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PubMed Journals Articles About "Iron Chelation With Deferasirox Patients With Hemochromatosis Chronic" RSS

11:22 EST 25th February 2017 | BioPortfolio

Iron Chelation With Deferasirox Patients With Hemochromatosis Chronic PubMed articles on BioPortfolio. Our PubMed references draw on over 21 million records from the medical literature. Here you can see the latest Iron Chelation With Deferasirox Patients With Hemochromatosis Chronic articles that have been published worldwide.

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Showing "Iron Chelation with Deferasirox Patients with Hemochromatosis Chronic" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 40,000+

Cardiac iron load and function in transfused patients treated with deferasirox (the MILE study).

To assess the effect of iron chelation therapy with deferasirox on cardiac iron and function in patients with transfusion-dependent thalassemia major, sickle-cell disease (SCD) and myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS).


Iron chelation monotherapy in transfusion-dependent beta-thalassemia major patients: a comparative study of deferasirox and deferoxamine.

Iron overload is the primary cause of mortality and morbidity in thalassemia major (TM) despite advances in chelation therapy. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of deferasirox (DFX) and deferoxamine (DFO) as iron-chelating agents in patients with transfusion-dependent β-thalassemia major.

Deferasirox-Iron Complex Formation Ratio as an Indicator of Long-term Chelation Efficacy in β-Thalassemia Major.

β-Thalassemia major patients with higher total drug levels (deferasirox [DEFR] plus its iron complex) do not yield better serum ferritin (SF) control. This study aimed to determine the concentrations of DEFR and its iron complex (Fe-[DEFR]2) in thalassemia patients to predict the chelation efficacy in terms of SF and cardiac T2* values.


Acute Liver Failure During Deferasirox Chelation: A Toxicity Worth Considering.

This case report details a unique case of acute, reversible liver failure in a 12-year-old male with sickle cell anemia on chronic transfusion protocol and deferasirox chelation. There is substantial literature documenting deferasirox-induced renal injury, including Fanconi syndrome, but less documentation of hepatic toxicity and few reports of hepatic failure. The case highlights the importance of close monitoring of ferritin, bilirubin, and transaminases for patients on deferasirox.

Efficacy and safety of iron-chelation therapy with deferoxamine, deferiprone, and deferasirox for the treatment of iron-loaded patients with nontransfusion-dependent thalassemia syndromes.

Efficacy and Safety of Combined Oral Chelation With Deferiprone and Deferasirox in Children With β-Thalassemia Major: An Experience From North India.

A combination of desferrioxamine with either deferiprone (DFP) or deferasirox (DFX) for patients with β-thalassemia major who do not achieve negative iron balance with monotherapy has been studied widely. However, poor compliance resulting from the need for parentral administration of desferrioxamine and its cost necessicitates combining 2 oral chelators.

Severe cardiac iron toxicity in two adults with sickle cell disease.

Use of chronic blood transfusions as a treatment modality in patients with blood disorders places them at risk for iron overload. Since patients with β-thalassemia major (TM) are transfusion-dependent, most studies on iron overload and chelation have been conducted in this population. While available data suggest that compared to TM, patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) have a lower risk of extrahepatic iron overload, significant iron overload can develop. Further, previous studies have demonstrated a d...

A theoretical study on the electronic structures and equilibrium constants evaluation of Deferasirox iron complexes.

Elemental iron is essential for cellular growth and homeostasis but it is potentially toxic to the cells and tissues. Excess iron can contribute in tumor initiation and tumor growth. Obviously, in iron overload issues using an iron chelator in order to reduce iron concentration seems to be vital. This study presents the density functional theory calculations of the electronic structure and equilibrium constant for iron-deferasirox (Fe-DFX) complexes in the gas phase, water and DMSO. A comprehensive study wa...

CONIFER - Non-Interventional Study to Evaluate Therapy Monitoring During Deferasirox Treatment of Iron Toxicity in Myelodysplastic Syndrome Patients with Transfusional Iron Overload.

The non-interventional study CONIFER was designed to assess the safety and clinical practicability of deferasirox for the treatment of transfusional iron overload in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients.

Analysis of polymorphism and hepatic expression of duodenal cytochrome b in chronic hepatitis C.

Pathological iron overload is commonly found in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients and considered as a negative prognostic factor of the disease. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs884409 in duodenal cytochrome b gene (CYBRD1) is implicated in pathogenesis of hemochromatosis. In our study we investigated the impact of CYBRD1 genotype and expression on iron overload in CHC patients.

The iron chelator deferasirox induces apoptosis by targeting oncogenic Pyk2/β-catenin signaling in human multiple myeloma.

Deregulated iron metabolism underlies the pathogenesis of many human cancers. Recently, low expression of ferroportin, which is the only identified non-heme iron exporter, has been associated with significantly reduced overall survival in multiple myeloma (MM); however, the altered iron metabolism in MM biology remains unclear. In this study we demonstrated, by live cell imaging, that MM cells have increased intracellular iron levels as compared with normal cells. In experiments to test the effect of iron c...

Iron therapy in chronic kidney disease.

Iron deficiency is one of the main causes of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease, and iron supplements along the erythropoietin constitute the basis of its therapy. Among hemodialysis patients a preferred method of iron supplementation is an intravenous route, but the route of administration of iron to patients with nondialysis CKD raises a lot of controversy. Treatment with oral iron is cheap, does not require vascular access, but of lower efficacy due to insufficient absorption and frequent occ...

New film-coated tablet formulation of deferasirox is well tolerated in patients with thalassemia or lower-risk MDS: Results of the randomized, Phase II ECLIPSE study.

Once-daily deferasirox dispersible tablets (DT) have a well-defined safety and efficacy profile and, compared with parenteral deferoxamine, provide greater patient adherence, satisfaction, and quality of life. However, barriers still exist to optimal adherence, including gastrointestinal tolerability and palatability, leading to development of a new film-coated tablet (FCT) formulation that can be swallowed with a light meal, without the need to disperse into a suspension prior to consumption. The randomize...

Serum Ferritin Concentration Predicts Hepatic Fibrosis Better than Hepatic Iron Concentration in Human HFE-Hemochromatosis.

Ferritin is purported to have proinflammatory and profibrogenic effects on hepatic stellate cells. Thus, rather than acting as a passive indicator of hepatic iron concentration (HIC) in hemochromatosis, ferritin may directly influence fibrosis. This study evaluated whether serum ferritin is a better predictor of hepatic fibrosis compared to variables previously associated with increased fibrosis risk in hemochromatosis.

Evaluation of Proteinuria in β-Thalassemia Major Patients With and Without Diabetes Mellitus Taking Deferasirox.

β-thalassemia is the most common heredity disease in Iran. Regular blood transfusion is critical to sustain life and normal growth. Deferasirox is an oral chelator. One of the side effects of the deferasirox is proteinuria.

Deferasirox has strong anti-leukemia activity but may antagonize theanti-leukemia effect of doxorubicin.

Deferasirox (DFX), in addition to its iron-chelation property, has marked anti-proliferative effects on cancer cells. However, the activity and mechanism by which DFX inhibits acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells remain to be elucidated. Furthermore, the anti-leukemia effect of combining DFX with currently recommended agents doxorubicin (DOX) and cytosine arabinoside (Ara-C) has not been studied. In this study, we show that DFX significantly reduces the viability of three AML cell lines, HL60, THP1, and WEHI3...

Iron-induced epigenetic abnormalities of mouse bone marrow through aberrant activation of aconitase and isocitrate dehydrogenase.

Iron overload remains a concern in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Iron chelation therapy (ICT) thus plays an integral role in the management of these patients. Moreover, ICT has been shown to prolong leukemia-free survival in MDS patients; however, the mechanisms responsible for this effect are unclear. Iron is a key molecule for regulating cytosolic aconitase 1 (ACO1). Additionally, the mutation of isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), the enzyme downstream of ACO1 in the TCA cycle, is associated with ...

Safety of intravenous iron use in chronic kidney disease.

Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is common and associated with fatigue, reduced quality of life and poorer clinical outcomes. Treatment with oral iron is often inadequate and international guidelines recommend intravenous (i.v.) iron as the preferred option for the treatment of IDA in certain clinical situations. In this review, we assess the safety of using i.v. iron with a particular focus on patients with chronic kidney disease.

Enzymatically Biodegradable Polyrotaxane-Deferoxamine Conjugates for Iron Chelation.

Chelation therapy is frequently administered to help reduce excess iron burden in the body, but current chelators such as Deferoxamine (DFO) are plagued by short blood circulation times, necessitating infusions, and can cause undesirable toxic side effects in patients. To address these issues, polyrotaxanes (PR) were synthesized by partially threading α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) onto poly(ethylene glycol) bis(amine) (PEG-BA, MW 3400 g/mol) capped with enzymatically cleavable bulky Z-L Phenylalanine (Z-L Phe) mo...

Genetic disruption of NRF2 promotes the development of necroinflammation and liver fibrosis in a mouse model of HFE-hereditary hemochromatosis.

In hereditary hemochromatosis, iron deposition in the liver parenchyma may lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Most cases are ascribed to a common mutation in the HFE gene, but the extent of clinical expression is greatly influenced by the combined action of yet unidentified genetic and/or environmental modifying factors. In mice, transcription factor NRF2 is a critical determinant of hepatocyte viability during exposure to acute dietary iron overload. We evaluated if the genetic disru...

Diagnosis of Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Chronic Kidney Disease.

Anemia is a common and clinically important consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is most commonly a result of decreased erythropoietin production by the kidneys and/or iron deficiency. Deciding on the appropriate treatment for anemia associated with CKD with iron replacement and erythropoietic-stimulating agents requires an ability to accurately diagnose iron-deficiency anemia. However, the diagnosis of iron-deficiency anemia in CKD patients is complicated by the relatively poor predictive abilit...

Utilizing a Novel Mobile Health "Selfie" Application to Improve Compliance to Iron Chelation in Pediatric Patients Receiving Chronic Transfusions.

Iron chelation therapy can prevent iron overload for pediatric patients with sickle cell disease and β-thalassemia major; however, adherence is suboptimal. Therefore, we developed an intensive training program (ITP), to improve medication management and disease knowledge. The objectives were to determine feasibility of the ITP and its preliminary impact on adherence, disease knowledge, and health outcomes. Pediatric patients were recruited to participate in the ITP over a 90-day period and were followed fo...

Characterization of Ferroptosis in Murine Models of Hemochromatosis.

Ferroptosis is a recently identified iron-dependent form of non-apoptotic cell death implicated in brain, kidney, and heart pathology. However, the biological roles of iron and iron metabolism in ferroptosis remain poorly understood. Here, we studied the functional role of iron and iron metabolism in the pathogenesis of ferroptosis. We found that ferric citrate potently induces ferroptosis in murine primary hepatocytes and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Next, we screened for ferroptosis in mice fe...

Iron Balance and the Role of Hepcidin in Chronic Kidney Disease.

The hepatic iron-regulatory hormone hepcidin and its receptor, the cellular iron exporter ferroportin, constitute a feedback-regulated mechanism that maintains adequate plasma concentrations of iron-transferrin for erythropoiesis and other functions, ensures sufficient iron stores, and avoids iron toxicity and iron-dependent microbial pathogenesis. In chronic kidney disease, inflammation and impaired renal clearance increase plasma hepcidin, inhibiting duodenal iron absorption and sequestering iron in macro...

Longitudinal MRI and Ferritin Monitoring of Iron Overload in Chronically Transfused and Chelated Children With Sickle Cell Anemia and Thalassemia Major.

Iron overload is an ineluctable complication in chronically transfused children warranting accurate assessment to avoid related morbidity. We investigated longitudinally the relationships between ferritin levels and hepatic and cardiac T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in a cohort of chronically transfused children receiving chelation therapy. Thirty children with sickle cell anemia (SCA) and 7 with thalassemia major (TM) chelated similarly by deferasirox were analyzed. Sex ratio, age, median duration of...


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