PubMed Journals Articles About "Impregnated With Silver Nanoparticles AgTive Cannulation Central Venous" RSS

12:27 EST 21st January 2017 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "impregnated with silver nanoparticles AgTive cannulation Central Venous" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 8,800+

Application of Silver and Silver Oxide Nanoparticles Impregnated on Activated Carbon to the Degradation of Bromate.

Silver and silver oxide nanoparticles were impregnated on the surface of powdered activated carbon (PAC) using a single-step liquid phase plasma (LPP) method. Spherical silver and silver oxide nanoparticles of 20 to 100 nm size were dipersed evenly on the surface of PAC. The impregnated PAC exhibited a higher activity for the decomposition of bromate than bare PAC. The XPS, Raman and EDX analyses showed that the Ag/PAC composites synthesized by the LPP process.

Guide Wire Loss of Femoral Venous Cannulation: Case Report and Literature Review.

Placement of a central venous catheter (CVC) is a common procedure, often replaced by femoral vein cannulation. The overall complication rate is 12 - 15%. Loss of a complete guide wire into the circulation is a rare and preventable complication. Here we report a case of guide wire loss during femoral venous cannulation and literature review.

DNA-Mediated Morphological Control of Silver Nanoparticles.

It is demonstrated that DNA can be used to control the synthesis of silver nanoplates with different morphologies using spherical silver seeds. UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and Raman spectroscopy are used to characterize the synthesized nanoparticles. Silver nanoprisms are encoded by poly C and poly G, while silver flower bouquets and silver nanodiscs are synthesized using poly A and poly T, respectively. The length of...

Changes in clinical practice for central venous access cannulation after the introduction of ultrasound studies in the ICU.

Comparative antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesised by biological and chemical routes with pluronic F68 as a stabilising agent.

The authors report the comparative antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesised by biological (using Fusarium oxysporum) and chemical routes in the presence and absence of pluronic F68 as a stabilising agent. The production of silver nanoparticles was evidenced by UV-visible spectra, with absorbance at about 420 nm in the case of both biological and chemical synthesis. X-ray diffraction pattern confirmed the presence of face-centred cubic structure (FCC plane). The nanoparticles characterised ...

Central venous catheter cannulation by a trained ultrasound team in onco-haematological patients.

Newly Developed Biocompatible Material: Dispersible Titanium-Doped Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles Suitable for Antibacterial Coating on Intravascular Catheters.

Thirteen patients with chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine-impregnated catheters have experienced serious anaphylactic shock in Japan. These adverse reactions highlight the lack of commercially available catheters impregnated with strong antibacterial chemical agents. A system should be developed that can control both biocompatibility and antibacterial activity.

Ultrasound guided technique for central venous catheters cannulation in critical care patients.

Morphology and Optical Properties of Bare and Silica Coated Hybrid Silver Nanoparticles.

Owing to their wide applications in the field of optoelectronics, photonics, catalysis, and medicine; plasmonic metal nanoparticles are attaining considerable interest nowadays. The optical properties of these metal nanoparticles depend upon their size, shape, and surrounding medium. The present work studies the morphology and optical properties of bare silver nanoparticles and silica coated hybrid silver nanoparticles. Aqueous phase mediated synthesis and water-in-oil microemulsion mediated synthesis are t...

Biosynthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles by Aspergillus Species.

Currently, researchers turn to natural processes such as using biological microorganisms in order to develop reliable and ecofriendly methods for the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles. In this study, we have investigated extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using four Aspergillus species including A. fumigatus, A. clavatus, A. niger, and A. flavus. We have also analyzed nitrate reductase activity in the studied species in order to determine the probable role of this enzyme in the biosynthesi...

Multilevel modeling of retention and disinfection efficacy of silver nanoparticles on ceramic water filters.

This research examined how variations in synthesis methods of silver nanoparticles affect both the release of silver from ceramic water filters (CWFs) and disinfection efficacy. The silver nanoparticles used were stabilized by four different molecules: citrate, polyvinylpyrrolidone, branched polyethylenimine, and casein. A multilevel statistical model was built to quantify if there was a significant difference in: a) extent of silver lost, b) initial amount of silver lost, c) silver lost for water of differ...

Amphotericin B-conjugated biogenic silver nanoparticles as an innovative strategy for fungal infections.

New strategies are required to improve the efficacy of drugs and to treat the emerging microbial resistance. An effective strategy is to combine drugs with metal nanoparticles for the control of microbial infections and resistance. Keeping in view this fact, we developed a facile and eco-friendly protocol for the synthesis of amphotericin B-conjugated silver nanoparticles and their assessment as an antifungal agent. Phytochemicals from the aqueous extract of Maytenus royleanus and amphotericin B were used a...

Impact electrochemistry on screen-printed electrodes for the detection of monodispersed silver nanoparticles of sizes 10-107 nm.

Impact electrochemistry provides a useful alternative technique for the detection of silver nanoparticles in solutions. The combined use of impact electrochemistry on screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) for the successful detection of silver nanoparticles provides an avenue for future on-site, point-of-care detection devices to be made for environmental, medicinal and biological uses. Here we discuss the use of screen-printed electrodes for the detection of well-defined monodispersed silver nanoparticles of si...

Clinical Experience With the Use of Negative Pressure Wound Therapy Combined With a Silver-impregnated Dressing in Mixed Wounds: A Retrospective Study of 50 Cases.

Although negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been used for more than 20 years, as far as the authors are aware, there is little research aimed at the evaluation of the combination of NPWT with a silver-impregnated dressing.

New method for sequestration of silver nanoparticles in aqueous media: in route toward municipal wastewater.

Nanomaterials are widely used in industry for their specific properties. Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are largely used in several consumer products notably for their antibacterial properties and will likely be found in wastewater, then in the receiving environment. The development of a product capable to sequestrate those released contaminants is needed. Under environmental conditions, the biopolymer chitosan can generally coordinate the cationic metals. Ag NPs present unique properties due to their high s...

Antibacterial cotton fibers treated with silver nanoparticles and quaternary ammonium salts.

Cotton fibers were treated chemically with glycidyltrimethylammonium chloride (GTAC), a quaternary ammonium salt, and coated with silver nanoparticles/3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (3-MPTMS) to increase the antibacterial efficacy. The coating process was accomplished by soaking the cotton fibers into a GTAC solution followed by a dry-cure method, and silver colloid/3-MPTMS solution was then applied at 43°C for 90min. The properties of the cotton fibers were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, X-ra...

Dynamic Ultrasound-Guided Short-Axis Needle Tip Navigation Technique for Facilitating Cannulation of Peripheral Veins in Obese Patients.

This preliminary observational study evaluated a specific ultrasound technique for venous access. Ultrasound was utilized for navigating a needle and catheter within the vessel lumen after venopuncture. One hundred adult obese surgical patients without visible vessels on their upper extremities were enrolled. Forty-five different operators ranging from medical students to attending anesthesia faculty performed venous cannulation with the specific ultrasound technique. Veins in 95 patients were cannulated su...

Spectral Studies of UV and Solar Photocatalytic Degradation of AZO Dye and Textile Dye Effluents Using Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles.

The photocatalytic degradation of the chemical dye AZO and dye effluents in different time duration has been investigated using biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles. Dye industry effluents and AZO dye undergo degradation to form harmless intermediate and colourless products following irradiation by UV and solar light in the presence of green synthesized silver nanoparticles. The degree of degradation was tested under the experimental conditions such as P(H), temperature, and absorbance of the dye i...

Metal nanoparticles in the presence of lipopolysaccharides trigger the onset of metal allergy in mice.

Many people suffer from metal allergy, and the recently demonstrated presence of naturally occurring metal nanoparticles in our environment could present a new candidate for inducing metal allergy. Here, we show that mice pretreated with silver nanoparticles (nAg) and lipopolysaccharides, but not with the silver ions that are thought to cause allergies, developed allergic inflammation in response to the silver. nAg-induced acquired immune responses depended on CD4(+) T cells and elicited IL-17A-mediated inf...

Surface sorption and nanoparticle production as a silver detoxification mechanism of the freshwater alga Parachlorella kessleri.

SEM, EDS, TEM, FTIR and UV-vis analysis were used to investigate the biosorption, bioaccumulation and bioreduction of silver by the freshwater green alga Parachlorella kessleri. The dead algal biomass showed high potential for silver removal; 75% of silver was removed within 2min. Surface sorption was the main mechanism; bioreduction contributed to the biosorption only to a small extent. In the presence of living P. kessleri cells a 68% decrease of silver concentration was observed within 24h, but subsequen...

Predicting Central Venous Pressure by Measuring Femoral Venous Diameter Using Ultrasonography.

The objective of this exploratory study was to find out the correlation of femoral vein diameter (FVD) to central venous pressure (CVP) measurements and to derive a prediction equation to help ascertain the fluid volume status in a critical patient.

Sulfur and sulfur nanoparticles as potential antimicrobials: from traditional medicine to nanomedicine.

The alarming rate of infections caused by various pathogens and development of their resistance towards a large number of antimicrobial agents has generated an essential need to search for novel and effective antimicrobial agents. Metal nanoparticles such as silver have been widely used and accepted as strong antimicrobial agents, but considering the cost effectiveness and significant bioactivities, researchers are looking to utilize sulfur nanoparticles as an effective alternative to silver nanoparticles.

Migration of a Central Venous Catheter in a Hemodialysis Patient Resulted in Left Atrial Perforation and Thrombus Formation Requiring Open Heart Surgery.

Central venous catheterization is widely used in patients on hemodialysis. A rare complication associated with the clinical use of central venous catheters is perforation of the heart or major vessels. We report a case of inadvertent perforation of the left atrium and thrombosis after the placement of a hemodialysis catheter in the right internal jugular vein. In such cases, surgical removal of the central venous catheter from perforation sites in the heart and vessel walls poses anesthetic challenges becau...

Environment friendly approach for size controllable synthesis of biocompatible Silver nanoparticles using diastase.

A green, facile method for the size selective synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using diastase as green reducing and stabilizing agent is reported. The thiol groups present in the diastase are mainly responsible for the rapid reaction rate of silver nanoparticles synthesis. The variation in the size and morphology of AgNPs were studied by changing the pH of diastase. The prepared silver nanoparticles were characterized by using UV-vis, XRD, FTIR, TEM and SAED. The FTIR analysis revealed the stabiliz...

Stable silver isotope fractionation in the natural transformation process of silver nanoparticles.

Nanoparticles in the environment can form by natural processes or be released due to human activities. Owing to limited analytical methods, the behaviour of nanoparticles in the natural environment is poorly understood and until now they have only been described by the variations in the nanoparticle size or the concentration of the element of interest. Here we show that by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to measure silver (Ag) isotope ratios it is possible to understand the transformation...

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