Anorectal Microbicide Project(AMP): Rectal Health, Behaviors and Microbicide Acceptability
Observational, cross-sectional, single-visit study of 896 men and women in Los Angeles, CA and Baltimore, MD including a computer-assisted interview focusing on the behavioral repertoire surrounding RAI, symptoms, and health seeking behaviors and a multidimensional assessment of behaviors, anorectal examination, and testing for sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Additional Descriptors: Psychosocial, Observational Model: Defined Population, Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional, Time Perspective: Prospective
AIDS Research Alliance
University of California, Los Angeles
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00377221
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
National Center For Health Statistics (u.s.)
A center in the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE which is primarily concerned with the collection, analysis, and dissemination of health statistics on vital events and health activities to reflect the health status of people, health needs, and health resources.
A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)
Protrusion of the rectal mucous membrane through the anus. There are various degrees: incomplete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with displacement of the anal sphincter muscle; complete with no displacement of the anal sphincter muscle but with herniation of the bowel; and internal complete with rectosigmoid or upper rectum intussusception into the lower rectum.
Digital Rectal Examination
A physical examination in which the qualified health care worker inserts a lubricated, gloved finger of one hand into the RECTUM and may use the other hand to press on the lower ABDOMEN or pelvic area to palpate for abnormalities in the lower rectum, and nearby organs or tissues. The method is commonly used to check the lower rectum, the PROSTATE gland in men, and the UTERUS and OVARIES in women.
We know that treatment for rectal or anal cancer can impact sexual function. This study aims to learn: - How the treatment affects emotional and social well-being. - How a ne...
Microbicides are drugs that destroy microbes such as viruses and bacteria. Rectal microbicides may be able to prevent transmission of HIV during anal intercourse. The purpose of this study...
The investigators designed the randomized prospective trial of comparing open and laparoscopic resection in locally advanced rectal cancer after preoperative chemoradiation in order to det...
Hypothesis - Pre operative radio-chemotherapy might be not mandatory to improve local recurrent rate and survival rate in the mid-lower rectal cancer patients with T3N0 clinical s...
Hypothesis: the bladder and sexual functions can be better preserved in patients with robotic assisted rectal surgery This is a randomized trial comparing the bladder and sexual function...
Rectal duplication cyst is a rare entity that accounts for approximately 4% of all alimentary tract duplications. To the best of our knowledge, the presented cases are the first reports in the English...
Background:Consumption of wholegrain (WG) products may protect against colon and rectal cancer.Methods:The associations between total and individual WG product consumption and colon and rectal cancer...
A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the cause of rectal prolapse in working donkeys in Ethiopia. Analysis of data on rectal prolapse cases obtained from the Donkey Health and Welfare Pr...
A 78-year-old Caucasian male with a history of atrial fibrillation and anticoagulation with warfarin presented with a change in bowel habits and weight loss. A computed tomography (CT) scan showed a 3...
Background/Aims: This study aimed to identify anal sphincter and rectal factors that determine anorectal filling sensations and continence during rectal filling in health. Methods: Measurements of ano...