Conservative or Operative Treatment for the Shoulder Impingement Syndrome?
Study hypothesis: The impingement syndrome of the rotator cuff is a common cause of shoulder pain for which the most effective treatment is unknown. Steroid injections and anti-inflammatory analgetics are considered as effective methods. Physiotherapy and acromioplasty are commonly used treatments.
Hypothesis: Arthroscopy and acromioplasty in addition to conservative treatment is equally effective as conservative treatment alone for shoulder impingement syndrome.
The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of arthroscopic acromioplasty in the treatment of the shoulder impingement syndrome. Nonoperative treatment consisted of information given by a trained physiotherapist. The patients were supervised with a progressive programme to improve the mobility and muscle strength of the shoulder region which was regularly controlled. The exercises aimed at strengthening the stabilising muscles of the glenohumeral joint (m. trapezius, m. deltoides, m. supraspinatus and m. infraspinatus) and activating the decompressive muscles of the the subacromial space (m. teres major and minor, m. subscapularis). The programme lasted for three months. In addition the patients were given advice for daily home exercise.
In the surgical group the patients underwent an arthroscopic examination and acromioplasty done by one experienced orthopaedic specialist. Postoperatively the patients received similar physiotherapeutical information and training programme than in the conservative treatment group.
The follow-up evaluations were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months from the beginning of each treatment in addition at 24 months counted from the randomization. A trained research physiotherapist who was blinded to the treatment group and had not been involved in their treatment performed a standardized assessment of all patients. The range of motion, muscle strengths and Neer´s tests were recorded. At each evaluation the patients completed a structured questionnaire.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
Kanta-Häme Central Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Central Hospital of Kanta-Hame
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00349648
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)
Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.
A condition caused by an apical lung tumor (Pancoast tumor) with involvement of the nearby vertebral column and the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Symptoms include pain in the shoulder and the arm, and atrophy of the hand.
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
A neurovascular syndrome associated with compression of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS; SUBCLAVIAN ARTERY; and SUBCLAVIAN VEIN at the superior thoracic outlet. This may result from a variety of anomalies such as a CERVICAL RIB, anomalous fascial bands, and abnormalities of the origin or insertion of the anterior or medial scalene muscles. Clinical features may include pain in the shoulder and neck region which radiates into the arm, PARESIS or PARALYSIS of brachial plexus innervated muscles, PARESTHESIA, loss of sensation, reduction of arterial pulses in the affected extremity, ISCHEMIA, and EDEMA. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp214-5).
A pathologic mechanical process that can lead to hip failure. It is caused by abnormalities of the ACETABULUM and/or femur combined with rigorous hip motion, leading to repetitive collisions that damage the soft tissue structures.
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