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PubMed Journals Articles About "Functional Hybrid Memristor Crossbar Array CMOS System Data" RSS

08:46 EST 11th December 2016 | BioPortfolio

Functional Hybrid Memristor Crossbar Array CMOS System Data PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Functional Hybrid Memristor Crossbar Array CMOS System Data articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Functional Hybrid Memristor Crossbar Array CMOS System Data" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 45,000+

Efficient, tunable flip-chip-integrated III-V/Si hybrid external-cavity laser array.

We demonstrate a surface-normal coupled tunable hybrid silicon laser array for the first time using passively-aligned, high-accuracy flip chip bonding. A 2x6 III-V reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) array with integrated total internal reflection mirrors is bonded to a CMOS SOI chip with grating couplers and silicon ring reflectors to form a tunable hybrid external-cavity laser array. Waveguide-coupled wall plug efficiency (wcWPE) of 2% and output power of 3 mW has been achieved for all 12 la...


Reconfigurable Nonvolatile Logic Operations in Resistance Switching Crossbar Array for Large-Scale Circuits.

Resistance switching (RS) devices have potential to offer computing and memory function. A new computer unit is built of RS array, where processing and storing of information occur on same devices. Resistance states stored in devices located in arbitrary positions of RS array can be performed various nonvolatile logic operations. Logic functions can be reconfigured by altering trigger signals.

DyHAP: Dynamic Hybrid ANFIS-PSO Approach for Predicting Mobile Malware.

To deal with the large number of malicious mobile applications (e.g. mobile malware), a number of malware detection systems have been proposed in the literature. In this paper, we propose a hybrid method to find the optimum parameters that can be used to facilitate mobile malware identification. We also present a multi agent system architecture comprising three system agents (i.e. sniffer, extraction and selection agent) to capture and manage the pcap file for data preparation phase. In our hybrid approach,...


Miniaturizing Ultrasonic System for Portable Health Care and Fitness.

We present a miniaturized portable ultrasonic imager that uses a custom ASIC and a piezoelectric transducer array to transmit and capture 2-D sonographs. The ASIC, fabricated in 0.18 μm 32 V CMOS process, contains 7 identical channels, each with high-voltage level-shifters, high-voltage DC-DC converters, digital TX beamformer, and RX front-end. The chip is powered by a single 1.8 V supply and generates 5 V and 32 V internally using on-chip charge pumps with an efficiency of 33% to provide 32 V pulses for d...

Towards a Reduced-Wire Interface for CMUT-Based Intravascular Ultrasound Imaging Systems.

Having intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) imaging capability on guide wires used in cardiovascular interventions may eliminate the need for separate IVUS catheters and expand the use of IVUS in a larger portion of the vasculature. High frequency capacitive micro machined ultrasonic transducer (CMUT) arrays should be integrated with interface electronics and placed on the guide wire for this purpose. Besides small size, this system-on-a-chip (SoC) front-end should connect to the back-end imaging system with a m...

Improving Detection Accuracy of Memristor-Based Bio-Signal Sensing Platform.

Recently a novel neuronal activity sensor exploiting the intrinsic thresholded integrator capabilities of memristor devices has been proposed. Extracellular potentials captured by a standard bio-signal acquisition platform are fed into a memristive device which reacts to the input by changing its resistive state (RS) only when the signal ampitude exceeds a threshold. Thus, significant peaks in the neural signal can be stored as non-volatile changes in memristor resistive state whilst noise is effectively su...

Linearized Programming of Memristors for Artificial Neuro-Sensor Signal Processing.

A linearized programming method of memristor-based neural weights is proposed. Memristor is known as an ideal element to implement a neural synapse due to its embedded functions of analog memory and analog multiplication. Its resistance variation with a voltage input is generally a nonlinear function of time. Linearization of memristance variation about time is very important for the easiness of memristor programming. In this paper, a method utilizing an anti-serial architecture for linear programming is pr...

Automated vision system for fabric defect inspection using Gabor filters and PCNN.

In this study, an embedded machine vision system using Gabor filters and Pulse Coupled Neural Network (PCNN) is developed to identify defects of warp-knitted fabrics automatically. The system consists of smart cameras and a Human Machine Interface (HMI) controller. A hybrid detection algorithm combing Gabor filters and PCNN is running on the SOC processor of the smart camera. First, Gabor filters are employed to enhance the contrast of images captured by a CMOS sensor. Second, defect areas are segmented by ...

A Multidisciplinary Approach to High Throughput Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) is a non-contact, powerful structure-elucidation technique for biochemical analysis. NMR spectroscopy is used extensively in a variety of life science applications including drug discovery. However, existing NMR technology is limited in that it cannot run a large number of experiments simultaneously in one unit. Recent advances in micro-fabrication technologies have attracted the attention of researchers to overcome these limitations and significantly accelerate the drug dis...

A Ground-Based Near Infrared Camera Array System for UAV Auto-Landing in GPS-Denied Environment.

This paper proposes a novel infrared camera array guidance system with capability to track and provide real time position and speed of a fixed-wing Unmanned air vehicle (UAV) during a landing process. The system mainly include three novel parts: (1) Infrared camera array and near infrared laser lamp based cooperative long range optical imaging module; (2) Large scale outdoor camera array calibration module; and (3) Laser marker detection and 3D tracking module. Extensive automatic landing experiments with f...

A 75-ps Gated CMOS Image Sensor with Low Parasitic Light Sensitivity.

In this study, a 40 × 48 pixel global shutter complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) image sensor with an adjustable shutter time as low as 75 ps was implemented using a 0.5-μm mixed-signal CMOS process. The implementation consisted of a continuous contact ring around each p+/n-well photodiode in the pixel array in order to apply sufficient light shielding. The parasitic light sensitivity of the in-pixel storage node was measured to be 1/8.5 × 10⁷ when illuminated by a 405-nm diode laser and 1/...

Impact of data layouts on the efficiency of GPU-accelerated IDW interpolation.

This paper focuses on evaluating the impact of different data layouts on the computational efficiency of GPU-accelerated Inverse Distance Weighting (IDW) interpolation algorithm. First we redesign and improve our previous GPU implementation that was performed by exploiting the feature of CUDA dynamic parallelism (CDP). Then we implement three versions of GPU implementations, i.e., the naive version, the tiled version, and the improved CDP version, based upon five data layouts, including the Structure of Arr...

Reconfigurable hybrid metamaterial waveguide system at terahertz regime.

We propose an optically controlled reconfigurable hybrid metamaterial waveguide system at terahertz frequencies, which consists of a two dimensional gold cut wire array deposited on top of a dielectric slab waveguide. Numerical findings reveal that this device is able to realize dynamic transformation from double electromagnetically induced transparency like material to ultra-narrow band guided mode resonance (GMR) filter by controlling the optically excited free carriers in gallium arsenide pads inserted b...

On the nature of chemical bonding in the all-metal aromatic Sb3Au3Sb3(3-) sandwich complex.

In a recent communication, an all-metal aromatic sandwich [Sb3Au3Sb3](3-) was synthesized and characterized. We report herein a density-functional theory (DFT) study on the chemical bonding of this unique cluster, which makes use of a number of computational tools, including the canonical molecular orbital (CMO), adaptive natural density partitioning (AdNDP), Wiberg bond index, and orbital composition analyses. The 24-electron, triangular prismatic sandwich is intrinsically electron-deficient, being held to...

Software-based PET-MR image coregistration: combined PET-MRI for the rest of us!

With the introduction of hybrid positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI), a new imaging option to acquire multimodality images with complementary anatomical and functional information has become available. Compared with hybrid PET/computed tomography (CT), hybrid PET/MRI is capable of providing superior anatomical detail while removing the radiation exposure associated with CT. The early adoption of hybrid PET/MRI, however, has been limited.

A Multi-Modality CMOS Sensor Array for Cell-Based Assay and Drug Screening.

In this paper, we present a fully integrated multi-modality CMOS cellular sensor array with four sensing modalities to characterize different cell physiological responses, including extracellular voltage recording, cellular impedance mapping, optical detection with shadow imaging and bioluminescence sensing, and thermal monitoring. The sensor array consists of nine parallel pixel groups and nine corresponding signal conditioning blocks. Each pixel group comprises one temperature sensor and 16 tri-modality s...

CAOS-CMOS camera.

Proposed and experimentally demonstrated is the CAOS-CMOS camera design that combines the coded access optical sensor (CAOS) imager platform with the CMOS multi-pixel optical sensor. The unique CAOS-CMOS camera engages the classic CMOS sensor light staring mode with the time-frequency-space agile pixel CAOS imager mode within one programmable optical unit to realize a high dynamic range imager for extreme light contrast conditions. The experimentally demonstrated CAOS-CMOS camera is built using a digital mi...

A novel integrated thermal-/membrane-based solar energy-driven hybrid desalination system: Concept description and simulation results.

In this paper, a hybrid desalination system consisting of vacuum membrane distillation (VMD) and adsorption desalination (AD) units, designated as VMD-AD cycle, is proposed. The synergetic integration of the VMD and AD is demonstrated where a useful effect of the AD cycle is channelled to boost the operation of the VMD process, namely the low vacuum environment to maintain the high pressure gradient across the microporous hydrophobic membrane. A solar-assisted multi-stage VMD-AD hybrid desalination system w...

Passivity of memristor-based BAM neural networks with different memductance and uncertain delays.

This paper addresses the passivity problem for a class of memristor-based bidirectional associate memory (BAM) neural networks with uncertain time-varying delays. In particular, the proposed memristive BAM neural networks is formulated with two different types of memductance functions. By constructing proper Lyapunov-Krasovskii functional and using differential inclusions theory, a new set of sufficient condition is obtained in terms of linear matrix inequalities which guarantee the passivity criteria for t...

Highly Flexible Hybrid CMOS Inverter Based on Si Nanomembrane and Molybdenum Disulfide.

2D semiconductor materials are being considered for next generation electronic device application such as thin-film transistors and complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) circuit due to their unique structural and superior electronics properties. Various approaches have already been taken to fabricate 2D complementary logics circuits. However, those CMOS devices mostly demonstrated based on exfoliated 2D materials show the performance of a single device. In this work, the design and fabrication of a...

A review of the design and clinical evaluation of the ShefStim array-based functional electrical stimulation system.

Functional electrical stimulation has been shown to be a safe and effective means of correcting foot drop of central neurological origin. Current surface-based devices typically consist of a single channel stimulator, a sensor for determining gait phase and a cuff, within which is housed the anode and cathode. The cuff-mounted electrode design reduces the likelihood of large errors in electrode placement, but the user is still fully responsible for selecting the correct stimulation level each time the syste...

Mechanistical investigation on the self-enhanced photocatalytic activity of CuO/Cu2O hybrid nanostructures by density functional theory calculations.

The photocatalytic mechanism of a Cu2O/CuO hybrid system is disclosed in detail by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The synergistic relationship of the two counterparts is confirmed by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) formation on the CuO nanowires and dissociation on the Cu2O nanoparticles; this enables the system to self-sufficiently produce hydroxyl radicals, which is highly efficient in the photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange. The exposed surfaces are found to be crucial in the cooperative ...

A Low Power Digital Accumulation Technique for Digital-Domain CMOS TDI Image Sensor.

In this paper, an accumulation technique suitable for digital domain CMOS time delay integration (TDI) image sensors is proposed to reduce power consumption without degrading the rate of imaging. In terms of the slight variations of quantization codes among different pixel exposures towards the same object, the pixel array is divided into two groups: one is for coarse quantization of high bits only, and the other one is for fine quantization of low bits. Then, the complete quantization codes are composed of...

Benchmarking Density Functional Theory Based Methods to Model NiOOH Material Properties: Hubbard and van der Waals Corrections vs. Hybrid Functionals.

NiOOH has recently been used to catalyze water oxidation by way of electrochemical water splitting. Few experimental data are available to rationalize the successful catalytic capability of NiOOH. Thus, theory has a distinctive role for studying its properties. However, the unique layered structure of NiOOH is associated with the presence of essential dispersion forces within the lattice. Hence, the choice of an appropriate exchange-correlation functional within Density Functional Theory (DFT) is not straig...

Validation of CE modelling with a contactless conductivity array detector.

Dynamic computer simulation data are compared for the first time with CE data obtained with a laboratory made system comprising an array of 8 contactless conductivity detectors (C(4) Ds). The experimental setup featured a 50 μm I.D. linear polyacrylamide (LPA) coated fused-silica capillary of 70 cm length and a purpose built sequential injection analysis manifold for fluid handling of continuous or discontinuous buffer configurations and sample injection. The LPA coated capillary exhibits a low EOF and the...


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