PubMed Journals Articles About "Oxycodone Nalaxone Prolonged Release Tablets Pain" RSS

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Showing "Oxycodone nalaxone prolonged release tablets Pain" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,900+

Pooled Post Hoc Analysis of Population Pharmacokinetics of Oxycodone and Acetaminophen Following Multiple Oral Doses of Biphasic Immediate-Release/Extended-Release Oxycodone/Acetaminophen Tablets.

To examine whether biphasic immediate-release (IR)/extended-release (ER) oxycodone (OC)/acetaminophen (APAP) 7.5/325-mg tablets have clinically relevant variability in population pharmacokinetics (PK).

Prolonged-release oxycodone-naloxone for treatment of severe pain in patients with Parkinson's disease (PANDA): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial.

Pain is a common non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease. We investigated the analgesic efficacy of prolonged-release oxycodone-naloxone (OXN PR) in patients with Parkinson's disease and chronic, severe pain.

Cost-effectiveness analysis of oxycodone with naloxone versus oxycodone alone for the management of moderate-to-severe pain in patients with opioid-induced constipation in Canada.

Approximately 20-30% of Canadians suffer from chronic pain. Guidelines for the management of chronic pain support the use of controlled-release (CR) opioids to treat chronic pain. Although effective in managing chronic pain, oxycodone is associated with high rates of opioid-induced constipation (OIC). The cost-effectiveness of a combination of oxycodone for the management of pain and naloxone for the relief of OIC has not previously been evaluated for Canada.

Safety and efficacy of oxycodone/naloxone vs. oxycodone vs. morphine for the treatment of chronic low back pain: results of a 12-week prospective, randomized, open-label blinded endpoint Streamlined study with Prolonged-release preparations.

Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is the most prevalent patient complaint associated with opioid use and interferes with analgesic efficacy.

The Potential Role of an Extended-Release, Abuse-Deterrent Oxycodone/Acetaminophen Fixed-Dose Combination Product for the Treatment of Acute Pain.

Acute pain, prevalent as part of postoperative and traumatic pain, is often sub-optimally or inadequately treated. Fixed-dose combination analgesic products that combine a reduced amount of opioid with a nonopioid analgesic such as acetaminophen (paracetamol) in a single tablet offer potential pharmacodynamic and/or pharmacokinetic benefits, and may also result in an opioid-sparing effect. A new analgesic product (XARTEMIS™ XR, Mallinckrodt Brand Pharmaceuticals, Dublin, Ireland) combines oxycodone (7.5 ...

Gastrointestinal pH and Transit Time Profiling in Healthy Volunteers Using the IntelliCap System Confirms Ileo-Colonic Release of ColoPulse Tablets.

ColoPulse tablets are an innovative development in the field of oral dosage forms characterized by a distal ileum and colon-specific release. Previous studies in humans showed release in the ileo-colonic region, but the relationship between gastrointestinal pH and release was not experimentally proven in vivo. This information will complete the in vivo release-profile of ColoPulse tablets.

Release kinetics of papaverine hydrochloride from tablets with different excipients.

The influence of excipients on the disintegration times of tablets and the release of papaverine hydrochloride (PAP) from tablets were studied. Ten different formulations of tablets with PAP were prepared by direct powder compression. Different binders, disintegrants, fillers, and lubricants were used as excipients. The release of PAP was carried out in the paddle apparatus using 0.1 N HCl as a dissolution medium. The results of the disintegration times of tablets showed that six formulations can be classif...

Controlled-Release Oxycodone for Neuropathic Pain and Fibromyalgia in Adults.

Maximizing value in opioid utilization: Is oxycodone immediate release a good option for pain management?

The modern approach to the management of pain involves optimizing all aspects of the process. This includes utilization of pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic modalities, consideration of patient characteristics, proper matching of the physiology of the pain with the analgesic's mechanism of action (pharmacodynamics, PD), and the onset and duration of action (pharmacokinetics, PK). No single agent or formulation satisfies all of the requirements for all patients. Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflamm...

Compressibility of tableting materials and properties of tablets with glyceryl behenate.

The paper studies the compressibility of directly compressible tableting materials with dry binders, spray-dried lactose and microcrystalline cellulose, and glyceryl dibehenate at various concentrations. Compressibility was evaluated by means of the energy profile of compression and tensile strength of tablets. Release rate of the active ingredient, salicylic acid, from the tablets was also examined. In the case of microcrystalline cellulose, a higher concentration of glyceryl dibehenate increased the stren...

Bioequivalence, Food Effect, and Steady-State Assessment of Dapagliflozin/Metformin Extended-Release Fixed-Dose Combination Tablets Relative to Single-Component Dapagliflozin and Metformin Extended-Release Tablets in Healthy Subjects.

Simplification of therapeutic regimens for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus can provide convenience that leads to improved compliance. Dapagliflozin/metformin extended-release (XR) fixed-dose combination (FDC) tablets offer the convenience of once-daily dosing. Two pharmacokinetic (PK) studies were conducted to establish bioequivalence for 2 doses of dapagliflozin/metformin XR FDC versus the same dosage of the individual component (IC) tablets in healthy adults.

Comparative Analgesic Efficacy of Oxycodone/Acetaminophen vs Codeine/Acetaminophen for Short-Term Pain Management Following ED Discharge.

To test the hypothesis that oxycodone/acetaminophen provides analgesia superior to codeine/acetaminophen following emergency department (ED) discharge.

Development and Preliminary Validation of an Integrated Efficacy-Tolerability Composite Measure for the Evaluation of Analgesics.

The goal of this analysis was to develop and evaluate integrated measures of benefit and tolerability of analgesic drugs in clinical trials. We evaluated an efficacy-tolerability composite (ETC) measure combining different cutoffs for daily pain reduction (≥20%, ≥30%, or ≥50% pain reduction) and adverse events (AEs) (no AE; no or mild AEs; no or mild drug-related AEs). Nine ETC cutoffs (3x3) were tested using data from a randomized, double-blind trial comparing tapentadol extended-release (ER) (n=310)...

The Genetic Influences on Oxycodone Response Characteristics in Human Experimental Pain.

Human experimental pain studies are of value to study basic pain mechanisms under controlled conditions. The aim of this study was to investigate if genetic variation across selected mu-, kappa- and delta-opioid receptor genes (OPRM1, OPRK1and OPRD1 respectively) influenced analgesic response to oxycodone in healthy volunteers. Experimental multi-modal, multi-tissue pain data from previously published studies carried out in Caucasian volunteers were used. Data on thermal skin pain tolerance threshold (n=37)...

Single-dose pharmacokinetics of 2 or 3 tablets of biphasic immediate-release/extended-release hydrocodone bitartrate/acetaminophen (MNK-155) under fed and fasted conditions: two randomized open-label trials.

Biphasic immediate-release (IR)/extended-release (ER) hydrocodone bitartrate (HB)/acetaminophen (APAP) 7.5/325-mg tablets are formulated with gastroretentive ER drug delivery technology that has been associated with clinically meaningful food effects in other approved products. Two phase 1 studies evaluated potential effects of food on single-dose pharmacokinetics of IR/ER HB/APAP tablets.

Tolerability and efficacy of tapentadol extended release in elderly patients ≥75 years of age with chronic osteoarthritis knee or low back pain.

Management of chronic pain in elderly adult patients is often complicated by analgesic medication-related side effects. This post hoc analysis of pooled data evaluated the tolerability and analgesic efficacy of tapentadol extended release (ER) compared with oxycodone controlled release (CR) in elderly adult patients (≥75 years of age) with moderate to severe, chronic osteoarthritis knee or low back pain.

In Situ Cross-Linked Matrix Tablets for Sustained Salbutamol Sulfate Release - Formulation Development by Statistical Optimization.

The use of natural polymers in designing of matrix tablets for sustained-release drug delivery systems has received much attention.

Intranasal administration of crushed ALO-02 (extended-release oxycodone with sequestered naltrexone): A randomized, controlled, abuse potential study in nondependent recreational opioid users.

ALO-02 is an abuse-deterrent formulation consisting of capsules filled with pellets of extended-release oxycodone surrounding sequestered naltrexone. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-/active-controlled, four-way crossover study examined the abuse potential of crushed ALO-02 administered intranasally to healthy, nondependent, recreational opioid users. Following drug discrimination and naloxone challenge, eligible participants (n = 32) entered a four-way crossover treatment phase: crushed single do...

The Effect of Abuse-Deterrent Extended-Release Oxycodone Leads to Inappropriate Conclusions with Over Estimation of Safety of Abuse-Deterrent Formulations.

Release of a Poorly Soluble Drug from Hydrophobically Modified Poly (Acrylic Acid) in Simulated Intestinal Fluids.

A large part of new pharmaceutical substances are characterized by a poor solubility and high hydrophobicity, which might lead to a difference in drug adsorption between fasted and fed patients. We have previously evaluated the release of hydrophobic drugs from tablets based on Pemulen TR2 and showed that the release can be manipulated by adding surfactants. Here we further evaluate the possibility to use Pemulen TR2 in controlled release tablet formulations containing a poorly soluble substance, griseofulv...

Discriminative stimulus effects of morphine and oxycodone in the absence and presence of acetic acid in male and female C57Bl/6 mice.

The use of prescription opioids for clinical management of pain remains problematic because of concerns about addiction associated with opioid use. Another difficulty in pain management is the increasing evidence for sex differences in pain behavior and opioid-induced behavioral effects. However, few studies have documented the abuse potential of prescription opioids as a function of pain in rodents, with significant gaps in the literature pertaining to sex differences in the interaction between pain and op...

Formulation and In Vitro, In Vivo Evaluation of Effervescent Floating Sustained-Release Imatinib Mesylate Tablet.

Imatinib mesylate is an antineoplastic agent which has high absorption in the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Conventional imatinib mesylate (Gleevec) tablets produce rapid and relatively high peak blood levels and requires frequent administration to keep the plasma drug level at an effective range. This might cause side effects, reduced effectiveness and poor therapeutic management. Therefore, floating sustained-release Imatinib tablets were developed to allow the tablets to be released in ...

Pectin/anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate matrix tablets for in vitro controlled release of water-soluble drug.

Different pectin/anhydrous dibasic calcium phosphate (ADCP) matrix tablets have been developed in order to obtain controlled release of a water soluble drug (theophylline). Swelling, buoyancy and dissolution studies have been carried out in different aqueous media (demineralized water, progressive pH medium, simulated gastric fluid, simulated intestinal fluid and simulated colonic fluid), to characterize the matrix tablets. When the pectin/ADCP ratio was ≥ 0.26 (P1, P2, P3 and P4 tablets) a continuous swe...

Production and Assessing Release of Imipramine and Magnesium from Tablets.

In the pharmaceutical technology there is a trend to produce tablets composed of several medicinal substances to increase therapeutic effect and reduce the frequency of drug administration. In the literature there are reports concerning pharmacological studies in which a potentiation of the effects has been observed after a co-administration of antidepressant imipramine and magnesium. Currently, there is no formulation on the market comprising imipramine and magnesium, therefore, it was decided to produce u...

A phase 3, multi-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, safety, tolerability, and efficacy study of Xtampza ERTM in patients with moderate-to-severe chronic low back pain.

Opioid analgesics are commonly used for the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP), however abuse potential is a major concern. This study used a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, enriched-enrollment randomized-withdrawal study design to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and analgesic efficacy of an abuse-deterrent formulation of extended-release oxycodone, Xtampza ER, in opioid-naïve and opioid-experienced adults with moderate-to-severe CLBP. Patients entered an Open-Label Titration Phase ...