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PubMed Journals Articles About "Functional Hybrid Memristor Crossbar Array CMOS System Data" RSS

13:24 EDT 4th May 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Functional Hybrid Memristor Crossbar Array CMOS System Data" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 46,000+

Feature Extraction Using Memristor Networks.

Crossbar arrays of memristive elements are investigated for the implementation of dictionary learning and sparse coding of natural images. A winner-take-all training algorithm, in conjunction with Oja's rule, is used to learn an overcomplete dictionary of feature primitives that resemble Gabor filters. The dictionary is then used in the locally competitive algorithm to form a sparse representation of input images. The impacts of device nonlinearity and parameter variations are evaluated and a compensating p...


Monolithic Integration of a Silicon Nanowire FET Array on a CMOS Chip for Bio-chemical Sensor Applications.

We present a monolithic CMOS-based sensor system comprising an array of silicon nanowire field-effect transistors (FETs) and the signal-conditioning circuitry on the same chip. The silicon nanowires were fabricated by chemical vapor deposition methods and then transferred to the CMOS chip, where Ti/Pd/Ti contacts had been patterned via e-beam lithography. The on-chip circuitry measures the current flowing through each nanowire FET upon applying a constant source-drain voltage. The analog signal is digitized...

Existence and global exponential stability of periodic solution of memristor-based BAM neural networks with time-varying delays.

In this paper, we investigate a class of memristor-based BAM neural networks with time-varying delays. Under the framework of Filippov solutions, boundedness and ultimate boundedness of solutions of memristor-based BAM neural networks are guaranteed by Chain rule and inequalities technique. Moreover, a new method involving Yoshizawa-like theorem is favorably employed to acquire the existence of periodic solution. By applying the theory of set-valued maps and functional differential inclusions, an available ...


Multi-exposure laser speckle contrast imaging using a high frame rate CMOS sensor with a field programmable gate array.

A system has been developed in which multi-exposure laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) is implemented using a high frame rate CMOS imaging sensor chip. Processing is performed using a field programmable gate array (FPGA). The system allows different exposure times to be simulated by accumulating a number of short exposures. This has the advantage that the image acquisition time is limited by the maximum exposure time and that regulation of the illuminating light level is not required. This high frame rat...

Hybrid optoacoustic tomography and pulse-echo ultrasonography using concave arrays.

Implementation of hybrid imaging using optoacoustic tomography (OAT) and ultrasound (US) brings together the important advantages and complementary features of both methods. However, the fundamentally different physical contrast mechanisms of the two modalities may impose significant difficulties in the optimal tomographic data acquisition and image formation strategies. We investigate the applicability of the commonly applied imaging geometries for acquisition and reconstruction of hybrid optoacoustic tomo...

Three-Dimensional Networked Nanoporous Ta2O5-x Memory System for Ultrahigh Density Storage.

Oxide-based resistive memory systems have high near-term promise for use in nonvolatile memory. Here we introduce a memory system employing a three-dimensional (3D) networked nanoporous (NP) Ta2O5-x structure and graphene for ultrahigh density storage. The devices exhibit a self-embedded highly nonlinear I-V switching behavior with an extremely low leakage current (on the order of pA) and good endurance. Calculations indicated that this memory architecture could be scaled up to a ∼162 Gbit crossbar array ...

Miniaturizing Ultrasonic System for Portable Health Care and Fitness.

We present a miniaturized portable ultrasonic imager that uses a custom ASIC and a piezoelectric transducer array to transmit and capture 2-D sonographs. The ASIC, fabricated in 0.18 μm 32 V CMOS process, contains 7 identical channels, each with high-voltage level-shifters, high-voltage DC-DC converters, digital TX beamformer, and RX front-end. The chip is powered by a single 1.8 V supply and generates 5 V and 32 V internally using on-chip charge pumps with an efficiency of 33% to provide 32 V pulses for d...

High-channel-count, high-density microelectrode array for closed-loop investigation of neuronal networks.

We present a system for large-scale electrophysiological recording and stimulation of neural tissue with a planar topology. The recording system has 65,536 electrodes arranged in a 256 × 256 grid, with 25.5 μm pitch, and covering an area approximately 42.6 mm(2). The recording chain has 8.66 μV rms input-referred noise over a 100 ~ 10k Hz bandwidth while providing up to 66 dB of voltage gain. When recording from all electrodes in the array, it is capable of 10-kHz sampling per electrode. All electrodes c...

Growth and Anion Exchange Conversion of CH3NH3PbX3 Nanorod Arrays for Light-Emitting Diodes.

The nanowire and nanorod morphology offers great advantages for application in a range of optoelectronic devices, but these high-quality nanorod arrays are typically based on high temperature growth techniques. Here, we demonstrate the successful room temperature growth of a hybrid perovskite (CH3NH3PbBr3) nanorod array, and we also introduce a new low temperature anion exchange technique to convert the CH3NH3PbBr3 nanorod array into a CH3NH3PbI3 nanorod array while preserving morphology. We demonstrate the...

Spatial optical crosstalk in CMOS image sensors integrated with plasmonic color filters.

Imaging resolution of complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor (CIS) keeps increasing to approximately 7k × 4k. As a result, the pixel size shrinks down to sub-2μm, which greatly increases the spatial optical crosstalk. Recently, plasmonic color filter was proposed as an alternative to conventional colorant pigmented ones. However, there is little work on its size effect and the spatial optical crosstalk in a model of CIS. By numerical simulation, we investigate the size effect of nanoc...

Microelectronics, bioinformatics and neurocomputation for massive neuronal recordings in brain circuits with large scale multielectrode array probes.

Deciphering neural network function in health and disease requires recording from many active neurons simultaneously. Developing approaches to increase their numbers is a major neurotechnological challenge. Parallel to recent advances in optical Ca(2+) imaging, an emerging approach consists in adopting complementary-metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) technology to realize MultiElectrode Array (MEA) devices. By implementing signal conditioning and multiplexing circuits, these devices allow nowadays to record f...

Analysis of the spectroscopy of a hybrid system composed of a superconducting flux qubit and diamond NV(-) centers.

A hybrid system that combines the advantages of a superconductor flux qubit and an electron spin ensemble in diamond is one of the promising devices to realize quantum information processing. Exploring the properties of the superconductor diamond system is essential for the efficient use of this device. When we perform spectroscopy of this system, significant power broadening is observed. However, previous models to describe this system are known to be applicable only when the power broadening is negligible...

Real-time biochemical sensor based on Raman scattering with CMOS contact imaging.

This work presents a biochemical sensor based on Raman scattering with Complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) contact imaging. This biochemical optical sensor is designed for detecting the concentration of solutions. The system is built with a laser diode, an optical filter, a sample holder and a commercial CMOS sensor. The output of the system is analyzed by an image processing program. The system provides instant measurements with a resolution of 0.2 to 0.4 Mol. This low cost and easy-operated sma...

Impact of data layouts on the efficiency of GPU-accelerated IDW interpolation.

This paper focuses on evaluating the impact of different data layouts on the computational efficiency of GPU-accelerated Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) interpolation algorithm. First we redesign and improve our previous GPU implementation that was performed by exploiting the feature of CUDA dynamic parallelism (CDP). Then we implement three versions of GPU implementations, i.e., the naive version, the tiled version, and the improved CDP version, based upon five data layouts, including the Structure of Arr...

Whole-body live mouse imaging by hybrid reflection-mode ultrasound and optoacoustic tomography.

We present a hybrid preclinical imaging scanner that optimally supports image acquisition in both reflection-mode ultrasonography and optoacoustic (OA) tomography modes. The system comprises a quasi-full-ring tomographic geometry capable of the simultaneous dual-mode imaging through entire cross sections of mice with in-plane spatial resolution in the range of 150 and 350 μm in the respective OA and ultrasound (US) imaging modes with an imaging speed of up to 10 two-dimensional frames per second. Three-di...

A Double-Side CMOS-CNT Biosensor Array With Padless Structure for Simple Bare-Die Measurements in a Medical Environment.

This paper presents a double-side CMOS-carbon nanotube (CNT) sensor array for simple bare-die measurements in a medical environment based on a 0.35 μm standard CMOS process. This scheme allows robust measurements due to its inherent back-side rectifying diodes with a high latch-up resistance. In particular, instead of using pads, only two contact metal structures: a wide ring structure around the sensor area on the front side and a plate structure at the backside are used for both power and single I/O line...

Improving Rydberg Excitations within Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory with Generalized Gradient Approximations: The Exchange-Enhancement-for-Large-Gradient Scheme.

Time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) with conventional local and hybrid functionals such as the local and hybrid generalized gradient approximations (GGA) seriously underestimates the excitation energies of Rydberg states, which limits its usefulness for applications such as spectroscopy and photochemistry. We present here a scheme that modifies the exchange-enhancement factor to improve GGA functionals for Rydberg excitations within the TDDFT framework while retaining their accuracy for valence...

A CMOS sensor for rapid testing of pathogen susceptibility to pore-forming antibiotics.

An integrated CMOS chip is implemented in 0.13μm technology that detects the efficacy of pore-forming antibiotics on bacterial samples in 10 minutes. The chip has been tested using two strains of E. coli and polymyxin B as the model antibiotic. An array of potassium-sensitive ISFETs and their readout circuits are integrated on the CMOS chip and a potassium-sensitive membrane is directly attached to the top metal electrodes, to measure potassium efflux from the affected bacterial cells.

On the nature of chemical bonding in the all-metal aromatic Sb3Au3Sb3(3-) sandwich complex.

In a recent communication, an all-metal aromatic sandwich [Sb3Au3Sb3](3-) was synthesized and characterized. We report herein a density-functional theory (DFT) study on the chemical bonding of this unique cluster, which makes use of a number of computational tools, including the canonical molecular orbital (CMO), adaptive natural density partitioning (AdNDP), Wiberg bond index, and orbital composition analyses. The 24-electron, triangular prismatic sandwich is intrinsically electron-deficient, being held to...

Functional and Somatoform Disorders in the Mirror of ICD-10 Routine Data.

The ICD-10 offers the possibility of double coding of diagnoses in functional disorders on the one hand, somatoform disorders on the other side. The current S3 guideline for "dealing with patients with non-specific, functional and somatoform physical complaints" states that "[...] in most cases, the specialty of the (initial) examiner and not the clinical constellation seems to define how a diagnosis is made". Based on selective routine data of the Daimler BKK for the years 2008-2010 frequencies of specific...

A Multi-Modality CMOS Sensor Array for Cell-Based Assay and Drug Screening.

In this paper, we present a fully integrated multi-modality CMOS cellular sensor array with four sensing modalities to characterize different cell physiological responses, including extracellular voltage recording, cellular impedance mapping, optical detection with shadow imaging and bioluminescence sensing, and thermal monitoring. The sensor array consists of nine parallel pixel groups and nine corresponding signal conditioning blocks. Each pixel group comprises one temperature sensor and 16 tri-modality s...

50 μm pixel pitch wafer-scale CMOS active pixel sensor x-ray detector for digital breast tomosynthesis.

Wafer-scale CMOS active pixel sensors (APSs) have been developed recently for x-ray imaging applications. The small pixel pitch and low noise are very promising properties for medical imaging applications such as digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). In this work, we evaluated experimentally and through modeling the imaging properties of a 50 μm pixel pitch CMOS APS x-ray detector named DynAMITe (Dynamic Range Adjustable for Medical Imaging Technology). A modified cascaded system model was developed for CMOS...

JiTTree: A Just-in-Time Compiled Sparse GPU Volume Data Structure.

Sparse volume data structures enable the efficient representation of large but sparse volumes in GPU memory for computation and visualization. However, the choice of a specific data structure for a given data set depends on several factors, such as the memory budget, the sparsity of the data, and data access patterns. In general, there is no single optimal sparse data structure, but a set of several candidates with individual strengths and drawbacks. One solution to this problem are hybrid data structures w...

Targeted capture and resequencing of 1040 genes reveal environmentally driven functional variation in gray wolves.

In an era of ever-increasing amounts of whole genome sequence data for individuals and populations, the utility of traditional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) array-based genome scans is uncertain. We previously performed a SNP array-based genome scan to identify candidate genes under selection in six distinct gray wolf (Canis lupus) ecotypes. Using this information, we designed a targeted capture array for 1040 genes, including all exons and flanking regions, as well as 5000 1 kb non-genic neutral r...

Study on the staggered array of an LED system for improved thermal behavior.

This paper proposes a staggered array to minimize heat concentration of an LED system. The purpose of this paper is to investigate temperature distribution with and without an optimized process of an LED system in various placements by experimental and numerical methods in order to improve thermal behavior. The proposed work develops an effective method to design an LED's placement for enhanced thermal uniformity and luminous efficacy, thus decreasing thermal concentrations and temperature of the LED system...


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