Budesonide Inhalation Suspension for Acute Asthma in Children
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the addition of budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) to the standard therapy of albuterol, ipratropium bromide, and systemic corticosteroids (SCS) for moderate to severe asthma flares in children reduces asthma severity more rapidly than standard therapy alone.
Context: Acute asthma is a leading cause of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. Although standard therapy for acute asthma includes systemic corticosteroids (SCS), these drugs take many hours to have an effect. Recent studies demonstrate that inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may improve patients' asthma severity more rapidly than SCS and may decrease hospitalizations. Only a few small studies have evaluated ICS added to standard therapy for acute asthma in children.
Objective: To determine if adding the nebulized steroid budesonide to standard therapy including SCS improves patients' asthma severity faster than standard therapy alone and leads to fewer hospitalizations.
Study Design/Setting/Participants: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial of budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) versus placebo for children 2 to 18 years of age who present to a tertiary care, urban pediatric ED with a moderate to severe asthma flare.
Intervention: Participants will receive standard therapy including SCS, albuterol, and ipratropium bromide and will be randomly assigned to also receive either nebulized BIS or saline.
Study Measures: Differences in asthma scores, vital signs, and the need for hospitalization will be compared between treatment groups.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Budesonide inhalation suspension (0.5 mg/2mL)
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Emergency Department
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00393367
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A glucocorticoid used in the management of ASTHMA, the treatment of various skin disorders, and allergic RHINITIS.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Tests involving inhalation of allergens (nebulized or in dust form), nebulized pharmacologically active solutions (e.g., histamine, methacholine), or control solutions, followed by assessment of respiratory function. These tests are used in the diagnosis of asthma.
Inhalation of oxygen aimed at restoring toward normal any pathophysiologic alterations of gas exchange in the cardiopulmonary system, as by the use of a respirator, nasal catheter, tent, chamber, or mask. (From Dorland, 27th ed & Stedman, 25th ed)
A variety of devices used in conjunction with METERED DOSE INHALERS. Their purpose is to hold the released medication for inhalation and make it easy for the patients to inhale the metered dose of medication into their lungs.