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The purpose of this study is to determine whether the addition of budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) to the standard therapy of albuterol, ipratropium bromide, and systemic corticosteroids (SCS) for moderate to severe asthma flares in children reduces asthma severity more rapidly than standard therapy alone.
Context: Acute asthma is a leading cause of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations. Although standard therapy for acute asthma includes systemic corticosteroids (SCS), these drugs take many hours to have an effect. Recent studies demonstrate that inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) may improve patients' asthma severity more rapidly than SCS and may decrease hospitalizations. Only a few small studies have evaluated ICS added to standard therapy for acute asthma in children.
Objective: To determine if adding the nebulized steroid budesonide to standard therapy including SCS improves patients' asthma severity faster than standard therapy alone and leads to fewer hospitalizations.
Study Design/Setting/Participants: A double-blind, randomized, controlled trial of budesonide inhalation suspension (BIS) versus placebo for children 2 to 18 years of age who present to a tertiary care, urban pediatric ED with a moderate to severe asthma flare.
Intervention: Participants will receive standard therapy including SCS, albuterol, and ipratropium bromide and will be randomly assigned to also receive either nebulized BIS or saline.
Study Measures: Differences in asthma scores, vital signs, and the need for hospitalization will be compared between treatment groups.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Budesonide inhalation suspension (0.5 mg/2mL)
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Emergency Department
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:41:51-0400
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