Comparative Trial Of Disulfiram, Naltrexone And Acamprosate In The Treatment Of Alcohol Dependence
The aim of this study was to compare the effect of manual based cognitive therapy in adjunct of three different pharmacotherapy.
Context Alcoholism is common clinical problem and its treatment has no standard and is controversy. Different pharmacotherapy’s, acamporsate, nalterxone and disulfiram have shown to improve the drinking outcomes, but there is no randomized comparative studies on the effects of these three medications.
Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the effect of manual based cognitive therapy in adjunct of three different pharmacotherapy.
Design and setting Randomized, open label, multicentre naturalistic study, 12 week continuous medication followed by targeted medication up to 52weeks and 67 week follow up on voluntary treatment seeking alcohol dependent outpatients.
Participants 243 alcohol dependent adults. Intervention Subjects were randomized 1:1:1 to receive naltrexone, acamprosate or disulfiram, 50 mg, 1998 mg or 200 mg correspondingly per day. The patients were met weekly in first month, then after 3, 6 and 12 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Disulfiram, Acamprosate, Naltexone
National Public Health Institute, Department of Mental Health and Alcohol Research
National Institute for Health and Welfare, Finland
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00435435
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A carbamate derivative used as an alcohol deterrent. It is a relatively nontoxic substance when administered alone, but markedly alters the intermediary metabolism of alcohol. When alcohol is ingested after administration of disulfiram, blood acetaldehyde concentrations are increased, followed by flushing, systemic vasodilation, respiratory difficulties, nausea, hypotension, and other symptoms (acetaldehyde syndrome). It acts by inhibiting aldehyde dehydrogenase.
A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)
Derivative of noroxymorphone that is the N-cyclopropylmethyl congener of NALOXONE. It is a narcotic antagonist that is effective orally, longer lasting and more potent than naloxone, and has been proposed for the treatment of heroin addiction. The FDA has approved naltrexone for the treatment of alcohol dependence.
Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon heroin.
Strong dependence, both physiological and emotional, upon morphine.
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