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PubMed Journals Articles About "Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer" RSS

15:56 EDT 26th August 2016 | BioPortfolio

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tyrosine kinase inhibitors Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

ALK inhibitors for clinical use in cancer therapy.

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a receptor tyrosine kinase protein implicated in a variety of tumors, both solid and hematological. Few years ago crizotinib, an inhibitor of the receptor tyrosine kinases c-Met and ALK, demonstrated its activity in ALK positive non-small-cell lung cancer and other tumors with excellent toxicity profile. Subsequently several ALK inhibitors have been developed, offering new personalized treatment options. This review addresses some clinical considerations on the use of ALK...


De novo design of new inhibitor of mutated tyrosine-kinase for the myeloid leukemia treatment.

Chronic myelogenous leukemia is associated with hematopoietic stem cells that are manifested primarily with expansion myelopoiesis. It is the first cancer directly associated with a genetic abnormality. Specifically, it is associated to a particular cytogenetic abnormality, known as Philadelphia chromosome (Ph), which results from a fusion between part of the BCR ("breakpoint cluster region") gene from chromosome 22 and the Abelson (ABL) gene on chromosome 9 and leads to the formation a new gene leukemia-sp...

Functional Crosstalk Between WNT Signaling and Tyrosine Kinase Signaling in Cancer.

Extensive molecular characterization of tumors has revealed that the activity of multiple signaling pathways is often simultaneously dampened or enhanced in cancer cells. Aberrant WNT signaling and tyrosine kinase signaling are two pathways that are frequently up- or downregulated in cancer. Although signaling pathways regulated by WNTs, tyrosine kinases, and other factors are often conceptualized as independent entities, the biological reality is likely much more complex. Understanding the mechanisms of cr...


The Emerging Role of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer Treatment: A Systematic Review.

The present systematic review summarizes current evidence regarding the mechanisms of action, the efficacy, and the adverse effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in ovarian cancer patients. Phase II and III clinical trials were sought in the PubMed database and in the Clinical Trials.gov registry through September 30, 2015. Seventy-five clinical trials regarding TKIs targeting mainly vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, epidermal growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor receptor...

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase: role in cancer and therapy perspective.

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is correlated with oncogenesis in different types of cancers, such as anaplastic large cell lymphoma, lung cancer, neuroblastoma, and even breast cancer, by abnormal fusion of ALK or non-fusion ALK activation. ALK is a receptor tyrosine kinase, with a single transmembrane domain, that plays an important role in development. Upon ligand binding to the extracellular domain, the receptor undergoes dimerization and subsequent autophosphorylation of the intracellular kinase domai...

Using Interferon Alfa Before Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors May Increase Survival in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Turkish Oncology Group (TOG) Study.

We aimed to investigate the outcomes of interferon alfa and sequencing tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma.

EGFR Exon 19 Deletion is Associated With Favorable Overall Survival After First-line Gefitinib Therapy in Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients.

Exon 19 deletion and L858R mutation in exon 21 of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are both common mutations that predict a good response to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the existence of clinically significant difference in sensitivity to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors among different EGFR mutation subtypes is still a matter of debate.

Efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in the adjuvant treatment for operable non-small-cell lung cancer by a meta-analysis.

The role of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the adjuvant treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not been well established. Our meta-analysis aimed to determine whether the administration of EGFR-TKIs could improve the outcomes of patients with NSCLC undergoing complete resection.

Macrocytosis as a potential parameter associated with survival after tyrosine kinase inhibitor treatment.

As a rise in mean corpuscular volume (MCV) of the erythrocyte is frequently seen during treatment with imatinib and sunitinib, we investigated whether macrocytosis (MCV > 100 fl) also occurs as a class effect in other tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and whether occurrence of macrocytosis is associated with outcome.

Detection of the T790M mutation of EGFR in plasma of advanced non-small cell lung cancer patients with acquired resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (West Japan oncology group 8014LTR study).

Next-generation epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been developed to overcome resistance to earlier generations of such drugs mediated by a secondary T790M mutation of EGFR, but the performance of a second tumor biopsy to assess T790M mutation status can be problematic.

Cardiovascular Events Associated With Use of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: A Population-Based Cohort Study.

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have increased survival dramatically for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), but continuous administration of these drugs may elicit long-term toxicity.

Relative survival in patients with chronic-phase chronic myeloid leukaemia in the tyrosine-kinase inhibitor era: analysis of patient data from six prospective clinical trials.

Tyrosine-kinase inhibitors improve overall survival in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia in chronic phase (CML-CP). Survival compared with the general population by age, response, and type of tyrosine-kinase inhibitor is not known. With use of data from trials of tyrosine kinase inhibitors, we compared overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed CML-CP to that of general population.

Pooled Analysis of the Prognostic and Predictive Value of KRAS Mutation Status and Mutation Subtype in Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Treated with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

This pooled analysis of four trials of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) versus placebo was conducted to clarify the prognostic and predictive roles of Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutations (MUTs) and to explore the importance of MUT subtype.

Advanced non-Small cell lung cancer patients at the extremes of age in the era of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

The clinical characteristics and survival of very young (≤40 years) and very old (>80years) patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are distinct. However, the benefits of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to patients at the extremes of age with NSCLC harboring EGFR mutation have not been well studied. We retrospectively studied the effect of extreme age on patients' clinical characteristics and prognosis.

Early Recognition and Management of Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome: A Newly Recognized Complication in Patients Receiving Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

Adult patients with cancer receiving antineoplastic, targeted, and other immunosuppressive therapies are at risk for severe side effects. Studies link posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) with immunosuppressants used for patients undergoing transplantation, as well as select tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) and other targeted therapies used in patients with cancer. PRES is a reversible condition with early recognition and management; however, permanent neurologic toxicities have been reporte...

Sequencing of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Progressive Differentiated Thyroid Cancer.

Best Use of the Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Progressive Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: Discussion.

Review On EGFR Inhibitors: Critical Updates.

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that constitutes one of four members of the ErbB family of tyrosine kinase receptors. Activation of EGFR to leads to autophosphorylation of receptor tyrosine kinase that initiates a cascade of downstream signaling pathways involved in regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation, and survival. EGFR is abnormally activated by various mechanisms like receptor overexpression, mutation, ligand-dependent receptor dimerization, ligand-i...

Kinases inhibitors in lung cancer: From benchside to bedside.

Lung cancer still remains one of the major causes of cancer related mortality around the globe. Various different molecular targets have been discovered till date for targeting lung cancer. But not every new molecular target is having successfully designed inhibitor, moreover the conventional chemotherapeutics are having their own limitations such as toxicity, lack of selectivity. Thus, kinases still remain the most effective molecular target in lung cancer therapy. Also, once-shunned kinase inhibitors have...

Inhibition of isoprenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase augments BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibition-induced apoptosis in chronic myeloid leukaemia.

Despite the success of BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML), resistance to tyrosine kinase inhibitors remains a therapeutic challenge. A strategy to overcome resistance is to combine existing BCR-ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitors with agents that target alternative pathways. We report that inhibition of isoprenylcysteine carboxylmethyltransferase (Icmt), a key enzyme in the protein prenylation pathway, with a selective inhibitor termed cysmethynil enhances the e...

The discovery of 2-substituted phenol quinazolines as potent RET kinase inhibitors with improved KDR selectivity.

Deregulation of the receptor tyrosine kinase RET has been implicated in medullary thyroid cancer, a small percentage of lung adenocarcinomas, endocrine-resistant breast cancer and pancreatic cancer. There are several clinically approved multi-kinase inhibitors that target RET as a secondary pharmacology but additional activities, most notably inhibition of KDR, lead to dose-limiting toxicities. There is, therefore, a clinical need for more specific RET kinase inhibitors. Herein we report our efforts towards...

Small activating ribonucleic acid reverses tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance in epidermal growth factor receptor-mutant lung cancer by increasing the expression of phosphatase and tensin homolog.

Epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI-EGFRs) present a new prospect for the treatment of lung cancer. However, in clinical application, the majority of patients become TKI resistant within a year. More and more studies have shown that a loss of phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) expression is associated with TKI resistance. An alternative method of upregulating PTEN expression may reverse TKI resistance.

Functional analyses of mutations in receptor tyrosine kinase genes in non-small cell lung cancer: double-edged sword of DDR2.

This study investigated whether mutations of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) genes detected using next-generation sequencing (NGS) are suitable therapeutic targets.

miR-26a desensitizes non-small cell lung cancer cells to tyrosine kinase inhibitors by targeting PTPN13.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have emerged as first-line drugs for non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). However, the resistance to TKIs represents the key limitation for their therapeutic efficacy. We found that miR-26a was upregulated in gefitinib-refractory NSCLCs; miR-26a is downstream of EGFR signaling and directly targets and silences protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 13 (PTPN13) to maintain the activation of Src, a dephosphorylation su...

Progress in understanding the safety and efficacy of Janus kinase inhibitors for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has improved considerably following the advent of biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs). However, these drugs require special storage and transportation. Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors are oral synthetic DMARDs that inhibit the non-receptor tyrosine kinase family Janus kinase. Recently, many JAK inhibitors are being developed as new therapies for patients with RA.


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