PEARL Intervention to Reduce Depression Among Adults With Epilepsy
The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of a home-based depression treatment intervention called "Program to Encourage Active, Rewarding Lives (PEARL)". We hypothesize that over a 12-month period, compared to usual care, those receiving the PEARL intervention will show more improvement with their depression, have higher quality of life and function, and use fewer medical services.
Compared to non-depressed individuals with epilepsy, those with depression have significantly higher rates of suicide, lower social and occupational functioning, decreased quality of life independent of seizure frequency, and higher non-psychiatric health care utilization. Adults with epilepsy are more likely to be homebound as a result of reduced function and restrictions in driving, opportunities to obtain enhanced quality of care for depression may be limited. This study tests the effectiveness of a home-based multi-modal depression treatment intervention called Program to Encourage Active, Rewarding Lives (PEARL). PEARL consists of problem solving treatment, social and physical activation, pleasant events scheduling, support and education regarding antidepressant medication use as well as psychiatric consultation and recommendations regarding initiation or adjustment of antidepressant medications.
In a sample of adults with epilepsy who have minor depression, major depression and/or dysthymia, we hypothesize that over a 12-month period, compared to usual care, those randomized to the PEARL intervention will: achieve higher levels of depression response and remission, achieve higher quality of life and function, and utilize less non-psychiatric health care.
By providing a multi-modal, home-based stepped collaborative care intervention for adults with depression and epilepsy, this program will offer practical alternatives to usual care and will provide a program for improving depression outcomes, quality of life and potentially, epilepsy outcomes.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Program to Encourage Active, Rewarding Lives (PEARL)
Regional Epilepsy Center, Harborview Medical Center
Active, not recruiting
University of Washington
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00459329
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Decompression external to the body, most often the slow lessening of external pressure on the whole body (especially in caisson workers, deep sea divers, and persons who ascend to great heights) to prevent DECOMPRESSION SICKNESS. It includes also sudden accidental decompression, but not surgical (local) decompression or decompression applied through body openings.
Depression in POSTPARTUM WOMEN, usually within four weeks after giving birth (PARTURITION). The degree of depression ranges from mild transient depression to neurotic or psychotic depressive disorders. (From DSM-IV, p386)
Nonparasitic free-living flatworms of the class Turbellaria. The most common genera are Dugesia, formerly Planaria, which lives in water, and Bipalium, which lives on land. Geoplana occurs in South America and California.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
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