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Anthera Halts VISTA Heart Drug Trial PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Anthera Halts VISTA Heart Drug Trial articles that have been published worldwide.
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The PARADIGM-HF trial (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure) found a combination drug containing sacubitril (a neprilysin inhibitor) and valsartan (an angiotensin II receptor blocker) superior to enalapril (an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) in patients with systolic heart failure. Recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, sacubitril-valsartan is the first new drug in over a decade to decrease death rates in ...
Incidence of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) increases with complexity of treatment and comorbidities, as in heart failure (HF). This randomized, double-blind study evaluated the intervention of the pharmacist on prevalence of clinically relevant DDIs (NCT01855165).
This open-label, randomized, and multicentre trial tested the hypothesis that, on a background of aspirin, continuing clopidogrel would be superior to stopping clopidogrel at 12 months following drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.
Under an expanded access investigational new drug (IND) trial, cannabidiol (CBD) is being studied as a possible adjuvant treatment of refractory epilepsy in children. Of the 25 subjects in the trial, 13 were being treated with clobazam (CLB). Because CLB and CBD are both metabolized in the cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathway, we predicted a drug-drug interaction, which we evaluate in this article.
Many drugs influence vital functions via the sympathetic and the parasympathetic system. Besides that hypersensitivity reactions and reactions by chemical radicals that arise in drug metabolism may directly harm the heart muscle cell. Cardiac adverse drug reactions (ADR) result in disturbances of the heart rhythm, negative inotropic effects, direct damage to the heart muscle cell, and reduced perfusion of heart tissue. Their importance is often neglected because pharmacologically similar drugs are licensed ...
The age at which heart failure develops varies widely between countries and drug tolerance and outcomes also vary by age. We have examined the efficacy and safety of LCZ696 according to age in the Prospective comparison of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure trial (PARADIGM-HF).
The PARADIGM-HF study, a large outcome trial in heart failure and reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), has recently shown improved cardiovascular outcomes with sacubitril/valsartan (Entresto®, Novartis), still commonly referred to as LCZ696, compared to ACE-inhibitor therapy, possibly leading us to a new era for heart failure (HF) treatment. LCZ696 represents a first-in-class drug acting through inhibition of angiotensin receptor and neprilysin, thus modulating the renin angiotensin aldosterone system and va...
Improved outcomes of elderly patients treated with drug-eluting versus bare metal stents in large coronary arteries: Results from the BAsel Stent Kosten-Effektivitäts Trial PROspective Validation Examination randomized trial.
Drug-eluting stents (DES) improve outcomes in elderly patients with small coronary artery disease compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), but randomized data in elderly patients in need of large coronary stents are not available.
Hypothesis 1 of the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial enrolled 1212 patients with an LVEF of ≤35% and CAD amenable to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients were randomized to CABG and optimal medical therapy (MED) or MED alone. The objective was to assess whether or not patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) enrolled in the STICH trial would have greater benefit from CABG than patients without DM.
Digoxin's pharmacological, hemodynamic, and electrophysiological properties are well understood. However, in modern heart failure (HF) treatment, its effect has yet to be fully investigated.
Worsening heart failure (WHF) symptoms despite initial therapy during admission for acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with worse outcomes. The association between the time of the WHF event and the intensity of WHF therapy with outcomes is unknown.
As a β-adrenoceptor antagonist (β-blocker), esmolol can reduce cardiac output and the phosphodiesterase III inhibitor milrinone has been shown to improve heart contractility in patients with septic shock. This study was performed to assess the effects of esmolol combined with milrinone in patients with severe sepsis.
The PEPCAD China ISR trial investigated the safety and efficacy of paclitaxel-coated balloon (PCB) angioplasty in an Asian patient population with coronary drug-eluting stent in-stent restenosis (DES-ISR).
The MAVERIC trial (Mitral Valve Repair Clinical Trial) reports the safety and efficacy of the ARTO system in patients with symptomatic heart failure and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR).
To save time and cost for drug discovery, a paradigm shift in cardiotoxicity testing is required. We introduce a novel screening system for drug-induced arrhythmogenic risk that combines in vitro pharmacological assays and a multiscale heart simulator. For 12 drugs reported to have varying cardiotoxicity risks, dose-inhibition curves were determined for six ion channels using automated patch clamp systems. By manipulating the channel models implemented in a heart simulator consisting of more than 20 million...
ABSTRACT Cancer is a close second to heart disease for cause of death in the USA, and could soon surpass heart disease as the population ages and the incidence of cancer continues to increase. While heart disease can be addressed through behavior modification and education (e.g., smoking cessation, dietary changes, exercises that promote cardiovascular fitness), pharmacology and improved surgical devices and methods, cancer ultimately requires improved and novel drug treatments to bring mortality rates d...
In some guidelines congestive heart failure is an indication for renal artery stenting. We sought to determine, in patients enrolled with a history of congestive heart failure (CHF), the effect of renal artery stenting on clinical outcomes in the Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions (CORAL) trial.
Should Antihypertensive Treatment Recommendations Differ in Patients With and Without Coronary Heart Disease? (from the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial ALLHAT).
Thiazide-type diuretics have been recommended for initial treatment of hypertension in most patients, but should this recommendation differ for patients with and without coronary heart disease (CHD)? The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) was a randomized, double-blind hypertension treatment trial in 42,418 participants with high risk of combined cardiovascular disease (CVD) (25% with preexisting CHD). This post hoc analysis compares long-term major clinical...
No large-scale randomized trial has compared the effect of different second-generation antipsychotic drugs and any first-generation drug on alcohol, drug and nicotine use in patients with schizophrenia. The Clinical Antipsychotic Trial of Intervention Effectiveness study randomly assigned 1432 patients formally diagnosed with schizophrenia to four second-generation antipsychotic drugs (olanzapine, risperidone quetiapine, and ziprasidone) and one first-generation antipsychotic (perphenazine) and followed the...
Received wisdom suggests that treatments which reduce heart rate (HR), or avoid cardio-acceleration, are associated with improved cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. However, in the SIGNIFY trial in 12,049 patients with symptomatic angina, a sub-group analysis demonstrated a small but significant increase in the combined risk of CV death or non-fatal MI with the new anti-anginal agent, ivabradine, which is designed to reduce heart rate. The safety and efficacy of the long-acting calcium channel blocker, Nifedipin...
Despite significant advances in optimizing drug therapy, heart failure-related mortality and morbidity remain high. There has been great progression with regard to device therapy in heart failure, and device use continues to increase. The aims of this review were to critically re-examine the evidence base and to highlight recent refinements in device therapy in heart failure.
Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2-agonist with hypnotic, analgesic, and anxiolytic properties. Despite off-label administration, dexmedetomidine has found a niche in critically ill neonates and infants with congenital heart disease because of its minimal effects on respiratory function at sedative doses, facilitating early extubation and fast-track postoperative care. There are little pharmacokinetic data regarding newborns who have immature drug metabolizing capacity and who are at risk for reduced...
Cardiovascular hospitalization (CVH) in patients with heart failure (HF) is associated with a high post-discharge rate of early re-admission and CV death. Eplerenone might be effective in reducing the incidence of these adverse clinical outcomes during this period.
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), with associated pulmonary hypertension is an increasingly large medical problem. Phosphodiesterase (PDE)-5 inhibition may be of value in this population, but data are scarce and inconclusive.
As part of its mission, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) communicates with the public regularly about the benefits and risks of prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs. Effectively communicating risk, however, is a significant public health challenge.