Prospective, Open-Label, Multicenter, International Study of Mifepristone for Symptomatic Treatment of Cushing's Syndrome Caused by Ectopic Adrenal Corticotrophin Hormone (ACTH) Secretion
This study will evaluate whether the drug mifepristone can improve the symptoms of Cushing's syndrome in people with ectopic adrenal corticotrophin hormone (ACTH) secretion. Cushing's syndrome occurs when the adrenal glands produce too much cortisol, a hormone that helps to regulate the body's use of salt and food. Excessive cortisol is usually the result of too much ACTH, the hormone that causes the adrenal glands to make cortisol. The extra ACTH is made either by a tumor in the pituitary gland (called Cushing's disease) or by a tumor somewhere else (called ectopic ACTH secretion). Mifepristone blocks the action of cortisol in the body. The drug has been used safely to treat a few people with Cushing's syndrome and patients with certain kinds of cancer, gynecological diseases and psychiatric disorders.
People between 18 and 85 years of age with Cushing's syndrome caused by EXCESS ACTH secretion may be eligible for this study. Candidates are admitted to the hospital for evaluation to confirm Cushing's syndrome and to determine its cause. The evaluation includes blood and urine tests, imaging tests, dexamethasone and corticotropin-releasing hormone tests and inferior petrosal sinus sampling. Patients determined to have Cushing's syndrome due to ECTOPIC ACTH secretion undergo imaging studies (CT, MRI and a nuclear medicine scan) and begin mifepristone therapy.
Participants remain in the hospital for the following tests and procedures:
- Physical examination, electrocardiogram (EKG) and blood and urine tests
- Completion of medical questionnaires
- DEXA scan to determine bone mineral density and body composition
- Glucose tolerance test
- Urine pregnancy test and ultrasound to measure uterine lining thickness (for women)
Patients take mifepristone by mouth 3 times a day. The dose is increased every week or so until symptoms improve or the highest dosage allowed is reached. Patients may remain in the hospital for all or part of the dose-finding part of the study. During this period (usually 2 to 4 weeks), blood pressure, glucose tolerance and blood chemistries are measured and EKG and urinalysis done every 5 to 14 days. When the mifepristone dose is stable patients remain on that dose for at least 2 weeks and are then re-evaluated. Patients then return to the hospital for evaluations every 3 months. Those who do well on the drug may continue to take it for up to 12 months.
Between 10% and 20% of patients with hypercortisolism (Cushing's Syndrome) have tumoral ectopic production of adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) that causes cortisol excess. If an ectopic tumor cannot be found or if surgery cannot be done, the treatment options include medicines that reduce cortisol production and bilateral adrenalectomy. The available medications that reduce cortisol production have important adverse effects and are not effective in some patients and adrenalectomy leads to lifelong requirements for medical hormone replacement. Thus, additional treatment options would be welcome. This study evaluates a potential new medication for the treatment of these patients; mifepristone blocks the effects of cortisol rather than decreasing its production. The purpose of this study is to see whether this agent can improve diabetes or other symptoms of Cushing's syndrome in subjects with ectopic ACTH secretion. Another purpose is to evaluate adverse effects with this drug. Patients with presumed ectopic ACTH secretion and diabetes will take mifepristone 600 mg daily by mouth, and the effect on diabetes and other symptoms of Cushing's syndrome will be measured. Subjects will return to the hospital at 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months after starting mifepristione for evaluation of diabetes and other symptoms. The agent will be available for up to 12 months for patients in whom it is effective.
Patients take mifepristone by mouth 3 times a day. Each dose will contain 200 mg. Patients may remain in the hospital for all or part of the initial safety studies, every two weeks for eight weeks. During this period blood pressure, glucose tolerance and blood chemistries are measured and EKG and urinalysis done every two weeks. The mifepristone dose can be decreased or stopped if there are adverse effects. When the mifepristone dose is stable for eight weeks, patients will be re-evaluated. Patients then return to the hospital for evaluations one month later and then every 3 months. Those who do well on the drug may continue to take it for up to 12 months.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00422201
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on May 19, 2013
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A progestational and glucocorticoid hormone antagonist. Its inhibition of progesterone induces bleeding during the luteal phase and in early pregnancy by releasing endogenous prostaglandins from the endometrium or decidua. As a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist, the drug has been used to treat hypercortisolism in patients with nonpituitary CUSHING SYNDROME.
A condition caused by prolonged exposure to excess levels of cortisol (HYDROCORTISONE) or other GLUCOCORTICOIDS from endogenous or exogenous sources. It is characterized by upper body OBESITY; OSTEOPOROSIS; HYPERTENSION; DIABETES MELLITUS; HIRSUTISM; AMENORRHEA; and excess body fluid. Endogenous Cushing syndrome or spontaneous hypercortisolism is divided into two groups, those due to an excess of ADRENOCORTICOTROPIN and those that are ACTH-independent.
Petrosal Sinus Sampling
Sampling of blood levels of the adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) by withdrawal of blood from the inferior petrosal sinus. The inferior petrosal sinus arises from the cavernous sinus and runs to the internal jugular vein. Sampling of blood at this level is a valuable tool in the differential diagnosis of Cushing disease, Cushing syndrome, and other adrenocortical diseases.
An inhibitor of the enzyme STEROID 11-BETA-MONOOXYGENASE. It is used as a test of the feedback hypothalamic-pituitary mechanism in the diagnosis of CUSHING SYNDROME.
Excess production of ADRENAL CORTEX HORMONES such as ALDOSTERONE; HYDROCORTISONE; DEHYDROEPIANDROSTERONE; and/or ANDROSTENEDIONE. Hyperadrenal syndromes include CUSHING SYNDROME; HYPERALDOSTERONISM; and VIRILISM.
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