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Endoscopic Transgastric Necrosectomy Infected Necrotizing Pancreatitis Editorial PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Endoscopic Transgastric Necrosectomy Infected Necrotizing Pancreatitis Editorial articles that have been published worldwide.
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Necrotising pancreatitis, and particularly infected necrosis, are still associated with high morbidity and mortality. Since 2011, a step-up approach with lower morbidity rates compared to initial open necrosectomy has been established. However, mortality and complication rates of this complex treatment are hardly studied thereafter.
After an acute attack of pancreatitis, walled-off pancreatic fluid collections (PFC) occur in approximately 10 % of cases. Drainage of the cavity is recommended when specific indications are met. Endoscopic drainage has been adopted as the main intervention for symptomatic walled-off PFC. Altered gastric anatomy in these patients poses an interesting challenge. We present the first case of a patient with sleeve gastrectomy who underwent successful endoscopic transduodenal necrosectomy (TDN).
Infected pancreatic necrosis develops in approximately one third of patients with necrotizing pancreatitis and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality rates. Historically, open necrosectomy has been the mainstay of management for these patients but is in itself a morbid procedure. In recent times, minimally invasive techniques have evolved to allow a less invasive approach to these patients. Percutaneous catheter drainage of infected pancreatic necrosis is a technique that has been demonstrated to b...
Until recently, a diagnosis of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) warranted necrosectomy, which was associated with high morbidity and mortality rates greater than 20%. Preoperative percutaneous drainage delayed the need for necrosectomy with improved outcomes.
Severe acute pancreatitis has two predominant phases. The first, "early" phase (1-2 weeks) is characterized by a severe pro-inflammatory state and is best ameliorated with conservative management. The second, "late" phase is a more complex immune-compromised state, during which pancreatic fluid collections become demarcated and walled-off. During this phase, patients are at an increased risk of infection and necrosis secondary to break in the gut barrier. Therefore, treatment becomes more complicated. Thoug...
There is no clinical report on the use of natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) for the management of patients with large liver cysts.This study aims to evaluate the feasibility and safety of NOTES for liver cyst fenestration in humans using a currently available technique.From February 2009 to June 2010, 4 cases of transgastric endoscopic liver cyst fenestration were performed; in which 3 cases received NOTES only, while 1 case received additional laparoscopic assistance.Mean time to endo...
Pancreatitis of biliary etiology accounts for 30-60 % of all cases of acute pancreatitis. A number of randomized studies have been completed to assess the role of acute endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and papilosphincterotomy in the therapy of biliary pancreatitis. Analysis of the respective studies has shown that urgent endoscopy is clearly indicated for the patients with a severe form of acute biliary pancreatitis as well as for those with an ongoing acute cholangitis or obstructive ...
Guidelines recommend same admission cholecystectomy (SAC) in the management of mild acute gallstone pancreatitis (AGP) with a recent randomized trial supporting this recommendation. However, the push for early cholecystectomy will lead a subset of patients with evolving, unrecognized necrotizing pancreatitis (NP) to undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) with unknown consequences. With concerns about potentially serious outcomes, we studied the outcomes in patients with unrecognized NP who underwent SAC ...
Previous studies have shown changes in the pancreas of type 1 diabetic (T1-DM) patients, similar to those present in patients with chronic pancreatitis. Our aim was to analyze the prevalence of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) criteria for chronic pancreatitis in T1-DM, to determine the association with factors related to the diabetes and to define its clinical significance.
Pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) are a frequent complication of pancreatitis, or less commonly, pancreatic trauma or surgery. The revised Atlanta Classification categorizes PFCs as acute or chronic, with further subclassification of acute collections into acute peripancreatic collections and acute necrotic collections and of chronic fluid collections into pseudocysts and walled-off pancreatic necrosis. Acute PFCs are generally only subjected to an intervention when they are infected and not responding to...
Percutaneous drainage, percutaneous transgastric drainage, and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided transgastric drainage are primarily utilized for drainage of fluid collections dorsal to the stomach. Percutaneous transgastric drainage is performed with computed tomography (CT) guidance, but it requires inflation of a balloon in the stomach, and gastric peristalsis makes it difficult to ensure a reliable puncture route via the stomach. Using endoscopy-assisted CT-guidance, we were able to safely and effectiv...
Peritoneal lavage and dialysis is an approach to treat necrotizing acute pancreatitis as it removes dialyzable toxins and reduces severe metabolic disturbances. Successful catheter implantation is important for delivering adequate peritoneal lavage and dialysis. The aim of the present study was to describe a new modified percutaneous technique for the placement of peritoneal dialysis catheters and assess the effectiveness and safety of peritoneal lavage and dialysis used for treatment of necrotizing acute p...
Prophylactic Effect of Rectal Indomethacin Administration, with and without Intravenous Hydration, on Development of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Pancreatitis Episodes: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
Acute Post ERCP Pancreatitis (PEP) is the most common major complication of Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The aim of the current study was to assess the utility of single dose rectal indomethacin with and without intravenous perfusion of normal saline to prevent acute pancreatitis.
The traditional approach to the drainage of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN) is open necrosectomy. As an alternative to open necrosectomy, percutaneous drainage is the first-line treatment of IPN. This study is aimed to identify predictive factor of failure after CT-guided percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) of IPN.
Metabolomics-based diagnosis or prediction of risk may improve patient outcomes and improve understanding of the pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis (AP). Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a risk factor for developing AP. This pilot study examined metabolomes of patients before and after ERCP, hypothesizing that metabolomics could differentiate between patients who did and did not develop post-ERCP pancreatitis, and that biomarkers associated with development of AP could be identified.
Pancreaticopericardial fistula (PPF) is an extremely rare clinical problem encountered in patients with chronic pancreatitis. The diagnosis should be suspected if a patient presents with pericardial effusion on a background of chronic pancreatitis. Significantly raised amylase in the pericardial fluid offers an important clue for the diagnosis. CT is the initial imaging modality to look for pancreatic and pericardial changes. The therapeutic options include medical, endoscopic or surgical interventions. Med...
Recurrent acute pancreatitis (RAP) is defined based on the occurrence of two or more episodes of acute pancreatitis. RAP is differentiated from chronic pancreatitis based on the presence of a normal morphological appearance of the pancreas between episodes. RAP can be due to a variety of etiologies including common bile duct stones or sludge, sphincter of Oddi dysfunction (SOD), pancreas divisum (PD), anomalous pancreaticobiliary junction, genetic mutations, and alcohol related. In approximately 30 % of pa...
Pancreatic diseases such as cancer, idiopathic recurrent pancreatitis, and chronic pancreatitis, can cause pain that is difficult to control. Pain is one of the most debilitating symptoms and demands increasing doses of analgesics and narcotics, as well as the number of hospital admissions, with a direct implication in the costs of medical treatments.
Acute pancreatitis is the most common adverse event of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of intramuscular diclofenac sodium for prophylaxis of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) in comparison to the rectal form.
The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of continuous regional arterial infusion (CRAI) of protease inhibitors in patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) including acute necrotizing pancreatitis.