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PubMed Journals Articles About "General Stress Sigma Factor RpoS Influences Time Required" RSS

20:13 EDT 23rd June 2017 | BioPortfolio

General Stress Sigma Factor RpoS Influences Time Required PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest General Stress Sigma Factor RpoS Influences Time Required articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "General stress sigma factor RpoS influences time required" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 44,000+

Role of Autoregulation and Relative Synthesis of Operon Partners in Alternative Sigma Factor Networks.

Despite the central role of alternative sigma factors in bacterial stress response and virulence their regulation remains incompletely understood. Here we investigate one of the best-studied examples of alternative sigma factors: the σB network that controls the general stress response of Bacillus subtilis to uncover widely relevant general design principles that describe the structure-function relationship of alternative sigma factor regulatory networks. We show that the relative stoichiometry of the synt...


RpoN Promotes Pseudomonas aeruginosa Survival in the Presence of Tobramycin.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa has developed diverse strategies to respond and adapt to antibiotic stress. Among the factors that modulate survival in the presence of antibiotics, alternative sigma factors play an important role. Here, we demonstrate that the alternative sigma factor RpoN (σ(54)) promotes survival in the presence of tobramycin. The tobramycin-sensitive phenotype of logarithmic phase ΔrpoN mutant cells is suppressed by the loss of the alternative sigma factor RpoS. Transcriptional analysis indicat...

sRNA-Mediated Control of Transcription Termination in E. coli.

Bacterial small RNAs (sRNAs) have been implicated in various aspects of post-transcriptional gene regulation. Here, we demonstrate that sRNAs also act at the level of transcription termination. We use the rpoS gene, which encodes a general stress sigma factor σ(S), as a model system, and show that sRNAs DsrA, ArcZ, and RprA bind the rpoS 5'UTR to suppress premature Rho-dependent transcription termination, both in vitro and in vivo. sRNA-mediated antitermination markedly stimulates transcription of rpoS ...


Themes and variations in gene regulation by extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factors.

The ECF sigma family was identified 23 years ago as a distinct group of σ(70)-like factors. ECF sigma factors have since emerged as a major form of bacterial signal transduction that can be grouped into over 50 phylogenetically distinct subfamilies. Advances in our understanding of these sigma factors and the signaling pathways governing their activity have elucidated conserved features as well as aspects that have evolved over time. All ECF sigma factors are predicted to share a common streamlined domain ...

Disruption of MiaA Provides Insights into the Regulation of Phenazine Biosynthesis under Suboptimal Growth Conditions in Pseudomonas chlororaphis 30-84.

Many products of secondary metabolism are activated by quorum sensing (QS), yet even at cell densities sufficient for QS, their production may be repressed under suboptimal growth conditions via mechanisms that still require elucidation. For many beneficial plant-associated bacteria, secondary metabolites such as phenazines are important for their competitive survival and plant-protective activities. Previous work established that phenazine biosynthesis in Pseudomonas chlororaphis 30-84 is regulated by the ...

Unphosphorylated EIIA(Ntr) induces ClpAP-mediated degradation of RpoS in Azotobacter vinelandii.

The nitrogen-related phosphotransferase system (PTS(Ntr) ) is composed of the EI(Ntr) , NPr and EIIA(Ntr) proteins that form a phosphorylation cascade from phosphoenolpyruvate. PTS(Ntr) is a global regulatory system present in most Gram-negative bacteria that controls some pivotal processes such as potassium and phosphate homeostasis, virulence, nitrogen fixation and ABC transport activation. In the soil bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii, unphosphorylated EIIA(Ntr) negatively regulates the expression of gene...

Role of the interplay between quorum sensing regulator VqsR and the Pseudomonas quinolone signal in mediating carbapenem tolerance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Pseudomonas aeruginosa coordinates its response to environmental conditions through activation of a quorum sensing (QS) system. In this study, we investigated the regulatory interaction between the QS transcriptional regulator VqsR and the Pseudomonas quinolone signal (PQS) through integration of sigma factor RpoS, and we addressed whether one of the pathways controlling carbapenem tolerance can be attributed to VqsR. We demonstrate that vqsR expression at the transcriptional level is regulated by pqsA, pqs...

Design, synthesis and experimental validation of peptide ligands targeting Mycobacterium tuberculosis σ factors.

Transcription in prokaryotes is a multi-step process and is primarily regulated at the initiation stage. Sigma factors are involved in promoter recognition and thus govern prokaryotic gene expression. Mycobacterium tuberculosis sigma factors have been previously suggested as important drug targets through large-scale genome analyses. Here we demonstrate the feasibility of specific targeting of Mtb sigma factors using designed peptides. A peptide library was generated using 3-D structural features correspond...

Switching between nitrogen and glucose limitation: Unraveling transcriptional dynamics in Escherichia coli.

Transcriptional control under nitrogen and carbon-limitation conditions have been well analyzed for Escherichia coli. However, the transcriptional dynamics that underlie the shift in regulatory programs from nitrogen to carbon limitation is not well studied. In the present study, cells were cultivated at steady state under nitrogen (ammonia)-limited conditions then shifted to carbon (glucose) limitation to monitor changes in transcriptional dynamics. Nitrogen limitation was found to be dominated by sigma 54...

Integration of light and circadian signals that regulate chloroplast transcription by a nuclear-encoded sigma factor.

We investigated the signalling pathways that regulate chloroplast transcription in response to environmental signals. One mechanism controlling plastid transcription involves nuclear-encoded sigma subunits of plastid-encoded plastid RNA polymerase. Transcripts encoding the sigma factor SIG5 are regulated by light and the circadian clock. However, the extent to which a chloroplast target of SIG5 is regulated by light-induced changes in SIG5 expression is unknown. Moreover, the photoreceptor signalling pathwa...

Differential stress response of Saccharomyces hybrids revealed by monitoring Hsp104 aggregation and disaggregation.

Proteotoxic stress may occur upon exposure of yeast cells to different stress conditions. The induction of stress response mechanisms is important for cells to adapt to changes in the environment and ensure survival. For example, during exposure to elevated temperatures the expression of heat shock proteins such as Hsp104 is induced in yeast. Hsp104 extracts misfolded proteins from aggregates to promote their refolding. We used an Hsp104-GFP reporter to analyze the stress profiles of Saccharomyces species h...

Activation of the sigma-1 receptor by haloperidol metabolites facilitates brain-derived neurotrophic factor secretion from human astroglia.

Glial cells play a critical role in neuronal support which includes the production and release of the neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Activation of the sigma-1 receptor (S1R) has been shown to attenuate inflammatory stress-mediated brain injuries, and there is emerging evidence that this may involve a BDNF-dependent mechanism. In this report we studied S1R-mediated BDNF release from human astrocytic glial cells. Astrocytes express the S1R, which mediates BDNF release when stimulated w...

MerR and ChrR mediate blue light induced photo-oxidative stress response at the transcriptional level in Vibrio cholerae.

Blue light (BL) is a major environmental factor that affects the physiology, behavior, and infectivity of bacteria as it contributes to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) while increasing photo-oxidative stress in cells. However, precise photo-oxidative response mechanism in non-phototrophic bacteria is yet to be elucidated. In this study, we investigated the effect of BL in Vibrio cholerae by using genetics and transcriptome profiling. Genome-wide analysis revealed that transcription of 6.3% o...

Stationary-phase genes upregulated by polyamines are responsible for the formation of Escherichia coli persister cells tolerant to netilmicin.

Persisters are rare phenotypic variants of regular bacterial cells that survive lethal antibiotics or stresses owing to slowing down of their metabolism. Recently, we have shown that polyamine putrescine can upregulate persister cell formation in Escherichia coli via the stimulation of rpoS expression, encoding a master regulator of general stress response. We hypothesized that rmf and yqjD, the stationary-phase genes responsible for ribosome inactivation, might be good candidates for the similar role owing...

Mycobacterium tuberculosis virulence-regulator PhoP interacts with alternative sigma factor SigE during acid-stress response.

The ability to sense acid stress and mount an appropriate adaptive response by M. tuberculosis, which adapts a long term residence in the macrophage phagosome remains one of the critical features that defines mycobacterial physiology and its intracellular location. To understand the mechanistic basis of adaptation of the intracellular pathogen, we studied global regulation of M. tuberculosis gene expression in response to acid stress. Although recent studies indicate a role for the virulence-associated phoP...

The Role of Stress as a Risk Factor for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy.

PSP, like Alzheimer's disease (AD), is a tauopathy. The etiopathogenesis of PSP is not well known and the role of stress has not yet been examined. Recent studies have shown that stress increases the risk for developing AD. This study investigates the role of stress as a risk factor for PSP.

CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE (CRH)-IMMUNOREACTIVE (IR) AXON VARICOSITIES TARGET A SUBSET OF GROWTH HORMONE-RELEASING HORMONE (GHRH)-IR NEURONS IN THE HUMAN HYPOTHALAMUS.

It is a general consensus that stress is one of the major factors that suppresses growth. Previous studies revealed that the catecholaminergic and neuropeptide Y (NPY) systems, involved in the activation of stress-related neuronal circuits, influence growth hormone (GH)-release via modulating growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) secretion. Indeed, catecholaminergic and NPY-immunoreactive (IR) axon varicosities abut on the surface of the GHRH neurons forming contacts. These juxtapositions appear to be rea...

Stigma and diurnal cortisol among transitioning transgender men.

This study assessed diurnal cortisol functioning in relation to stigma-based transition-specific stressors experienced by transgender men during their transition from female to male. Sixty-five healthy transgender men undergoing testosterone therapy participated in in-person interviews through which transition-specific stressors were identified. Interviews were coded according to participant reported (1) Transitioning-identity stress; (2) Coming Out stress; (3) Gender-specific Public Bathroom stress; and (4...

Role of activating transcription factor 4 in the hepatic response to amino acid depletion by asparaginase.

The anti-leukemic agent asparaginase activates the integrated stress response (ISR) kinase GCN2 and inhibits signaling via mechanistic target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1). The study objective was to investigate the protective role of activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) in controlling the hepatic transcriptome and mediating GCN2-mTORC1 signaling during asparaginase. We compared global gene expression patterns in livers from wildtype, Gcn2 (-/-), and Atf4 (-/-) mice treated with asparaginase or excipi...

Influence of a pre-stimulation with chronic low-dose UVB on stress response mechanisms in human skin fibroblasts.

Exposure to solar ultraviolet type B (UVB), through the induction of cyclobutane pyrimidine dimer (CPD), is the major risk factor for cutaneous cancer. Cells respond to UV-induced CPD by triggering the DNA damage response (DDR) responsible for signaling DNA repair, programmed cell death and cell cycle arrest. Underlying mechanisms implicated in the DDR have been extensively studied using single acute UVB irradiation. However, little is known concerning the consequences of chronic low-dose of UVB (CLUV) on t...

Expression of heterologous sigma factor expands the searchable space for biofuel tolerance mechanisms.

Microorganisms can produce hydrocarbons that can serve as replacements or additions to conventional liquid fuels for use in the transportation sector. However, a common problem in the microbial synthesis of biofuels is that these compounds often have toxic effects on the cell. In this study, we focused on mitigating the toxicity of the bio-jet fuel precursor pinene on Escherichia coli. We used genomic DNA from Pseudomonas putida KT2440, which has innate solvent-tolerance properties, to create transgenic lib...

Immune function trade-offs in response to parasite threats.

Immune function is often involved in physiological trade-offs because of the energetic costs of maintaining constitutive immunity and mounting responses to infection. However, immune function is a collection of discrete immunity factors and animals should allocate towards factors that combat the parasite threat with the highest fitness cost. For example, animals on dispersal fronts of expanding population may be released from density-dependent diseases. The costs of immunity, however, and life history trade...

Daily Emotional Stress Reactivity in Emerging Adulthood: Temporal Stability and its Predictors.

Emotional reactivity to stress is associated with both mental and physical health and has been assumed to be a stable feature of the person. However recent evidence suggests that the within-person association between stress and negative affect (e.g. affective stress-reactivity) may increase over time and in times of high stress, at least in older adult populations. The objective of the current study was to examine the across-time stability of stress-reactivity in a younger sample-emerging adulthood-and exam...

Two is More Valid Than One: Examining the Factor Structure of the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS).

The Self-Compassion Scale (SCS; Neff, 2003a) is the most widely used measure of self-compassion. Self-compassion, as measured by the SCS, is robustly linked to psychological health (Macbeth & Gumley, 2012; Zessin, Dickhaüser, & Garbade, 2015). The SCS is currently understood as exhibiting a higher-order structure comprised of 6 first-order factors and 1 second-order general self-compassion factor. Recently, some researchers have questioned the internal validity of this 1-factor conceptualization, and posit...

Increased Heme Oxygenase-1 and Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-Related Factor-2 in the Placenta Have a Cooperative Action on Preeclampsia.

Previous studies have shown that oxidative stress is an important factor in preeclampsia (PE). Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-2 (Nrf2) are protective proteins that are involved in combating oxidative stress in the body. Nrf2 is also an essential upstream transcription factor regulating HO-1. This study was aimed at exploring the physiological roles of HO-1 and Nrf2 in PE.


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