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PubMed Journals Articles About "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas Onto Three" RSS

13:09 EST 12th February 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas onto Three" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 18,000+

Reversibly Stretchable, Optically Transparent Radio-Frequency Antennas Based on Wavy Ag Nanowire Networks.

We report a facile approach for producing reversibly stretchable, optically transparent radio-frequency antennas based on wavy Ag nanowire (NW) networks. The wavy configuration of Ag NWs is obtained by floating the NW networks on the surface of water, followed by compression. Stretchable antennas are prepared by transferring the compressed NW networks onto elastomeric substrates. The resulting antennas show excellent performance under mechanical deformation due to the wavy configuration, which allows the re...


Pushing the limits of radiofrequency (RF) neuronal telemetry.

In a previous report it was shown that the channel capacity of an in vivo communication link using microscopic antennas at radiofrequency is severely limited by the requirement not to damage the tissue surrounding the antennas. For dipole-like antennas the strong electric field dissipates too much power into body tissues. Loop-type antennas have a strong magnetic near field and so dissipate much less power into the surrounding tissues but they require such a large current that the antenna temperature is rai...

Thick multilayered (silica/gold) dipole nano-antenna.

Nano-antennas are the optical equivalent of antennas that are used to transmit and receive information at radio frequencies. These antennas have been used in different applications in photonics such as optical imaging, particle manipulation, bio-sensing, and improvement of the performance of solar cells. In this article we study composite nano-antennas made of alternating layers of silica and gold. We show that a 50% filling factor leads to a 2.0 times increase in the electric-field enhancement factor when ...


Microwave non-contact imaging of subcutaneous human body tissues.

A small-size microwave sensor is developed for non-contact imaging of a human body structure in 2D, enabling fitness and health monitoring using mobile devices. A method for human body tissue structure imaging is developed and experimentally validated. Subcutaneous fat tissue reconstruction depth of up to 70 mm and maximum fat thickness measurement error below 2 mm are demonstrated by measurements with a human body phantom and human subjects. Electrically small antennas are developed for integration of the ...

Velocity Map Imaging Study of Charge-Transfer and Proton-Transfer Reactions of CH3 Radicals with H3(.)

The velocity map imaging method has been applied to crossed beam studies of charge transfer and proton transfer between methyl (CH3) radicals formed by pyrolysis and H3(+) cations over the collision energy range from 1.2 to 3.4 eV. Vibrational excitation in the H3(+) reactants plays an important role both in promoting endoergic charge transfer and in supplying energy to the products of the proton-transfer reaction. Excited H3(+) reactants with vibrational energy in excess of the barrier lead to energy-reson...

Radiative heat transfer in the extreme near field.

Radiative transfer of energy at the nanometre length scale is of great importance to a variety of technologies including heat-assisted magnetic recording, near-field thermophotovoltaics and lithography. Although experimental advances have enabled elucidation of near-field radiative heat transfer in gaps as small as 20-30 nanometres (refs 4, 5, 6), quantitative analysis in the extreme near field (less than 10 nanometres) has been greatly limited by experimental challenges. Moreover, the results of pionee...

Mask-Free Patterning of High-Conductivity Metal Nanowires in Open Air by Spatially Modulated Femtosecond Laser Pulses.

A novel high-resolution nanowire fabrication method is developed by thin film patterning using a spatially modulated femtosecond laser pulse. Deep subwavelength (≈1/13 of the laser wavelength) and high conductivity (≈1/4 of the bulk gold) nanowires were fabricated in the open air without using masks, which offers a single-step arbitrary direct patterning approach for electronics, plasmonics, and optoelectronics nanodevices.

Direct contact between dust and HBCD-treated fabrics is an important pathway of source-to-dust transfer.

Hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) are a class of brominated flame retardant that have found extensive application in consumer products used widely in indoor environments. Although uncertainty remains about the human health impacts of HBCDs, ingestion of HBCD-contaminated indoor dust has been shown to be a particularly significant exposure pathway for young children. Despite this, understanding of the mechanisms via which HBCD transfer from products to indoor dust remains incomplete. In this study, an in-house...

Spontaneous hot-electron light emission from electron-fed optical antennas.

Nanoscale electronics and photonics are among the most promising research areas providing functional nano-components for data transfer and signal processing. By adopting metal-based optical antennas as a disruptive technological vehicle, we demonstrate that these two device-generating technologies can be interfaced to create an electronically-driven self-emitting unit. This nanoscale plasmonic transmitter operates by injecting electrons in a contacted tunneling antenna feedgap. Under certain operating condi...

Flexible Sixteen Antenna Array for Microwave Breast Cancer Detection.

Radar based Microwave Imaging (MWI) has been widely studied for breast cancer detection in recent times. Sensing dielectric property differences of tissues has been studied over a wide frequency band for this application. We design single and dual-polarization antennas for wireless ultra-wideband breast cancer detection systems using an inhomogeneous multilayer model of the human breast. Antennas made from flexible materials are more easily adapted to wearable applications. Miniaturized flexible monopole an...

Impact of the Nanoscale Gap Morphology on the Plasmon Coupling in Asymmetric Nanoparticle Dimer Antennas.

Coupling of plasmon resonances in metallic gap antennas is of interest for a wide range of applications due to the highly localized strong electric fields supported by these structures, and their high sensitivity to alterations of their structure, geometry, and environment. Morphological alterations of asymmetric nanoparticle dimer antennas with (sub)-nanometer size gaps are assigned to changes of their optical response in correlative dark-field spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microsc...

In situ formation and photo patterning of emissive quantum dots in small organic molecules.

Nanostructured composites of inorganic and organic materials are attracting extensive interest for electronic and optoelectronic device applications. Here we report a novel method for the fabrication and patterning of metal selenide nanoparticles in organic semiconductor films that is compatible with solution processable large area device manufacturing. Our approach is based upon the controlled in situ decomposition of a cadmium selenide precursor complex in a film of the electron transporting material 1,3,...

Reflection measurement of waveguide-injected high-power microwave antennas.

A method for reflection measurements of High-power Microwave (HPM) antennas excited with overmoded waveguides is proposed and studied systemically. In theory, principle of the method is proposed and the data processing formulas are developed. In simulations, a horn antenna excited by a TE11 mode exciter is examined and its reflection is calculated by CST Microwave Studio and by the method proposed in this article, respectively. In experiments, reflection measurements of two HPM antennas are conducted, and t...

Printing: Mechanisms, Capabilities, and Applications of High-Resolution Electrohydrodynamic Jet Printing (Small 34/2015).

Electrohydrodynamic jet printing is an additive fabrication approach that enables direct patterning of materials in liquid form with nanoscale resolution. This approach presents opportunities for further research with strong potential of applications in various fields such as printed electronics, tissue engineering, and photonic devices. On page 4237, M. S. Onses, J. A. Rogers and co-workers review the recent progress in this field, ranging from the underlying processes of jet formation and droplet generati...

Enhanced Etching, Surface Damage Recovery and Sub-micron Patterning of Hybrid Perovskites using a Chemically Gas-assisted Focused Ion Beam for Subwavelength Grating Photonic Applications.

The high optical gain and absorption of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites have attracted attention for photonic device applications. However, owing to the sensitivity of organic moieties to solvents and temperature, device processing is challenging, particularly for patterning. Here, we report the direct patterning of perovskites using chemically gas-assisted focused-ion beam (GAFIB) etching with XeF2 and I2 precursors. We demonstrate etching enhancement in addition to controllability and marginal surfac...

Quantum Optical Signature of Plasmonically Coupled Nanocrystal Quantum Dots.

Small clusters of two to three silica-coated nanocrystals coupled to plasmonic gap-bar antennas can exhibit photon antibunching, a characteristic of single quantum emitters. Through a detailed analysis of their photoluminescence emissions characteristics, it is shown that the observed photon antibunching is the evidence of coupled quantum dot formation resulting from the plasmonic enhancement of dipole-dipole interaction.

Rapid Cell Patterning Induced by Differential Topography on Silica Nanofractal Substrates.

Predesigned silica nanofractal substrates are utilized for rapid cell patterning, based on differential cell adhesion originating from surface topographic interactions. Cell patterns with various shapes are successfully formed, from simple geometrical shapes to a complex "CELL" symbol. This study assists understanding of cell-substrate interactions and facilitates biological applications.

Modelling extracellular limitations for mediated versus direct interspecies electron transfer.

Interspecies electron transfer (IET) is important for many anaerobic processes, but is critically dependent on mode of transfer. In particular, direct IET (DIET) has been recently proposed as a metabolically advantageous mode compared with mediated IET (MIET) via hydrogen or formate. We analyse relative feasibility of these IET modes by modelling external limitations using a reaction-diffusion-electrochemical approach in a three-dimensional domain. For otherwise identical conditions, external electron trans...

Reconfigurable antenna options for 2.45/5 GHz wireless body area networks in healthcare applications.

This paper presents electronically reconfigurable antenna options in healthcare applications. They are suitable for wireless body area network devices operating in the industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band at 2.45 GHz and IEEE 802.11 Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) band at 5 GHz (5.15-5.35 GHz, 5.25-5.35 GHz). Two types of antennas are investigated: Antenna-I has a full ground plane and Antenna-II has a partial ground plane. The proposed antennas provide ISM operation in one mode while in anothe...

Roll-to-Roll Transfer of Electrospun Nanofiber Film for High-Efficiency Transparent Air Filter.

Particulate matter (PM) pollution in air has become a serious environmental issue calling for new type of filter technologies. Recently, we have demonstrated a highly efficient air filter by direct electrospinning of polymer fibers onto supporting mesh although its throughput is limited. Here, we demonstrate a high throughput method based on fast transfer of electrospun nanofiber film from roughed metal foil to a receiving mesh substrate. Compared with the direct electrospinning method, the transfer method ...

Spoof surface plasmon-based stripe antennas with extreme field enhancement in the terahertz regime.

Retardation-based stripe antennas due to the excitation of spoof surface plasmons on a corrugated metal stripe are proposed and numerically studied in the terahertz regime, revealing sharp Fabry-Perot resonances in scattering cross-section spectra with strongly enhanced local fields. The order of the resonance exhibiting the sharpest scattering cross section and strongest field enhancements (FEs) is found to coincide with the number of grooves, due to the hybridization of the antenna resonance with the indi...

Analysis of electrically evoked compound action potential of the auditory nerve in children with bilateral cochlear implants.

The cochlear implant device has the capacity to measure the electrically evoked compound action potential of the auditory nerve. The neural response telemetry is used in order to measure the electrically evoked compound action potential of the auditory nerve.

Modulation of the extracellular matrix patterning of thrombospondins by actin dynamics and thrombospondin oligomer state.

Thrombospondins (TSPs) are evolutionarily-conserved, secreted glycoproteins that interact with cell surfaces and extracellular matrix (ECM) and have complex roles in cell interactions. Unlike the structural components of the ECM that form networks or fibrils, TSPs are deposited into ECM as arrays of nanoscale puncta. The cellular and molecular mechanisms for the patterning of TSPs in ECM are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated whether the mechanisms of TSP patterning in cell-derived ECM...

Rates and Routes of Electron Transfer of NiFe-Hydrogenase in an Enzymatic Fuel Cell.

Hydrogenase enzymes are being used as in enzymatic fuel cells immobilized on e.g. a graphite or carbon electrode surface. The enzyme is used for the anodic oxidation of molecular hydrogen (H2) into protons and electrons. The association and orientation of the enzyme at the anode electrode for a direct electron transfer is not completely resolved. The distal FeS-cluster in [NiFe]-hydrogenases contains a histidine residue which is known to play a critical role in the intermolecular electron transfer between t...

Real Time Quantification of Ultrafast Photo-induced Bi-molecular Electron Transfer Rate: Direct Probing of the Transient Intermediate.

Fluorescence quenching studies through steady-state and time resolved measurements are inadequate to quantify the bi-molecular electron transfer rate in bulk homogeneous solution due to constrain put by diffusion. To nullify the effect of diffusion, direct evaluation of the rate of formation of transient intermediate produced upon the electron transfer is essential. Methyl viologen, a well-known electron acceptor, produces a radical cation after accepting an electron, which has a characteristic strong and b...


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