European Society of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (EUSCLE)
Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) is a disease with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and a variable prognosis. The aim of the study is to create a standardized evaluation of the different subtypes of this disease in order to receive an overview of the spectrum of clinical and laboratory features as well as the therapeutic strategies for patients with CLE.
Methods: A core set questionnaire has been developed in the course of the "European Society of Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus (EUSCLE)", and a total of 40 patients (32 females, 8 males) in two centres, Germany and Sweden, were included in this study. Results: CLE was diagnosed in 39 individuals (5 with acute CLE, 10 with subacute CLE, 13 with chronic CLE, and 18 with intermittent CLE) and one individual presented with a systemic manifestation of the disease. Furthermore, disease onset and duration as well as activity and damage of skin lesions using a modified CLASI were examined. Interestingly, 75% of the patients with CLE showed a positive history of photosensitivity, but only 62.5% exhibited characteristic lesions after standardized phototesting. Laboratory analysis revealed positive antinuclear antibodies in 50% of the patients, positive anti-Ro/SSA in 12 and positive anti-La/SSB antibodies in 8 cases. The predominantly used treatments included sunscreens (38 patients), topical steroids (31 patients), topical calcineurin inhibitors (12 patients), chloroquine (19 patients), hydroxychloroquine (11 patients), and systemic steroids (12 patients). Conclusions: The new core set questionnaire enables the clinician to characterize the different skin manifestations involved in CLE and to evaluate disease activity and reasonable treatment modalities. Furthermore, epidemiological data and laboratory features can be assessed for the various subtypes. In the future, this standardized evaluation might lead to the development of diagnostic guidelines and evidence based therapeutic strategies thus improving quality of care for patients with CLE.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective
Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous
University of Muenster, Department of Dermatology
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00420121
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous
A form of lupus erythematosus in which the skin may be the only organ involved or in which skin involvement precedes the spread into other body systems. It has been classified into three forms - acute (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC with skin lesions), subacute, and chronic (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, DISCOID).
Lupus Erythematosus, Discoid
A chronic form of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, CUTANEOUS) in which the skin lesions mimic those of the systemic form but in which systemic signs are rare. It is characterized by the presence of discoid skin plaques showing varying degrees of edema, erythema, scaliness, follicular plugging, and skin atrophy. Lesions are surrounded by an elevated erythematous border. The condition typically involves the face and scalp, but widespread dissemination may occur.
Panniculitis, Lupus Erythematosus
A type of lupus erythematosus characterized by deep dermal or subcutaneous nodules, most often on the head, face, or upper arms. It is generally chronic and occurs most often in women between the ages of 20 and 45.
Antiphospholipid antibodies found in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; and in a variety of other diseases as well as in healthy individuals. The antibodies are detected by solid-phase IMMUNOASSAY employing the purified phospholipid antigen CARDIOLIPIN.
Lupus Coagulation Inhibitor
An antiphospholipid antibody found in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC;), ANTIPHOSPHOLIPID SYNDROME; and in a variety of other diseases as well as in healthy individuals. In vitro, the antibody interferes with the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin and prolongs the partial thromboplastin time. In vivo, it exerts a procoagulant effect resulting in thrombosis mainly in the larger veins and arteries. It further causes obstetrical complications, including fetal death and spontaneous abortion, as well as a variety of hematologic and neurologic complications.
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