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PubMed Journals Articles About "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas Onto Three" RSS

09:09 EDT 23rd July 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas onto Three" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Reversibly Stretchable, Optically Transparent Radio-Frequency Antennas Based on Wavy Ag Nanowire Networks.

We report a facile approach for producing reversibly stretchable, optically transparent radio-frequency antennas based on wavy Ag nanowire (NW) networks. The wavy configuration of Ag NWs is obtained by floating the NW networks on the surface of water, followed by compression. Stretchable antennas are prepared by transferring the compressed NW networks onto elastomeric substrates. The resulting antennas show excellent performance under mechanical deformation due to the wavy configuration, which allows the re...


Electrochemically Programmable Plasmonic Antennas.

Plasmonic antennas are building blocks in advanced nano-optical systems due to their ability to tailor optical response based on their geometry. We propose an electrochemical approach to program the optical properties of dipole antennas in a scalable, fast, and energy efficient manner. These antennas comprise two arms, one serving as an anode and the other a cathode, separated by a solid electrolyte. As a voltage is applied between the antenna arms, a conductive filament either grows or dissolves within the...

Direct Patterning of Organic Functional Polymers through Conventional Photolithography and Noninvasive Cross-Link Agents.

A new technique for direct patterning of functional organic polymers using commercial photolithography setups with a minimal loss of the material's performances is reported. This result is achieved through novel cross-link agents made by boron- and fluorine-containing heterocycles that can react between themselves upon UV- and white-light exposure.


Thick multilayered (silica/gold) dipole nano-antenna.

Nano-antennas are the optical equivalent of antennas that are used to transmit and receive information at radio frequencies. These antennas have been used in different applications in photonics such as optical imaging, particle manipulation, bio-sensing, and improvement of the performance of solar cells. In this article we study composite nano-antennas made of alternating layers of silica and gold. We show that a 50% filling factor leads to a 2.0 times increase in the electric-field enhancement factor when ...

Microwave non-contact imaging of subcutaneous human body tissues.

A small-size microwave sensor is developed for non-contact imaging of a human body structure in 2D, enabling fitness and health monitoring using mobile devices. A method for human body tissue structure imaging is developed and experimentally validated. Subcutaneous fat tissue reconstruction depth of up to 70 mm and maximum fat thickness measurement error below 2 mm are demonstrated by measurements with a human body phantom and human subjects. Electrically small antennas are developed for integration of the ...

Radiative heat transfer in the extreme near field.

Radiative transfer of energy at the nanometre length scale is of great importance to a variety of technologies including heat-assisted magnetic recording, near-field thermophotovoltaics and lithography. Although experimental advances have enabled elucidation of near-field radiative heat transfer in gaps as small as 20-30 nanometres (refs 4, 5, 6), quantitative analysis in the extreme near field (less than 10 nanometres) has been greatly limited by experimental challenges. Moreover, the results of pionee...

Mask-Free Patterning of High-Conductivity Metal Nanowires in Open Air by Spatially Modulated Femtosecond Laser Pulses.

A novel high-resolution nanowire fabrication method is developed by thin film patterning using a spatially modulated femtosecond laser pulse. Deep subwavelength (≈1/13 of the laser wavelength) and high conductivity (≈1/4 of the bulk gold) nanowires were fabricated in the open air without using masks, which offers a single-step arbitrary direct patterning approach for electronics, plasmonics, and optoelectronics nanodevices.

Direct contact between dust and HBCD-treated fabrics is an important pathway of source-to-dust transfer.

Hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) are a class of brominated flame retardant that have found extensive application in consumer products used widely in indoor environments. Although uncertainty remains about the human health impacts of HBCDs, ingestion of HBCD-contaminated indoor dust has been shown to be a particularly significant exposure pathway for young children. Despite this, understanding of the mechanisms via which HBCD transfer from products to indoor dust remains incomplete. In this study, an in-house...

The auxin response factor MONOPTEROS controls meristem function and organogenesis in both the shoot and root through the direct regulation of PIN genes.

The regulatory effect auxin has on its own transport is critical in numerous self-organizing plant patterning processes. However, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms linking auxin signal transduction and auxin transport is still fragmentary, and important regulatory genes remain to be identified. To track a key link between auxin signaling and auxin transport in development, we established an Arabidopsis thaliana genetic background in which fundamental patterning processes in both shoot and root w...

Self-Powered Wireless Affinity-Based Biosensor Based on Integration of Paper-Based Microfluidics and Self-Assembled RFID Antennas.

This paper presents a wireless, self-powered, affinity-based biosensor based on the integration of paper-based microfluidics with our previously reported method for self-assembling radio-frequency (RF) antennas. At the core of the proposed approach is a silver-enhancement technique that grows portions of a RF antenna in regions where target antigens hybridize with target specific affinity probes. The hybridization regions are defined by a network of nitrocellulose based microfluidic channels which implement...

Spectral kinetic energy transfer in turbulent premixed reacting flows.

Spectral kinetic energy transfer by advective processes in turbulent premixed reacting flows is examined using data from a direct numerical simulation of a statistically planar turbulent premixed flame. Two-dimensional turbulence kinetic-energy spectra conditioned on the planar-averaged reactant mass fraction are computed through the flame brush and variations in the spectra are connected to terms in the spectral kinetic energy transport equation. Conditional kinetic energy spectra show that turbulent small...

Innervated Free Gracilis Muscle Transfer: An Experimental Model.

Although rodent models have been used extensively for surgical research, their use is limited in microsurgical tissue transfer due to their small size and the small size of their vessels and nerves. Also, fundamental anatomic differences may make rodent surgical models hard to extrapolate to humans.

Impact of the Nanoscale Gap Morphology on the Plasmon Coupling in Asymmetric Nanoparticle Dimer Antennas.

Coupling of plasmon resonances in metallic gap antennas is of interest for a wide range of applications due to the highly localized strong electric fields supported by these structures, and their high sensitivity to alterations of their structure, geometry, and environment. Morphological alterations of asymmetric nanoparticle dimer antennas with (sub)-nanometer size gaps are assigned to changes of their optical response in correlative dark-field spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microsc...

Reflection measurement of waveguide-injected high-power microwave antennas.

A method for reflection measurements of High-power Microwave (HPM) antennas excited with overmoded waveguides is proposed and studied systemically. In theory, principle of the method is proposed and the data processing formulas are developed. In simulations, a horn antenna excited by a TE11 mode exciter is examined and its reflection is calculated by CST Microwave Studio and by the method proposed in this article, respectively. In experiments, reflection measurements of two HPM antennas are conducted, and t...

Additional peak appearing in the one-photon luminescence of single gold nanorods.

We used a confocal laser microscope to investigate the one-photon photoluminescence (PL) of gold antennas. The PL spectra can be precisely fitted to a plasmon-enhanced PL model. For increasing the antenna length, the energy peak position decreases continuously until it reaches a value of 1.7-1.8 eV. For longer antennas and smaller plasmon energies, we observe an additional, persistent shoulder in the PL spectra, which we explain by a Gaussian-shaped peak at ΔX≈1.78-1.79  eV. We attribute this behavio...

Enhanced Etching, Surface Damage Recovery and Sub-micron Patterning of Hybrid Perovskites using a Chemically Gas-assisted Focused Ion Beam for Subwavelength Grating Photonic Applications.

The high optical gain and absorption of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites have attracted attention for photonic device applications. However, owing to the sensitivity of organic moieties to solvents and temperature, device processing is challenging, particularly for patterning. Here, we report the direct patterning of perovskites using chemically gas-assisted focused-ion beam (GAFIB) etching with XeF2 and I2 precursors. We demonstrate etching enhancement in addition to controllability and marginal surfac...

The use of thresholds of electrically evoked short-latent auditory potentials for the adjustment of the speech processors in the patients undergoing cochlear implantation.

The objective of the present study was to determine the thresholds of electrically evoked short-latent auditory potentials bythe mathematical method and to elucidate the relationship between these parameters and the subjective maximally comfortable levels in the patientsundergoing cochlear implantation. The electrically evoked short-latent auditory potentials were recorded in two groups of patients with different stimulation frequency (17 and 43 Hz). The use of the mathematical method of linear regression o...

Sub-Micron Patterning of Polymer Brushes: An Unexpected Discovery from Inkjet Printing of Polyelectrolyte Macroinitiators.

Using an electrostatic-based super inkjet printer we report the high-resolution deposition of polyelectrolyte macroinitators and subsequent polymer brush growth using SI-ARGET-ATRP. We go on to demonstrate for the first time a sub-micron patterning phenomenon through the addition of either a like charged polyelectrolyte homopolymer or through careful control of ionic strength. As a result patterning of polymer brushes down to ca. 300 nm is reported. We present a possible mechanistic model and consider how t...

Rapid Cell Patterning Induced by Differential Topography on Silica Nanofractal Substrates.

Predesigned silica nanofractal substrates are utilized for rapid cell patterning, based on differential cell adhesion originating from surface topographic interactions. Cell patterns with various shapes are successfully formed, from simple geometrical shapes to a complex "CELL" symbol. This study assists understanding of cell-substrate interactions and facilitates biological applications.

Modelling extracellular limitations for mediated versus direct interspecies electron transfer.

Interspecies electron transfer (IET) is important for many anaerobic processes, but is critically dependent on mode of transfer. In particular, direct IET (DIET) has been recently proposed as a metabolically advantageous mode compared with mediated IET (MIET) via hydrogen or formate. We analyse relative feasibility of these IET modes by modelling external limitations using a reaction-diffusion-electrochemical approach in a three-dimensional domain. For otherwise identical conditions, external electron trans...

Confined, Oriented and Electrically Anisotropic Graphene Wrinkles on Bacteria.

Curvature induced dipole moment and orbital rehybridization in graphene wrinkles modify its electrical properties and induces transport-anisotropy. Current wrinkling processes are based on contraction of the entire substrate, and do not produce confined or directed wrinkles. Here we show that selective desiccation of bacterium under impermeable and flexible graphene via a flap-valve operation produces axially-aligned graphene-wrinkles of wavelength 32.4 - 34.3 nm, consistent with modified Föppl-von Kármá...

Piezoelectric tuning of narrowband perfect plasmonic absorbers via an optomechanic cavity.

Optical antennas enable the control of light-matter interaction on the nanometer scale. Efficient on-chip electrical switching of plasmonic resonances is a crucial step toward the integration of optical antennas into practical optoelectronic circuits. We propose and numerically investigate the on-chip low-voltage linear electrical tuning of a narrowband optical antenna perfect absorber via a piezoelectric optomechanic cavity. Near unity absorption is realized by an array of gold nanostrip antennas separated...

Roll-to-Roll Transfer of Electrospun Nanofiber Film for High-Efficiency Transparent Air Filter.

Particulate matter (PM) pollution in air has become a serious environmental issue calling for new type of filter technologies. Recently, we have demonstrated a highly efficient air filter by direct electrospinning of polymer fibers onto supporting mesh although its throughput is limited. Here, we demonstrate a high throughput method based on fast transfer of electrospun nanofiber film from roughed metal foil to a receiving mesh substrate. Compared with the direct electrospinning method, the transfer method ...

Reconfigurable antenna options for 2.45/5 GHz wireless body area networks in healthcare applications.

This paper presents electronically reconfigurable antenna options in healthcare applications. They are suitable for wireless body area network devices operating in the industrial, scientific, and medical (ISM) band at 2.45 GHz and IEEE 802.11 Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) band at 5 GHz (5.15-5.35 GHz, 5.25-5.35 GHz). Two types of antennas are investigated: Antenna-I has a full ground plane and Antenna-II has a partial ground plane. The proposed antennas provide ISM operation in one mode while in anothe...

Colloidal Synthesis of Nanopatch Antennas for Applications in Plasmonics and Nanophotonics.

We present a method for colloidal synthesis of silver nanocubes and the use of these in combination with a smooth gold film, to fabricate plasmonic nanoscale patch antennas. This includes a detailed procedure for the fabrication of thin films with a well-controlled thickness over macroscopic areas using layer-by-layer deposition of polyelectrolyte polymers, namely poly(allylamine) hydrochloride (PAH) and polystyrene sulfonate (PSS). These polyelectrolyte spacer layers serve as a dielectric gap in between si...


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