Normal Serum Adiponectin Levels in Females
The purpose of the study is to establish the normal levels of the hormone adiponectin in women. Adiponectin is a newly discovered hormone, which is said to be associated with many changes in the human body and metabolism. The researchers aim is to establish the normal levels of this hormone. Hence, the researchers can identify people with abnormal levels who may be at risk of diseases and can do more studies to help them.
The prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in recent years . It is commonly associated with type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and hypertension, and the coexistence of these diseases has been termed the metabolic syndrome. White Adipose Tissue (WAT) has been increasingly recognized as an important endocrine organ that secretes a number of biologically active “adipokines” . Of these adipokines, adiponectin has recently attracted much attention because of its antidiabetic and antiatherogenic effects and is expected to be a novel therapeutic tool for diabetes and the metabolic syndrome . Adiponectin directly regulates glucose metabolism and insulin sensitivity by activation of AMPK.
Adiponectin expression is reduced in obese, insulin-resistant rodent models. Plasma adiponectin levels are also decreased in an obese rhesus monkey model that frequently develops type 2 diabetes. Levels have also been reported to be reduced in obese humans, particularly those with visceral obesity, and to correlate inversely with insulin resistance. Prospective and longitudinal studies have shown that lower adiponectin levels are associated with a higher incidence of diabetes.
Hypoadiponectinemia has been demonstrated to be independently associated with the metabolic syndrome. Reduced plasma adiponectin levels are also commonly observed in a variety of states frequently associated with insulin resistance, such as cardiovascular disease, ischemic heart disease, and hypertension. In women, lower adiponectin levels were associated with breast cancer, endometrial cancer, and polycystic ovarian syndrome.
By establishing normal serum levels of Adiponectin, researchers will be able to demonstrate deviations from the norm associated with investigated diseases and variables. When applied to pregnancy, it will help identify obstetrical complications associated with abnormal levels.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
drawing serum adiponectin level
Cooper University Hospital
Active, not recruiting
The Cooper Health System
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00454623
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A 30-kDa COMPLEMENT C1Q-related protein, the most abundant gene product secreted by FAT CELLS of the white ADIPOSE TISSUE. Adiponectin modulates several physiological processes, such as metabolism of GLUCOSE and FATTY ACIDS, and immune responses. Decreased plasma adiponectin levels are associated with INSULIN RESISTANCE; TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS; OBESITY; and ATHEROSCLEROSIS.
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental
Diabetes mellitus induced experimentally by administration of various diabetogenic agents or by PANCREATECTOMY.
Cell surface receptors for ADIPONECTIN, an antidiabetic hormone secreted by ADIPOCYTES. Adiponectin receptors are membrane proteins with multiple cytoplasmic and extracellular regions. They are about 43 kDa and encoded by at least two genes with different affinities for globular and full-length adiponectin.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with the disease of diabetes mellitus. Due to the impaired control of BLOOD GLUCOSE level in diabetic patients, pathological processes develop in numerous tissues and organs including the EYE, the KIDNEY, the BLOOD VESSELS, and the NERVE TISSUE.
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