Study of the Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase Enzyme in Affecting the Risk for Coronary Heart Disease
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a particular substance involved in inflammation, called leukotrienes, is involved in causing heart disease to occur or to progress.
The focus of this study is to better understand why some adults develop heart disease and others do not. There are many known factors which play a role in causing heart disease, such as diet and lifestyle. Also, we know that inflammation, a process in the body which causes painful joints in arthritis or swelling at a site if injury, also contributes to heart disease. In particular, we will address whether leukotrienes, a component of inflammation, is involved in promoting heart disease. We will study this by giving subjects at high risk for heart disease a drug called montelukast which causes leukotrienes to have a reduced effect in the body. In addition for comparison, we will give other subjects a placebo for the same amount of time. These subjects will then be crossed-over and will receive either montelukast or placebo depending on which treatment they received first. We will compare these subjects using blood tests to see if subjects who take montelukast show signs of less inflammation caused by early heart disease as compared to subjects who do not.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Coronary Heart Disease
University of Florida Family Practice Medical Group Clinic
University of Florida
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00379808
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of CORONARY VESSELS. Most coronary aneurysms are due to CORONARY ATHEROSCLEROSIS, and the rest are due to inflammatory diseases, such as KAWASAKI DISEASE.
A disorder of cardiac function caused by insufficient blood flow to the muscle tissue of the heart. The decreased blood flow may be due to narrowing of the coronary arteries (CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE), to obstruction by a thrombus (CORONARY THROMBOSIS), or less commonly, to diffuse narrowing of arterioles and other small vessels within the heart. Severe interruption of the blood supply to the myocardial tissue may result in necrosis of cardiac muscle (MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION).
An imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the CORONARY VESSELS to supply sufficient blood flow. It is a form of MYOCARDIAL ISCHEMIA (insufficient blood supply to the heart muscle) caused by a decreased capacity of the coronary vessels.
Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-pump
Coronary artery bypass surgery on a beating HEART without a CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS (diverting the flow of blood from the heart and lungs through an oxygenator).
Coronary Artery Bypass
Surgical therapy of ischemic coronary artery disease achieved by grafting a section of saphenous vein, internal mammary artery, or other substitute between the aorta and the obstructed coronary artery distal to the obstructive lesion.
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