Effects of FXR Activation on Hepatic Lipid and Glucose Metabolism
The purpose of this study is to determine whether chenodeoxycholic acid decreases de novo hepatic lipogenesis, hepatic fat content, hepatic triglyceride production and plasma triglyceride concentrations and improves hepatic glucose metabolism in patients with the metabolic syndrome, Familial Hypertriglyceridemia and Familial Combined Hyperlipidemia.
Insulin resistance has been found to be the key pathophysiological factor of the metabolic syndrome and may precede the onset of impaired glucose tolerance, diabetes and dyslipidemia. Recently, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), has been identified as another feature of this syndrome. Importantly, a close relation between liver fat content and hepatic insulin sensitivity has been described. We hypothesize that activation of FXR with chenodeoxycholic acid decreases hepatic de novo lipogenesis and subsequently hepatic fat content and triglyceride production. The decrease in liver fat content will be associated with improved hepatic insulin sensitivity and a decrease in hepatic glucose production.
Patients diagnosed with metabolic syndrome, familial hypertriglyceridemia or familial combined hyperlipidemia will be recruited from the the outpatients department of the Division of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition, University Hospital Basel. Eligible patients will be admitted to the CRC for metabolic studies, including baseline blood samples for the measurement of hormones, cytokines and adipokines, euglycemic-hyperinsulinemic clamp studies for the assessment of glucose turnover and insulin sensitivity and in vivo NMR studies to determine intrahepatic and intramyocellular lipid content. Patients will alternatively receive chenodeoxycholic acid and placebo. The study population will be compared to a group of age, gender and weight matched normolipidemic controls.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
chenodeoxycholic acid, placebo capsules
University Hospital Basel
University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00465751
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An envelope of loose gel surrounding a bacterial cell which is associated with the virulence of pathogenic bacteria. Some capsules have a well-defined border, whereas others form a slime layer that trails off into the medium. Most capsules consist of relatively simple polysaccharides but there are some bacteria whose capsules are made of polypeptides.
An epimer of chenodeoxycholic acid. It is a mammalian bile acid found first in the bear and is apparently either a precursor or a product of chenodeoxycholate. Its administration changes the composition of bile and may dissolve gallstones. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.
Metabolic Syndrome X
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
A bile acid, usually conjugated with either glycine or taurine. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for intestinal absorption and is reabsorbed by the small intestine. It is used as cholagogue, a choleretic laxative, and to prevent or dissolve gallstones.
ANGINA PECTORIS or angina-like chest pain with a normal coronary arteriogram and positive EXERCISE TEST. The cause of the syndrome is unknown. While its recognition is of clinical importance, its prognosis is excellent. (Braunwald, Heart Disease, 4th ed, p1346; Jablonski Dictionary of Syndromes & Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed). It is different from METABOLIC SYNDROME X, a syndrome characterized by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA, that has increased risk for cardiovascular disease.
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