Effectiveness of Occupational Therapy in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis(RCT)
The purpose of the study is to compare the short- and long-term effectiveness of an individualized, resource-oriented joint protection intervention with the standard, problem-oriented joint protection intervention for patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
Joint Protection (JP)is an important intervention in the management of people with arthritis. Altering working methods (e.g. use of proximal joints, dynamic activities), energy conservation (balance between activity and rest) and using assistive devices should place less strain on joint structures weakened by the disease process. These strategies ought to decrease pain and stress on joints, improve function, and facilitate maintaining social roles.
The effectiveness of JP has been evaluated in a number of studies, all in a group setting. JP has beneficial short-term effects on pain and function in patients with established RA and moderate functional problems. Using assistive devices reduces pain during task performance in comparison to normal methods and altering working methods significantly reduces difficulties in activities of daily living (ADL). However this generally does not result in significant behavioral changes and a long-term impact on reducing pain and maintaining function may only be reached if JP is taught using behavioral education methods. Additionally, adherence of RA patients to different interventions is generally modest, which may well determine the effectiveness of any given intervention, especially in the long-term.
All previous studies were carried out in group settings, however, in Switzerland, standard JP education is provided on a one-to-one basis and an individualized education is assumed to be a promising approach.
This clinical trial aims to test the hypothesis that an individualized, resource-oriented JP education in RA patients leads to a better therapy success in the short and long-term, compared to problem-oriented standard JP education in terms of joint protection behavior. Secondary outcome parameters are self-perception, general and specific self-efficacy and general and health-related quality of life.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
psycho-educational Joint protection education
University of Zurich
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00400868
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Arthritis, Juvenile Rheumatoid
Rheumatoid arthritis of children occurring in three major subtypes defined by the symptoms present during the first six months following onset: systemic-onset (Still's Disease, Juvenile-Onset), polyarticular-onset, and pauciarticular-onset. Adult-onset cases of Still's disease (STILL'S DISEASE, ADULT-ONSET) are also known. Only one subtype of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (polyarticular-onset, rheumatoid factor-positive) clinically resembles adult rheumatoid arthritis and is considered its childhood equivalent.
Gold Sodium Thiomalate
A variable mixture of the mono- and disodium salts of gold thiomalic acid used mainly for its anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It is most effective in active progressive rheumatoid arthritis and of little or no value in the presence of extensive deformities or in the treatment of other forms of arthritis.
Joint Deformities, Acquired
Deformities acquired after birth as the result of injury or disease. The joint deformity is often associated with rheumatoid arthritis and leprosy.
Still's Disease, Adult-onset
Systemic-onset rheumatoid arthritis in adults. It differs from classical rheumatoid arthritis in that it is more often marked by acute febrile onset, and generalized lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenomegaly are more prominent.
Antibodies found in adult RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS patients that are directed against GAMMA-CHAIN IMMUNOGLOBULINS.
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