Constraint-Induced Therapy Modified for Rehabilitating Arm Function in Stroke Survivors w/Plegic Hands
The purpose of this study is to compare modified CI therapy for strokes survivors with very limited function to an alternative package of conventional physical rehabilitation techniques
Constraint-Induced Movement therapy or CI therapy is a rehabilitation method, based on behavioral neuroscience studies of deafferented monkeys, that has been shown in controlled studies to produce large improvements in real-world upper-extremity use in individuals with chronic stroke. Up till now, survivors of stroke with plegic hands have been excluded from CI therapy protocols, whether on a research or clinical basis. Such individuals are estimated to make up at least 35% of the population with chronic stroke with residual motor deficit. Furthermore, there are no other interventions for such individuals that have controlled evidence of efficacy for increasing real-world function. Thus, these stroke survivors represent a large number of healthcare consumers with limited treatment options.
We recently completed a pilot study of a modified form of CI therapy for stroke survivors with plegic hands, and obtained surprisingly positive findings. Six individuals were enrolled who had a flicker of active movement at the elbow and at the wrist or a finger and 30° of active range of motion at the shoulder. Participants received three weeks of CI therapy, combined with other modes of therapy, for six hours per day. The treatment package included tone management/movement facilitation, training of more-impaired arm use using shaping, functional task practice, restraint of the less-impaired arm in the laboratory and at home as indicated, and a package of behavioral methods for transferring gains from the laboratory to the home situation. As a group, the patients showed a large improvement in more-impaired arm use in daily life after treatment (Motor Activity Log or MAL; p's < 05, Effect Size > 1.5). Improvements in more-impaired arm motor ability, as measured by scores on a laboratory motor performance test (graded Wolf Motor Function Test; gWMFT) and standardized clinical examination (Fugl-Meyer), were also substantial (p's < .05).
Based on these initial findings, we propose a randomized, controlled clinical trial to rigorously test the efficacy of this modification of CI therapy for rehabilitating arm function in chronic stroke patients with severe upper-extremity impairment. To this end, 40 survivors of stroke with plegic hands will be randomly assigned to receive the intervention described above or a placebo control procedure of the same duration. Control participants will receive either 1) tone management, EMG biofeedback and other procedures in alternating blocks for 6 hr daily for 15 consecutive weekdays or 2) usual & customary care. Measures of arm motor ability (gWMFT; Fugl-Meyer), arm use in daily life (MAL, accelerometry), and quality of life (Stroke Impact Scale) will be administered to all participants before and after treatment and at long-term. If the modified CI therapy participants shows larger improvements in more-impaired arm function than the control group participants, this will suggest it is an efficacious treatment and raise hopes of additional recovery for a large group of healthcare consumers with limited treatment options.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Chronic Stroke Survivors With Plegic Hand
Constraint-Induced Movement (CI) Therapy, Usual & Customary Care, Stretching, Relaxation, & Biofeedback
University of Alabama at Birmingham
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00366210
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Karnofsky Performance Status
A performance measure for rating the ability of a person to perform usual activities, evaluating a patient's progress after a therapeutic procedure, and determining a patient's suitability for therapy. It is used most commonly in the prognosis of cancer therapy, usually after chemotherapy and customarily administered before and after therapy. It was named for Dr. David A. Karnofsky, an American specialist in cancer chemotherapy.
Mass Casualty Incidents
Events that overwhelm the resources of local HOSPITALS and health care providers. They are likely to impose a sustained demand for HEALTH SERVICES rather than the short, intense peak customary with smaller scale disasters.
Physical Therapy (specialty)
The auxiliary health profession which makes use of PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES to prevent, correct, and alleviate movement dysfunction of anatomic or physiologic origin.
Adhesive tape with the mechanical strength to resist stretching. It is applied to the skin to support, stabilize, and restrict movement to aid healing and/or prevent injuries of MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.
Progressive Patient Care
Organization of medical and nursing care according to the degree of illness and care requirements in the hospital. The elements are intensive care, intermediate care, self-care, long-term care, and organized home care.
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