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PubMed Journals Articles About "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas Onto Three" RSS

10:00 EDT 1st October 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Direct Transfer Patterning Electrically Small Antennas onto Three" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 17,000+

Reversibly Stretchable, Optically Transparent Radio-Frequency Antennas Based on Wavy Ag Nanowire Networks.

We report a facile approach for producing reversibly stretchable, optically transparent radio-frequency antennas based on wavy Ag nanowire (NW) networks. The wavy configuration of Ag NWs is obtained by floating the NW networks on the surface of water, followed by compression. Stretchable antennas are prepared by transferring the compressed NW networks onto elastomeric substrates. The resulting antennas show excellent performance under mechanical deformation due to the wavy configuration, which allows the re...


Electrochemically Programmable Plasmonic Antennas.

Plasmonic antennas are building blocks in advanced nano-optical systems due to their ability to tailor optical response based on their geometry. We propose an electrochemical approach to program the optical properties of dipole antennas in a scalable, fast, and energy efficient manner. These antennas comprise two arms, one serving as an anode and the other a cathode, separated by a solid electrolyte. As a voltage is applied between the antenna arms, a conductive filament either grows or dissolves within the...

Optical Activation of Germanium Plasmonic Antennas in the Mid-Infrared.

Impulsive interband excitation with femtosecond near-infrared pulses establishes a plasma response in intrinsic germanium structures fabricated on a silicon substrate. This direct approach activates the plasmonic resonance of the Ge structures and enables their use as optical antennas up to the mid-infrared spectral range. The optical switching lasts for hundreds of picoseconds until charge recombination redshifts the plasma frequency. The full behavior of the structures is modeled by the electrodynamic res...


Direct Patterning of Organic Functional Polymers through Conventional Photolithography and Noninvasive Cross-Link Agents.

A new technique for direct patterning of functional organic polymers using commercial photolithography setups with a minimal loss of the material's performances is reported. This result is achieved through novel cross-link agents made by boron- and fluorine-containing heterocycles that can react between themselves upon UV- and white-light exposure.

Ultrasensitive Strain Sensor Produced by Direct Patterning of Liquid Crystals of Graphene Oxide on a Flexible Substrate.

Ultrasensitive, flexible strain sensors were developed through the combination of shear alignment of a high concentration graphene oxide (GO) dispersion with fast and precise patterning of multiple rectangular features on a flexible substrate. Resistive changes in the reduced GO films were investigated under various uniaxial strain cycles ranging from 0.025 to 2%, controlled using a motorized nano-positioning stage. The devices uniquely combine a very small detection limit (0.025%) and a high gauge-factor w...

Thick multilayered (silica/gold) dipole nano-antenna.

Nano-antennas are the optical equivalent of antennas that are used to transmit and receive information at radio frequencies. These antennas have been used in different applications in photonics such as optical imaging, particle manipulation, bio-sensing, and improvement of the performance of solar cells. In this article we study composite nano-antennas made of alternating layers of silica and gold. We show that a 50% filling factor leads to a 2.0 times increase in the electric-field enhancement factor when ...

Optical antennas with sinusoidal modulation in width.

Small metal structures sustaining plasmon resonances in the optical regime are of great interest due to their large scattering cross sections and ability to concentrate light to subwavelength volumes. In this paper, we study the dipolar plasmon resonances of optical antennas with a constant volume and a sinusoidal modulation in width. We experimentally show that by changing the phase of the width-modulation, with a small 10 nm modulation amplitude, the resonance shifts over 160 nm. Using simulations we show...

Radiative heat transfer in the extreme near field.

Radiative transfer of energy at the nanometre length scale is of great importance to a variety of technologies including heat-assisted magnetic recording, near-field thermophotovoltaics and lithography. Although experimental advances have enabled elucidation of near-field radiative heat transfer in gaps as small as 20-30 nanometres (refs 4, 5, 6), quantitative analysis in the extreme near field (less than 10 nanometres) has been greatly limited by experimental challenges. Moreover, the results of pionee...

Bending Gold Nanorods with Light.

V-shaped gold nanoantennas are the functional components of plasmonic metasurfaces, which are capable of manipulating light in unprecedented ways. Designing a metasurface requires the custom arrangement of individual antennas with controlled shape and orientation. Here, we show how highly crystalline gold nanorods in solution can be bend, one-by one, into a V-shaped geometry and printed to the surface of a solid support through a combination of plasmonic heating and optical force. Significantly, we demonstr...

Direct contact between dust and HBCD-treated fabrics is an important pathway of source-to-dust transfer.

Hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs) are a class of brominated flame retardant that have found extensive application in consumer products used widely in indoor environments. Although uncertainty remains about the human health impacts of HBCDs, ingestion of HBCD-contaminated indoor dust has been shown to be a particularly significant exposure pathway for young children. Despite this, understanding of the mechanisms via which HBCD transfer from products to indoor dust remains incomplete. In this study, an in-house...

The auxin response factor MONOPTEROS controls meristem function and organogenesis in both the shoot and root through the direct regulation of PIN genes.

The regulatory effect auxin has on its own transport is critical in numerous self-organizing plant patterning processes. However, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms linking auxin signal transduction and auxin transport is still fragmentary, and important regulatory genes remain to be identified. To track a key link between auxin signaling and auxin transport in development, we established an Arabidopsis thaliana genetic background in which fundamental patterning processes in both shoot and root w...

Spectral kinetic energy transfer in turbulent premixed reacting flows.

Spectral kinetic energy transfer by advective processes in turbulent premixed reacting flows is examined using data from a direct numerical simulation of a statistically planar turbulent premixed flame. Two-dimensional turbulence kinetic-energy spectra conditioned on the planar-averaged reactant mass fraction are computed through the flame brush and variations in the spectra are connected to terms in the spectral kinetic energy transport equation. Conditional kinetic energy spectra show that turbulent small...

Self-Powered Wireless Affinity-Based Biosensor Based on Integration of Paper-Based Microfluidics and Self-Assembled RFID Antennas.

This paper presents a wireless, self-powered, affinity-based biosensor based on the integration of paper-based microfluidics with our previously reported method for self-assembling radio-frequency (RF) antennas. At the core of the proposed approach is a silver-enhancement technique that grows portions of a RF antenna in regions where target antigens hybridize with target specific affinity probes. The hybridization regions are defined by a network of nitrocellulose based microfluidic channels which implement...

Fabrication and Electrokinetic Motion of Electrically Anisotropic Janus Droplets in Microchannels.

This paper presents experimental investigations of the fabrication and the motion of electrically anisotropic Janus droplets in a microchannel under externally applied direct current (DC) electrical field. The fabrication method of the Janus droplets is presented first. To begin, oil droplets are coated uniformly with positively charged nanoparticles in the aluminum oxide nanoparticle suspension. The electrically anisotropic Janus droplets are formed when the nanoparticles are accumulated to one side of the...

Innervated Free Gracilis Muscle Transfer: An Experimental Model.

Although rodent models have been used extensively for surgical research, their use is limited in microsurgical tissue transfer due to their small size and the small size of their vessels and nerves. Also, fundamental anatomic differences may make rodent surgical models hard to extrapolate to humans.

Impact of the Nanoscale Gap Morphology on the Plasmon Coupling in Asymmetric Nanoparticle Dimer Antennas.

Coupling of plasmon resonances in metallic gap antennas is of interest for a wide range of applications due to the highly localized strong electric fields supported by these structures, and their high sensitivity to alterations of their structure, geometry, and environment. Morphological alterations of asymmetric nanoparticle dimer antennas with (sub)-nanometer size gaps are assigned to changes of their optical response in correlative dark-field spectroscopy and high-resolution transmission electron microsc...

Mode structure of planar optical antennas on dielectric substrates.

We report a numerical study, supported by photoemission electron microscopy (PEEM), of sub-micron planar optical antennas on transparent substrate. We find these antennas generate intricate near-field spatial field distributions with odd and even numbers of nodes. We show that the field distributions are primarily superpositions of planar surface plasmon polariton modes confined to the metal/substrate interface. The mode structure provides opportunities for coherent switching and optical control in sub-micr...

Reflection measurement of waveguide-injected high-power microwave antennas.

A method for reflection measurements of High-power Microwave (HPM) antennas excited with overmoded waveguides is proposed and studied systemically. In theory, principle of the method is proposed and the data processing formulas are developed. In simulations, a horn antenna excited by a TE11 mode exciter is examined and its reflection is calculated by CST Microwave Studio and by the method proposed in this article, respectively. In experiments, reflection measurements of two HPM antennas are conducted, and t...

Enhanced Etching, Surface Damage Recovery and Sub-micron Patterning of Hybrid Perovskites using a Chemically Gas-assisted Focused Ion Beam for Subwavelength Grating Photonic Applications.

The high optical gain and absorption of organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites have attracted attention for photonic device applications. However, owing to the sensitivity of organic moieties to solvents and temperature, device processing is challenging, particularly for patterning. Here, we report the direct patterning of perovskites using chemically gas-assisted focused-ion beam (GAFIB) etching with XeF2 and I2 precursors. We demonstrate etching enhancement in addition to controllability and marginal surfac...

Additional peak appearing in the one-photon luminescence of single gold nanorods.

We used a confocal laser microscope to investigate the one-photon photoluminescence (PL) of gold antennas. The PL spectra can be precisely fitted to a plasmon-enhanced PL model. For increasing the antenna length, the energy peak position decreases continuously until it reaches a value of 1.7-1.8 eV. For longer antennas and smaller plasmon energies, we observe an additional, persistent shoulder in the PL spectra, which we explain by a Gaussian-shaped peak at ΔX≈1.78-1.79  eV. We attribute this behavio...

The use of thresholds of electrically evoked short-latent auditory potentials for the adjustment of the speech processors in the patients undergoing cochlear implantation.

The objective of the present study was to determine the thresholds of electrically evoked short-latent auditory potentials bythe mathematical method and to elucidate the relationship between these parameters and the subjective maximally comfortable levels in the patientsundergoing cochlear implantation. The electrically evoked short-latent auditory potentials were recorded in two groups of patients with different stimulation frequency (17 and 43 Hz). The use of the mathematical method of linear regression o...

Sub-Micron Patterning of Polymer Brushes: An Unexpected Discovery from Inkjet Printing of Polyelectrolyte Macroinitiators.

Using an electrostatic-based super inkjet printer we report the high-resolution deposition of polyelectrolyte macroinitators and subsequent polymer brush growth using SI-ARGET-ATRP. We go on to demonstrate for the first time a sub-micron patterning phenomenon through the addition of either a like charged polyelectrolyte homopolymer or through careful control of ionic strength. As a result patterning of polymer brushes down to ca. 300 nm is reported. We present a possible mechanistic model and consider how t...

Transmission loss between single-mode Gaussian antennas.

We analytically derive a set of formulas for the transmission loss in vacuum between antennas that send and receive single-mode Gaussian beams. We relate our results to standard far-field link budget parameters.

Confined, Oriented and Electrically Anisotropic Graphene Wrinkles on Bacteria.

Curvature induced dipole moment and orbital rehybridization in graphene wrinkles modify its electrical properties and induces transport-anisotropy. Current wrinkling processes are based on contraction of the entire substrate, and do not produce confined or directed wrinkles. Here we show that selective desiccation of bacterium under impermeable and flexible graphene via a flap-valve operation produces axially-aligned graphene-wrinkles of wavelength 32.4 - 34.3 nm, consistent with modified Föppl-von Kármá...

Beyond the French Flag Model: Exploiting Spatial and Gene Regulatory Interactions for Positional Information.

A crucial step in the early development of multicellular organisms involves the establishment of spatial patterns of gene expression which later direct proliferating cells to take on different cell fates. These patterns enable the cells to infer their global position within a tissue or an organism by reading out local gene expression levels. The patterning system is thus said to encode positional information, a concept that was formalized recently in the framework of information theory. Here we introduce a ...


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