PubMed Journals Articles About "General Stress Sigma Factor RpoS Influences Time Required" RSS

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Showing "General stress sigma factor RpoS influences time required" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 46,000+

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Validation of the role of rpoS, hmp, and ssrAB in Salmonella enterica Gallinarum and evaluation of a triple-deletion mutant as a live vaccine candidate in Lohmann layer chickens.

Salmonella enterica Gallinarum (SG) causes fowl typhoid, a septicemic disease in avian species. We constructed deletion mutants lacking the stress sigma factor RpoS, the nitric oxide (NO)-detoxifying flavohemoglobin Hmp, and the SsrA/SsrB regulator, to confirm the functions of these genes in SG. Wild-type (WT) SG showed the full function of each gene product, whereas mutants harboring single mutations or a combination of rpoS, hmp, and ssrAB mutations showed hypersusceptibility to H2O2, loss of NO metabolis...

Resonance assignments of the periplasmic domain of a cellulose-sensing trans-membrane anti-sigma factor from Clostridium thermocellum.

The cellulosome of Clostridium thermocellum is an elegant and efficient multi-enzyme complex for degrading lignocellulose. The cellulosome contains several dozens of carbohydrate hydrolysis enzymes, which are regulated by the presence of environmental substrates through several pairs of sigma and anti-sigma factors. The anti-sigma factors sense the presence of substrates and transduce the signals into the cell. The sigma factors are then released from the corresponding anti-sigma factors, and they recruit R...

Processing of Cell-Surface Signalling anti-sigma factors prior to signal recognition is a conserved autoproteolytic mechanism that produces two functional domains.

Cell-Surface Signalling (CSS) enables Gram-negative bacteria to transduce an environmental signal into a cytosolic response. This regulatory cascade involves an outer membrane receptor that transmits the signal to an anti-sigma factor in the cytoplasmic membrane, allowing the activation of an extracytoplasmic function (ECF) sigma factor. Recent studies have demonstrated that RseP-mediated proteolysis of the anti-sigma factors is key to σ(ECF) activation. Using the Pseudomonas aeruginosa FoxR anti-sigma fac...

A Model for Sigma Factor Competition in Bacterial Cells.

Sigma factors control global switches of the genetic expression program in bacteria. Different sigma factors compete for binding to a limited pool of RNA polymerase (RNAP) core enzymes, providing a mechanism for cross-talk between genes or gene classes via the sharing of expression machinery. To analyze the contribution of sigma factor competition to global changes in gene expression, we develop a theoretical model that describes binding between sigma factors and core RNAP, transcription, non-specific bindi...

NHEJ enzymes LigD and Ku participate in stationary-phase mutagenesis in Pseudomonas putida.

Under growth-restricting conditions bacterial populations can rapidly evolve by a process known as stationary-phase mutagenesis. Bacterial nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) system which consists of the DNA-end-binding enzyme Ku and the multifunctional DNA ligase LigD has been shown to be important for survival of bacteria especially during quiescent states, such as late stationary-phase populations or sporulation. In this study we provide genetic evidence that NHEJ enzymes participate in stationary-phase mut...

Small RNAs in the control of RpoS, CsgD, and biofilm architecture of Escherichia coli.

Amyloid curli fibers and cellulose are extracellular matrix components produced in the stationary phase top layer of E. coli macrocolonies, which confer physical protection, strong cohesion, elasticity, and wrinkled morphology to these biofilms. Curli and cellulose synthesis is controlled by a three-level transcription factor (TF) cascade with the RpoS sigma subunit of RNA polymerase at the top, the MerR-like TF MlrA, and the biofilm regulator CsgD, with two c-di-GMP control modules acting as key switching ...

Fluvoxamine alleviates ER stress via induction of Sigma-1 receptor.

We recently demonstrated that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induces sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) expression through the PERK pathway, which is one of the cell's responses to ER stress. In addition, it has been demonstrated that induction of Sig-1R can repress cell death signaling. Fluvoxamine (Flv) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) with a high affinity for Sig-1R. In the present study, we show that treatment of neuroblastoma cells with Flv induces Sig-1R expression by increasing ATF4 trans...

Global analysis of Salmonella alternative sigma factor E on protein translation.

The alternative sigma factor E (E) is critical for response to extracytoplasmic stress in Salmonella. Extensive studies have been conducted on E-regulated gene expression, particularly at the transcriptional level. Increasing evidence suggests however that E may indirectly participate in post-transcriptional regulation. In this study, we conducted sample-matched global proteomic and transcriptomic analyses to determine the level of regulation mediated by E in Salmonella. Samples were analyzed fr...

Membrane lipid composition and stress/virulence related gene expression of Salmonella Enteritidis cells adapted to lactic acid and trisodium phosphate and their resistance to lethal heat and acid stress.

This study evaluated the acid and heat resistance of Salmonella Enteritidis in simulated gastric fluid (pH2.0) and during thermal treatment (54-60°C), respectively, after adaptation to lactic acid (LA) or trisodium phosphate (TSP) at various pHs (pH5.3-9.0). The changes in membrane lipid composition and expression levels of RpoS and RpoH were examined to elucidate their roles in bacterial stress resistance. Transcriptional profile of several virulence-related genes was also analyzed. Results showed that LA...

Bacterial sigma factors as targets for engineered or synthetic transcriptional control.

Sigma (σ) factors are the predominant constituents of transcription regulation in bacteria. σ Factors recruit the core RNA polymerase to recognize promoters with specific DNA sequences. Recently, engineering of transcriptional regulators has become a significant tool for strain engineering. The present review summarizes the recent advances in σ factor based engineering or synthetic design. The manipulation of σ factors presents insights into the bacterial stress tolerance and metabolite productivity. We...

USP17 is required for clathrin mediated endocytosis of epidermal growth factor receptor.

Previously we have shown that expression of the deubiquitinating enzyme USP17 is required for cell proliferation and motility. More recently we reported that USP17 deubiquitinates RCE1 isoform 2 and thus regulates the processing of 'CaaX' motif proteins. Here we now show that USP17 expression is induced by epidermal growth factor and that USP17 expression is required for clathrin mediated endocytosis of epidermal growth factor receptor. In addition, we show that USP17 is required for the endocytosis of tran...

A systems approach identifies co-signaling molecules of early growth response 1 transcription factor in immobilization stress.

BackgroundAdaptation to stress is critical for survival. The adrenal medulla, the major source of epinephrine, plays an important role in the development of the hyperadenergic state and increased risk for stress associated disorders, such as hypertension and myocardial infarction. The transcription factor Egr1 plays a central role in acute and repeated stress, however the complexity of the response suggests that other transcription factor pathways might be playing equally important roles during acute and re...

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Different perceptions of stress, coping styles, and general well-being among pregnant Chinese women: a structural equation modeling approach.

Few studies have examined different perceptions of stress or explored the positive aspects of well-being among pregnant Chinese women, so there is a need to explore these phenomena in order to fill the research gap. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among the different perceptions of stress, coping styles, and general well-being using a structural equation modeling approach. We examined a hypothetical model among 755 pregnant Chinese women based on the integration of theoretical models....

Role of extracytoplasmic function sigma factors in biofilm formation of Porphyromonas gingivalis.

Porphyromonas gingivalis has been implicated as a major pathogen in the development and progression of chronic periodontitis. P. gingivalis biofilm formation in the subgingival crevice plays an important role in the ability of the bacteria to tolerate stress signals outside the cytoplasmic membrane. Some bacteria use a distinct subfamily of sigma factors to regulate their extracytoplasmic functions (the ECF subfamily). The objective of this study was to determine if P. gingivalis ECF sigma factors affect P....

Racial/ethnic discrimination, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and alcohol problems in a longitudinal study of Hispanic/Latino college students.

Racial/ethnic discrimination has been identified as a risk factor in the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in persons of color (Carter, 2007). Many persons, regardless of race/ethnicity, with PTSD symptoms resulting from combat, violent crimes, sexual assault, or natural disasters use alcohol in an attempt to cope. This longitudinal study surveyed 203 Hispanic/Latino students twice at approximately a 1-year interval, and used a cross-lagged design to compare Time 1 links from alco...

Sigma receptors as potential therapeutic targets for neuroprotection.

Sigma receptors comprise a unique family of proteins that have been implicated in the pathophysiology and treatment of many central nervous system disorders, consistent with their high level of expression in the brain and spinal cord. Mounting evidence indicate that targeting sigma receptors may be particularly beneficial in a number of neurodegenerative conditions including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, stroke, methamphetamine neurotoxicity, Huntington's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ...

Two stress sensor proteins for the expression of sigmaE regulon: DegS and RseB.

In E. coli, sigmaE-dependent transcription is controlled by regulated-proteolysis of RseA. RseA, which holds sigmaE as an anti-sigma factor, is sequentially digested by DegS, RseP and cytoplasmic proteases to liberate sigmaE in response to dysfunction in outer-membrane biogenesis. Additionally, the sequential proteolysis is regulated by RseB binding to RseA (Fig. 1A). Direct interaction between RseA and RseB inhibits RseA-cleavage by DegS. Both proteolytic activation of DegS and binding disruption of RseB a...

Plastid sigma factors: Their individual functions and regulation in transcription.

Sigma factors are the predominant factors involved in transcription regulation in bacteria. These factors can recruit the core RNA polymerase to promoters with specific DNA sequences and initiate gene transcription. The plastids of higher plants originating from an ancestral cyanobacterial endosymbiont also contain sigma factors that are encoded by a small family of nuclear genes. Although all plastid sigma factors contain sequences conserved in bacterial sigma factors, a considerable number of distinct tra...

Laboratory measurements of the oral direct factor xa inhibitor edoxaban: comparison of prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and thrombin generation assay.

Edoxaban, an oral direct factor Xa inhibitor, does not require routine monitoring. However, assessment of the anticoagulant effects may be required in certain situations.

RpoS and quorum sensing control expression and polar localization of Vibrio cholerae chemotaxis cluster III proteins in vitro and in vivo.

The diarrheal pathogen Vibrio cholerae contains 3 gene clusters that encode chemotaxis-related proteins, but only cluster II appears to be required for chemotaxis. Here, we present the first characterization of V. cholerae's "cluster III" chemotaxis system. We found that cluster III proteins assemble into foci at bacterial poles, like those formed by cluster II proteins, but the two systems assemble independently and do not colocalize. Cluster III proteins are expressed in vitro during stationary phase and ...

rpoS regulated core genes involved in the competitive fitness of Salmonella enterica Kentucky in the chicken intestine.

Salmonella Kentucky has become the most frequently isolated serovar from poultry in the United States over the past decade. Despite its prevalence in poultry, it causes few human illnesses in the U.S. The dominance of S. Kentucky in poultry does not appear to be due to single introduction of a clonal strain; and its reduced virulence appears to correlate with the absence of virulence genes grvA, sseI, sopE, and sodC1. S. Kentucky's prevalence in poultry is possibly attributed to its metabolic adaptation to ...

Job characteristics: their relationship to job satisfaction, stress and depression.

This study investigated the influences of job characteristics on job satisfaction, stress and depression among South African white collar workers. Participants were managers in full-time employment with large organisations. They completed the Job Diagnostic Survey, the Perceived Stress Scale and the Beck Depression Inventory. A regression approach was used to predict job satisfaction, stress and depression from job characteristics. Job characteristics (skill variety, task identity, task significance, autono...

No evidence for attenuated stress-induced extrastriatal dopamine signaling in psychotic disorder.

Stress is an important risk factor in the etiology of psychotic disorder. Preclinical work has shown that stress primarily increases dopamine (DA) transmission in the frontal cortex. Given that DA-mediated hypofrontality is hypothesized to be a cardinal feature of psychotic disorder, stress-related extrastriatal DA release may be altered in psychotic disorder. Here we quantified for the first time stress-induced extrastriatal DA release and the spatial extent of extrastriatal DA release in individuals with ...

Translation of 5' leaders is pervasive in genes resistant to eIF2 repression.

Eukaryotic cells rapidly reduce protein synthesis in response to various stress conditions. This can be achieved by the phosphorylation-mediated inactivation of a key translation initiation factor, eIF2. However, the persistent translation of certain mRNAs is required for deployment of an adequate stress response. We carried out ribosome profiling of cultured human cells under conditions of severe stress induced with sodium arsenite. Although this led to a ~4.5-fold general translational repression, the pro...

The assessment of maize plants (Zea mays L.) adaptation to the cadmium chloride influence using the radiocapacity factor.

Objective. Show the possibility of method of the radiocapacity factor using for the study the phenomenon of adaptation of maize plants to the action of toxic factor - namely , introducing into the habitat of cadmium chloride solution. This method is proposed as convenient and adequate indicator of change of state of the objects under chemical stressor influence. Materials and methods. Experiments were performed in the laboratory, the object of research were the processes of water culture of maize plants (Ze...


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