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The rate of treatment and control increased significantly in Germany during the last years. Severeal studies could demonstrate an association of sodium consumption with blood pressure. The status of renal denervation in the treatment of high blood pressure remains unclear.
Introduction: Due to discontinuation of the Siemens Versant HIV-1 RNA (bDNA) assay in the UK, our laboratory switched to the Roche Cobas Ampliprep/Taqman HIV-1 viral load (VL) assay (Roche) in April 2013. This assay has a lower cut-off of 20 RNA copies/mL (compared with
Chest physiotherapy is widely prescribed to assist the clearance of airway secretions in people with cystic fibrosis. Positive expiratory pressure (PEP) devices provide back pressure to the airways during expiration. This may improve clearance by building up gas behind mucus via collateral ventilation and by temporarily increasing functional residual capacity. Given the widespread use of PEP devices, there is a need to determine the evidence for their effect. This is an update of a previously published revi...
To predict the impact of implementing the Roche® Gen.3 bilirubin total method on the number of bilirubin results that would trigger phototherapy using the phototherapy nomogram published in the Canadian Paediatric Society (CPS) Guidelines for Treatment of Hyperbilirubinemia.
Thaumetopoea pityocampa (pine processionary moth) is one of the most important pine pests in the forests of Mediterranean countries, Central Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. Apart from causing significant damage to pinewoods, T. pityocampa occurrence is also an issue for public and animal health, as it is responsible for dermatological reactions in humans and animals by contact with its irritating hairs. High throughput sequencing technologies have allowed the fast and cost-effective generation of ...
Units deployed to armed conflicts are at high risk for exposure to combat events. Many battle casualties (BCs) have been reported in the recent deployment to Afghanistan. The long-term impact of these combat injuries, at their five-year end point, is currently unknown. To date, no systematic inventory has been performed of an identified group of BCs in comparison to non-injured service members from the same operational theatre.
A highly aggregating elastin peptide was prepared efficiently using a high pressure-liquid phase synthesis approach assisted by a soluble tag strategy. Two standard syringes were connected to each other to construct a reactor. This simple reactor was used to apply high pressure to the highly viscous reaction mixture thereby maintaining its fluidity. The reactions were completely inhibited due to aggregation when conducted in a standard flask reactor, whereas our high pressure approach accelerated the coupli...
Abstract Background: Diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency is generally based on the measurement of serum vitamin B12 levels. However, in selected cases functional indices of vitamin B12, such as methylmalonic acid (MMA) and homocysteine (HCY), are needed. Here we compare the performance of four automated total vitamin B12 assays and also investigate how these assays relate to functional indices of vitamin B12 status. Methods: Total vitamin B12, MMA and HCY were measured in 69 serum samples from routine vitam...
Pressure ulcers, also known as bedsores, decubitus ulcers and pressure injuries, are localised areas of injury to the skin or the underlying tissue, or both. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) is a treatment option for pressure ulcers; a clear, current overview of the evidence is required to facilitate decision-making regarding its use.
Pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome is a common age-related disorder affecting intraocular and extraocular tissues. This review focuses on recent publications related with the pathogenesis and associations of PEX syndrome with intraocular pressure (IOP), glaucoma and systemic diseases.
Ventilator-induced lung injury has been attributed to the interaction of several factors: tidal volume (VT), positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP), transpulmonary driving pressure (difference between transpulmonary pressure at end-inspiration and end-expiration, ΔP,L), and respiratory system plateau pressure (Pplat,rs).
Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between steps per day and adiposity among college women. Methods: This study was cross-sectional and included women ages 18-25. Participants wore a pedometer for 7 consecutive days. Body composition was assessed using air-displacement plethysmography. Height, weight, and waist and hip circumferences were assessed. Results: The women took 10,119 ± 2836 steps per day. When divided into quartiles by steps, the top 2 quartiles of women in th...
To review the 2014 Pressure Ulcer Prevention and Treatment Clinical Practice Guideline nutrition strategies.
There is no scientific rationale to avoid blood pressure measurement on the same side as previous mastectomy, particularly if the patient has undergone lymph node removal or radiation therapy. Interarm blood pressure differences should always be assessed in both arms before ambulatory blood pressure monitoring device installation. A mention in guidelines is needed to highlight the importance of obtaining blood pressure measurement in both arms for postmastectomy women and before ambulatory blood pressure mo...
Phase-shifting (PS) is an important technique for phase retrieval in interferometry (and three-dimensional profiling by fringe projection) that requires a series of intensity measurements with known phase-steps. Usual PS algorithms are based on the assumption that the phase-steps are evenly spaced. In practice, however, this assumption is often not satisfied exactly, which leads to errors in the recovered phase. In this work we present a systematic algebraic approach for generating general PS algorithms wit...
Based on reversible dye-terminators technology, the Illumina-solexa sequencing platform enables rapid sequencing-by-synthesis (SBS) of large DNA stretches spanning entire genomes, with the latest instruments capable of producing hundreds of gigabases of data in a single sequencing run. Illumina's NGS instruments powerfully combine the flexibility of single reads with short- and long-insert paired-end reads, and enable a wide range of DNA sequencing applications. Here, we describe the paired-end library prep...
To investigate the influence of arm circumference (AC) on the brachial blood pressure (BP) measured with an adult cuff.
Background: An elevated intraocular pressure remains the main risk factor for the development and progression of glaucoma but other factors such as fluctuations of the intraocular pressure, the blood pressure, and the ocular perfusion pressure are gaining in importance. The influence of the anti-glaucomatous therapies on these parameters is barely investigated. This study investigates 1) a correlation between the fluctuations of the intraocular pressure, the blood pressure and the ocular perfusion pressure ...
To examine the relationship between central aortic systolic pressure (CASP) and intraocular pressure (IOP), and to compare the strength of any association with that of peripheral blood pressure and IOP.
The relationship of corneal biomechanical metrics provided by the Ocular Response Analyzer (ORA) and Corvis ST (CVS) with physical intraocular pressure (IOPp) and central corneal thickness (CCT) was evaluated. Thirty fresh enucleated eyes of 30 rabbits were used in ex vivo whole globe inflation experiments. IOPp was measured with a pressure transducer and increased from 7.5 to 37.5 mmHg in steps of 7.5 mmHg while biomechanical data was acquired using the ORA and CVS. At least 3 examinations were performed a...
Brain injury (BI) is a leading cause of death and disability in children and adults in their most productive years. Use of intrathoracic pressure regulation (IPR) to generate negative intrathoracic pressure during the expiratory phase of positive pressure ventilation improves mean arterial pressure and 24-hour survival in porcine models of hemorrhagic shock and cardiac arrest and has been demonstrated to decrease intracranial pressure (ICP) and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in these models.
Prevention of pressure ulcers is a major health concern, especially for older people. Much of the literature related to prevention of pressure ulcers focuses on hospital-acquired pressure ulcers. There is less literature related to prevention of pressure ulcers in care homes. This article presents a review of the literature related to prevention of pressure ulcers in care homes and an ambitious project undertaken by one care home provider to raise awareness of pressure ulcers, provide training in prevention...