The Vascular Effects of Carvedilol CR Plus Lisinopril Versus Lisinopril Plus Hydrochlorothiazide in Abdominally Obese Hypertensive Patients
The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of two different combination therapies for high blood pressure on vascular health.
Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) has been a popular choice for the treatment of hypertension mainly due to its efficacy in lowering blood pressure, safety, and cost-effectiveness. Similarly, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I), because of their neutral to positive impact on glycemic control, have been a popular choice for addressing hypertension in abdominally obese patients. Furthermore, the ACE-I drug class has been shown to improve vascular endothelial function and inflammation in addition to its blood pressure lowering effects.
Conversely, beta-adrenergic receptor blockers (b-blockers) have generally been avoided as first line anti-hypertensive therapy in pre-diabetic patients due to concerns about worsening glycemic control and potential hastening of progression to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, recent data have shown that the 3rd generation b-blocker carvedilol does not negatively affect glucose metabolism and therefore may be a safe and effective choice for blood pressure control in these patients. This neutral glycemic effect is likely due to the fact that carvedilol is a non-selective b-receptor antagonist (blocks both b1 and b2 receptors) with a1-receptor blocking properties. In addition, carvedilol possesses anti-oxidant properties and improves endothelial function, potentially making it an attractive anti-hypertensive treatment strategy in patients with abdominal obesity.
The combination of carvedilol and lisinopril may be especially effective in reducing blood pressure and may act synergistically to address the impaired vascular function and increased inflammation and oxidative stress present in patients with the metabolic syndrome phenotype. Therefore the primary objective of the current study will be to evaluate the effects of carvedilol CR + lisinopril compared to lisinopril + HCTZ on vascular function in a head to head trial in abdominally obese, hypertensive patients. The secondary objective will be to compare the effects of these two anti-hypertensive therapies on plasma biomarkers of endothelial activation, inflammation, and oxidative stress in these patients.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
carvedilol cr, lisinopril, hydrochlorothiazide, carvedilol CR + lisinopril
St. Paul Heart Clinic
St. Paul Heart Clinic
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00459056
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
One of the ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS (ACE inhibitors), orally active, that has been used in the treatment of hypertension and congestive heart failure.
Fatty tissue inside the ABDOMINAL CAVITY, including visceral fat and retroperitoneal fat. It is the most metabolically active fat in the body and easily accessible for LIPOLYSIS. Increased visceral fat is associated with metabolic complications of OBESITY.
A protrusion of abdominal structures through the retaining ABDOMINAL WALL. It involves two parts: an opening in the abdominal wall, and a hernia sac consisting of PERITONEUM and abdominal contents. Abdominal hernias include groin hernia (HERNIA, FEMORAL; HERNIA, INGUINAL) and VENTRAL HERNIA.
A childhood counterpart of abdominal or extra-abdominal desmoid tumors, characterized by firm subcutaneous nodules that grow rapidly in any part of the body but do not metastasize. The adult form of abdominal fibromatosis is FIBROMATOSIS, ABDOMINAL. (Stedman, 25th ed)
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