PubMed Journals Articles About "Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer" RSS

22:09 EDT 28th May 2015 | BioPortfolio

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Cancer articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Tyrosine kinase inhibitors Cancer" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 20,000+

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Overcoming Resistance to Targeted Therapy for Lung Cancer.

The discovery that certain activating mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase domain may determine responses to EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) allowed more precise selection of patients who were likely to have a response.(1),(2) These mutations are seen in approximately 10 to 15% of metastatic NSCLC tumors, mostly in patients with adenocarcinoma who have never smoked. As compared with cytotoxic chemotherapy, EGFR ...

The BIM Deletion Polymorphism and its Clinical Implication in Patients with EGFR-Mutant Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer Treated with EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

A germline BIM deletion polymorphism has been proposed to predict poor treatment response to certain kinase inhibitors. The purpose of this study was to explore whether the BIM deletion polymorphism predicts treatment efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in Korean patients with EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors from the Natural Origin: A Recent Perspective.

Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is seen in number of human tumors like prostate, colon, breast and ovarian. Their expression is correlated with vascularity and often difficult to diagnose. Though a number of active inhibitors and anticancer drugs against EGFR-tyrosine kinase are known, increase in resistance together with many side effects designate the need for new and improved treatments. Natural products and their analoges have significant contribution in the cancer drug discove...

Recent advances in irreversible kinase inhibitors.

Despite concerns of off-target selectivity and cytotoxicity, there has been a resurgence in interest in irreversible kinase inhibitors resulting in more than 60 disclosed patent and patent applications over the past 4 years. Many of these inhibitors possess several key advantages over their reversible counterparts. The patent literature from 2010 to 2013 has been reviewed and novel irreversible kinase inhibitors for Bruton's tyrosine kinase, epidermal growth factor receptor, Janus kinase 3, phosphoinsitide ...

Therapeutic Targeting of Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase in Lung Cancer: A Paradigm for Precision Cancer Medicine.

The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) receptor tyrosine kinase was initially discovered as a component of the fusion protein nucleophosmin (NPM)-ALK in anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL). Genomic alterations in ALK, including rearrangements, point mutations, and genomic amplification, have now been identified in several malignancies, including lymphoma, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), neuroblastoma, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, and others. Importantly, ALK serves as a validated therapeutic targ...

Nomogram Predicting Clinical Outcomes in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Treated with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors.

The aim of this study was to develop a pragmatic nomogram for prediction of progression free survival (PFS) for the epidermal growth factor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Meta-Analysis of EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors Compared with Chemotherapy as Second-Line Treatment in Pretreated Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

Since efficacy and safety of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) versus chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with pretreated advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remain controversial, we performed a meta-analysis to compare them.

Targeting cancer with kinase inhibitors.

Kinase inhibitors have played an increasingly prominent role in the treatment of cancer and other diseases. Currently, more than 25 oncology drugs that target kinases have been approved, and numerous additional therapeutics are in various stages of clinical evaluation. In this Review, we provide an in-depth analysis of activation mechanisms for kinases in cancer, highlight recent successes in drug discovery, and demonstrate the clinical impact of selective kinase inhibitors. We also describe the substantial...

Progress in Discovery of KIF5B-RET Kinase Inhibitors for the Treatment of Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.

A new chimeric fusion transcript of KIF5B (the kinesin family 5B gene) and the RET (Rearranged during Transcription) oncogene, KIF5B-RET, was found in 1~2% of lung adenocarcinomas (LADCs) in late 2011. Several related clinical trials for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with KIF5B-RET rearrangements have been swiftly initiated by the discovery of KIF5B-RET fusion gene using existing RET inhibitors such as lenvatinib, vandetanib, sunitinib, ponatinib, cabozatinib, and AUY922. Anti-RET activity and their st...

Unexpected off-targets and paradoxical pathway activation by kinase inhibitors.

Protein kinase inhibitors are an increasingly important class of targeted anti-cancer therapeutics. More than two dozen new drugs of this class have entered routine clinical use over the past decade. This review article focuses on how the development of methods to study the kinome- and proteome-wide selectivity of kinase inhibitors, in conjunction with advances in the structural understanding of kinase inhibitor binding modes, has resulted in a better appreciation of the mechanism of action of clinical kina...

Repositioning of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors as Antagonists of ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters in Anticancer Drug Resistance.

The phenomenon of multidrug resistance (MDR) has attenuated the efficacy of anticancer drugs and the possibility of successful cancer chemotherapy. ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters play an essential role in mediating MDR in cancer cells by increasing efflux of drugs from cancer cells, hence reducing the intracellular accumulation of chemotherapeutic drugs. Interestingly, small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as AST1306, lapatinib, linsitinib, masitinib, motesanib, nilotinib, telatini...

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors as Reversal Agents for ABC Transporter Mediated Drug Resistance.

Tyrosine kinases (TKs) play an important role in pathways that regulate cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis and metastasis. Aberrant activity of TKs has been implicated in several types of cancers. In recent years, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been developed to interfere with the activity of deregulated kinases. These TKIs are remarkably effective in the treatment of various human cancers including head and neck, gastric, prostate and breast cancer and several types of leukemia. How...

Resistance to receptor tyrosine kinase inhibition in cancer: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic strategies.

Drug resistance is a major factor that limits the efficacy of targeted cancer therapies. In this review, we discuss the main known mechanisms of resistance to receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, which are the most prevalent class of targeted therapeutic agent in current clinical use. Here we focus on bypass track resistance, which involves the activation of alternate signaling molecules by tumor cells to bypass inhibition and maintain signaling output, and consider the problems of signaling pathway redunda...

Icotinib, a selective EGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, for the treatment of non-small-cell lung cancer.

ABSTRACT  Advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the main cause for cancer-related mortality. Treatments for advanced NSCLC are largely palliative and a benefit plateau appears to have reached with the platinum-based chemotherapy regimens. EGF receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib, erlotinib and afatinib came up with prolonged progression-free survival and improved quality of life, especially in EGFR-mutated patients. Icotinib is an oral selective EGFR tyrosine kinase, which was app...

Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors: lessons learned from bench-to-bedside (first) studies.

Targeted inhibitors of B-cell receptor signaling have emerged as the most promising therapeutic options against non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The inhibitor agents that target Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) have elicited particularly high enthusiasm given the unprecedented positive responses observed in Phase I trials. The sheer amount of clinical data published since last year now requires reinterpretation in light of recently published findings on BTK.

The Efficacy of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Harboring Wild-type Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor: A Meta-analysis of 25 RCTs.

To determine the efficacy of first-generation epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with wild-type (WT) EGFR tumors, we performed an indirect meta-analysis to assess the treatment effects of EGFR-TKIs in such patients.

Tyrosine Kinase Inhibition Regulates Early Systemic Immune Changes and Modulates the Neuroimmune Response in α-Synucleinopathy.

Neuro-inflammation is common in α-Synucleinopathies and Tauopathies; and evidence suggests a link between the tyrosine kinase Abl and neurodegeneration. Abl upregulates α-Synuclein and promotes Tau hyper-phosphorylation (p-Tau), while Abl inhibitors facilitate autophagic clearance.

NGF-induced TrkA/CD44 association is involved in tumor aggressiveness and resistance to lestaurtinib.

There is accumulating evidence that TrkA and its ligand Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) are involved in cancer development. Staurosporine derivatives such as K252a and lestaurtinib have been developed to block TrkA kinase signaling, but no clinical trial has fully demonstrated their therapeutic efficacy. Therapeutic failures are likely due to the existence of intrinsic signaling pathways in cancer cells that impede or bypass the effects of TrkA tyrosine kinase inhibitors. To verify this hypothesis, we combined di...

Phase II study of erlotinib in elderly patients with non-small cell lung cancer harboring epidermal growth factor receptor mutations.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors are key drugs in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring EGFR activating mutations. We assessed the efficacy and safety of one EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, erlotinib, in elderly Japanese patients with EGFR-mutated NSCLC.

Cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 inhibitors in breast cancer therapy.

To review the latest preclinical and clinical findings on the role of cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors in breast cancer and update on the studies investigating the predictive biomarkers of response to CDK4/6 inhibitors.

AZD9291 in EGFR Inhibitor-Resistant Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer.

Background The EGFR T790M mutation is the most common mechanism of drug resistance to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients who have lung cancer with an EGFR mutation (EGFR-mutated lung cancer). In preclinical models, the EGFR inhibitor AZD9291 has been shown to be effective against both EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor-sensitizing and T790M resistance mutations. Methods We administered AZD9291 at doses of 20 to 240 mg once daily in patients with advanced lung cancer w...

The tumour-promoting receptor tyrosine kinase, EphB4, regulates expression of Integrin-β8 in prostate cancer cells.

The EphB4 receptor tyrosine kinase is overexpressed in many cancers including prostate cancer. The molecular mechanisms by which this ephrin receptor influences cancer progression are complex as there are tumor-promoting ligand-independent mechanisms in place as well as ligand-dependent tumor suppressive pathways.

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors improve long-term outcome of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for adult patients with Philadelphia chromosome positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

This study aimed to determine the impact of tyrosine-kinase inhibitors given pre- and post-allogeneic stem cell transplantation on long term outcome of patients allografted for Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia. This retrospective analysis from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of EBMT included 473 de novo Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients in first complete remission who underwent an allogeneic stem cell transplantation using an human leucocyte...

Rationale for co-targeting IGF-1R and ALK in ALK fusion-positive lung cancer.

Crizotinib, a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), shows marked activity in patients whose lung cancers harbor fusions in the gene encoding anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK), but its efficacy is limited by variable primary responses and acquired resistance. In work arising from the clinical observation of a patient with ALK fusion-positive lung cancer who had an exceptional response to an insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R)-specific antibody, we define a therapeutic synergi...

Current Molecularly Targeting Therapies in NSCLC and Melanoma.

Surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy are the traditional options to control tumor progression. However, these strategies are fraught with harmful side effects and are ineffective in metastatic and advanced cancers. Biomarkers that are overexpressed in cancers and are involved in cell growth, proliferation, migration, and survival have recently become the focus of new molecular targeting therapies. Novel therapies targeting biomarkers have roles in tumorigenesis that are overexpressed in cancers may ...

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