Injectable Versus Oral Naltrexone Treatment of Alcohol Dependence In Serious Mental Illness (SMI)
The primary aim of this study is to determine the feasibility of long-acting injectable naltrexone administration in a clinical trial in patients with SMI who also have a diagnosis of alcohol dependence. Secondary aims include providing a preliminary assessment of the tolerability and safety of long-acting injectable naltrexone as compared with oral naltrexone in patients with SMI who also have a diagnosis of alcohol dependence. An additional aim is to provide a preliminary assessment of the efficacy of long-acting injectable naltrexone as compared with oral naltrexone in reducing alcohol use from baseline levels
The overall goal of this project is to improve the treatment of alcohol abuse and dependence in patients with serious mental illness (SMI). SMI for this study is defined as any patient with any of the following diagnoses: schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar type I disorder, major depressive disorder with psychotic features, or psychotic disorder not otherwise specified. Alcohol and other substance use disorders (SUDs) are common among individuals with SMI such as schizophrenia. SUD comorbidity is associated with many adverse consequences. However, to date, few reports have addressed the efficacy of pharmacological treatments for SUDs in this population. Naltrexone pharmacotherapy is an effective treatment for alcohol dependence, but it has not been systematically applied to the care of patients with SMI. This pilot study plans to use a new intramuscular long-acting form of naltrexone that needs to be administered every 4 weeks compared to daily oral naltrexone, which we are also studying in this pilot. This could improve adherence to a medication regimen, which has been shown to be critical to successful naltrexone treatment of alcohol dependence. The proposed project is a 1-year pilot program of research. It is a randomized prospective parallel groups open-label trial of long-acting intramuscular (IM) naltrexone injected every 4 weeks compared to monthly prescriptions of oral naltrexone in a cohort of 20 subjects, ten for each treatment modality. The study is 16 weeks in duration, consisting of a 12-week course of naltrexone plus one follow-up interview at 4 weeks after discontinuation of medication. Voucher-based incentives are provided to all subjects to ensure attendance for medication administration. Weekly motivational counseling sessions are conducted and focus on improving motivation to stop alcohol use. Study outcomes consist of self-report and biological measures of alcohol use as well as measures of psychiatric symptom severity.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
injectable naltrexone, oral naltrexone
SUNY Upstate Medical University
State University of New York - Upstate Medical University
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00453804
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
Agents that are used to treat bipolar disorders or mania associated with other affective disorders.
The prototypical tricyclic antidepressant. It has been used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. It has less sedative effect than some other members of this therapeutic group.
Disorders of the mouth attendant upon non-oral disease or injury.
Retinal Bipolar Cells
INTERNEURONS of the vertebrate RETINA containing two processes. They receive inputs from the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS and send outputs to the RETINAL GANGLION CELLS. The bipolar cells also make lateral connections in the retina with the RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS and with the AMACRINE CELLS.
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