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The Efficacy of Tamsulosin in the Treatment of Ureteral Stones in Emergency Department Patients

2014-08-27 03:39:37 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To determine if emergency department patients with acute ureteral colic pain due to a ureteral stone who are treated with tamsulosin, versus placebo, will experience a shorter time to passage of their stone or resolution of their pain. A secondary study objective will be to determine if there is a relationship between response to tamsulosin and stone size or position in the ureter.

Description

This is a prospective randomized placebo controlled study of tamsulosin alone, vs placebo, to determine its effect on the rates of stone passage and resolution of pain in patients with acute renal colic pain that present to the emergency department. The study will be conducted in the Emergency Department (ED)and Emergency Department Observation Unit (EDOU) of William Beaumont Hospital, a high volume, university affiliated 952 bed suburban teaching hospital.

Patients will be given a seven-day supply of tamsulosin (0.4mg daily) or placebo. They will also be given a prescription for Vicodin (30 pills) and Ibuprofen (600mg, 30 pills). They will be called on days 1, 2, 3, 7, and 10 following the index visit regarding passage of stone or 48 hours without pain. Patients will be asked to call in if they pass their stone or are without pain for 48 hours. Related return visits to Royal Oak or Troy Beaumont within 30 days of their index visit will be followed by chart review.

The study will be limited to patients presenting to the emergency department with acutely symptomatic renal colic pain. Confirmation of a symptomatic stone will be made by imaging (helical CT scan or intravenous pyelogram).

Study exclusion criteria:

- Stone not documented on imaging

- Stones >10mm

- Pregnancy

- Age <18 years

- Evidence of infection with an obstructing stone

- Obstructing stone in a solitary kidney

- Currently taking tamsulosin, vardenafil, nifedipine, or steroids

- Contraindications or allergy to tamsulosin

- Ureteral surgery

- Patients that are unable to understand consent

- Patients that are unable to comply with follow-up

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Kidney Stones

Intervention

Tamsulosin (Flomax)

Location

William Beaumont Hospital
Royal Oak
Michigan
United States
48073

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

William Beaumont Hospitals

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:39:37-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Stones in the KIDNEY, usually formed in the urine-collecting area of the kidney (KIDNEY PELVIS). Their sizes vary and most contains CALCIUM OXALATE.

A chronic inflammatory condition of the KIDNEY resulting in diffuse renal destruction, a grossly enlarged and nonfunctioning kidney associated with NEPHROLITHIASIS and KIDNEY STONES.

Stones in the URETER that are formed in the KIDNEY. They are rarely more than 5 mm in diameter for larger renal stones cannot enter ureters. They are often lodged at the ureteral narrowing and can cause excruciating renal colic.

A non-hereditary KIDNEY disorder characterized by the abnormally dilated (ECTASIA) medullary and inner papillary portions of the collecting ducts. These collecting ducts usually contain CYSTS or DIVERTICULA filled with jelly-like material or small calculi (KIDNEY STONES) leading to infections or obstruction. It should be distinguished from congenital or hereditary POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES.

Formation of stones in the KIDNEY.

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