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This study will be a descriptive comparison of the effects of live attenuated influenza virus (FluMist) on nasal inflammation and oxidative stress in healthy young adults who are not exposed to smoke vs smokers. It is hypothesized that passive exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) results in increased susceptibility to the effects of influenza virus in nasal epithelium in humans and that these effects are mediated by SHS-induced oxidative stress
Epidemiologic evidence supports a significant relationship between passive cigarette smoke exposure and increased risk for viral respiratory illnesses. Published and preliminary data suggest that airborne pollutants including tobacco smoke increase susceptibility of respiratory epithelium to infection with influenza A and that this effect is at least partially mediated by oxidative stress. However, no studies have specifically looked at the interaction between smoking and the effects of influenza virus in human volunteers.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
UNC Center for Environmental Medicine, Asthma and Lung Biology
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:36-0400
The purpose of this study is to understand how consuming healthy cookies every day for two weeks will affect different types of fat in the blood. Specifically, the overall goal of this stu...
This is a Phase 1, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single ascending dose study designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of GX-I7 in ...
This study will obtain whole blood specimens from healthy subjects to be used for research and development and clinical validation of genetic assays.
This study is designed to evaluate the safety and tolerability of single ascending doses of UCB4019 administered by subcutaneous injection in healthy subjects.
The purpose of this study is to define the safety and the biochemical-physiological response of prolonged exposure to a normobaric low-oxygen environment in healthy volunteers.
The objective of this study was to determine if non-Hispanic Black adults' levels of endorsement of motivators and barriers related to healthy eating are significantly associated with their level of e...
There is great interest in developing tools to measure healthy ageing and to identify early stages of health impairment, which may guide the implementation of interventions to prevent or delay the dev...
Since the worldwide incidence of metabolic syndrome (Mets) has rapidly increased, healthy behaviors such as weight control, engaging in physical activity, and healthy diet have been crucial in the man...
Hospitals serve millions of meals and snacks each year; however, hospital food is often unhealthy. Hospitals are ideal settings for modeling healthy eating, but few programs have sought to improve nut...
Influenza or 'flu' is a respiratory illness associated with infection by influenza virus. Symptoms frequently include headache, fever, cough, sore throat, aching muscles and joints. There is a wide spectrum of severity of illness ranging from min...
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