Indomethacin Versus Placebo in Women With Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes (PPROM)
The purpose of this study is to determine if the short term use of indomethacin will reduce the number of women delivering within 48 hours when given to women with preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) between 24- 32 weeks of gestation. We hypothesize that indomethacin's anti-inflammatory and tocolytic action will reduce the number of women delivering within 48 hours when given to women with PPROM between 24-32 weeks of gestation.
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is defined as rupture of the chorioamniotic membranes before the onset of labor prior to 37 weeks of gestation. The etiology of PPROM is not well understood but likely to be multifactorial. Although the underlying mechanism of PPROM is unknown, some speculate it is the human's inflammatory response to bacterial infection with the subsequent production of prostaglandins which weaken the fetal membranes. Therefore, the use of indomethacin, a prostaglandin inhibitor, may decrease prostaglandin synthesis leading to less uterine irritability and prevention of weakened membranes.
This is a double blind randomized controlled trial comparing indomethacin to placebo in women with PPROM between the gestational ages of 24-32 weeks. Women between the gestational age of 24 to 32 weeks with premature rupture of membranes and not in active labor will be eligible for this clinical trial. After informed consent, patients will be randomized to either indomethacin or placebo. Maternal and neonatal outcomes will be assessed.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes
Thomas Jefferson University Hospital
Thomas Jefferson University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00466128
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture
Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
Ventricular Premature Complexes
A type of cardiac arrhythmia with premature contractions of the HEART VENTRICLES. It is characterized by the premature QRS complex on ECG that is of abnormal shape and great duration (generally >129 msec). It is the most common form of all cardiac arrhythmias. Premature ventricular complexes have no clinical significance except in concurrence with heart diseases.
Drugs that prevent preterm labor and immature birth by suppressing uterine contractions (TOCOLYSIS). Agents used to delay premature uterine activity include magnesium sulfate, beta-mimetics, oxytocin antagonists, calcium channel inhibitors, and adrenergic beta-receptor agonists. The use of intravenous alcohol as a tocolytic is now obsolete.
Obstetric Labor, Premature
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.
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Citation Gulati S, Bhatnagar S, Raghunandan C, Bhattacharjee J. Interleukin-6 as a predictor of subclinical chorioamnionitis in preterm premature rupture of membranes. Am J Reprod Immunol 2011 Problem...