Effects of Antithymocyte Globulin in Adults With Myelodysplastic Syndrome
Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is a rare, potentially serious bone marrow disease. Currently available treatments for MDS have been only somewhat beneficial. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of the medication antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in adults with MDS and to determine which individuals with MDS are most likely to benefit from treatment with ATG.
In people with MDS, the bone marrow stops making healthy blood cells and instead produces poorly functioning, malformed, and immature blood cells. This can lead to anemia resulting from too few healthy red blood cells, infection resulting from too few healthy white blood cells, and bleeding resulting from too few healthy platelets. The exact cause of MDS remains unknown, but it may be caused by abnormal autoimmune activity in which activated T cells, a type of white blood cell, prevent normal bone marrow production. ATG, a medication that inhibits immune function, can restore normal blood production in some people with MDS, but it is not known how this happens and why it does not happen in all MDS patients. The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of ATG in adults with MDS and to determine which individuals with MDS are most likely to benefit from treatment with ATG.
Based on disease severity and likely disease progression, participants will be separated into either a high-risk group or a low-risk group. Participants will be hospitalized for a 4-day period during which they will receive daily infusions of ATG. Oral prednisone will be given 2 days before hospitalization, throughout hospitalization, and then for 14 days after hospitalization to limit the side effects of ATG. Antihistamines and acetaminophen will also be given during hospitalization to reduce the chances of an allergic reaction to ATG. After discharge, all participants will attend monthly study visits that will include blood collection, review of disease symptoms, and evaluation of medication response. At Week 16, participants in the high-risk group will undergo additional blood collection, a bone marrow biopsy, and a thorough evaluation of disease progression and the effects of MDS on daily living abilities. Participants in the low-risk group will undergo these same procedures at Week 24. Follow-up for all participants may last up to 2 years.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Antithymocyte globulin (ATG), Prednisone
UCLA Oncology Center
Office of Rare Diseases (ORD)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00466843
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Clonal myeloid disorders that possess both dysplastic and proliferative features but are not properly classified as either MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES or MYELOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS.
A glycoprotein migrating as alpha 1-globulin, molecular weight 70,000 to 120,000. The protein, which is present in increased amounts in the plasma during pregnancy, binds mainly progesterone, with other steroids including testosterone competing weakly.
N(2)-((1-(N(2)-L-Threonyl)-L-lysyl)-L-prolyl)-L-arginine. A tetrapeptide produced in the spleen by enzymatic cleavage of a leukophilic gamma-globulin. It stimulates the phagocytic activity of blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes and neutrophils in particular. The peptide is located in the Fd fragment of the gamma-globulin molecule.
A synthetic anti-inflammatory glucocorticoid derived from CORTISONE. It is biologically inert and converted to PREDNISOLONE in the liver.
An antineoplastic agent used primarily in combination with mechlorethamine, vincristine, and prednisone (the MOPP protocol) in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease.
RATIONALE: Antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine may improve blood counts in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. It is not yet known whether antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine a...
The different mechanisms of action between Antithymocyte globulin and cyclosporine can improve the effectivity when both are used in combination in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome.
RATIONALE: Immunosuppressive therapy may improve bone marrow abnormalities and may be effective treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome. It is not yet known whether immunosuppressive therap...
RATIONALE: Immunosuppressive therapy may improve bone marrow abnormalities and may be an effective treatment for myelodysplastic syndrome. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectivene...
Combination Chemotherapy and Antithymocyte Globulin in Reducing Graft-Versus-Host Disease in Patients Undergoing Donor Stem Cell Transplantation For Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Myeloproliferative Disorder
RATIONALE: Combining antithymocyte globulin with combination chemotherapy before donor peripheral stem cell transplantation may reduce the chance of developing graft-versus-host disease fo...
The impact of reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) on the outcomes of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from unrelated -donors (UD) remains to be determined. We therefore assessed 128 patients,...
The objective of this study was to compare efficacy and safety of alemtuzumab, antithymocyte globulin (ATG), and daclizumab for induction therapy in organ transplantation.
Immunosuppressive Therapy for Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome: A Prospective Randomized Multicenter Phase III Trial Comparing Antithymocyte Globulin Plus Cyclosporine With Best Supportive Care--SAKK 33/99.
PURPOSE Immunosuppressive treatment is reported to improve cytopenia in some patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Combined antithymocyte globulin (ATG) and cyclosporine (CSA) is most effectiv...