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Comparison of Side Effects of Morphine and Hydromorphone PCA

01:45 EDT 23rd July 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Both morphine and hydromorphone are pain medications commonly used after surgery. It is thought at our institution that hydromorphone causes less side effects but this has not been studied. We propose to treat our patients with either morphine or hydromorphone and determine how much nausea, vomiting, and itching they have with each drug

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Post Operative Pain

Intervention

Morphine PCA, Hydromorphone PCA

Location

Columbia Presbyterian Hospital
New York
New York
United States
10032

Status

Completed

Source

Columbia University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Trial Comparing Morphine to Hydromorphone in Elderly Patients With Severe Pain

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PubMed Articles [10053 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An opioid analgesic made from MORPHINE and used mainly as an analgesic. It has a shorter duration of action than morphine.

A narcotic analgesic that can be used for the relief of most types of moderate to severe pain, including postoperative pain and the pain of labor. Prolonged use may lead to dependence of the morphine type; withdrawal symptoms appear more rapidly than with morphine and are of shorter duration.

An opioid analgesic with actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE, apart from an absence of cough suppressant activity. It is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain, including pain in obstetrics. It may also be used as an adjunct to anesthesia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1092)

A benzyl-indazole having analgesic, antipyretic, and anti-inflammatory effects. It is used to reduce post-surgical and post-traumatic pain and edema and to promote healing. It is also used topically in treatment of RHEUMATIC DISEASES and INFLAMMATION of the mouth and throat.

An opioid analgesic used similarly to MORPHINE in the control of moderate to severe pain. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1097)

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