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PubMed Journals Articles About "General Stress Sigma Factor RpoS Influences Time Required" RSS

17:06 EST 20th January 2017 | BioPortfolio

General Stress Sigma Factor RpoS Influences Time Required PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest General Stress Sigma Factor RpoS Influences Time Required articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "General stress sigma factor RpoS influences time required" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 43,000+

The general stress response is conserved in long-term soil-persistent strains of Escherichia coli.

Although Escherichia coli is generally considered to be predominantly a commensal of the gastrointestinal tract, a number of recent studies suggest that it is also capable of long-term survival and growth in environments outside the host. As the extra-intestinal physical and chemical conditions are often different from those within the host, it is possible that distinct genetic adaptations may be required to enable this transition. Several studies have shown a trade-off between growth and stress resistance ...


Role of Autoregulation and Relative Synthesis of Operon Partners in Alternative Sigma Factor Networks.

Despite the central role of alternative sigma factors in bacterial stress response and virulence their regulation remains incompletely understood. Here we investigate one of the best-studied examples of alternative sigma factors: the σB network that controls the general stress response of Bacillus subtilis to uncover widely relevant general design principles that describe the structure-function relationship of alternative sigma factor regulatory networks. We show that the relative stoichiometry of the synt...

Comparative analysis of sigma factors RpoS, FliA, and RpoN in Edwardsiella tarda.

Sigma factors are important regulators that bacteria employ to cope with environmental changes. Studies on the functions of sigma factors have uncovered their roles in many important cellular activities, such as growth, stress tolerance, motility, biofilm formation, and virulence. However, comparative analyses of sigma factors that examine their common and unique features or elucidate their cross-regulatory relationships have rarely been conducted for Edwardsiella tarda. Here, we characterized and compared ...


sRNA-Mediated Control of Transcription Termination in E. coli.

Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) have been implicated in various aspects of post-transcriptional gene regulation. Here, we demonstrate that sRNAs also act at the level of transcription termination. We use the rpoS gene, which encodes a general stress sigma factor σ(S), as a model system, and show that sRNAs DsrA, ArcZ, and RprA bind the rpoS 5'UTR to suppress premature Rho-dependent transcription termination, both in vitro and in vivo. sRNA-mediated antitermination markedly stimulates transcription of rpoS ...

Multiple σEcfG and NepR Proteins Are Involved in the General Stress Response in Methylobacterium extorquens.

In Alphaproteobacteria, the general stress response (GSR) is controlled by a conserved partner switch composed of the sigma factor σEcfG, its anti-sigma factor NepR and the anti-sigma factor antagonist PhyR. Many species possess paralogues of one or several components of the system, but their roles remain largely elusive. Among Alphaproteobacteria that have been genome-sequenced so far, the genus Methylobacterium possesses the largest number of σEcfG proteins. Here, we analyzed the six σEcfG paralogues o...

Expression of virulence and stress response genes in Aeromonas hydrophila under various stress conditions.

Aeromonas hydrophila has emerged as an important human pathogen as it causes gastroenteritis and extra-intestinal infections. Information regarding the influence of environmental stresses on gene expression profile of A. hydrophila is lacking. The impact of nutrient replenishment, nutrient deprivation, acid stress, and cold shock on housekeeping, general stress-response, and virulence genes was studied using quantitative real-time PCR in two A. hydrophila strains, CECT 839(T) , and A331. These sub-lethal st...

Disruption of MiaA Provides Insights into the Regulation of Phenazine Biosynthesis under Suboptimal Growth Conditions in Pseudomonas chlororaphis 30-84.

Many products of secondary metabolism are activated by quorum sensing (QS), yet even at cell densities sufficient for QS, their production may be repressed under suboptimal growth conditions via mechanisms that still require elucidation. For many beneficial plant-associated bacteria, secondary metabolites such as phenazines are important for their competitive survival and plant-protective activities. Previous work established that phenazine biosynthesis in Pseudomonas chlororaphis 30-84 is regulated by the ...

Unphosphorylated EIIA(Ntr) induces ClpAP-mediated degradation of RpoS in Azotobacter vinelandii.

The nitrogen-related phosphotransferase system (PTS(Ntr) ) is composed of the EI(Ntr) , NPr and EIIA(Ntr) proteins that form a phosphorylation cascade from phosphoenolpyruvate. PTS(Ntr) is a global regulatory system present in most Gram-negative bacteria that controls some pivotal processes such as potassium and phosphate homeostasis, virulence, nitrogen fixation and ABC transport activation. In the soil bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii, unphosphorylated EIIA(Ntr) negatively regulates the expression of gene...

Factor Structure of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 (PSS) Across English and Spanish Language Responders in the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study.

Despite widespread use, psychometric investigation of the original English and translated Spanish versions of the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS; Cohen, Kamarck, & Mermelstein, 1983) has been limited among the U.S. Hispanic/Latino population. The present study examined the factor structure, factorial invariance, and reliability and validity of PSS scores from English and Spanish versions using data from 5,176 Hispanics/Latinos who participated in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Soc...

Integration of light and circadian signals that regulate chloroplast transcription by a nuclear-encoded sigma factor.

We investigated the signalling pathways that regulate chloroplast transcription in response to environmental signals. One mechanism controlling plastid transcription involves nuclear-encoded sigma subunits of plastid-encoded plastid RNA polymerase. Transcripts encoding the sigma factor SIG5 are regulated by light and the circadian clock. However, the extent to which a chloroplast target of SIG5 is regulated by light-induced changes in SIG5 expression is unknown. Moreover, the photoreceptor signalling pathwa...

Little Relation of Adult Age With Cognition After Controlling General Influences.

Both general (i.e., shared across different cognitive measures) and specific (i.e., unique to particular cognitive measures) influences can be postulated to contribute to the relations between adult age and measures of cognitive functioning. Estimates of general and specific influences on measures of memory, speed, reasoning, and spatial visualization were derived in cross-sectional ( = 5,014) and 3-occasion longitudinal ( = 1,353) data in adults between 18 and 99 years of age. Increased age was negatively ...

Shear-stress fluctuations in self-assembled transient elastic networks.

Focusing on shear-stress fluctuations, we investigate numerically a simple generic model for self-assembled transient networks formed by repulsive beads reversibly bridged by ideal springs. With Δt being the sampling time and t_{☆}(f)∼1/f the Maxwell relaxation time (set by the spring recombination frequency f), the dimensionless parameter Δx=Δt/t_{☆}(f) is systematically scanned from the liquid limit (Δx≫1) to the solid limit (Δx≪1) where the network topology is quenched and an ensemble aver...

Unfolded protein response in pollen development and heat stress tolerance.

Importance of the UPR for pollen. Pollen is particularly sensitive to environmental conditions that disturb protein homeostasis, such as higher temperatures. Their survival is dependent on subcellular stress response systems, one of which maintains protein homeostasis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Disturbance of ER proteostasis due to stress leads to the activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) that mitigates stress damage mainly by increasing ER-folding capacity and reducing folding demands. ...

DNA-binding and repressor function are prerequisite for the turnover of the tomato heat stress transcription factor HsfB1.

HsfB1 is a central regulator of heat stress response and functions dually as transcriptional co-activator of HsfA1a and as general repressor in tomato. HsfB1 is efficiently synthesized during onset of heat stress and rapidly removed in course of attenuation during recovery phase. Initial results point to a complex regime modulating HsfB1 abundance involving the molecular chaperone Hsp90. However, the molecular determinants affecting HsfB1 stability needed to be established. We provide experimental evidence ...

Stress and Subjective Age: Those With Greater Financial Stress Look Older.

Subjective indicators of age add to our understanding of the aging process beyond the role of chronological age. We examined whether financial stress contributes to subjective age as rated by others and the self. The participants (N = 228), aged 26-75, were from a Boston area satellite of the Midlife in the United States (MIDUS) longitudinal study. Participants reported how old they felt and how old they thought they looked, and observers assessed the participants' age based on photographs (other-look age),...

MerR and ChrR mediate blue light induced photo-oxidative stress response at the transcriptional level in Vibrio cholerae.

Blue light (BL) is a major environmental factor that affects the physiology, behavior, and infectivity of bacteria as it contributes to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) while increasing photo-oxidative stress in cells. However, precise photo-oxidative response mechanism in non-phototrophic bacteria is yet to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effect of BL in Vibrio cholerae by using genetics and transcriptome profiling. Genome-wide analysis revealed that transcription of 6.3% o...

Establishing the situated features associated with perceived stress.

We propose that the domain general process of categorization contributes to the perception of stress. When a situation contains features associated with stressful experiences, it is categorized as stressful. From the perspective of situated cognition, the features used to categorize experiences as stressful are the features typically true of stressful situations. To test this hypothesis, we asked participants to evaluate the perceived stress of 572 imagined situations, and to also evaluate each situation fo...

Confirmatory Factor Analytic Investigation of Variance Composition, Gender Invariance, and Validity of the Male Role Norms Inventory-Adolescent-revised (MRNI-A-r).

Confirmatory factor analysis of responses to the Male Role Norms Inventory-Adolescent-revised (MRNI-A-r) from 384 middle school students (163 boys, 221 girls) indicated that the best fit to the data was a bifactor model incorporating the hypothesized 3-factor structure while explicitly modeling an additional, general factor. Specifically, each item-level indicator loaded simultaneously on 2 factors: a general traditional masculinity ideology factor and a specific factor corresponding to 1 of the 3 hypothesi...

CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE (CRH)-IMMUNOREACTIVE (IR) AXON VARICOSITIES TARGET A SUBSET OF GROWTH HORMONE-RELEASING HORMONE (GHRH)-IR NEURONS IN THE HUMAN HYPOTHALAMUS.

It is a general consensus that stress is one of the major factors that suppresses growth. Previous studies revealed that the catecholaminergic and neuropeptide Y (NPY) systems, involved in the activation of stress-related neuronal circuits, influence growth hormone (GH)-release via modulating growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) secretion. Indeed, catecholaminergic and NPY-immunoreactive (IR) axon varicosities abut on the surface of the GHRH neurons forming contacts. These juxtapositions appear to be rea...

Toxin YafQ Reduces Escherichia coli Growth at Low Temperatures.

Toxin/antitoxin (TA) systems reduce metabolism under stress; for example, toxin YafQ of the YafQ/DinJ Escherichia coli TA system reduces growth by cleaving transcripts with in-frame 5'-AAA-G/A-3' sites, and antitoxin DinJ is a global regulator that represses its locus as well as controls levels of the stationary sigma factor RpoS. Here we investigated the influence on cell growth at various temperatures and found that deletion of the antitoxin gene, dinJ, resulted in both reduced metabolism and slower growt...

Daily Emotional Stress Reactivity in Emerging Adulthood: Temporal Stability and its Predictors.

Emotional reactivity to stress is associated with both mental and physical health and has been assumed to be a stable feature of the person. However recent evidence suggests that the within-person association between stress and negative affect (e.g. affective stress-reactivity) may increase over time and in times of high stress, at least in older adult populations. The objective of the current study was to examine the across-time stability of stress-reactivity in a younger sample-emerging adulthood-and exam...

Increased Heme Oxygenase-1 and Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-Related Factor-2 in the Placenta Have a Cooperative Action on Preeclampsia.

Previous studies have shown that oxidative stress is an important factor in preeclampsia (PE). Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) are protective proteins that are involved in combating oxidative stress in the body. Nrf2 is also an essential upstream transcription factor regulating HO-1. This study was aimed at exploring the physiological roles of HO-1 and Nrf2 in PE.

Prefrontal Cortex Corticotropin-Releasing Factor Receptor 1 Conveys Acute Stress-Induced Executive Dysfunction.

The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) subserves complex cognition and is impaired by stress. Corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF), through CRF receptor 1 (CRFR1), constitutes a key element of the stress response. However, its contribution to the effects of stress in the mPFC remains unclear.

Activation of Sigma-1 receptor ameliorates anxiety-like behavior and cognitive impairments in a rat model of post-traumatic stress disorder.

Among learning and memory processes, fear memories are crucial in some psychiatric disorders like post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Accumulating evidence shows that the sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) has comprehensive involvement in cognitive impairment and neuroprotective effects. It has also been reported that BDNF appears to enhance extinction of fear in anxiety disorders via the MAPK signaling cascade. However, it remains unclear whether BDNF-TrkB-MAPK pathway may be mechanistically involved in the ther...

The Stress Response Regulator AflSkn7 Influences Morphological Development, Stress Response, and Pathogenicity in the Fungus Aspergillus flavus.

This study focused on AflSkn7, which is a stress response regulator in the aflatoxin-producing Aspergillus flavus. The ΔAflSkn7 mutants exhibited partially defective conidial formation and a complete inability to generate sclerotia, indicating AflSkn7 affects A. flavus asexual and sexual development. The mutants tolerated osmotic stress but were partially susceptible to the effects of cell wall stress. Additionally, the ΔAflSkn7 mutants were especially sensitive to oxidative stress. These observations con...


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