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PubMed Journals Articles About "Impregnated With Silver Nanoparticles AgTive Cannulation Central Venous" RSS

17:04 EDT 29th May 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "impregnated with silver nanoparticles AgTive cannulation Central Venous" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,000+

Subclavian Vein Cannulation Success Rate in Neonates and Children.

Central vein cannulation allows the administration of large volumes of fluids in short times and at high osmolarities for rehydration, volume replacement, chemotherapy, and parenteral nutrition. Percutaneous central venous line insertion has replaced peripheral venous cut-down as the primary mode of short-term venous access in children.


Effectiveness of Minocycline/Rifampin vs Chlorhexidine/Silver Sulfadiazine-Impregnated Central Venous Catheters.

Silver Nanoparticles: A New View on Mechanistic Aspects on Antimicrobial Activity.

Silver nanoparticles are well known potent antimicrobial agent. Although significant progresses have been achieved on the elucidation of antimicrobial mechanism of silver nanoparticles, the exact mechanism of action is still not completely known. This overview incorporates a retrospective of previous reviews published and recent original contributions on the progress of research on antimicrobial mechanisms of silver nanoparticles. The main topics discussed include release of silver nanoparticles and silver ...


Step-Reduced Synthesis of Starch-Silver Nanoparticles.

In the present process, silver nanoparticles were directly synthesized in a single step by microwave irradiation of a mixture of starch, silver nitrate, and deionized water. This is different from the commonly adopted procedure for starch-silver nanoparticle synthesis in which silver nanoparticles are synthesized by preparing a starch solution as a reaction medium first. Thus, the additional step associated with the preparation of the starch solution was eliminated. In addition, no additional reducing agent...

Toxic effects of silver nanoparticles in mammals - does a risk of neurotoxicity exist?

Over the last decade, silver nanoparticles have become an important class of nanomaterials utilized in the development of new nanotechnologies. Despite the fact that nanosilver is used in many commercial applications, our knowledge about its associated risks is incomplete. Although a number of studies have been undertaken to better understand the impact of silver nanoparticles on the environment, aquatic organisms and cell lines, little is known about their side effects in mammalian organisms. This review s...

Evaluation of adjusted central venous blood gases versus arterial blood gases of patients in post-operative paediatric cardiac surgical intensive care unit.

Central venous catheters are in situ in most of the intensive care unit (ICU) patients, which may be an alternative for determining acid-base status and can reduce complications from prolonged arterial cannulation. The aim of this study was to examine the reliability between adjusted central venous blood gas (aVBG) and arterial blood gas (ABG) samples for pH, partial pressure of carbon-di-oxide (pCO2), bicarbonate (HCO3 (-)), base excess (BE) and lactates in paediatric cardiac surgical ICU.

Long-Axis Versus Short-Axis View of Ultrasound-Guided Central Venous Cannulation.

Silver Nanoparticles Stabilized Using Chitosan Films: Preparation, Properties and Antibacterial Activity.

In this work we present silver nanoparticles coated with chitosan films synthesized by a simple, environmentally friendly method. Silver nanoparticles were prepared and stabilized by reduction of silver nitrate with chitosan without addition of harmful reduction agents. The presence of silver nanoparticles in the solid films was studied by the X-ray diffraction spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. Solid films were dissolved and the solution was observed by the ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy ...

Encapsulated Silver Nanoparticles Can Be Directly Converted to Silver Nanoshell in the Gas Phase.

We report, for the first time, that an encapsulated silver nanoparticle can be directly converted to a silver nanoshell through a nanoscale localized oxidation and reduction process in the gas phase. Silver can be etched when exposed to a mixture of NH3/O2 gases through a mechanism analogous to the formation of aqueous Tollens' reagent, in which a soluble silver-ammonia complex was formed. Starting with Ag@resorcinol-formaldehyde (RF) resin core-shell nanoparticles, we demonstrate that RF-core@Ag-shell nano...

Pseudomonas deceptionensis DC5-mediated synthesis of extracellular silver nanoparticles.

The biological synthesis of metal nanoparticles is of great interest in the field of nanotechnology. The present work highlights the extracellular biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Pseudomonas deceptionensis DC5. The particles were synthesized in the culture supernatant within 48 h of incubation. Extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles in the culture supernatant was confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, which showed the absorption peak at 428 nm, and also under field emissi...

Multilevel modeling of retention and disinfection efficacy of silver nanoparticles on ceramic water filters.

This research examined how variations in synthesis methods of silver nanoparticles affect both the release of silver from ceramic water filters (CWFs) and disinfection efficacy. The silver nanoparticles used were stabilized by four different molecules: citrate, polyvinylpyrrolidone, branched polyethylenimine, and casein. A multilevel statistical model was built to quantify if there was a significant difference in: a) extent of silver lost, b) initial amount of silver lost, c) silver lost for water of differ...

The influence of joining central venous catheter and pressure transducer with T-junctions on central venous pressure.

To investigate the influence of the number of T-junctions between central venous catheter and pressure transducer on measurement of central venous pressure ( CVP ) in patients.

Reduction of silver (I) using defatted cashew nut shell starch and its structural comparison with commercial product.

In this current study, we report on the reduction of noble metal silver into silver nanoparticles using defatted cashew nut shell (CNS) starch as both the reducing and capping agents. Furthermore, it was compared with commercially available silver nanopowder for the first time. Color changes, ultraviolet-visible spectra (433.76nm), X-ray diffraction peaks (2θ=37.8, 46.3, 66.2, and 77.92) revealed the face-centered cubic (fcc) geometry of silver nanoparticles, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive ...

Biologically synthesised silver nanoparticles from three diverse family of plant extracts and their anticancer activity against epidermoid A431 carcinoma.

Biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles is a cost effective natural process where the phytochemicals specifically phenols, flavonoids and terpenoids present in the plant extracts act as capping and reducing agent. Due to their nano size regime the silver nanoparticles may directly bind to the DNA of the pathogenic bacterial strains leading to higher antimicrobial activity.

Right Internal Jugular Vein Cannulation: Carotid Artery-directed versus Sternocleidomastoid-directed Methods.

The aim of the present study was to explore a simple and safe method for central venous catheterization (CVC) from the right internal jugular vein (RIJV) by comparing carotid artery (CA) positioning with sternocleidomastoid (SCM) positioning. The medical records of patients who underwent CVC between January 2011 and January 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Central venous catheters were inserted into the RIJV either above the level of the cricoid cartilage using the CA-directed method (419 patients, Group...

Silver-impregnated hydrofiber dressing followed by delayed surgical closure for management of infants born with giant omphaloceles.

We successfully employed silver-impregnated hydrofiber dressing for management of giant omphaloceles (GO) followed by delayed surgical closure.

Randomized comparison of three transducer orientation approaches for ultrasound guided internal jugular venous cannulation.

Ultrasound-guided internal jugular venous access increases the rate of successful cannulation and reduces the incidence of complications, compared with the landmark technique. Three transducer orientation approaches have been proposed for this procedure: short-axis (SAX), long-axis (LAX) and oblique-axis (OAX). Our goal was to assess and compare the performance of these approaches.

Sumac Silver Novel Biodegradable Nano Composite for Bio-Medical Application: Antibacterial Activity.

The development of reliable and ecofriendly approaches for the production of nanomaterials is a significant aspect of nanotechnology nowadays. One of the most important methods, which shows enormous potential, is based on the green synthesis of nanoparticles using plant extract. In this paper, we aimed to develop a rapid, environmentally friendly process for the synthesis silver nanoparticles using aqueous extract of sumac. The bioactive compounds of sumac extract seem to play a role in the synthesis and ca...

Leaching and antimicrobial properties of silver nanoparticles loaded onto natural zeolite clinoptilolite by ion exchange and wet impregnation.

This study aimed to compare the leaching and antimicrobial properties of silver that was loaded onto the natural zeolite clinoptilolite by ion exchange and wet impregnation. Silver ions were reduced using sodium borohydride (NaBH4). The leaching of silver from the prepared silver-clinoptilolite (Ag-EHC) nanocomposite samples and their antimicrobial activity on Escherichia coli Epi 300 were investigated. It was observed that the percentage of silver loaded onto EHC depended on the loading procedure and the c...

In Situ Synthesis of Antimicrobial Silver Nanoparticles within Antifouling Zwitterionic Hydrogels by Catecholic Redox Chemistry for Wound Healing Application.

A multifunctional hydrogel that combines the dual functionality of both antifouling and antimicrobial capacities holds great potential for many bioapplications. Many approaches and different materials have been employed to synthesize such a material. However, a systematic study including in-vitro and in-vivo evaluation on such a material as wound dressings are highly scarce at present. Herein, we report on a new strategy that uses catecholic chemistry to synthesize anti-microbial silver nanoparticles impreg...

A comparative study on biologically and chemically synthesized silver nanoparticles induced Heat Shock Proteins on fresh water fish Oreochromis niloticus.

The wide applicability of silver nanoparticles in medicine and pharmaceutical industries leads to its over exploitation and thus contaminating our environment. Majority of these nanoscale dimension particles finally accumulates in fresh water and marine ecosystem. As the nanoparticles behave entirely different from its corresponding bulk material, a better understanding of their environmental impacts in aquatic ecosystems is inevitable. The study was focused on a comparative stress physiology analysis of ch...

Apoptotic efficacy of biogenic silver nanoparticles on human breast cancer MCF-7 cell lines.

This article describes the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the aqueous extract of Alternanthera sessilis as a reducing agent by sonication, espousing green chemistry principles. Biologically synthesized nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems have significant potential in the field of biopharmaceutics due to its smaller size entailing high surface area and synergistic effects of embedded biomolecules. In the present work the cytotoxic effect of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles studied by MTT ass...

Pentacenequinone Stabilized Silver Nanoparticles: A Reusable Catalyst for the Diels-Alder 4 + 2 Cycloaddition Reactions.

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) stabilized by aggregates of derivative 4 have been used as catalyst for the construction of synthetically and biologically important [4+2] cycloadducts at room temperature.

Tunnelled central venous line-associated infections in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension treated with intravenous prostacyclin.

Intravenous prostacyclins are a valuable treatment for patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension, leading to improved exercise capacity, haemodynamics, quality of life and survival. Unfortunately, due to the short half-life of these drugs, they need to be administered continuously through central venous catheters. Despite aseptic technique, regular dressing changes, tunneled central venous catheters and patient education, patients are exposed to central venous catheter associated infections. Thes...

Revealing the nanoparticles aspect ratio in the glass-metal nanocomposites irradiated with femtosecond laser.

We studied a femtosecond laser shaping of silver nanoparticles embedded in soda-lime glass. Comparing experimental absorption spectra with the modeling based on Maxwell Garnett approximation modified for spheroidal inclusions, we obtained the mean aspect ratio of the re-shaped silver nanoparticles as a function of the laser fluence. We demonstrated that under our experimental conditions the spherical shape of silver nanoparticles changed to a prolate spheroid with the aspect ratio as high as 3.5 at the lase...


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