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PubMed Journals Articles About "Iron Chelation With Deferasirox Patients With Hemochromatosis Chronic" RSS

11:02 EDT 29th May 2017 | BioPortfolio

Iron Chelation With Deferasirox Patients With Hemochromatosis Chronic PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Iron Chelation With Deferasirox Patients With Hemochromatosis Chronic articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Iron Chelation with Deferasirox Patients with Hemochromatosis Chronic" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 40,000+

Deferasirox-Iron Complex Formation Ratio as an Indicator of Long-term Chelation Efficacy in β-Thalassemia Major.

β-Thalassemia major patients with higher total drug levels (deferasirox [DEFR] plus its iron complex) do not yield better serum ferritin (SF) control. This study aimed to determine the concentrations of DEFR and its iron complex (Fe-[DEFR]2) in thalassemia patients to predict the chelation efficacy in terms of SF and cardiac T2* values.


Acute Liver Failure During Deferasirox Chelation: A Toxicity Worth Considering.

This case report details a unique case of acute, reversible liver failure in a 12-year-old male with sickle cell anemia on chronic transfusion protocol and deferasirox chelation. There is substantial literature documenting deferasirox-induced renal injury, including Fanconi syndrome, but less documentation of hepatic toxicity and few reports of hepatic failure. The case highlights the importance of close monitoring of ferritin, bilirubin, and transaminases for patients on deferasirox.

Efficacy and safety of iron-chelation therapy with deferoxamine, deferiprone, and deferasirox for the treatment of iron-loaded patients with nontransfusion-dependent thalassemia syndromes.


Efficacy and Safety of Combined Oral Chelation With Deferiprone and Deferasirox in Children With β-Thalassemia Major: An Experience From North India.

A combination of desferrioxamine with either deferiprone (DFP) or deferasirox (DFX) for patients with β-thalassemia major who do not achieve negative iron balance with monotherapy has been studied widely. However, poor compliance resulting from the need for parentral administration of desferrioxamine and its cost necessicitates combining 2 oral chelators.

R2*-relaxometry of the pancreas in patients with human hemochromatosis protein associated hereditary hemochromatosis.

To evaluate pancreatic iron in patients with human hemochromatosis protein associated hereditary hemochromatosis (HHC) using R2* relaxometry.

Severe cardiac iron toxicity in two adults with sickle cell disease.

Use of chronic blood transfusions as a treatment modality in patients with blood disorders places them at risk for iron overload. Since patients with β-thalassemia major (TM) are transfusion-dependent, most studies on iron overload and chelation have been conducted in this population. While available data suggest that compared to TM, patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) have a lower risk of extrahepatic iron overload, significant iron overload can develop. Further, previous studies have demonstrated a d...

Cardiac iron overload in chronically transfused patients with thalassemia, sickle cell anemia, or myelodysplastic syndrome.

The risk and clinical significance of cardiac iron overload due to chronic transfusion varies with the underlying disease. Cardiac iron overload shortens the life expectancy of patients with thalassemia, whereas its effect is unclear in those with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). In patients with sickle cell anemia (SCA), iron does not seem to deposit quickly in the heart. Our primary objective was to assess through a multicentric study the prevalence of cardiac iron overload, defined as a cardiovascular ma...

Iron-chelating therapy with deferasirox in transfusion-dependent, higher risk myelodysplastic syndromes: a retrospective, multicentre study.

Iron chelation is controversial in higher risk myelodysplastic syndromes (HR-MDS), outside the allogeneic transplant setting. We conducted a retrospective, multicentre study in 51 patients with transfusion-dependent, intermediate-to-very high risk MDS, according to the revised international prognostic scoring system, treated with the oral iron chelating agent deferasirox (DFX). Thirty-six patients (71%) received azacitidine concomitantly. DFX was given at a median dose of 1000 mg/day (range 375-2500 mg) f...

The iron chelator deferasirox induces apoptosis by targeting oncogenic Pyk2/β-catenin signaling in human multiple myeloma.

Deregulated iron metabolism underlies the pathogenesis of many human cancers. Recently, low expression of ferroportin, which is the only identified non-heme iron exporter, has been associated with significantly reduced overall survival in multiple myeloma (MM); however, the altered iron metabolism in MM biology remains unclear. In this study we demonstrated, by live cell imaging, that MM cells have increased intracellular iron levels as compared with normal cells. In experiments to test the effect of iron c...

Prevention of Iron Overload and Long Term Maintenance of Normal Iron Stores in Thalassaemia Major Patients using Deferiprone or Deferiprone Deferoxamine Combination.

Decrease in mortality and morbidity is observed in thalassaemia major patients with reduced iron load in comparison to heavy iron loaded patients. Effective and complete treatment of transfusional iron overload can be achieved by chelation protocols that can eliminate excess iron and maintain normal iron stores (NIS). The maintenance of NIS, i. e., serum ferritin (350 μg/L >), MRI T2* cardiac (>20 ms) and liver (>6.3 ms) relaxation time levels was monitored in 16 thalassaemia major patients (32-53 ye...

Iron therapy in chronic kidney disease.

Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease, and iron supplements along the erythropoietin constitute the basis of its therapy. Among hemodialysis patients a preferred method of iron supplementation is an intravenous route, but the route of administration of iron to patients with nondialysis CKD raises a lot of controversy. Treatment with oral iron is cheap, does not require vascular access, but of lower efficacy due to insufficient absorption and frequent occ...

New film-coated tablet formulation of deferasirox is well tolerated in patients with thalassemia or lower-risk MDS: Results of the randomized, Phase II ECLIPSE study.

Once-daily deferasirox dispersible tablets (DT) have a well-defined safety and efficacy profile and, compared with parenteral deferoxamine, provide greater patient adherence, satisfaction, and quality of life. However, barriers still exist to optimal adherence, including gastrointestinal tolerability and palatability, leading to development of a new film-coated tablet (FCT) formulation that can be swallowed with a light meal, without the need to disperse into a suspension prior to consumption. The randomize...

Synergistic inhibitory effects of deferasirox in combination with decitabine on leukemia cell lines SKM-1, THP-1, and K-562.

A multi-center study from the French Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Group confirmed that iron chelation therapy is an independent prognostic factor that can increase the survival rate of patients who are suffering from transfusion-dependent low-risk MDS. In this study, we aimed to explore this clinical phenomena in vitro, by exploring the synergistic effect of the iron chelator Deferasirox (DFX) and the DNA methyl transferase inhibitor Decitabine (DAC) in the leukemia cell lines SKM-1, THP-1, and K-562. Tre...

Deferasirox has strong anti-leukemia activity but may antagonize theanti-leukemia effect of doxorubicin.

Deferasirox (DFX), in addition to its iron-chelation property, has marked anti-proliferative effects on cancer cells. However, the activity and mechanism by which DFX inhibits acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells remain to be elucidated. Furthermore, the anti-leukemia effect of combining DFX with currently recommended agents doxorubicin (DOX) and cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) has not been studied. In this study, we show that DFX significantly reduces the viability of three AML cell lines, HL60, THP1, and WEHI3...

Serum Ferritin Concentration Predicts Hepatic Fibrosis Better than Hepatic Iron Concentration in Human HFE-Hemochromatosis.

Ferritin is purported to have proinflammatory and profibrogenic effects on hepatic stellate cells. Thus, rather than acting as a passive indicator of hepatic iron concentration (HIC) in hemochromatosis, ferritin may directly influence fibrosis. This study evaluated whether serum ferritin is a better predictor of hepatic fibrosis compared to variables previously associated with increased fibrosis risk in hemochromatosis.

Chronic anemia and thyroid function.

Anaemia is a global public health problem affecting both developing and developed countries with major consequences for human health as well as social and economic development. It occurs at all stages of the life cycle, but is more prevalent in pregnant women and young children. Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) impairs thyroid metabolism in animals and human and may negatively affect growth and develpment of children. On the other hand both overt and subclinical hypothyroidism are associated with anemia and ad...

Enzymatically Biodegradable Polyrotaxane-Deferoxamine Conjugates for Iron Chelation.

Chelation therapy is frequently administered to help reduce excess iron burden in the body, but current chelators such as Deferoxamine (DFO) are plagued by short blood circulation times, necessitating infusions, and can cause undesirable toxic side effects in patients. To address these issues, polyrotaxanes (PR) were synthesized by partially threading α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) onto poly(ethylene glycol) bis(amine) (PEG-BA, MW 3400 g/mol) capped with enzymatically cleavable bulky Z-L Phenylalanine (Z-L Phe) mo...

Genetic disruption of NRF2 promotes the development of necroinflammation and liver fibrosis in a mouse model of HFE-hereditary hemochromatosis.

In hereditary hemochromatosis, iron deposition in the liver parenchyma may lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Most cases are ascribed to a common mutation in the HFE gene, but the extent of clinical expression is greatly influenced by the combined action of yet unidentified genetic and/or environmental modifying factors. In mice, transcription factor NRF2 is a critical determinant of hepatocyte viability during exposure to acute dietary iron overload. We evaluated if the genetic disru...

Plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin is associated with iron status in anemic patients with pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease.

Iron deficiency anemia is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a biomarker of acute kidney injury, is known to be associated with iron metabolism. We investigated whether plasma NGAL level is associated with iron status in pre-dialysis CKD patients with anemia.

Utilizing a Novel Mobile Health "Selfie" Application to Improve Compliance to Iron Chelation in Pediatric Patients Receiving Chronic Transfusions.

Iron chelation therapy can prevent iron overload for pediatric patients with sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia major; however, adherence is suboptimal. Therefore, we developed an intensive training program (ITP), to improve medication management and disease knowledge. The objectives were to determine feasibility of the ITP and its preliminary impact on adherence, disease knowledge, and health outcomes. Pediatric patients were recruited to participate in the ITP over a 90-day period and were followed fo...

HFE Gene Mutations and Iron Status in 100 Healthy Polish Children.

Iron participates in oxygen transport, energetic, metabolic, and immunologic processes. There are 2 main causes of iron overload: hereditary hemochromatosis which is a primary cause, is a metabolic disorder caused by mutations of genes that control iron metabolism and secondary hemochromatosis caused by multitransfusions, chronic hemolysis, and intake of iron rich food. The most common type of hereditary hemochromatosis is caused by HFE gene mutation. In this study, we analyzed iron metabolism in 100 health...

Characterization of Ferroptosis in Murine Models of Hemochromatosis.

Ferroptosis is a recently identified iron-dependent form of non-apoptotic cell death implicated in brain, kidney, and heart pathology. However, the biological roles of iron and iron metabolism in ferroptosis remain poorly understood. Here, we studied the functional role of iron and iron metabolism in the pathogenesis of ferroptosis. We found that ferric citrate potently induces ferroptosis in murine primary hepatocytes and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Next, we screened for ferroptosis in mice fe...

Underlying Mechanisms of Iron Overloading in Myelodysplastic Syndrome -Review.

Myelodysplastic Syndromes(MDS) comprise a heterogenous group of hematopoietic stem cell malignancies characterized by peripheral cytopenias and have a substantial risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia(AML). MDS, without effective cure methods, is one of the common hematologic malignant tumors with great threaten to people's health. The phenomenon of iron overloading is common in MDS, which has a poor effect on overall survival and leukemic progression to MDS but get good prognosis by iron chelation ...

Absolute iron deficiency without anaemia in patients with chronic systolic heart failure is associated with poorer functional capacity.

Functional status is one of the main concerns in the management of heart failure (HF). Recently, the FAIR-HF and CONFIRM-HF trials showed that correcting anaemia using intravenous iron supplementation improved functional variables in patients with absolute or relative iron deficiency. Relative iron deficiency is supposed to be a marker of HF severity, as ferritin concentration increases with advanced stages of HF, but little is known about the impact of absolute iron deficiency (AID).

Intracellular Iron Chelation Modulates the Macrophage Iron Phenotype with Consequences on Tumor Progression.

A growing body of evidence suggests that macrophage polarization dictates the expression of iron-regulated genes. Polarization towards iron sequestration depletes the microenvironment, whereby extracellular pathogen growth is limited and inflammation is fostered. In contrast, iron release contributes to cell proliferation, which is important for tissue regeneration. Moreover, macrophages constitute a major component of the infiltrates in most solid tumors. Considering the pivotal role of macrophages for iro...


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