PubMed Journals Articles About "Special Aspects Emergency Medical Care Head Neck Injuries" RSS

21:47 EDT 26th July 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Special aspects emergency medical care head neck injuries" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 29,000+

Association between altered motor control of trunk muscles and head and neck injuries in elite footballers - An exploratory study.

Head and neck injuries are common in football. Injuries such as concussion can have serious consequences. Previous studies have shown that size and function of trunk muscles are predictive of lower limb injuries in professional Australian Football League (AFL) players. It is unknown whether measurement of trunk muscles can also be used to predict head and neck injuries.

Cervical spine immobilization may be of value following firearm injury to the head and neck.

Penetrating injuries to the head and neck may not be able to cause unstable fractures without concomitant spinal cord injury, rendering prehospital spinal immobilization (PHSI) ineffectual, and possibly harmful. However, this premise is based on reports including predominantly chest and abdominal injuries, which are unlikely to cause cervical spine (CS) injuries.

Emergency Treatment of Ocular Trauma.

Injuries to the eye and its adnexa are common in head and neck trauma centers. An ophthalmologist experienced in ocular traumatology is not always available. Therefore, every emergency physician should be familiar with the basic evaluation, triage, and management of ocular trauma. Above all, the identification of a need for immediate treatment should be implemented in the algorithm of an emergency room, especially in a head and neck trauma center, to reduce the risk of a devastating loss of vision. This art...

Privately insured medical patients are more likely to have a head CT.

Previous studies suggest overuse disparity of head computed tomography (CT) in white pediatric trauma patients with minor head injuries. Our study is meant to determine if race or insurance status impacts the probability of obtaining head CT in patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) = 15. Using the 2008-2010 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for Emergency Departments (NHAMCS) database, the following variables were analyzed: race, emergency medical services (EMS) arrival, triage category...

Head Trauma in Elderly Patients: Mechanisms of Injuries and CT Findings.

Head injuries in elderly people are a common cause of hospitalization at emergency departments. This group of patients is at high risk of post-traumatic intracranial pathology, which is diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) scanning of the head.

Delayed Presentation of a Carotid Artery Dissection Following Blunt Trauma in a Young Adult with Minimal Risk Factors.

A 22-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) after suffering injuries as a restrained driver in a head-on motor vehicle accident. Upon presentation to the ED, her Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) was 15. A computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck was negative. She was taken to surgery for orthopedic injuries. Recovery from general anesthesia was somewhat prolonged due to somnolence. Roughly two hours after transfer, her family noticed that she was not moving her left arm. Trauma staff noted s...

Implementation of regularly performed resuscitation training at a hyperbaric treatment center.

Medical emergency situations and even cardiac arrest can occur during treatment of patients in therapeutic hyperbaric chambers just as in other clinical departments; therefore, high quality structured management should be implemented for dealing with emergencies in this special working area. To ensure this the emergency medical treatment should not only be performed according to the current state of medical knowledge but needs to take the special features of the hyperbaric environment including safety aspec...

Special Techniques in PET/Computed Tomography Imaging for Evaluation of Head and Neck Cancer.

PET with fluorodeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG)/computed tomography (CT) imaging has significantly improved the management of head and neck cancer. FDG, however, is not tumor-specific and various image interpretation pitfalls may occur because of false-positive and -negative causes of FDG uptake. Routine imaging examination of head and neck malignancies does not yield all of the necessary data, even with the most advanced imaging technique. Specific interventions, such as use of different dynamic maneuvers and pharm...

Reflections on Physician-Patient Interactions in the EHR Era.

Physician-patient communication is becoming increasingly complicated with the growing use of electronic health records (EHRs). While the EHR has shown benefits in some aspects of medical care, these improvements are often at the expense of patient-centered communication. Below are some reflections on this topic, as well as techniques to improve the clinician-patient interaction in the EHR era.

Identifying cutoff scores for the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the head and neck cancer-specific module EORTC QLQ-H&N35 representing unmet supportive care needs in patients with head and neck cancer.

This study investigates cutoff scores for the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30-questions (EORTC QLQ-C30) and head and neck cancer-specific module (QLQ-H&N35) to identify patients with head and neck cancer who may require clinical attention.

Computed tomography head imaging 24 hours following injury.

Head injuries account for up to 1.4 million ED attendances in England and Wales every year.

Head and neck cancer in South Asia: Macroeconomic consequences and the role of the head and neck surgeon.

Head and neck cancer constitutes a substantial portion of the burden of disease in South Asia, and there is an undersupply of surgical capacity in this region. The purpose of this study was to estimate the economic welfare losses due to head and neck cancer in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh in 2010.

Intensity-modulated radiotherapy for head and neck surgeons.

The development of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) has played a major role in improving outcomes and decreasing morbidity in patients with head and neck cancer. This review addresses this vital modality with a focus on the important role of the head and neck surgeon. The technique as well as its benefits and points of caution are outlined, the definitions of tumor and treatment volumes are discussed, and the dose and fractionation are detailed. Following this are several sections dedicated to the ro...

Comparison of Prediction Rules and Clinician Suspicion for Identifying Children With Clinically Important Brain Injuries after Blunt Head Trauma.

Children with minor head trauma frequently present to emergency departments (EDs). Identifying those with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can be difficult, and it is unknown whether clinical prediction rules outperform clinician suspicion. Our primary objective was to compare the test characteristics of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) TBI prediction rules to clinician suspicion for identifying children with clinically-important TBIs (ciTBIs) after minor blunt head trauma. Our ...

Low oxygen saturation is associated with pre-hospital mortality among non-traumatic patients using emergency medical services: A national database of Thailand.

Pre-hospital emergency medical services are an important network for Emergency Medicine. It has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality of patients by medical procedures. The Thai government established pre-hospital emergency medical services in 2008 to improve emergency medical care. Since then, there are limited data at the national level on mortality rates with pre-hospital care and the risk factors associated with mortality in non-traumatic patients.

Head Injuries in Soccer.

Soccer is currently the most popular and fastest growing sport worldwide, with approximately 265 million registered soccer players existing around the world. The popularity of the sport, coupled with the high incidence of 18.8-21.5 head injuries per 1,000 player hours reported, make it essential that clinicians, coaches, and the athletes, have a solid understanding of head injuries. The successful rehabilitation of athletes with head injuries relies upon early and accurate identification strategies and impl...

Does an Otolaryngology-Specific Database Have Added Value? A Comparative Feasibility Analysis.

There are multiple nationally representative databases that support epidemiologic and outcomes research, and it is unknown whether an otolaryngology-specific resource would prove indispensable or superfluous. Therefore, our objective was to determine the feasibility of analyses in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) databases as compared with the otolaryngology-specific Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research...

Induction Chemotherapy with Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil in Advanced Head and Neck Cancers: A Short Term Response Evaluation.

Considering the uprising number of Head and neck cancer in the state with limited options of medical and surgical treatment, the focus of this study involved on chemotherapy in advanced Head and neck cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of combination of Cisplatin and 5-Fluorouracil (PF) as induction chemotherapy in patients in locally advanced squamous cell cancer of head and neck.

Pelvic Fracture Urethral Injuries in Children: A Case Report and Appraisal of Their Emergency Management.

Pelvic fracture urethral injuries are uncommon injuries that are frequently overlooked in the emergency department. We present a case of a 2-year-old girl whose urethral trauma was initially missed and potentially worsened by the placement of a urinary catheter. The clinical and diagnostic features of these rare injuries are discussed along with the controversies surrounding urinary catheter placement and retrograde urethrography.

Emergency Medical Services Provider Pediatric Adverse Event Rate Varies by Call Origin Pediatric Emergency Care.

Emergency medical services providers may be called to a variety of sites to transport pediatric patients, whether it be a scene call for initial evaluation and care, a clinic for transportation of a patient who has been assessed by medical providers, or a hospital where assessment and stabilization have already begun. We hypothesize that there may be a direct relationship between adverse event rates and adverse event severity in transports from less medically stabilizing origins.

Regional variation in head and neck cancer mortality: Role of patient and hospital characteristics.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether outcomes in head and neck cancer would vary based on geographic location of patients.

Management and prevention of acute bleedings in the head and neck area with interventional radiology.

The Interventional Neuroradiology is becoming more important in the interdisciplinary treatment of acute haemorrhages due to vascular erosion and vascular tumors in the head and neck area. The authors report on acute extracranial haemorrhage in emergency situations but also on preventive embolization of good vascularized tumors preoperatively and their outcome.

Paragangliomas of the Head and Neck.

Paragangliomas of the head and neck are rare vascular skull-base tumors derived from the paraganglionic system with an estimated incidence of 1:30,000 accounting for 3% of all paragangliomas. The most common paraganglioma locations of the head and neck in descending order are the carotid body, jugular, tympanic, and vagal paragangliomas. This article discusses the clinical characterics, normal anatamy, imaging findings and protocols, pathology, staging, and differential diagnosis for paragangliomas of the h...

Barriers to Accessing Emergency Medical Services in Accra, Ghana: Development of a Survey Instrument and Initial Application in Ghana.

Emergency medical services (EMS) systems provide professional prehospital emergency medical care and transportation to help improve outcomes from emergency conditions. Ghana's national ambulance service has relatively low public utilization in comparison with the large burden of acute disease.

Impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act on Emergency Psychiatry.

Emergency psychiatry (EP) is an integral component of comprehensive hospital-based emergency care. EP developed and grew into a medical subspecialty in response to deinstitutionalization and other large-scale forces, resulting in large numbers of psychiatric patients presenting to emergency departments. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) of 2010 contains several features and provisions that are likely to impact the practice of EP. This article reviews and examines the impact of the ACA on psychiatric emergency c...

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