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PubMed Journals Articles About "Pebble Labs Builds Science Team With Four Research" RSS

23:55 EDT 22nd September 2017 | BioPortfolio

Pebble Labs Builds Science Team With Four Research PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Pebble Labs Builds Science Team With Four Research articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Pebble Labs Builds Science Team with Four Research" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 30,000+

Detoxification of atrazine by low molecular weight thiols in alfalfa (Medicago sativa).

Low molecular weight (LMW) thiols in higher plants are a group of sulfur-rich non-protein compounds and play primary and multiple roles in cellular redox homeostasis, enzyme activities, and xenobiotics detoxification. This study focused on identifying thiols-related protein genes from the legume alfalfa exposed to the herbicide atrazine (ATZ) residues in environment. Using high-throughput RNA-sequencing, a set of ATZ-responsive thiols-related protein genes highly up-regulated and differentially expressed in...


Heat Generation and Accumulation in Municipal Solid Waste Landfills.

There have been reports of North American landfills that are experiencing temperatures in excess of 80 - 100°C. However, the processes causing elevated temperatures are not well understood. The objectives of this study were to develop a model to describe the generation, consumption and release of heat from landfills, to predict landfill temperatures, and to understand the relative importance of factors that contribute to heat generation and accumulation. Modeled heat sources include energy from aerobic and...

CsPb0.9Sn0.1IBr2 Based All-Inorganic Perovskite Solar Cells with Exceptional Efficiency and Stability.

The emergence of perovskite solar cells (PSCs) has generated enormous interests in the photovoltaic research community. Recently, cesium metal halides (CsMX3, M = Pb or Sn; X = I, Br, Cl or mixed halides) as a class of inorganic perovskites showed great promise for PSCs and other optoelectronic devices. However, CsMX3-based PSCs usually exhibit lower power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) than organic-inorganic hybrid PSCs, due to the unfavorable bandgaps. Herein, a novel mixed-Pb/Sn mixed-halide inorganic pe...


Chemical Vapor Deposition of Thin, Conductive and Fouling-Resistant Polymeric Films.

Fouling has been a persistent issue within applications ranging from membrane separation to biomedical implantation. Research to date focuses on fouling resistant coatings, where electrical conductivity is unnecessary. In this study, we report the synthesis of multifunctional thin films with both fouling-resistance and electrical conductivity for their potential applications in electrolysis based self-cleaning of separation membranes and in the field of bioelectronics. This unique combination of properties ...

From Needs to Goals and Representations: Foundations for a Unified Theory of Motivation, Personality, and Development.

Drawing on both classic and current approaches, I propose a theory that integrates motivation, personality, and development within one framework, using a common set of principles and mechanisms. The theory begins by specifying basic needs and by suggesting how, as people pursue need-fulfilling goals, they build mental representations of their experiences (beliefs, representations of emotions, and representations of action tendencies). I then show how these needs, goals, and representations can serve as the ...

Wisdom, Bias, and Balance: Toward a Process-Sensitive Measurement of Wisdom-Related Cognition.

Philosophers and behavioral scientists refer to wisdom as unbiased reasoning that guides one toward a balance of interests and promotes a good life. However, major instruments developed to test wisdom appear biased, and it is unclear whether they capture balance-related tendencies. We examined whether shifting from global, de-contextualized reports to state-level reports about concrete situations provides a less biased method to assess wise reasoning (e.g., intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty ...

"Sex differences in left-handedness: A meta-analysis of 144 studies": Correction to Papadatou-Pastou et al. (2008).

Reports an error in "Sex differences in left-handedness: A meta-analysis of 144 studies" by Marietta Papadatou-Pastou, Maryanne Martin, Marcus R. Munafò and Gregory V. Jones (Psychological Bulletin, 2008[Sep], Vol 134[5], 677-699). In the article the statistical evidence is weaker than reported for the moderating effect of writing hand compared to all the other instruments (reported finding: Q(1) = 8.36, p = .02; corrected finding: Q(1) = 3.17, p = .075). While the statistical evidence is thus somewhat wea...

Critical Action as a Pathway to Social Mobility Among Marginalized Youth.

Marginalized youth's development occurs in contexts rife with racialized, gendered, and socioeconomic social identity threats and barriers to social mobility. An emergent line of inquiry suggests critical action-a component of critical consciousness, defined as engaging in individual or collective social action to produce social change-may bolster career development for those experiencing marginalization. Yet, the specific mechanisms underlying critical action-career development associations are not well un...

Cognition-Emotion Interaction as a Predictor of Adolescent Depressive Symptoms.

Given the sharp increase in rates of depression during adolescence, especially in girls, it is important to identify which youth are at greatest risk across this critical developmental transition. During the present research, we examined whether (a) individual differences in cognition-emotion interaction, as reflected in cognitive control (CC) deficits and trait negative emotionality (NE), predict depression levels across a 1-year period (sixth-seventh grades); and (b) these temperamental traits create a pa...

Environmental Sensitivity in Children: Development of the Highly Sensitive Child Scale and Identification of Sensitivity Groups.

A large number of studies document that children differ in the degree they are shaped by their developmental context with some being more sensitive to environmental influences than others. Multiple theories suggest that Environmental Sensitivity is a common trait predicting the response to negative as well as positive exposures. However, most research to date has relied on more or less proximal markers of Environmental Sensitivity. In this paper we introduce a new questionnaire-the Highly Sensitive Child (H...

Individual Variability in the Semantic Processing of English Compound Words.

Semantic transparency effects during compound word recognition provide critical insight into the organization of semantic knowledge and the nature of semantic processing. The past 25 years of psycholinguistic research on compound semantic transparency has produced discrepant effects, leaving the existence and nature of its influence unresolved. In the present study, we examined the influence of semantic transparency and individual reading experience on eye-movement behavior during sentence reading. Eye-move...

Attention to Change: A Multilevel Theory on the Process of Emergent Continuous Organizational Change.

Increasingly, continuous organizational change is viewed as the new reality for organizations and their members. However, this model of organizational change, which is usually characterized by ongoing, cumulative, and substantive change from the bottom up, remains underexplored in the literature. Taking a multilevel approach, the authors develop a theoretical model to explain the mechanisms behind the amplification and accumulation of valuable, ongoing work-unit level changes over time, which then become su...

A Cross-Level Investigation of Informal Field-Based Learning and Performance Improvements.

Organizations often operate in complex and dynamic environments which place a premium on employees' ongoing learning and acquisition of new competencies. Additionally, the majority of learning in organizations does not take place in formal training settings, but we know relatively little about how informal field-based learning (IFBL) behaviors relate to changes in job performance. In this study, we first clarified the construct of IFBL as a subset of informal learning. Second, on the basis of this clarified...

Ranking Low, Feeling High: How Hierarchical Position and Experienced Power Promote Prosocial Behavior in Response to Procedural Justice.

Research shows that power can lead to prosocial behavior by facilitating the behavioral expression of dispositional prosocial motivation. However, it is not clear how power may facilitate responses to contextual factors that promote prosocial motivation. Integrating fairness heuristic theory and the situated focus theory of power, we argue that in particular, organization members in lower (vs. higher) hierarchical positions who simultaneously experience a high (vs. low) sense of power respond with prosocial...

More Is Less: Learning But Not Relaxing Buffers Deviance Under Job Stressors.

Workplace deviance harms the well-being of an organization and its members. Unfortunately, theory and prior research suggest that deviance is associated with job stressors, which are endemic to work organizations and often cannot be easily eliminated. To address this conundrum, we explore actions individuals can take at work that serve as buffering conditions for the positive relationship between job stressors and deviant behavior. Drawing upon conservation of resources theory, we examine a resource-buildin...

Grape and Wine Polymeric Polyphenols: their Importance in Enology.

Phenolic compounds are important constituents of red wine, contributing to its sensory properties and antioxidant activity. Owing to the diversity and structural complexity, study of these compounds was mainly limited, during the last three decades, on their low-molecular-mass compounds or simple phenolic compounds. Only in recent years, much attention has been paid to highly polymerized polyphenols in grape and red wines. The reason for this is largely due to the development of analytical techniques, espec...

Development of a Statewide, Publicly Accessible Drug Overdose Surveillance and Information System.

In response to Rhode Island's overdose epidemic, we developed a collaborative, statewide online "dashboard" to provide the public with timely overdose surveillance data. The Web site- www.PreventOverdoseRI.org (PORI)-offers user-friendly data visualizations, plain language education, and interactive resource maps. Development of the site has improved overdose data sharing and transparency in Rhode Island. Preliminary results suggest a successful site launch. Future research will evaluate the effectiveness o...

Strength in Numbers: Using Big Data to Simplify Sentiment Classification.

Sentiment classification, the task of assigning a positive or negative label to a text segment, is a key component of mainstream applications such as reputation monitoring, sentiment summarization, and item recommendation. Even though the performance of sentiment classification methods has steadily improved over time, their ever-increasing complexity renders them comprehensible by only a shrinking minority of expert practitioners. For all others, such highly complex methods are black-box predictors that are...

The Value and Application of the Six Minute Walk Test in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis.

The 6 minute walk test (6MWT) is a commonly employed assessment of performance ability in a variety of cardiopulmonary diseases. It provides important functional information that is not captured in standardized pulmonary function testing. The test may be influenced by factors other than the severity of lung disease, including frailty, deconditioning, and musculoskeletal issues. The primary output measure from the six minute walk test is the distance walked, which appears to confer prognostic information in ...

Behavior and performance of dairy cows after transfer from tied to cubicle housing.

Behavior and performance changes when tied dairy cows were moved to a loose housing system in a cubicle system were investigated. Behavioral observations were made for 3 consecutive days in 3 periods after transition. The cows (n = 105) were observed on 18 sampling occasions for 1 month. Recordings were made of body positions and general and social behaviors. Monthly milk records were collected 1 year before and 1 year after transition. Cows walked more during the 1st observation period than during the ot...

Women's Experiences of Pornography: A Systematic Review of Research Using Qualitative Methods.

Given the proliferation of pornography in personal, relational, and social realms, it is vital to understand women's experiences of this accessible, stimulating, and versatile sexual material. We therefore conducted the first systematic review of research using qualitative methods published in English in peer-reviewed journals. Our search of five databases yielded 22 eligible articles. Thematic analysis of results revealed four broad themes: women encountering pornography, pornography and the self, pornogra...

A Developmentally Relevant Approach to Classifying Nonconsensual Sexual Experiences in the Study of Women's Sexual Well-Being.

In this article we propose a sexual developmental approach to classifying the onset of nonconsensual sexual experiences (NSEs) that differs from the traditional age cutoff approach. Online measures of sexual self-schemas, sexual response, and sexual functioning were administered to 797 women with and without NSE histories. Women were grouped based on when their NSEs first occurred in reference to their age of menarche and age of their first consensual sexual experience (i.e., premenarche onset, postmenarche...

Impact of mandatory microchipping on traceability of sheltered dogs in the Czech Republic.

Records of 4,455 sheltered dogs were analyzed to compare the numbers of traceable (able to be reunited with original caregivers) and untraceable (unable to be reunited with original caregivers) dogs before (Period 1) and after (Period 2) introduction of a mandatory microchipping. Records were also used to compare the numbers of microchipped dogs, to compare dogs' reunification with caregivers, and to estimate possible financial savings. In Period 1, 51.8% of the dogs were untraceable (median length of stay ...

The Role of Sex-Related Alcohol Expectancies in Alcohol-Involved Consensual and Nonconsensual Sex Among Women of Asian/Pacific Islander and Women of European Race/Ethnicity.

Alcohol-involved sexual experiences, including incapacitated sexual assault and alcohol-involved sex, are major public health concerns among college women. Further, racial/ethnic diversity among college students is increasing, particularly with regard to increases in college students of Asian/Pacific Islander (API) race/ethnicity. Of relevance, evidence suggests differences in sexual assault rates across ethnicities and cultures; however, no known study to date has examined differences by ethnicity and firs...

The Upright Body Position Increases Translaminar Pressure Gradient in Normotensive and Hypertensive Rats.

Several lines of evidence suggest that the pathogenesis of glaucoma may depend on an increased translaminar pressure gradient (TPG), the difference between intraocular and intracranial pressure (ICP), rather than on intraocular pressure (IOP) itself. It has also been suggested that high blood pressure might correlate with the incidence of glaucoma; however, the data are contradictory. Here, we studied the effect of arterial blood pressure and changes in body position on TPG in rats.


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