods, time windows, and treatment tools have delineated differences between trials. Overall, intravenous thrombolysis remains the treatment of choice for all acute ischemic stroke patients, with a small subset ben...

Randomized Assessment of Rapid Endovascular Treatment of Ischemic Stroke.

Background Among patients with a proximal vessel occlusion in the anterior circulation, 60 to 80% of patients die within 90 days after stroke onset or do not regain functional independence despite alteplase treatment. We evaluated rapid endovascular treatment in addition to standard care in patients with acute ischemic stroke with a small infarct core, a proximal intracranial arterial occlusion, and moderate-to-good collateral circulation. Methods We randomly assigned participants to receive standard care (...

Tailored approaches to stroke health education (TASHE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Stroke is a leading cause of adult disability and mortality. Intravenous thrombolysis can minimize disability when patients present to the emergency department for treatment within the 3 - 4½ h of symptom onset. Blacks and Hispanics are more likely to die and suffer disability from stroke than whites, due in part to delayed hospital arrival and ineligibility for intravenous thrombolysis for acute stroke. Low stroke literacy (poor knowledge of stroke symptoms and when to call 911) among Blacks and His...

Does the side of middle cerebral artery compromise matters in the mortality after thrombolysis in ischemic stroke?

The impact of the side in middle cerebral artery (MCA) ischemic stroke is not well established. Our aim was to analyze the differences between right (RMCA) and left middle cerebral artery (LMCA) stroke in patients submitted to intravenous thrombolysis and the influence of the affected side in the patient's mortality after 3 months. Method Patients with MCA ischemic stroke submitted to intravenous thrombolysis from March 2010 to December 2011 at two Brazilian Stroke Centers were included. Differences between...

Development of a computerised decision aid for thrombolysis in acute stroke care.

Thrombolytic treatment for acute ischaemic stroke improves prognosis, although there is a risk of bleeding complications leading to early death/severe disability. Benefit from thrombolysis is time dependent and treatment must be administered within 4.5 hours from onset of symptoms, which presents unique challenges for development of tools to support decision making and patient understanding about treatment. Our aim was to develop a decision aid to support patient-specific clinical decision-making about thr...

United States trends in thrombolysis for older adults with acute ischemic stroke.

Thrombolysis for ischemic stroke has been increasing in the United States. We sought to investigate recent trends in thrombolysis use in older adults.

Patient Selection for Drip and Ship Thrombolysis in Acute Ischemic Stroke.

The drip and ship model is a method used to deliver thrombolysis to acute stroke patients in facilities lacking onsite neurology coverage. We sought to determine whether our drip and ship population differs from patients treated directly at our stroke center (direct presenters).

Parenchymal FLAIR hyperintensity before thrombolysis is a prognostic factor of ischemic stroke outcome at 3 Tesla.

The goal of the present study was to determine whether the presence or absence of parenchymal FLAIR hyperintensity alone, before thrombolysis, might be a predictive factor of ischemic stroke outcomes after the acute phase of stroke and at 3 months.

Modern treatment of acute ischemic stroke.

Acute ischemic stroke is a frequent cause of death and disability. Therepautic scepticism persists both among doctors and lay people. However, modern reperfusion therapy improved outcomes of acute stroke patients - at least of those presenting early after symptom onset. This review presents multidisciplinary approach to acute stroke - cooperation of neurologists, cardiologists and radiologists. Both reperfusion strategies are discussed: catheter-based thrombectomy and thrombolysis.Key words: stroke - cathet...

Limited versus Whole-Brain Perfusion for the Indication of Thrombolysis in the Extended Time Window of Acute Cerebral Ischemia.

Perfusion computed tomography (PCT) has emerged as alternative to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessment of patients clinically qualifying for off-label thrombolysis within 4.5 to 9 hours after onset of ischemic stroke. However, disadvantage of PCT is its often limited anatomic coverage with only 2 or 3 slices when using a 4- to 64-section scanner. Our purpose was therefore to evaluate the value of 2- and 3-slice perfusion compared to whole-brain perfusion.

Systemic thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

We sought to determine the safety of IV thrombolysis (IVT) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients harboring unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) in a multicenter study and a comprehensive meta-analysis of available case series.

What is the Role for Intra-Arterial Therapy in Acute Stroke Intervention?

Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator continues to be first-line therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke presenting within the appropriate time window, but one potential limitation is the low rate of recanalization in the setting of large artery occlusions. Intra-arterial (IA) treatment is effective for emergency revascularization of proximal intracranial arterial occlusions, but proof of benefit has been lacking until recently. Our goal is to outline the history of endovascular thera...

Comparison of predictive scores of symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage after stroke thrombolysis in a single centre.

Symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage following thrombolysis for ischaemic stroke causes significant morbidity and mortality. This study assessed which of four risk scores (SEDAN, HAT, GRASPS and SITS) best predicts symptomatic intracerebral haemorrhage.

Microbleed Status and 3-Month Outcome After Intravenous Thrombolysis in 717 Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke.

Whether cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) detected on pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging increase the risks of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (sICH) and, most importantly, poor outcome in patients treated by intravenous thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke is still debated. We assessed the effect of CMB presence and burden on 3-month modified Rankin Scale and sICH in a multicentric cohort.

Recurrent ischemic stroke can happen in stroke patients very early after intravenous thrombolysis.

Sodium nitroprusside: low price and safe drug to control BP during thrombolysis in AIS.

This study analyzes the use of sodium nitroprusside (SN) as an option to reduce blood pressure (BP) below 180/105 mmHg during the management of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in patients submitted to intravenous thrombolysis.Method The sample was composed by 60 patients who had AIS and were submitted to intravenous rtPA, split in two groups: half in the control group (CG) with BP < 180/105 mmHg and half in SN group with BP > 180/105 mmHg. Outcome variables were any hemorrhagic transformation (HT); the presence...


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