PubMed Journals Articles About "Special Aspects Emergency Medical Care Head Neck Injuries" RSS

15:12 EDT 26th March 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Special aspects emergency medical care head neck injuries" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

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Injuries caused by acids and bases - Emergency treatment.

Emergency medical care for injuries caused by acids and bases is challenging for rescue services. They have to deal with operational safety, detection of the toxic agent, emergency medical care of the patient and handling of the rescue mission. Because of the rareness of such situations experience and routine are largely missing. This article highlights some basic points for the therapy and provides support for such rescue missions.

Emergency Department Visits for Motor Vehicle Traffic Injuries: United States, 2010-2011.

Data from the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey, 2010-2011. In 2010-2011, the emergency department (ED) visit rate for motor vehicle traffic injuries was highest among persons aged 16-24 years. The rates declined with age after 16-24, with rates for those aged 0-15 similar to those 65 and over. The overall ED visit rate for motor vehicle traffic injuries was higher among non-Hispanic black persons compared with non-Hispanic white and Hispanic persons. Imaging services were ordered or provided...

Infant Head Injury in Falls and Nonaccidental Trauma: Does Injury Pattern Correlate With Mechanism?

Nonaccidental trauma (NAT) is most common and most lethal in infants. Falls are the most frequently given explanation for NAT, and head injuries can result from both mechanisms. We hypothesized that infant head injuries from NAT have a distinct injury profile compared to falls.

Pleomorphic Rhabdomyosarcoma Presenting as a Hypopharyngeal Mass.

Background: Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare malignancy derived from skeletal muscle with approximately 40% of cases involving the head and neck. The pleomorphic variant, however, most commonly occurs in the extremities and has never, to our knowledge, been described in the pharynx. Methods: A 46-year-old male with no significant medical history presented to the emergency department complaining of hemoptysis. A CT scan of the head and neck revealed a hypopharyngeal mass originally favored to be a benign process. ...

Gastrostomy in head and neck cancer: current literature, controversies and research.

This article explores the literature on the role of gastrostomy tube feeding use in the management of head and neck cancer, with special attention to its indications, timing of insertion, advantages, complications and quality of life issues.

The current role of imaging in head and neck cancer: a clinician's perspective.

Imaging head and neck cancer is crucial for treatment decisions and follow-up of patients. The choice of the appropriate imaging modality for staging and re-staging head and neck cancer can be troublesome. This review highlights the important questions of imaging from a clinician's perspective. The recommendations focus on mucosal squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck since this is the most common one.

Medical operations of the 6th ranger infantry battalion.

The author gives a history of the formation of the 6th Ranger Infantry Battalion and varied aspects of Ranger medical operations, including personnel composition of the medical detachment, the work of the battalion?s surgeon during combat and noncombat operations, medical aspects of operational planning, available medical supplies, medical evacuation procedures, and preventive care.

Image-Based Medical Expert Teleconsultation in Acute Care of Injuries. A Systematic Review of Effects on Information Accuracy, Diagnostic Validity, Clinical Outcome, and User Satisfaction.

To systematically review the literature on image-based telemedicine for medical expert consultation in acute care of injuries, considering system, user, and clinical aspects.

Prehospital Pain Management in Children With Traumatic Injuries.

Damage that arises as a result of injuries is one of the most common causes of children presenting to hospital emergency departments.

Inflicted injuries in infants and toddlers may easily be missed unless clinicians who care for children are alert to sometimes subtle clues in the history and physical exam. Any injury which is unexplained or incompatible with the developmental capabilities of the child or inconsistent with the given history should prompt a medical evaluation for suspected physical abuse. The most common cause of serious head injuries in infants younger than 12 months is child abuse. Shaking and blunt head trauma can result...

Optimization strategies for pulsed low-dose-rate IMRT of recurrent lung and head and neck cancers.

Pulsed low-dose-rate radiotherapy (PLDR) has been proven to be a valid method of reirradiation. Previous studies of recurrent cancer radiotherapy were mainly based on conventional 3D CRT and VMAT delivery techniques. There are difficulties in IMRT planning using existing commercial treatment planning systems (TPS) to meet the PLDR protocol. This work focuses on PLDR using ten-field IMRT and a commercial TPS for two specific sites: recurrent lung cancers and head and neck cancers. Our PLDR protocol requires ...

Emergency Medical Services for Children: Thirty Years of Advancing High-Quality Emergency Care for Children.

The purpose of this article is to commemorate the 30th anniversary of the Emergency Medical Services for Children (EMSC) program. For the last 30 years, the EMSC has had a significant impact on transforming emergency care for children. The program has contributed to the creation of pediatric emergency medicine as a subspecialty and, importantly, has institutionalized pediatrics into the nation's emergency medical services systems.This article describes the history of the program, its components, and the ret...

Development of a National Consensus for Tactical Emergency Medical Support (TEMS) Training Programs?Operators and Medical Providers.

Introduction: Tactical teams are at high risk of sustaining injuries. Caring for these casualties in the field involves unique requirements beyond what is provided by traditional civilian emergency medical services (EMS) systems. Despite this need, the training objectives and competencies are not uniformly agreed to or taught. Methods: An expert panel was convened that included members from the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services, as well as federal, state, and ...

Establishing components of high-quality injury care: Focus groups with patients and patient families.

Each year, injuries affect 700 million people worldwide, more than 5 million people die of injuries, and 68,000 survivors remain permanently impaired. Half of all critically injured patients do not receive recommended care, and medical errors are common. Little is known about the aspects of injury care that are important to patients and their families. The purpose of this study was to explore the views of patients and families affected by injury on desired components of injury care in the hospital setting.

Reduction of pulmonary complications and hospital length of stay with a clinical care pathway after head and neck reconstruction.

Pulmonary complications are common after major head and neck oncologic surgery with microsurgical reconstruction and are associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Clinical care pathways are evidence-based tools that reduce unnecessary practice variation and ultimately improve patient outcomes. In this study, the authors evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive care pathway on reducing postoperative pulmonary complications and hospital length of stay in patients undergoing major head and neck c...

Corneal foreign body management at a role 1 flight line aid station: risks, benefits, and implications for special operations medicine.

Eye injuries are common in forward areas of operations. Definitive diagnosis and care may be limited not by provider skill but rather by available equipment. The ability to treat simple trauma such as corneal foreign bodies at the Role 1 level has advantages including rapid return to duty, decreased cost of treatment, and, most important, decreased risk of delayed care. We propose the device such as a hand-held portable slit lamp should be made available for appropriate Special Operations Medical Forces (SO...

It's All Greek to Me: Name and Substance Including Medical (Nonsurgical) Management Are Important.

Pain in head and neck cancer: prevalence and possible predictive factors.

The purpose of this article was to review the main aspects of pain and its prevalence among head and neck cancer patients, as well as to identify the presence of possible pain predictive factors. For an integrated presentation of this topic a Pubmed database systematic search for relevant published studies was performed. When considering the prevalence of pain in head and neck cancer patients the studies available in this field show great variations in relation to the number of patients included, surgical p...

Emergency Department and Inpatient Hospital Use by Medicare Beneficiaries in Patient-Centered Medical Homes.

Patient-centered medical homes are primary care practices that focus on coordinating acute and preventive care. Such practices can obtain patient-centered medical home recognition from the National Committee for Quality Assurance. We compare growth rates for emergency department (ED) use and costs of ED visits and hospitalizations (all-cause and ambulatory-care-sensitive conditions) between patient-centered medical homes recognized in 2009 or 2010 and practices without recognition.

A national survey of healthcare professionals' views on models of follow-up, holistic needs assessment and survivorship care for patients with head and neck cancer.

Patterns of follow-up and survivorship care are changing in response to growing numbers of cancer survivors and an increasing recognition that traditional models are unsustainable and result in unmet needs. Clinicians have shown reluctance in changing conventional follow-up practices for patients with head and neck cancer. This study aimed to explore nurses' and allied health professionals' views and practices in relation to follow-up, holistic needs assessment and survivorship care in this patient group. A...

Evaluation of the use and reasons for not using a helmet by motorcyclists admitted to the emergency ward of shahid bahonar hospital in kerman.

Motorcycle crashes are the cause of severe morbidity and mortality especially because of head injuries. It seems that wearing a helmet has an effective role in protection against head injuries. Nevertheless, motorcyclists usually have no tendency to wear a helmet when driving in cities and have several reasons for this behavior.

Human Papillomavirus Induced Transformation in Cervical and Head and Neck Cancers.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most widely publicized and researched pathogenic DNA viruses. For decades, HPV research has focused on transforming viral activities in cervical cancer. During the past 15 years, however, HPV has also emerged as a major etiological agent in cancers of the head and neck, in particular squamous cell carcinoma. Even with significant strides achieved towards the screening and treatment of cervical cancer, and preventive vaccines, cervical cancer remains the leading cause...

Primary Care in the Emergency Department -- An Untapped Resource for Public Health Research and Innovation.

With rising patient volumes and increasingly complex cases, the specialty of emergency medicine faces a growing array of challenges. Efforts have been made to improve patient throughput, yet little attention has been directed to the increasing amount of primary care delivered in emergency departments (EDs) for chronic disease states such as hypertension and diabetes. Management of chronic medical conditions is traditionally seen as beyond the purview of the ED and emergency physicians (EPs) tend to defer cr...

Emergency Medical Services Response to Active Shooter Incidents: Provider Comfort Level and Attitudes Before and After Participation in a Focused Response Training Program.

Introduction Emergency Medical Services (EMS) routinely stage in a secure area in response to active shooter incidents until the scene is declared safe by law enforcement. Due to the time-sensitive nature of injuries at these incidents, some EMS systems have adopted response tactics utilizing law enforcement protection to expedite life-saving medical care.

Does CT Angiography Matter for Patients with Cervical Spine Injuries?

Cervical injury can be associated with vertebral artery injury. This study was performed to determine the impact of computed tomography (CT) angiography of the head and neck on planning treatment of cervical spine fracture, if these tests were ordered appropriately, and to estimate cost and associated exposure to radiation and contrast medium.METHODS: This retrospective review included all patients who underwent CT of the cervical spine and CT angiography of the head and neck from January 2010 to August 201...


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