PubMed Journals Articles About "Oxycodone Nalaxone Prolonged Release Tablets Pain" RSS

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Showing "Oxycodone nalaxone prolonged release tablets Pain" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,000+

Pooled Post Hoc Analysis of Population Pharmacokinetics of Oxycodone and Acetaminophen Following Multiple Oral Doses of Biphasic Immediate-Release/Extended-Release Oxycodone/Acetaminophen Tablets.

To examine whether biphasic immediate-release (IR)/extended-release (ER) oxycodone (OC)/acetaminophen (APAP) 7.5/325-mg tablets have clinically relevant variability in population pharmacokinetics (PK).

Safety and efficacy of oxycodone/naloxone vs. oxycodone vs. morphine for the treatment of chronic low back pain: results of a 12-week prospective, randomized, open-label blinded endpoint Streamlined study with Prolonged-release preparations.

Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is the most prevalent patient complaint associated with opioid use and interferes with analgesic efficacy.

Safety and tolerability of controlled-release oxycodone on postoperative pain in patients submitted to the oncologic head and neck surgery.

Objective: To evaluate the safety and tolerability of controlled-release oxycodone in the treatment of postoperative pain of head and neck oncologic resections. Methods: We conducted a prospective, observational and open study, with 83 patients with moderate to severe pain after head and neck oncological operations. All patients received general anesthesia with propofol, fentanyl and sevoflurane. Postoperatively, should they have moderate or severe pain, we began controlled-release oxycodone 20 mg 12/12 b.i...

Controlled-Release Oxycodone as "Gold Standard" for Postoperative Pain Therapy in Patients Undergoing Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery or Thoracoscopy: A Retrospective Evaluation of 788 Cases.

Background To assess the clinical efficacy of controlled-release oxycodone for postoperative analgesia after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) or thoracoscopy. Methods Pain therapy is standardized in our thoracic center throughout the complete postoperative stay. Patients receive immediately postoperative standardized oral analgesic protocol with controlled-released oxycodone (Oxy Group) or oxycodone with naloxone (Targin Group) and nonopioid every 6 h. We switched the opioid protocol from controll...

Postoperative Oxycodone Toxicity in a Patient with Chronic Pain and End-Stage Renal Disease.

We present this case to review the metabolism of oxycodone and the effects of end-stage renal disease on the elimination of oxycodone and its metabolites. A 42-year-old female with end-stage renal disease who was dependent on hemodialysis presented for left hamstring posterior capsule release. She had been receiving methadone for 2 years for chronic leg pain. On postoperative day 1, the patient's medication was changed from IV hydromorphone to oral oxycodone to treat breakthrough pain. By the next day, the ...

Oxycodone for cancer-related pain.

Many patients with cancer experience moderate to severe pain that requires treatment with strong opioids, of which oxycodone and morphine are examples. Strong opioids are, however, not effective for pain in all patients, nor are they well-tolerated by all patients. The aim of this review was to assess whether oxycodone is associated with better pain relief and tolerability than other analgesic options for patients with cancer pain.

The Potential Role of an Extended-Release, Abuse-Deterrent Oxycodone/Acetaminophen Fixed-Dose Combination Product for the Treatment of Acute Pain.

Acute pain, prevalent as part of postoperative and traumatic pain, is often sub-optimally or inadequately treated. Fixed-dose combination analgesic products that combine a reduced amount of opioid with a nonopioid analgesic such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) in a single tablet offer potential pharmacodynamic and/or pharmacokinetic benefits, and may also result in an opioid-sparing effect. A new analgesic product (XARTEMIS™ XR, Mallinckrodt Brand Pharmaceuticals, Dublin, Ireland) combines oxycodone (7.5 ...

Gastrointestinal pH and Transit Time Profiling in Healthy Volunteers Using the IntelliCap System Confirms Ileo-Colonic Release of ColoPulse Tablets.

ColoPulse tablets are an innovative development in the field of oral dosage forms characterized by a distal ileum and colon-specific release. Previous studies in humans showed release in the ileo-colonic region, but the relationship between gastrointestinal pH and release was not experimentally proven in vivo. This information will complete the in vivo release-profile of ColoPulse tablets.

Switching from Oral Oxycodone to Oxycodone Injection - An Investigation into the Dosage Amount Ratio.

In switching from oraloxycodone to oxycodone injection, clinicalguidel ines recommend a conversion dose ratio of 0.75. However, in clinical sites, a higher dosage may be needed due to characteristics of cancer pain. In the present study, we investigated changing the dosage amount of oxycodone before and after switching from oraloxycodone administration to oxycodone injection in patients(n=14)who reported suffering from cancer pain. As a result, we found the ratio of the amount used after switching to be 0.9...

Release kinetics of papaverine hydrochloride from tablets with different excipients.

The influence of excipients on the disintegration times of tablets and the release of papaverine hydrochloride (PAP) from tablets were studied. Ten different formulations of tablets with PAP were prepared by direct powder compression. Different binders, disintegrants, fillers, and lubricants were used as excipients. The release of PAP was carried out in the paddle apparatus using 0.1 N HCl as a dissolution medium. The results of the disintegration times of tablets showed that six formulations can be classif...

Controlled-Release Oxycodone for Neuropathic Pain and Fibromyalgia in Adults.

Maximizing value in opioid utilization: Is oxycodone immediate release a good option for pain management?

The modern approach to the management of pain involves optimizing all aspects of the process. This includes utilization of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic modalities, consideration of patient characteristics, proper matching of the physiology of the pain with the analgesic's mechanism of action (pharmacodynamics, PD), and the onset and duration of action (pharmacokinetics, PK). No single agent or formulation satisfies all of the requirements for all patients. Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflamm...

Compressibility of tableting materials and properties of tablets with glyceryl behenate.

The paper studies the compressibility of directly compressible tableting materials with dry binders, spray-dried lactose and microcrystalline cellulose, and glyceryl dibehenate at various concentrations. Compressibility was evaluated by means of the energy profile of compression and tensile strength of tablets. Release rate of the active ingredient, salicylic acid, from the tablets was also examined. In the case of microcrystalline cellulose, a higher concentration of glyceryl dibehenate increased the stren...

Bioequivalence, Food Effect, and Steady-State Assessment of Dapagliflozin/Metformin Extended-Release Fixed-Dose Combination Tablets Relative to Single-Component Dapagliflozin and Metformin Extended-Release Tablets in Healthy Subjects.

Simplification of therapeutic regimens for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus can provide convenience that leads to improved compliance. Dapagliflozin/metformin extended-release (XR) fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablets offer the convenience of once-daily dosing. Two pharmacokinetic (PK) studies were conducted to establish bioequivalence for 2 doses of dapagliflozin/metformin XR FDC versus the same dosage of the individual component (IC) tablets in healthy adults.

Comparative Analgesic Efficacy of Oxycodone/Acetaminophen vs Codeine/Acetaminophen for Short-Term Pain Management Following ED Discharge.

To test the hypothesis that oxycodone/acetaminophen provides analgesia superior to codeine/acetaminophen following emergency department (ED) discharge.

Development and Preliminary Validation of an Integrated Efficacy-Tolerability Composite Measure for the Evaluation of Analgesics.

The goal of this analysis was to develop and evaluate integrated measures of benefit and tolerability of analgesic drugs in clinical trials. We evaluated an efficacy-tolerability composite (ETC) measure combining different cutoffs for daily pain reduction (≥20%, ≥30%, or ≥50% pain reduction) and adverse events (AEs) (no AE; no or mild AEs; no or mild drug-related AEs). Nine ETC cutoffs (3x3) were tested using data from a randomized, double-blind trial comparing tapentadol extended-release (ER) (n=310)...

The Genetic Influences on Oxycodone Response Characteristics in Human Experimental Pain.

Human experimental pain studies are of value to study basic pain mechanisms under controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate if genetic variation across selected mu-, kappa- and delta-opioid receptor genes (OPRM1, OPRK1and OPRD1 respectively) influenced analgesic response to oxycodone in healthy volunteers. Experimental multi-modal, multi-tissue pain data from previously published studies carried out in Caucasian volunteers were used. Data on thermal skin pain tolerance threshold (n=37)...

Influence of formulation technique on acrylate methacrylate copolymer modified paracetamol matrix tablets.

This work was designed to evaluate the influence of various methods such as dry granulation (DG), wet granulation (using the polymer in an ethanolic solution (WGO) or aqueous dispersion (WGA) and solid dispersion (SD) techniques, on properties of paracetamol matrix tablets prepared using varying concentrations of acrylate methacrylate copolymer. Tablet properties were investigated using official and unofficial standards. Drug dissolution profile assessed at pH 1.2 was studied spectrophotometrically at λmax...

In Situ Cross-Linked Matrix Tablets for Sustained Salbutamol Sulfate Release - Formulation Development by Statistical Optimization.

The use of natural polymers in designing of matrix tablets for sustained-release drug delivery systems has received much attention.

Intranasal administration of crushed ALO-02 (extended-release oxycodone with sequestered naltrexone): A randomized, controlled, abuse potential study in nondependent recreational opioid users.

ALO-02 is an abuse-deterrent formulation consisting of capsules filled with pellets of extended-release oxycodone surrounding sequestered naltrexone. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-/active-controlled, four-way crossover study examined the abuse potential of crushed ALO-02 administered intranasally to healthy, nondependent, recreational opioid users. Following drug discrimination and naloxone challenge, eligible participants (n = 32) entered a four-way crossover treatment phase: crushed single do...

The Effect of Abuse-Deterrent Extended-Release Oxycodone Leads to Inappropriate Conclusions with Over Estimation of Safety of Abuse-Deterrent Formulations.

Discriminative stimulus effects of morphine and oxycodone in the absence and presence of acetic acid in male and female C57Bl/6 mice.

The use of prescription opioids for clinical management of pain remains problematic because of concerns about addiction associated with opioid use. Another difficulty in pain management is the increasing evidence for sex differences in pain behavior and opioid-induced behavioral effects. However, few studies have documented the abuse potential of prescription opioids as a function of pain in rodents, with significant gaps in the literature pertaining to sex differences in the interaction between pain and op...

Formulation and In Vitro, In Vivo Evaluation of Effervescent Floating Sustained-Release Imatinib Mesylate Tablet.

Imatinib mesylate is an antineoplastic agent which has high absorption in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Conventional imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) tablets produce rapid and relatively high peak blood levels and requires frequent administration to keep the plasma drug level at an effective range. This might cause side effects, reduced effectiveness and poor therapeutic management. Therefore, floating sustained-release Imatinib tablets were developed to allow the tablets to be released in ...

Pectin/anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate matrix tablets for in vitro controlled release of water-soluble drug.

Different pectin/anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate (ADCP) matrix tablets have been developed in order to obtain controlled release of a water soluble drug (theophylline). Swelling, buoyancy and dissolution studies have been carried out in different aqueous media (demineralized water, progressive pH medium, simulated gastric fluid, simulated intestinal fluid and simulated colonic fluid), to characterize the matrix tablets. When the pectin/ADCP ratio was ≥ 0.26 (P1, P2, P3 and P4 tablets) a continuous swe...

Production and Assessing Release of Imipramine and Magnesium from Tablets.

In the pharmaceutical technology there is a trend to produce tablets composed of several medicinal substances to increase therapeutic effect and reduce the frequency of drug administration. In the literature there are reports concerning pharmacological studies in which a potentiation of the effects has been observed after a co-administration of antidepressant imipramine and magnesium. Currently, there is no formulation on the market comprising imipramine and magnesium, therefore, it was decided to produce u...


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