PubMed Journals Articles About "Special Aspects Emergency Medical Care Head Neck Injuries" RSS

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Showing "Special aspects emergency medical care head neck injuries" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 28,000+

Association between altered motor control of trunk muscles and head and neck injuries in elite footballers - An exploratory study.

Head and neck injuries are common in football. Injuries such as concussion can have serious consequences. Previous studies have shown that size and function of trunk muscles are predictive of lower limb injuries in professional Australian Football League (AFL) players. It is unknown whether measurement of trunk muscles can also be used to predict head and neck injuries.

Cervical spine immobilization may be of value following firearm injury to the head and neck.

Penetrating injuries to the head and neck may not be able to cause unstable fractures without concomitant spinal cord injury, rendering prehospital spinal immobilization (PHSI) ineffectual, and possibly harmful. However, this premise is based on reports including predominantly chest and abdominal injuries, which are unlikely to cause cervical spine (CS) injuries.

Privately insured medical patients are more likely to have a head CT.

Previous studies suggest overuse disparity of head computed tomography (CT) in white pediatric trauma patients with minor head injuries. Our study is meant to determine if race or insurance status impacts the probability of obtaining head CT in patients with a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) = 15. Using the 2008-2010 National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey for Emergency Departments (NHAMCS) database, the following variables were analyzed: race, emergency medical services (EMS) arrival, triage category...

Head Trauma in Elderly Patients: Mechanisms of Injuries and CT Findings.

Head injuries in elderly people are a common cause of hospitalization at emergency departments. This group of patients is at high risk of post-traumatic intracranial pathology, which is diagnosed by computed tomography (CT) scanning of the head.

Delayed Presentation of a Carotid Artery Dissection Following Blunt Trauma in a Young Adult with Minimal Risk Factors.

A 22-year-old woman presented to the emergency department (ED) after suffering injuries as a restrained driver in a head-on motor vehicle accident. Upon presentation to the ED, her Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) was 15. A computed tomography (CT) of the head and neck was negative. She was taken to surgery for orthopedic injuries. Recovery from general anesthesia was somewhat prolonged due to somnolence. Roughly two hours after transfer, her family noticed that she was not moving her left arm. Trauma staff noted s...

Implementation of regularly performed resuscitation training at a hyperbaric treatment center.

Medical emergency situations and even cardiac arrest can occur during treatment of patients in therapeutic hyperbaric chambers just as in other clinical departments; therefore, high quality structured management should be implemented for dealing with emergencies in this special working area. To ensure this the emergency medical treatment should not only be performed according to the current state of medical knowledge but needs to take the special features of the hyperbaric environment including safety aspec...

Identifying cutoff scores for the EORTC QLQ-C30 and the head and neck cancer-specific module EORTC QLQ-H&N35 representing unmet supportive care needs in patients with head and neck cancer.

This study investigates cutoff scores for the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30-questions (EORTC QLQ-C30) and head and neck cancer-specific module (QLQ-H&N35) to identify patients with head and neck cancer who may require clinical attention.

Computed tomography head imaging 24 hours following injury.

Head injuries account for up to 1.4 million ED attendances in England and Wales every year.

Head and neck cancer in South Asia: Macroeconomic consequences and the role of the head and neck surgeon.

Head and neck cancer constitutes a substantial portion of the burden of disease in South Asia, and there is an undersupply of surgical capacity in this region. The purpose of this study was to estimate the economic welfare losses due to head and neck cancer in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh in 2010.

Rare Head and Neck Tumors Resulting in Upper Airway Compromise.

Atlantoaxial Rotatory Subluxation: A Review for the Pediatric Emergency Physician.

Pediatric emergency physicians must have a high clinical suspicion for atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation (AARS), particularly when a child presents with neck pain and an abnormal head posture without the ability to return to a neutral position. As shown in the neurosurgical literature, timely diagnosis and swift initiation of treatment have a greater chance of treatment success for the patient. However, timely treatment is complicated because torticollis can result from a variety of maladies, including: con...

Low oxygen saturation is associated with pre-hospital mortality among non-traumatic patients using emergency medical services: A national database of Thailand.

Pre-hospital emergency medical services are an important network for Emergency Medicine. It has been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality of patients by medical procedures. The Thai government established pre-hospital emergency medical services in 2008 to improve emergency medical care. Since then, there are limited data at the national level on mortality rates with pre-hospital care and the risk factors associated with mortality in non-traumatic patients.

Comparison of Prediction Rules and Clinician Suspicion for Identifying Children With Clinically Important Brain Injuries after Blunt Head Trauma.

Children with minor head trauma frequently present to emergency departments (EDs). Identifying those with traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can be difficult, and it is unknown whether clinical prediction rules outperform clinician suspicion. Our primary objective was to compare the test characteristics of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) TBI prediction rules to clinician suspicion for identifying children with clinically-important TBIs (ciTBIs) after minor blunt head trauma. Our ...

Head Injuries in Soccer.

Soccer is currently the most popular and fastest growing sport worldwide, with approximately 265 million registered soccer players existing around the world. The popularity of the sport, coupled with the high incidence of 18.8-21.5 head injuries per 1,000 player hours reported, make it essential that clinicians, coaches, and the athletes, have a solid understanding of head injuries. The successful rehabilitation of athletes with head injuries relies upon early and accurate identification strategies and impl...

Does an Otolaryngology-Specific Database Have Added Value? A Comparative Feasibility Analysis.

There are multiple nationally representative databases that support epidemiologic and outcomes research, and it is unknown whether an otolaryngology-specific resource would prove indispensable or superfluous. Therefore, our objective was to determine the feasibility of analyses in the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) and National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS) databases as compared with the otolaryngology-specific Creating Healthcare Excellence through Education and Research...

Optimal Perioperative Care in Major Head and Neck Cancer Surgery With Free Flap Reconstruction: A Consensus Review and Recommendations From the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society.

Head and neck cancers often require complex, labor-intensive surgeries, especially when free flap reconstruction is required. Enhanced recovery is important in this patient population but evidence-based protocols on perioperative care for this population are lacking.

Association of Clinical Risk Factors and Postoperative Complications With Unplanned Hospital Readmission After Head and Neck Cancer Surgery.

Unplanned hospital readmission is costly and in recent years has become a focus of health care legislation intended to reduce health care expenditures. Greater understanding of which perioperative complications are associated with hospital readmission after surgery for head and neck cancer is needed to reduce unplanned readmissions.

Emergency Medical Services Provider Pediatric Adverse Event Rate Varies by Call Origin Pediatric Emergency Care.

Emergency medical services providers may be called to a variety of sites to transport pediatric patients, whether it be a scene call for initial evaluation and care, a clinic for transportation of a patient who has been assessed by medical providers, or a hospital where assessment and stabilization have already begun. We hypothesize that there may be a direct relationship between adverse event rates and adverse event severity in transports from less medically stabilizing origins.

Regional variation in head and neck cancer mortality: Role of patient and hospital characteristics.

The purpose of this study was to determine whether outcomes in head and neck cancer would vary based on geographic location of patients.

Management and prevention of acute bleedings in the head and neck area with interventional radiology.

The Interventional Neuroradiology is becoming more important in the interdisciplinary treatment of acute haemorrhages due to vascular erosion and vascular tumors in the head and neck area. The authors report on acute extracranial haemorrhage in emergency situations but also on preventive embolization of good vascularized tumors preoperatively and their outcome.

Paragangliomas of the Head and Neck.

Paragangliomas of the head and neck are rare vascular skull-base tumors derived from the paraganglionic system with an estimated incidence of 1:30,000 accounting for 3% of all paragangliomas. The most common paraganglioma locations of the head and neck in descending order are the carotid body, jugular, tympanic, and vagal paragangliomas. This article discusses the clinical characterics, normal anatamy, imaging findings and protocols, pathology, staging, and differential diagnosis for paragangliomas of the h...

Dermatography (Medical Tattooing) for Scars and Skin Grafts in Head and Neck Patients to Improve Appearance and Quality of Life.

Dermatography (medical tattooing) is often overlooked as an adjuvant procedure to improve color mismatch in the head and neck area, and its effect on patient satisfaction and quality of life has not been evaluated, to our knowledge.

Trauma management in Homer's Iliad.

Homer's Iliad is one of the highest intellectual products of the early ancient Greek civilisation. A plethora of medical information lies within Iliad's 24 rhapsodies, and a total of 147 injuries are described. The present study records and evaluates all cases of trauma management included in this epic poem. Not only Iliad's original text but also all myths related to Iliad from the five-volume Greek Mythology by Ioannis Kakridis were meticulously studied to locate the injured person, the type of trauma, th...

The need for supportive care among head and neck cancer patients: psychometric assessment of the Dutch version of the Supportive Care Needs Survey Short-Form (SCNS-SF34) and the newly developed head and neck cancer module (SCNS-HNC).

The purpose of this study is to assess the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the 34-item Short-Form Supportive Care Needs Survey (SCNS-SF34) and the newly developed module for head and neck cancer (HNC) patients (SCNS-HNC).

Disproportionate Availability Between Emergency and Elective Hand Coverage: A National Trend?

Traumatic hand injuries represent approximately 20% of emergency department visits; yet, access to emergency care remains inadequate. Recent surveys from several states report a wider availability of hand specialists providing elective care than emergency care. The authors aim to examine this phenomenon in the state of New Jersey and whether there is a national trend toward disproportionate availability between emergency and elective hand coverage.

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