Impact of Consumption of Orange-fleshed Sweet Potatoes on the Vitamin A Status of Bangladeshi Women of Reproductive Age
The primary purpose of this study is to determine whether daily consumption of orange-fleshed sweet potatoes increases the vitamin A status of Bangladeshi women of reproductive age. Secondary purposes of the study are to determine whether consumption of orange-fleshed sweet potatoes has an effect on the intestinal absorption of dietary iron or dietary zinc in Bangladeshi women of reproductive age.
Biofortification of plant source foods is a promising strategy for increasing dietary vitamin A intake and vitamin A status in populations at risk of deficiency. The primary purposes of this study are:
1. to assess the efficacy of daily consumption of boiled or fried orange-fleshed sweet potatoes (OFSP) for increasing the vitamin A status of non-pregnant, non-lactating Bangladeshi women, and
2. to estimate the relative vitamin A equivalency of beta-carotene from the two different preparations of OFSP (boiled or fried).
Secondary purposes are to assess the effect of daily consumption of OFSP on intestinal absorption of iron and zinc. Specifically, 120 non-pregnant, non-lactating women at risk of vitamin A deficiency will be randomly assigned to one of the following 4 treatment groups to receive, 600 micrograms RAE/d, 6 d/wk, for 60 days as either:
1. boiled OFSP
2. fried OFSP
3. retinyl palmitate, or 0 micrograms RAE/d as white-fleshed sweet potato (WFSP)
The paired stable isotope dilution technique will be used to estimate total body vitamin A pool size before and after 60-days of supplementation. The efficacy of consumption of OFSP will be assessed by comparing the mean change in vitamin A pool size in the OFSP groups to the mean change in vitamin A pool size in the negative control group (WFSP group). Relative vitamin A equivalency factors will be estimated by comparing the mean change in vitamin A pool size in the OFSP groups with the mean change in vitamin A pool size in the retinyl palmitate group. Intestinal iron absorption and iron status will be assessed before and after the 60-day supplementation period in a subset of women (n=50); and intestinal zinc absorption and zinc status will be assessed after the 60-day supplementation period (n=50). Intestinal absorption of iron and zinc will be compared by treatment group to determine whether consumption of OFSP has any effect on iron or zinc absorption in these women.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Vitamin A Deficiency
Consumption of orange-fleshed sweet potatoes
University of California, Davis
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00453648
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Vitamin E Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN E in the diet, characterized by posterior column and spinocerebellar tract abnormalities, areflexia, ophthalmoplegia, and disturbances of gait, proprioception, and vibration. In premature infants vitamin E deficiency is associated with hemolytic anemia, thrombocytosis, edema, intraventricular hemorrhage, and increasing risk of retrolental fibroplasia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. An apparent inborn error of vitamin E metabolism, named familial isolated vitamin E deficiency, has recently been identified. (Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1181)
Vitamin D Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN D in the diet, insufficient production of vitamin D in the skin, inadequate absorption of vitamin D from the diet, or abnormal conversion of vitamin D to its bioactive metabolites. It is manifested clinically as RICKETS in children and OSTEOMALACIA in adults. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1406)
Vitamin A Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN A in the diet, characterized by NIGHT BLINDNESS and other ocular manifestations such as dryness of the conjunctiva and later of the cornea (XEROPHTHALMIA). Vitamin A deficiency is a very common problem worldwide, particularly in developing countries as a consequence of famine or shortages of vitamin A-rich foods. In the United States it is found among the urban poor, the elderly, alcoholics, and patients with malabsorption. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1179)
Vitamin B 12 Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 12 in the diet, characterized by megaloblastic anemia. Since vitamin B 12 is not present in plants, humans have obtained their supply from animal products, from multivitamin supplements in the form of pills, and as additives to food preparations. A wide variety of neuropsychiatric abnormalities is also seen in vitamin B 12 deficiency and appears to be due to an undefined defect involving myelin synthesis. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p848)
Vitamin B 6 Deficiency
A nutritional condition produced by a deficiency of VITAMIN B 6 in the diet, characterized by dermatitis, glossitis, cheilosis, and stomatitis. Marked deficiency causes irritability, weakness, depression, dizziness, peripheral neuropathy, and seizures. In infants and children typical manifestations are diarrhea, anemia, and seizures. Deficiency can be caused by certain medications, such as isoniazid.
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