Erlotinib and Sirolimus for the Treatment of Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

15:48 EDT 28th April 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to test the safety and efficacy of the combination of erlotinib hydrochloride (Tarcevaâ„¢) and sirolimus (Rapamuneâ„¢) in the treatment of patients with metastatic kidney cancer.

Description

Despite recent advances metastatic renal cell carcinoma remains an incurable condition. Currently available treatment with high-dose interleukin-2 can lead to complete responses in a small minority of selected patients but is markedly toxic and not broadly available. FDA-approved multikinase inhibitors (sorafenib and sunitinib malate) often cause partial and transient tumor regression. There is no standard treatment metastatic renal cell carcinoma for patients whose disease progressed on multikinase inhibitors. The kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is overstimulated in a subset of renal cell carcinomas and other malignancies and can be blocked by sirolimus leading to growth arrest. Erlotinib hydrochloride is a drug that blocks the function of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), often over expressed in kidney cancer. Sirolimus and EGFR inhibitors and been safely used in combination. In vitro experiments show that erlotinib enhances the sirolimus induced growth impairment in a panel of renal cell carcinoma cells. In the present study patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma whose disease progressed on multikinase inhibitors will be treated with the combination of erlotinib hydrochloride (Tarcevaâ„¢) and sirolimus (Rapamuneâ„¢). This is a single arm trial with no placebo or drug-based control arm

Study Design

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Renal Cell Carcinoma

Intervention

Erlotinib hydrochloride, Sirolimus

Location

University of Colorado Hospital
Aurora
Colorado
United States
80010

Status

Completed

Source

University of Colorado, Denver

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.

An autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in a tumor suppressor gene. This syndrome is characterized by abnormal growth of small blood vessels leading to a host of neoplasms. They include HEMANGIOBLASTOMA in the RETINA; CEREBELLUM; and SPINAL CORD; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; pancreatic tumors; and renal cell carcinoma (see CARCINOMA, RENAL CELL). Common clinical signs include HYPERTENSION and neurological dysfunctions.

A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.

A rare tumor of the female genital tract, most often the ovary, formerly considered to be derived from mesonephric rests. Two varieties are recognized: (1) clear cell carcinoma, so called because of its histologic resemblance to renal cell carcinoma, and now considered to be of muellerian duct derivation and (2) an embryonal tumor (called also ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR and yolk sac tumor), occurring chiefly in children. The latter variety may also arise in the testis. (Dorland, 27th ed)

A carcinoma arising from MERKEL CELLS located in the basal layer of the epidermis and occurring most commonly as a primary neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin. Merkel cells are tactile cells of neuroectodermal origin and histologically show neurosecretory granules. The skin of the head and neck are a common site of Merkel cell carcinoma, occurring generally in elderly patients. (Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 3d ed, p1245)

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