PubMed Journals Articles About "Anthera Halts VISTA Heart Drug Trial" RSS

10:59 EST 26th November 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Anthera halts VISTA heart drug trial" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 16,000+

A new class of drugs for systolic heart failure: The PARADIGM-HF study.

The PARADIGM-HF trial (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure) found a combination drug containing sacubitril (a neprilysin inhibitor) and valsartan (an angiotensin II receptor blocker) superior to enalapril (an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor) in patients with systolic heart failure. Recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, sacubitril-valsartan is the first new drug in over a decade to decrease death rates in ...

Clinical-pharmacist intervention reduces clinically relevant drug-drug interactions in patients with heart failure: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial.

Incidence of drug-drug interactions (DDIs) increases with complexity of treatment and comorbidities, as in heart failure (HF). This randomized, double-blind study evaluated the intervention of the pharmacist on prevalence of clinically relevant DDIs (NCT01855165).

Stopping or continuing clopidogrel 12 months after drug-eluting stent placement: the OPTIDUAL randomized trial.

This open-label, randomized, and multicentre trial tested the hypothesis that, on a background of aspirin, continuing clopidogrel would be superior to stopping clopidogrel at 12 months following drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation.

Drug therapy for patients with systolic heart failure after the PARADIGM-HF trial: in need of a new paradigm of LCZ696 implementation in clinical practice.

Heart failure represents a primary cause of morbidity and mortality in older people and despite significant therapeutic advances, it is still characterized by important unmet needs, thus remaining a challenging field of clinical research. The recent PARADIGM-HF trial compared the novel compound LCZ696, a combination of the angiotensin receptor blocker valsartan and the neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril, versus the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril in 8,442 patients with symptomatic chronic sys...

Drug-drug interaction between clobazam and cannabidiol in children with refractory epilepsy.

Under an expanded access investigational new drug (IND) trial, cannabidiol (CBD) is being studied as a possible adjuvant treatment of refractory epilepsy in children. Of the 25 subjects in the trial, 13 were being treated with clobazam (CLB). Because CLB and CBD are both metabolized in the cytochrome P450 (CYP) pathway, we predicted a drug-drug interaction, which we evaluate in this article.

Efficacy and safety of LCZ696 (sacubitril-valsartan) according to age: insights from PARADIGM-HF.

The age at which heart failure develops varies widely between countries and drug tolerance and outcomes also vary by age. We have examined the efficacy and safety of LCZ696 according to age in the Prospective comparison of angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor with angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure trial (PARADIGM-HF).

Improved outcomes of elderly patients treated with drug-eluting versus bare metal stents in large coronary arteries: Results from the BAsel Stent Kosten-Effektivitäts Trial PROspective Validation Examination randomized trial.

Drug-eluting stents (DES) improve outcomes in elderly patients with small coronary artery disease compared with bare-metal stents (BMS), but randomized data in elderly patients in need of large coronary stents are not available.

Nurse-Led Multidisciplinary Heart Failure Group Clinic Appointments: Methods, Materials, and Outcomes Used in the Clinical Trial.

The Self-management and Care of Heart Failure through Group Clinics Trial evaluated the effects of multidisciplinary group clinic appointments on self-care skills and rehospitalizations in high-risk heart failure (HF) patients.

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with and without diabetes in the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial.

Hypothesis 1 of the Surgical Treatment for Ischemic Heart Failure (STICH) trial enrolled 1212 patients with an LVEF of ≤35% and CAD amenable to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients were randomized to CABG and optimal medical therapy (MED) or MED alone. The objective was to assess whether or not patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) enrolled in the STICH trial would have greater benefit from CABG than patients without DM.

A prospective, double-blind, randomized controlled trial of the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor Ramipril In Aortic Stenosis (RIAS trial).

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors improve left ventricular (LV) remodelling and outcome in heart failure and hypertensive heart disease. They may be similarly beneficial in patients with aortic stenosis (AS), but historical safety concerns have limited their use, and no prospective clinical trials exist.

Digoxin Therapy and Associated Clinical Outcomes in the MADIT-CRT Trial.

Digoxin's pharmacological, hemodynamic, and electrophysiological properties are well understood. However, in modern heart failure (HF) treatment, its effect has yet to be fully investigated.

Early vs. late worsening heart failure during acute heart failure hospitalization: insights from the PROTECT trial.

Worsening heart failure (WHF) symptoms despite initial therapy during admission for acute heart failure (AHF) is associated with worse outcomes. The association between the time of the WHF event and the intensity of WHF therapy with outcomes is unknown.

Combination Therapy with Milrinone and Esmolol for Heart Protection in Patients with Severe Sepsis: A Prospective, Randomized Trial.

As a β-adrenoceptor antagonist (β-blocker), esmolol can reduce cardiac output and the phosphodiesterase III inhibitor milrinone has been shown to improve heart contractility in patients with septic shock. This study was performed to assess the effects of esmolol combined with milrinone in patients with severe sepsis.

Treatment of Heart Failure With Associated Functional Mitral Regurgitation Using the ARTO System: Initial Results of the First-in-Human Mitral Valve Repair Clinical Trial (MAVERIC).

The MAVERIC trial (Mitral Valve Repair Clinical Trial) reports the safety and efficacy of the ARTO system in patients with symptomatic heart failure and functional mitral regurgitation (FMR).

Screening system for drug-induced arrhythmogenic risk combining a patch clamp and heart simulator.

To save time and cost for drug discovery, a paradigm shift in cardiotoxicity testing is required. We introduce a novel screening system for drug-induced arrhythmogenic risk that combines in vitro pharmacological assays and a multiscale heart simulator. For 12 drugs reported to have varying cardiotoxicity risks, dose-inhibition curves were determined for six ion channels using automated patch clamp systems. By manipulating the channel models implemented in a heart simulator consisting of more than 20 million...

US FDA oncology drug approvals in 2014.

ABSTRACT  Cancer is a close second to heart disease for cause of death in the USA, and could soon surpass heart disease as the population ages and the incidence of cancer continues to increase. While heart disease can be addressed through behavior modification and education (e.g., smoking cessation, dietary changes, exercises that promote cardiovascular fitness), pharmacology and improved surgical devices and methods, cancer ultimately requires improved and novel drug treatments to bring mortality rates d...


In some guidelines congestive heart failure is an indication for renal artery stenting. We sought to determine, in patients enrolled with a history of congestive heart failure (CHF), the effect of renal artery stenting on clinical outcomes in the Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions (CORAL) trial.

Should Antihypertensive Treatment Recommendations Differ in Patients With and Without Coronary Heart Disease? (from the Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial ALLHAT).

Thiazide-type diuretics have been recommended for initial treatment of hypertension in most patients, but should this recommendation differ for patients with and without coronary heart disease (CHD)? The Antihypertensive and Lipid-Lowering Treatment to Prevent Heart Attack Trial (ALLHAT) was a randomized, double-blind hypertension treatment trial in 42,418 participants with high risk of combined cardiovascular disease (CVD) (25% with preexisting CHD). This post hoc analysis compares long-term major clinical...

Association between edoxaban dose, concentration, anti-Factor Xa activity, and outcomes: an analysis of data from the randomised, double-blind ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial.

New oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation were developed to be given in fixed doses without the need for the routine monitoring that has hindered usage and acceptance of vitamin K antagonists. A concern has emerged, however, that measurement of drug concentration or anticoagulant activity might be needed to prevent excess drug concentrations, which significantly increase bleeding risk. In the ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 trial, higher-dose and lower-dose edoxaban were compared with warfarin ...

Randomized Trial of the Effect of Four Second-Generation Antipsychotics and One First-Generation Antipsychotic on Cigarette Smoking, Alcohol, and Drug Use in Chronic Schizophrenia.

No large-scale randomized trial has compared the effect of different second-generation antipsychotic drugs and any first-generation drug on alcohol, drug and nicotine use in patients with schizophrenia. The Clinical Antipsychotic Trial of Intervention Effectiveness study randomly assigned 1432 patients formally diagnosed with schizophrenia to four second-generation antipsychotic drugs (olanzapine, risperidone quetiapine, and ziprasidone) and one first-generation antipsychotic (perphenazine) and followed the...


Received wisdom suggests that treatments which reduce heart rate (HR), or avoid cardio-acceleration, are associated with improved cardiovascular (CV) outcomes. However, in the SIGNIFY trial in 12,049 patients with symptomatic angina, a sub-group analysis demonstrated a small but significant increase in the combined risk of CV death or non-fatal MI with the new anti-anginal agent, ivabradine, which is designed to reduce heart rate. The safety and efficacy of the long-acting calcium channel blocker, Nifedipin...

Current Attitudes on Cardiac Devices in Heart Failure: A Review.

Despite significant advances in optimizing drug therapy, heart failure-related mortality and morbidity remain high. There has been great progression with regard to device therapy in heart failure, and device use continues to increase. The aims of this review were to critically re-examine the evidence base and to highlight recent refinements in device therapy in heart failure.

Dexmedetomidine Pharmacology in Neonates and Infants After Open Heart Surgery.

Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective α2-agonist with hypnotic, analgesic, and anxiolytic properties. Despite off-label administration, dexmedetomidine has found a niche in critically ill neonates and infants with congenital heart disease because of its minimal effects on respiratory function at sedative doses, facilitating early extubation and fast-track postoperative care. There are little pharmacokinetic data regarding newborns who have immature drug metabolizing capacity and who are at risk for reduced...

Clinical benefits of eplerenone in patients with systolic heart failure and mild symptoms when initiated shortly after hospital discharge: analysis from the EMPHASIS-HF trial.

Cardiovascular hospitalization (CVH) in patients with heart failure (HF) is associated with a high post-discharge rate of early re-admission and CV death. Eplerenone might be effective in reducing the incidence of these adverse clinical outcomes during this period.

Renal denervation therapy for hypertension: pathways for moving development forward.

This scientific statement provides a summary of presentations and discussions at a cardiovascular Think Tank co-sponsored by the American Society of Hypertension (ASH), the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) held in North Bethesda, Maryland, on June 26, 2014. Studies of device therapies for the treatment of hypertension are requested by regulators to evaluate their safety and efficacy during their development programs. Think Tank parti...