PubMed Journals Articles About "Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer" RSS

02:11 EDT 1st November 2014 | BioPortfolio

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tyrosine kinase inhibitors Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 21,000+

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Effectiveness of Gefitinib against Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer with the Uncommon EGFR Mutations G719X and L861Q.

In non-small-cell lung cancer, an exon 19 deletion and an L858R point mutation in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) are predictors of a response to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors. However, it is uncertain whether other uncommon EGFR mutations are associated with sensitivity to EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Recent advances in irreversible kinase inhibitors.

Despite concerns of off-target selectivity and cytotoxicity, there has been a resurgence in interest in irreversible kinase inhibitors resulting in more than 60 disclosed patent and patent applications over the past 4 years. Many of these inhibitors possess several key advantages over their reversible counterparts. The patent literature from 2010 to 2013 has been reviewed and novel irreversible kinase inhibitors for Bruton's tyrosine kinase, epidermal growth factor receptor, Janus kinase 3, phosphoinsitide ...

Sorafenib: targeting multiple tyrosine kinases in cancer.

Sorafenib (BAY 43-9006, Nexavar(®)) is an oral multiple tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Main targets are receptor tyrosine kinase pathways frequently deregulated in cancer such as the Raf-Ras pathway, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway, and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3). Sorafenib was approved by the FDA in fast track for advanced renal cell cancer and hepatocellular cancer and shows good clinical activity in thyroid cancer. Multiple clinical trials are undertaken to further investigate the r...

Different efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors and prognosis in patients with subtypes of EGFR-mutated advanced non-small cell lung cancer: a meta-analysis.

Nearly 85 % of lung-cancer-specific epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) sensitive mutations comprise a substitution at position 858 (21L858R) and deletion mutants in exon 19 (19del). The aim of this study was to assess the role of EGFR mutation subtypes in predicting the efficacy of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) and the prognosis of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Omacetaxine mepesuccinate in the treatment of intractable chronic myeloid leukemia.

In a significant proportion of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia, resistance to BCR-ABL tyrosine kinase inhibitors develops due to acquisition of BCR-ABL kinase domain mutations and insensitivity of leukemia stem cells to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Omacetaxine mepesuccinate (formerly called homoharringtonine) is a natural alkaloid that inhibits protein synthesis and induces cell death. Omacetaxine mepesuccinate has been recently approved by the US Food and Drug Administration to treat patients with ch...

Nomogram Predicting Clinical Outcomes in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

The aim of this study was to develop a pragmatic nomogram for prediction of progression free survival (PFS) for the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meta-Analysis of EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Compared with Chemotherapy as Second-Line Treatment in Pretreated Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Since efficacy and safety of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) versus chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with pretreated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain controversial, we performed a meta-analysis to compare them.


Targeted therapy of Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) using the tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate has been one of the most striking achievements in modern cancer medicine. However, while imatinib can establish long-term remission in many cases, resistance to or intolerance of imatinib is eventually experienced by a substantial number of patients. Subsequent advances have led to the development of novel tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). One such inhibitor, nilotinib, ...

The tyrosine kinase inhibitor nilotinib has antineoplastic activity in prostate cancer cells but up-regulates the ERK survival signal-Implications for targeted therapies.

Novel therapeutic options beyond hormone ablation and chemotherapy are urgently needed for patients with advanced prostate cancer. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are an attractive option as advanced prostate cancers show a highly altered phosphotyrosine proteome. However, despite favorable initial clinical results, the combination of the TKI dasatinib with docetaxel did not result in improved patient survival for reasons that are not known in detail.

Small-molecule EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors for the treatment of cancer.

Introduction: EGFR has been implicated in various malignancies such as NSCLC, breast, head and neck, and pancreatic cancer. Numerous drugs have been developed in order to target the tyrosine domain of EGFR as an approach in cancer treatment. Areas covered: This article focuses on the different generations of EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). This spans from the emergence of the first-generation EGFR-TKIs to overcoming drug resistance using second-generation EGFR-TKIs and to reducing adverse effect (AE...

Repositioning of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors as Antagonists of ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters in Anticancer Drug Resistance.

The phenomenon of multidrug resistance (MDR) has attenuated the efficacy of anticancer drugs and the possibility of successful cancer chemotherapy. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters play an essential role in mediating MDR in cancer cells by increasing efflux of drugs from cancer cells, hence reducing the intracellular accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs. Interestingly, small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as AST1306, lapatinib, linsitinib, masitinib, motesanib, nilotinib, telatini...

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors as Reversal Agents for ABC Transporter Mediated Drug Resistance.

Tyrosine kinases (TKs) play an important role in pathways that regulate cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and metastasis. Aberrant activity of TKs has been implicated in several types of cancers. In recent years, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been developed to interfere with the activity of deregulated kinases. These TKIs are remarkably effective in the treatment of various human cancers including head and neck, gastric, prostate and breast cancer and several types of leukemia. How...

Primary and Secondary Resistance to Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Lung Cancer.

Background: Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) have emerged as important therapeutic agents for the treatment of several types of cancer including lung cancer. Recent research attempts show that only a small population of cancer patients responds to TKI and furthermore, these patients eventually develop resistance. Studies support the classification of resistance in primary and secondary resistance. Materials and Methods: In the present study the differentiation between primary and secondary resistance to TKI...

Development of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors and molecular diagnosis in ALK rearrangement-positive lung cancer.

The fusion of echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) was identified as a transforming gene for lung cancer in 2007. This genetic rearrangement accounts for 2%-5% of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases, occurring predominantly in younger individuals with adenocarcinoma who are never- or light smokers. A small-molecule tyrosine-kinase inhibitor of ALK, crizotinib, was rapidly approved by the US Food and Drug Administration on the basis of its pronounced cli...

Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors: lessons learned from bench-to-bedside (first) studies.

Targeted inhibitors of B-cell receptor signaling have emerged as the most promising therapeutic options against non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The inhibitor agents that target Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) have elicited particularly high enthusiasm given the unprecedented positive responses observed in Phase I trials. The sheer amount of clinical data published since last year now requires reinterpretation in light of recently published findings on BTK.

Imatinib: a breakthrough of targeted therapy in cancer.

Deregulated protein tyrosine kinase activity is central to the pathogenesis of human cancers. Targeted therapy in the form of selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has transformed the approach to management of various cancers and represents a therapeutic breakthrough. Imatinib was one of the first cancer therapies to show the potential for such targeted action. Imatinib, an oral targeted therapy, inhibits tyrosine kinases specifically BCR-ABL, c-KIT, and PDGFRA. Apart from its remarkable success in CM...

Rapid Evaluation of Tyrosine Kinase Activity of Membrane-Integrated Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Using the Yeast Gγ Recruitment System.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family and plays key roles in the regulation of fundamental cellular processes, including cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, and survival. Deregulation of EGFR tyrosine kinase activity is involved in the development and progression of human cancers. In the present study, we attempted to develop a method to evaluate the tyrosine kinase activity of human EGFR using the yeast Gγ recruitment system. Autophosphoryla...

Clinical Targeting of Mutated and Wild-type Protein Tyrosine Kinases in Cancer.

Clinical therapies for cancer have evolved from toxic, non-targeted agents to manageable, highly targeted therapies. Protein tyrosine kinases are a family of signaling molecules implicated in nearly every cancer type and are the foundation for the development of modern targeted agents. Recent genomic analyses have identified activating mutations, translocations, and amplifications of tyrosine kinases. Selective targeting of these genetically altered tyrosine kinases has resulted in significant clinical adva...

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors in breast cancer therapy.

To review the latest preclinical and clinical findings on the role of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors in breast cancer and update on the studies investigating the predictive biomarkers of response to CDK4/6 inhibitors.

The Bim deletion polymorphism clinical profile and its relation with tyrosine kinase inhibitor resistance in Chinese patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are widely used for the treatment of patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have EGFR mutations. Recent studies have indicated that some patients with positive mutations were refractory to EGFR TKIs if they harbored a B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/lymphoma (Bcl-2)-like 11 (Bim) deletion polymorphism. The objective of the current work was to retrospectively study the Bim deletion polymorphism in Chinese pat...

Aurora kinase inhibition induces PUMA via NF-kB to kill colon cancer cells.

Aurora kinases play a key role in mitosis and are frequently overexpressed in a variety of tumor cells. Inhibition of aurora kinases results in mitotic arrest and death of cancer cells, and has been explored as an anticancer strategy. However, how aurora inhibition kills cancer cells is poorly understood. In this study, we found that inhibition of aurora kinases by siRNA or small-molecule inhibitors led to induction of PUMA, a BH3-only Bcl-2 family protein, in colorectal cancer cells irrespective of p53 sta...


The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) has been implicated in a multiplicity of cancer-related signal transduction pathways such as cellular proliferation, adhesion, migration, neoangiogenesis and apoptosis inhibition, all of them are important features of cancerogenesis and tumour progression. Its tyrosine kinase activity plays a central role in mediating these processes and has been intensely studied to exploit it as a therapeutic target. Inhibitors of this pathway have been developed and assessed in...

Rationale for co-targeting IGF-1R and ALK in ALK fusion-positive lung cancer.

Crizotinib, a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), shows marked activity in patients whose lung cancers harbor fusions in the gene encoding anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK), but its efficacy is limited by variable primary responses and acquired resistance. In work arising from the clinical observation of a patient with ALK fusion-positive lung cancer who had an exceptional response to an insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R)-specific antibody, we define a therapeutic synergi...

Impact of tyrosine kinase inhibitors on minimal residual disease and outcome in childhood Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Breakpoint cluster region-Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1 (BCR-ABL1) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) improve the outcome of patients with childhood Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) when they are incorporated into postremission induction chemotherapy. To date, no data are available on the impact of TKIs on minimal residual disease (MRD) at the end of induction therapy among patients who have a poor early response to 2 weeks of induction therapy that ...

Efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors in non-small-cell lung cancer patients undergoing dose reduction and those with a low body surface area.

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients undergoing dose reduction and in those with a low body surface area (BSA). The association between dose reduction, low BSA and efficacy, including response rate (RR), disease control rate (DCR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), were evaluated in patients prescribed TKIs between September, 2002 and May, 2013. A total of 282 patients received...

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