PubMed Journals Articles About "Special Aspects Emergency Medical Care Head Neck Injuries" RSS

02:17 EST 20th December 2014 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Special aspects emergency medical care head neck injuries" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 32,000+

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E-bike injuries: experience from an urban emergency department-a retrospective study from Switzerland.

Background. Between 2005 and 2012, annual sales of E-bikes in Switzerland increased from 1,792 to 52,941. This continuous and rapid transition from human-powered bicycles to an electric bicycle technology may indicate the increasing demand for low-cost transportation technology in combination with a healthy lifestyle. Material and Methods. In the present study, from April 2012 to September 2013, we retrospectively analysed E-bike accidents treated in the Emergency Department of our hospital by focusing on t...

Injuries caused by acids and bases - Emergency treatment.

Emergency medical care for injuries caused by acids and bases is challenging for rescue services. They have to deal with operational safety, detection of the toxic agent, emergency medical care of the patient and handling of the rescue mission. Because of the rareness of such situations experience and routine are largely missing. This article highlights some basic points for the therapy and provides support for such rescue missions.

Infant Head Injury in Falls and Nonaccidental Trauma: Does Injury Pattern Correlate With Mechanism?

Nonaccidental trauma (NAT) is most common and most lethal in infants. Falls are the most frequently given explanation for NAT, and head injuries can result from both mechanisms. We hypothesized that infant head injuries from NAT have a distinct injury profile compared to falls.

Pleomorphic Rhabdomyosarcoma Presenting as a Hypopharyngeal Mass.

Background: Rhabdomyosarcoma is a rare malignancy derived from skeletal muscle with approximately 40% of cases involving the head and neck. The pleomorphic variant, however, most commonly occurs in the extremities and has never, to our knowledge, been described in the pharynx. Methods: A 46-year-old male with no significant medical history presented to the emergency department complaining of hemoptysis. A CT scan of the head and neck revealed a hypopharyngeal mass originally favored to be a benign process. ...

The current role of imaging in head and neck cancer: a clinician's perspective.

Imaging head and neck cancer is crucial for treatment decisions and follow-up of patients. The choice of the appropriate imaging modality for staging and re-staging head and neck cancer can be troublesome. This review highlights the important questions of imaging from a clinician's perspective. The recommendations focus on mucosal squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck since this is the most common one.

Medical operations of the 6th ranger infantry battalion.

The author gives a history of the formation of the 6th Ranger Infantry Battalion and varied aspects of Ranger medical operations, including personnel composition of the medical detachment, the work of the battalion?s surgeon during combat and noncombat operations, medical aspects of operational planning, available medical supplies, medical evacuation procedures, and preventive care.

Image-Based Medical Expert Teleconsultation in Acute Care of Injuries. A Systematic Review of Effects on Information Accuracy, Diagnostic Validity, Clinical Outcome, and User Satisfaction.

To systematically review the literature on image-based telemedicine for medical expert consultation in acute care of injuries, considering system, user, and clinical aspects.

Inflicted injuries in infants and toddlers may easily be missed unless clinicians who care for children are alert to sometimes subtle clues in the history and physical exam. Any injury which is unexplained or incompatible with the developmental capabilities of the child or inconsistent with the given history should prompt a medical evaluation for suspected physical abuse. The most common cause of serious head injuries in infants younger than 12 months is child abuse. Shaking and blunt head trauma can result...

Optimization strategies for pulsed low-dose-rate IMRT of recurrent lung and head and neck cancers.

Pulsed low-dose-rate radiotherapy (PLDR) has been proven to be a valid method of reirradiation. Previous studies of recurrent cancer radiotherapy were mainly based on conventional 3D CRT and VMAT delivery techniques. There are difficulties in IMRT planning using existing commercial treatment planning systems (TPS) to meet the PLDR protocol. This work focuses on PLDR using ten-field IMRT and a commercial TPS for two specific sites: recurrent lung cancers and head and neck cancers. Our PLDR protocol requires ...

Comparison of PET/CT with conventional imaging modalities (USG, CECT) in evaluation of N0 neck in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Evaluation of a clinically N0 neck is mandatory in cases of squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck region in order to determine the need to address the neck. The study was designed to compare the accuracy of PET/CT scan with that of USG and CECT Neck in assessing clinically N0 neck in cases of squamous cell carcinoma of upper aerodigestive tract.

Assault by Battery: Battery-related injury in the head and neck.

Objectives: To estimate nationwide incidence of emergency department (ED) visits for Battery-related injury (BRI) occurring in the head and neck, and analyze demographic and anatomic-specific trends. Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) was searched for BRI in the head and neck, with analysis for incidence, anatomic site, age and gender, and specific diagnoses. Results: There were an estimated 18,803 head and neck BRI ED visits from 2003-2012. 65.8% of patients were male. 92.8...

Development of a National Consensus for Tactical Emergency Medical Support (TEMS) Training Programs?Operators and Medical Providers.

Introduction: Tactical teams are at high risk of sustaining injuries. Caring for these casualties in the field involves unique requirements beyond what is provided by traditional civilian emergency medical services (EMS) systems. Despite this need, the training objectives and competencies are not uniformly agreed to or taught. Methods: An expert panel was convened that included members from the Departments of Defense, Homeland Security, Justice, and Health and Human Services, as well as federal, state, and ...

Diagnostic value of fine-needle aspiration in head and neck lymphoma: a cross-sectional study.

The objective of this paper was that fine-needle aspiration (FNA) has become a well-liked modality in the diagnosis, staging, and follow-up of head and neck masses. Limited studies exist regarding the value of FNA in the diagnosis of head and neck masses. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of head and neck lymphomas. This cross-sectional study method was performed in Imam Hospital and Cancer Institute affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences. In a 5 years period between January 2006 and J...

Reduction of pulmonary complications and hospital length of stay with a clinical care pathway after head and neck reconstruction.

Pulmonary complications are common after major head and neck oncologic surgery with microsurgical reconstruction and are associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Clinical care pathways are evidence-based tools that reduce unnecessary practice variation and ultimately improve patient outcomes. In this study, the authors evaluate the effectiveness of a comprehensive care pathway on reducing postoperative pulmonary complications and hospital length of stay in patients undergoing major head and neck c...

Establishing components of high-quality injury care: Focus groups with patients and patient families.

Each year, injuries affect 700 million people worldwide, more than 5 million people die of injuries, and 68,000 survivors remain permanently impaired. Half of all critically injured patients do not receive recommended care, and medical errors are common. Little is known about the aspects of injury care that are important to patients and their families. The purpose of this study was to explore the views of patients and families affected by injury on desired components of injury care in the hospital setting.

Nothing Changes, Nobody Cares: Understanding the Experience of Emergency Nurses Physically or Verbally Assaulted While Providing Care.

Workplace violence has been recognized as a violent crime that requires targeted responses from employers, law enforcement, and the community. According to data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the most common source of nonfatal injuries and illnesses requiring days away from work in the health care and social assistance industry was assault on the health care worker. What is not well understood are the precursors and sequelae of violence perpetrated against emergency nurses and other health care worker...

Corneal foreign body management at a role 1 flight line aid station: risks, benefits, and implications for special operations medicine.

Eye injuries are common in forward areas of operations. Definitive diagnosis and care may be limited not by provider skill but rather by available equipment. The ability to treat simple trauma such as corneal foreign bodies at the Role 1 level has advantages including rapid return to duty, decreased cost of treatment, and, most important, decreased risk of delayed care. We propose the device such as a hand-held portable slit lamp should be made available for appropriate Special Operations Medical Forces (SO...

Pain in head and neck cancer: prevalence and possible predictive factors.

The purpose of this article was to review the main aspects of pain and its prevalence among head and neck cancer patients, as well as to identify the presence of possible pain predictive factors. For an integrated presentation of this topic a Pubmed database systematic search for relevant published studies was performed. When considering the prevalence of pain in head and neck cancer patients the studies available in this field show great variations in relation to the number of patients included, surgical p...

It's All Greek to Me: Name and Substance Including Medical (Nonsurgical) Management Are Important.

Neonatal burn injuries: an agony for the newborn as well as the burn care team.

This retrospective analysis of neonatal burn injuries was carried out at the Department of Plastic Surgery and Burn Care Centre, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad, Pakistan. A total of 11 neonates who were aged less than 29 days were managed during the 2 year study period. Out of these, 72.7% (8) were male and 27.3% (3) were female. The mean age was 11.18±9.67days. The commonest underlying cause of burn insult was accidental direct contact with room heaters in 4 (36.3%) neonates. The...

Primary Care in the Emergency Department -- An Untapped Resource for Public Health Research and Innovation.

With rising patient volumes and increasingly complex cases, the specialty of emergency medicine faces a growing array of challenges. Efforts have been made to improve patient throughput, yet little attention has been directed to the increasing amount of primary care delivered in emergency departments (EDs) for chronic disease states such as hypertension and diabetes. Management of chronic medical conditions is traditionally seen as beyond the purview of the ED and emergency physicians (EPs) tend to defer cr...

Human Papillomavirus Induced Transformation in Cervical and Head and Neck Cancers.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most widely publicized and researched pathogenic DNA viruses. For decades, HPV research has focused on transforming viral activities in cervical cancer. During the past 15 years, however, HPV has also emerged as a major etiological agent in cancers of the head and neck, in particular squamous cell carcinoma. Even with significant strides achieved towards the screening and treatment of cervical cancer, and preventive vaccines, cervical cancer remains the leading cause...

In Emergency Departments, Radiologists' Access To EHRs May Influence Interpretations And Medical Management.

The adoption of electronic health records (EHRs) that meet federal meaningful-use standards is a major US national policy priority. Policy makers recognize the potential of electronic communication in delivering high-quality health care, particularly in an environment of expanding remote access to medical care and the ever-increasing need to transmit health care records across institutions. To demonstrate this principle, we sought to estimate the significance of EHR access in emergent neuroradiologic interp...

A 'pen' in the neck: An unusual foreign body and an unusual path of entry.

Penetrating injuries to head and neck region with varying objects have been reported in the literature. [1],[2],[3],[4],[5],[6],[7],[8],[9],[10] Majority of these injuries occur in interpersonal violence or bomb blasts or road traffic accidents. Despite the improvement in imaging technologies and surgical methods, penetrating injuries to head and neck with impacted foreign bodies are very challenging due to the proximity to vital structures and/or difficulties in accessing them for the removal. [1] Followin...

Emergency Medical Services Response to Active Shooter Incidents: Provider Comfort Level and Attitudes Before and After Participation in a Focused Response Training Program.

Introduction Emergency Medical Services (EMS) routinely stage in a secure area in response to active shooter incidents until the scene is declared safe by law enforcement. Due to the time-sensitive nature of injuries at these incidents, some EMS systems have adopted response tactics utilizing law enforcement protection to expedite life-saving medical care.

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