PubMed Journals Articles About "Impregnated With Silver Nanoparticles AgTive Cannulation Central Venous" RSS

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Showing "impregnated with silver nanoparticles AgTive cannulation Central Venous" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 9,300+

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Efficiency of chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine-impregnated venous catheters at subclavian sites.

Cost-effectiveness analyses show that chlorhexidine-silver sulfadiazine (CHSS)-impregnated catheters reduce catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) and central venous catheter (CVC)-related costs. However, no studies have reported the efficiency of CHSS-impregnated catheters for venous access when the risk of CRBSI is low; for example, at the subclavian site. This study determined the cost of a CVC, diagnosis of CRBSI, and antimicrobial agents to treat CRBSI; we did not consider the cost of increased...

Malposition of central venous catheter in the jugular venous arch via external jugular vein -a case report.

The central venous cannulation is commonly performed in the operating rooms and intensive care units for various purposes. Although the central venous catheter (CVC) is used in many ways, the malpositioning of the CVC is often associated with serious complications. We report a case of an unexpected malposition of a CVC in the jugular venous arch via external jugular vein.

Ultrasound-guided cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein in neonates and infants.

Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion in neonates and small infants is a challenging and high risk procedure. Ultrasound (US) guided cannulation increases the success rate and reduces procedural-related complications. The internal jugular vein is the most frequent site for US-guided CVC insertion. However this approach is technically demanding in neonates and small infants. US-guided supraclavicular cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein (BCV) is a new approach that may be advantageous in case of difficu...

Clinical evaluation of a silver-impregnated foam dressing in paediatric partial-thickness burns.

Mepilex Ag, a silver-impregnated foam dressing, was introduced to our institution in 2007 and our outcomes in the treatment of paediatric burns were observed to improve significantly. In order to confirm these observations, we wanted to evaluate the results of using the silver-impregnated foam dressing in partial-thickness paediatric burns.

Optimizing the Design and Synthesis of Supported Silver Nanoparticles for Low Cost Water Disinfection.

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were successfully synthesized and impregnated on silica using chemical reduction methods. XPS and Ag K-edge XANES analysis revealed that the impregnation of AgNPs onto silica using a chitosan + sodium borohydride (NaBH4) method results in higher silver loading and Ag(0)/Ag(I) ratio compared to that obtained using NH3 + NaBH4/glucose methods. The effects of the dosage of chitosan on silver loading, Ag(I) release, and bactericidal activities of AgNP-impregnated silica were investi...

Impact of antibiotic- and silver-impregnated external ventricular drains on the risk of infections: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

External ventricular drainage (EVD) is one of the most common and effective procedures in neurosurgery practice. However, catheter-related infection (CRI), which is associated with significant mortality and morbidity, plagues this procedure. We evaluated the efficacy of antibiotic-impregnated EVD (AI-EVD) and silver-impregnated EVD (SI-EVD) catheters compared with plain EVD catheters for the prevention of CRI.

New paradigm shift for the green synthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles utilizing plant extracts.

This review covers general information regarding the green synthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles. Owing to their antibacterial properties, silver nanoparticles are widely used in many areas, especially biomedical applications. In green synthesis practices, the chemical reducing agents are eliminated, and biological entities are utilized to convert silver ions to silver nanoparticles. Among the various biological entities, natural plant extracts have emerged as green reducing agents, providing eco-...

Anodic Stripping Voltammetry of Silver Nanoparticles: Aggregation Leads to Incomplete Stripping.

The influence of nanoparticle aggregation on anodic stripping voltammetry is reported. Dopamine-capped silver nanoparticles were chosen as a model system, and melamine was used to induce aggregation in the nanoparticles. Through the anodic stripping of the silver nanoparticles that were aggregated to different extents, it was found that the peak area of the oxidative signal corresponding to the stripping of silver to silver(I) ions decreases with increasing aggregation. Aggregation causes incomplete strippi...

Evolution of Silver Nanoparticles in the Rat Lung Investigated by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy.

Following a 6-hour inhalation exposure to aerosolized 20 and 110 nm diameter silver nanoparticles, lung tissues from rats were investigated with X-ray absorption spectroscopy, which can identify the chemical state of silver species. Lung tissues were processed immediately after sacrifice of the animals at 0, 1, 3 and 7 days post exposure and the samples were stored in an inert and low temperature environment until measured. We found that it is critical to follow a proper processing, storage and measurement ...

Transhepatic cannulation for venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

Limited vascular access due to vessel injury or thrombosis may complicate care of children with congenital heart disease. While transhepatic venous access for cardiac catheterization and central venous catheter placement has been utilized in children, its use for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has not been described. We report successful use of transhepatic cannulation for venovenous ECMO to support a 15 month-old child with bidirectional Glenn anatomy and intractable hypoxemia.

Toxicity of fungal-generated silver nanoparticles to soil-inhabiting Pseudomonas putida KT2440, a rhizospheric bacterium responsible for plant protection and bioremediation.

Silver nanoparticles have attracted considerable attention due to their beneficial properties. But toxicity issues associated with them are also rising. The reports in the past suggested health hazards of silver nanoparticles at the cellular, molecular, or whole organismal level in eukaryotes. Whereas, there is also need to examine the exposure effects of silver nanoparticle to the microbes, which are beneficial to humans as well as environment. The available literature suggests the harmful effects of physi...

Bedside Ultrasonography for Arteriovenous Fistula Cannulation.

Difficulty in accessing a new arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a common technical issue in hemodialysis patients, which often leads to interventional radiology and/or vascular surgery referral. As a consequence, the patient who needs dialysis may require a temporary dialysis catheter with its known potential complications. We present a case where bedside ultrasonography facilitated successful cannulation of a difficult AVF. Ultrasonography (US) training in this procedure may allow early cannulation of new AVF...

Bio-Functionalized Silver Nanoparticles: a Novel Colorimetric Probe for Cysteine Detection.

Chemical interactions between nanoparticles and biomolecules are vital for applying nanoparticles in medicine and life science. Development of sensitive, rapid, low-cost, and eco-friendly sensors for the detection of molecules acting as disease indicator is need of an hour. In the present investigation, a green trend for silver nanoparticle synthesis was followed using leaf extract of Calotropis procera. Silver nanoparticles exhibited surface plasmon absorption peak at 421 nm, spherical shape with average ...

Biogenic silver and gold nanoparticles synthesized using red ginseng root extract, and their applications.

In the present study, we report a green methodology for the synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles, using the root extract of the herbal medicinal plant Korean red ginseng. The silver and gold nanoparticles were synthesized within 1 h and 10 min respectively. The nanoparticles generated were not aggregated, and remained stable for a long time, which suggests the nature of nanoparticles. The phytochemicals and ginsenosides present in the root extract assist in reducing and stabilizing the synthesized nan...

Is Long-Axis View Superior to Short-Axis View in Ultrasound-Guided Central Venous Catheterization?

To evaluate whether using long-axis or short-axis view during ultrasound-guided internal jugular and subclavian central venous catheterization results in fewer skin breaks, decreased time to cannulation, and fewer posterior wall penetrations.

Interaction of silver nanoparticles with tethered bilayer lipid membranes.

Silver nanoparticles are well known for their antibacterial properties. However, the detailed mechanism describing the interaction between the nanoparticles and a cell membrane is not fully understood, which can impede the use of the particles in biomedical applications. Here, a tethered bilayer lipid membrane has been used as a model system to mimic a natural membrane and to study the effect of exposure to small silver nanoparticles with diameters of about 2 nm. The solid supported membrane architecture al...

The malposition of central venous catheters in children.

Contemporary medical care, especially in the field of pediatrics often requires central venous line (CVC - Central Venous Catheter) implantation for carrying out treatment. Some conditions are treated intravenously for several months, other require long-term venous access due to periodical administration of medications or daily nutritional supplementation.

New Toxicity Mechanism of Silver Nanoparticles: Promoting Apoptosis and Inhibiting Proliferation.

Silver nanoparticles are increasingly recognized for their utility in biological applications, especially antibacterial effects. Herein, we confirmed the antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles on Escherichia coli using the conventional optical density (OD) and colony-forming units (CFU) method and used flow cytometry (FC), TEM and BrdU ELISA to investigate the mechanisms of this effect. From the results, we conclude that AgNPs can simultaneously induce apoptosis and inhibit new DNA synthesis in the ce...

Antibacterial wound dressing from chitosan/polyethylene oxide nanofibers mats embedded with silver nanoparticles.

Novel antibacterial nanomaterials have been developed for biomedical applications. The present study involves the preparation and properties of antibacterial nanofibers from chitosan/polyethylene oxide electrospun nanofibers incorporated with silver nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles were efficiently synthesized in situ after ultra violet (UV) with AgNO3 as precursor and chitosan/polyethylene oxide as reducing agent and protecting agent, respectively. Then the resultant solutions were electrospun into nano...

A dual amplification strategy for DNA detection combining bio-barcode assay and metal-enhanced fluorescence modality.

Silver-enhanced fluorescence was coupled with a bio-barcode assay to facilitate a dual amplification assay to demonstrate a non-enzymatic approach for simple and sensitive detection of DNA. In the assay design, magnetic nanoparticles seeded with silver nanoparticles were modified with the capture DNA, and silver nanoparticles were modified with the binding of ssDNA and the fluorescently labeled barcode dsDNA. Upon introduction of the target DNA, a sandwich structure was formed because of the hybridization r...

The Influence of the Capping Agent on the Oxidation of Silver Nanoparticles: Nano-impacts versus Stripping Voltammetry.

The influence of capping agents on the oxidation of silver nanoparticles was studied by using the electrochemical techniques of anodic stripping voltammetry and anodic particle coulometry ("nano-impacts"). Five spherical silver nanoparticles each with a different capping agent (branched polyethylenimine (BPEI), citrate, lipoic acid, polyethylene glycol (PEG) and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)) were used to perform comparative experiments. In all cases, regardless of the capping agent, complete oxidation of the ...

Non-Invasive Bedside Assessment of Central Venous Pressure: Scanning into the Future.

Noninvasive evaluation of central venous pressure (CVP) can be achieved by assessing the Jugular Venous Pressure (JVP), Peripheral Venous Collapse (PVC), and ultrasound visualization of the inferior vena cava. The relative accuracy of these techniques compared to one another and their application by trainees of varying experience remains uncertain. We compare the application and utility of the JVP, PVC, and handheld Mini Echo amongst trainees of varying experience including a medical student, internal medic...

Central venous catheter as vascular approach for hemodialysis - our experiences.

Application of a central venous catheter (CVC), as a temporary or permanent vascular access for hemodialysis, has been continuous practice at the Sarajevo Pediatric Clinic, Department of Pediatric Intensive Care. The main goal of the article is to present our experiences with central venous catheters in the treatment of these patients.

Mussel-Inspired Electrospun Nanofibers Functionalized with Size Controlled Silver Nanoparticles for Wound Dressing Application.

Electrospun nanofibers that contain silver nanoparticles have a strong antibacterial activity that is beneficial to wound healing. However, most of the literature available on the bactericidal effects of this material is based on the use of AgNPs with uncontrolled size, shape, surface properties, and degree of aggregation. In this study, we report the first versatile synthesis of novel catechol moieties presenting electrospun nanofibers functionalized with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) through catechol redox...

Reverse Trendelenburg position is a safer technique for lowering central venous pressure without decreasing blood pressure than clamping of the inferior vena cava below the liver.

Bleeding remains an important intraoperative complication in patients who undergo hepatectomy. It is generally believed that a reduction in central venous pressure will decrease bleeding from the hepatic venous system. To our knowledge, however, no study has compared the effectiveness of these techniques for controlling bleeding. So we compared the effectiveness of central venous pressure control techniques, such as infrahepatic inferior vena cava clamping, changes in surgical position of the patient, and h...

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