PubMed Journals Articles About "Special Aspects Emergency Medical Care Head Neck Injuries" RSS

14:24 EDT 26th May 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Special aspects emergency medical care head neck injuries" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Cervical spine immobilization may be of value following firearm injury to the head and neck.

Penetrating injuries to the head and neck may not be able to cause unstable fractures without concomitant spinal cord injury, rendering prehospital spinal immobilization (PHSI) ineffectual, and possibly harmful. However, this premise is based on reports including predominantly chest and abdominal injuries, which are unlikely to cause cervical spine (CS) injuries.

Emergency Treatment of Ocular Trauma.

Injuries to the eye and its adnexa are common in head and neck trauma centers. An ophthalmologist experienced in ocular traumatology is not always available. Therefore, every emergency physician should be familiar with the basic evaluation, triage, and management of ocular trauma. Above all, the identification of a need for immediate treatment should be implemented in the algorithm of an emergency room, especially in a head and neck trauma center, to reduce the risk of a devastating loss of vision. This art...

Head Trauma in Elderly Patients: Mechanisms of Injuries and CT Findings.

Head injuries in elderly people are a common cause of hospitalization at emergency departments. This group of patients is at high risk of post-traumatic intracranial pathology, which is diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) scanning of the head.

Delayed Presentation of a Carotid Artery Dissection Following Blunt Trauma in a Young Adult with Minimal Risk Factors.

A 22-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) after suffering injuries as a restrained driver in a head-on motor vehicle accident. Upon presentation to the ED, her Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) was 15. A computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck was negative. She was taken to surgery for orthopedic injuries. Recovery from general anesthesia was somewhat prolonged due to somnolence. Roughly two hours after transfer, her family noticed that she was not moving her left arm. Trauma staff noted s...

Special Techniques in PET/Computed Tomography Imaging for Evaluation of Head and Neck Cancer.

PET with fluorodeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG)/computed tomography (CT) imaging has significantly improved the management of head and neck cancer. FDG, however, is not tumor-specific and various image interpretation pitfalls may occur because of false-positive and -negative causes of FDG uptake. Routine imaging examination of head and neck malignancies does not yield all of the necessary data, even with the most advanced imaging technique. Specific interventions, such as use of different dynamic maneuvers and pharm...

Implementation of regularly performed resuscitation training at a hyperbaric treatment center.

Medical emergency situations and even cardiac arrest can occur during treatment of patients in therapeutic hyperbaric chambers just as in other clinical departments; therefore, high quality structured management should be implemented for dealing with emergencies in this special working area. To ensure this the emergency medical treatment should not only be performed according to the current state of medical knowledge but needs to take the special features of the hyperbaric environment including safety aspec...

Reflections on Physician-Patient Interactions in the EHR Era.

Physician-patient communication is becoming increasingly complicated with the growing use of electronic health records (EHRs). While the EHR has shown benefits in some aspects of medical care, these improvements are often at the expense of patient-centered communication. Below are some reflections on this topic, as well as techniques to improve the clinician-patient interaction in the EHR era.

Grisel Syndrome: An Unusual and Often Unrecognized Cause of Torticollis.

Torticollis can be due to many different etiologies. Torticollis is not a diagnosis, but a symptom of many conditions. We present a case of persistent torticollis in a child that was misdiagnosed during multiple visits to the pediatrician, otolaryngologist, and 3 different emergency departments. Grisel syndrome must be included in the differential diagnosis of any patient with torticollis after a head and neck infection, upper respiratory infection, or postoperative from head and neck surgery. Early diagnos...

Identifying cutoff scores for the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the head and neck cancer-specific module EORTC QLQ-H&N35 representing unmet supportive care needs in patients with head and neck cancer.

This study investigates cutoff scores for the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30-questions (EORTC QLQ-C30) and head and neck cancer-specific module (QLQ-H&N35) to identify patients with head and neck cancer who may require clinical attention.

Head and neck cancer in South Asia: Macroeconomic consequences and the role of the head and neck surgeon.

Head and neck cancer constitutes a substantial portion of the burden of disease in South Asia, and there is an undersupply of surgical capacity in this region. The purpose of this study was to estimate the economic welfare losses due to head and neck cancer in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh in 2010.

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy for head and neck surgeons.

The development of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) has played a major role in improving outcomes and decreasing morbidity in patients with head and neck cancer. This review addresses this vital modality with a focus on the important role of the head and neck surgeon. The technique as well as its benefits and points of caution are outlined, the definitions of tumor and treatment volumes are discussed, and the dose and fractionation are detailed. Following this are several sections dedicated to the ro...

Comparison of Prediction Rules and Clinician Suspicion for Identifying Children With Clinically Important Brain Injuries after Blunt Head Trauma.

Children with minor head trauma frequently present to emergency departments (EDs). Identifying those with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can be difficult, and it is unknown whether clinical prediction rules outperform clinician suspicion. Our primary objective was to compare the test characteristics of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) TBI prediction rules to clinician suspicion for identifying children with clinically-important TBIs (ciTBIs) after minor blunt head trauma. Our ...

Induction Chemotherapy with Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil in Advanced Head and Neck Cancers: A Short Term Response Evaluation.

Considering the uprising number of Head and neck cancer in the state with limited options of medical and surgical treatment, the focus of this study involved on chemotherapy in advanced Head and neck cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of combination of Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil (PF) as induction chemotherapy in patients in locally advanced squamous cell cancer of head and neck.

Pelvic Fracture Urethral Injuries in Children: A Case Report and Appraisal of Their Emergency Management.

Pelvic fracture urethral injuries are uncommon injuries that are frequently overlooked in the emergency department. We present a case of a 2-year-old girl whose urethral trauma was initially missed and potentially worsened by the placement of a urinary catheter. The clinical and diagnostic features of these rare injuries are discussed along with the controversies surrounding urinary catheter placement and retrograde urethrography.

Regional variation in head and neck cancer mortality: Role of patient and hospital characteristics.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether outcomes in head and neck cancer would vary based on geographic location of patients.

Prevalence and Patient-Level Risk Factors for 30-Day Readmissions Following Free Tissue Transfer for Head and Neck Cancer.

Hospital readmissions are a marker of surgical care delivery and quality that are progressively more scrutinized.

Management and prevention of acute bleedings in the head and neck area with interventional radiology.

The Interventional Neuroradiology is becoming more important in the interdisciplinary treatment of acute haemorrhages due to vascular erosion and vascular tumors in the head and neck area. The authors report on acute extracranial haemorrhage in emergency situations but also on preventive embolization of good vascularized tumors preoperatively and their outcome.

Paragangliomas of the Head and Neck.

Paragangliomas of the head and neck are rare vascular skull-base tumors derived from the paraganglionic system with an estimated incidence of 1:30,000 accounting for 3% of all paragangliomas. The most common paraganglioma locations of the head and neck in descending order are the carotid body, jugular, tympanic, and vagal paragangliomas. This article discusses the clinical characterics, normal anatamy, imaging findings and protocols, pathology, staging, and differential diagnosis for paragangliomas of the h...

Barriers to Accessing Emergency Medical Services in Accra, Ghana: Development of a Survey Instrument and Initial Application in Ghana.

Emergency medical services (EMS) systems provide professional prehospital emergency medical care and transportation to help improve outcomes from emergency conditions. Ghana's national ambulance service has relatively low public utilization in comparison with the large burden of acute disease.

Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on Emergency Psychiatry.

Emergency psychiatry (EP) is an integral component of comprehensive hospital-based emergency care. EP developed and grew into a medical subspecialty in response to deinstitutionalization and other large-scale forces, resulting in large numbers of psychiatric patients presenting to emergency departments. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 contains several features and provisions that are likely to impact the practice of EP. This article reviews and examines the impact of the ACA on psychiatric emergency c...

Head injuries in hospital-admitted adolescents and adults with skateboard-related trauma.

To provide new information on properties of skateboarders who were hospital admitted with head injuries with details of the injuries including region of head impact.

Cooperation between emergency and forensic medicine - retrospective evaluation of pre-hospital emergency measures.

Emergency medical research is subject to special conditions. Emergency patients e.g. are generally considered to be non-capable of giving consent. This results in sparse emergency medical data when compared to clinical observation studies under controlled conditions. After emergency medical treatment, deceased patients are not rarely subject to forensic investigation. The cooperation between emergency and forensic medicine has not only emergency medical training potential in individual cases, but also scien...

Cost savings associated with transfer of trauma patients within an accountable care organization.

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act supports the establishment of accountable care organizations (ACOs) as care delivery models designed to save costs. The potential for these cost savings has been demonstrated in the primary care and inpatient populations, but not for patients with emergency conditions or traumatic injuries.

Arteriovenous fistulas for microvascular head and neck reconstruction.

In head and neck cancer patients, multiple surgeries and radiation can leave the neck depleted of recipient vessels appropriate for microvascular reconstruction. The creation of temporary arteriovenous fistulas using venous interposition for subsequent microvascular reconstruction has rarely been reported in the head and neck. The authors report the largest series of temporary arteriovenous loops for head and neck reconstruction in vessel-depleted necks.

Chemotherapy in Children with Head and Neck Cancers: Perspectives and Review of Current Therapies.

Cancers of the head and neck in children represent a heterogeneous group of malignancies requiring a variety of treatment modalities. In many instances of childhood head and neck cancers, chemotherapy will be required for treatment, often in conjunction with surgery and/or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy in children with head and neck cancers poses unique challenges in terms of immediate as well as long-term toxicities. This article focuses on the common chemotherapeutic agents, with a particular focus on e...

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