Bumetanide vs. Furosemide in Heart Failure
Patients with NYHA FC II-III heart failure will be randomized in a cross-over fashion to 8 weeks of bumetanide vs. furosemide therapy (equipotent dose), to test whether bumetanide therapy has a superior effect on insulin resistance compared to furosemide. Patients will be subject to a frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIGT) with minimal model (MINMOD) analysis to assess insulin resistance and to a 6-minute walk test (6MWT) to assess functional capacity; patient recruitment and retention success, as well as medication adherence, will also be assessed.
Insulin resistance is common in patients with heart failure (HF) and is associated with a worse functional capacity and more severe symptoms of heart failure. The majority of HF patients take furosemide on at least a daily basis for symptom relief. Bumetanide is a loop diuretic with a similar therapeutic diuretic effect to furosemide. There is evidence from observational and small comparative trials that bumetanide has a significantly less deleterious effect on indirect measures of insulin resistance compared with furosemide. However, a formal comparison between the 2 drugs using rigorous measures of insulin resistance has never been conducted in patients with HF. If bumetanide can be demonstrated to have a similar diuretic and a superior (less deleterious) effect on insulin resistance in patients with HF, the potential exists for bumetanide to have a significantly reduced morbidity in patients with heart failure compared to furosemide. In order to prepare for such a study, the variance of the MINMOD-derived insulin resistance from the FSIGT (26), in this group of patient needs to be determined along with the feasibility of conducting such a study. Functional capacity will be determined by duplicate 6-minute walk tests.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Furosemide, Bumetanide, furosemide, bumetanide
University Hospital, London Health Sciences Centre
Not yet recruiting
Lawson Health Research Institute
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00372762
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A sulfamyl diuretic.
A benzoic-sulfonamide-furan. It is a diuretic with fast onset and short duration that is used for EDEMA and chronic RENAL INSUFFICIENCY.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Enlargement of the HEART, usually indicated by a cardiothoracic ratio above 0.50. Heart enlargement may involve the right, the left, or both HEART VENTRICLES or HEART ATRIA. Cardiomegaly is a nonspecific symptom seen in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HEART FAILURE) or several forms of CARDIOMYOPATHIES.
Heart Failure, Systolic
Heart failure caused by abnormal myocardial contraction during SYSTOLE leading to defective cardiac emptying.
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