Prophylaxis Prior to Cataract Surgery Conjunctival Flora and Optimal Ocular Sterilization Technique Prior to Cataract Surgery
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the conjunctival flora prior to cataract or vitrectomy surgery comparing mupirocin ointment applied to the conjunctiva along with standard ocular sterilization vs. standard ocular sterilization alone.
Bacterial endophthalmitis is a rare but devastating complication of intraocular surgery. Given the devastating ocular sequelae of endophthalmitis, one cannot underestimate the need to develop a sterilization strategy which most effectively prevents intraocular infection. The most common organisms causing bacterial postoperative endophthalmitis are gram-positive cocci, particularly coagulase-negative staphylococci and Staphylococcus Aureus. It is thought that the most common sources of bacterial contamination predisposing to endophthalmitis are the eyelids and conjunctiva (Ariyasu).
The two main techniques used to reduce the bacterial flora on the ocular surface include treatment of the ocular surface with topical antibiotics prior to surgery and the instillation of 5% povidone-iodine during the prep immediately prior to beginning the surgical procedure (Speaker). Mupirocin ointment is a logical choice for surgical prophylaxis as it has been reported that mupirocin treatment applied to the nose resulted in elimination rates (of S. Aureus from the nares) of 91% directly after therapy (Doebbeling). Use of mupirocin ointment applied to the nares prior to eye surgery resulted in a significant decrease in the bacterial load on the conjunctiva at the time of surgery (Alexandrou, in press). Using mupirocin ointment directly to the conjunctiva, in addition to standard ocular sterilization techniques, may result in an even greater decrease in conjunctival flora prior to eye surgery.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Mupirocin Nasal Ointment
University of Chicago Hospitals
University of Chicago
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00406913
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A topically used antibiotic from a strain of Pseudomonas fluorescens. It has shown excellent activity against gram-positive staphylococci and streptococci. The antibiotic is used primarily for the treatment of primary and secondary skin disorders, nasal infections, and wound healing.
Suppurative inflammation of the tissues of the internal structures of the eye; not all layers of the uvea are affected. Fungi, necrosis of intraocular tumors, and retained intraocular foreign bodies often cause a purulent endophthalmitis.
Nasal Lavage Fluid
Fluid obtained by irrigation or washout of the nasal cavity and NASAL MUCOSA. The resulting fluid is used in cytologic and immunologic assays of the nasal mucosa such as with the NASAL PROVOCATION TEST in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity.
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
Nasal Provocation Tests
Application of allergens to the nasal mucosa. Interpretation includes observation of nasal symptoms, rhinoscopy, and rhinomanometry. Nasal provocation tests are used in the diagnosis of nasal hypersensitivity, including RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL.
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