Autoregulation of Glomerular Filtration Rate in Patients With Type 1 Diabetes During Spironolactone Therapy
To evaluate the impact of spironolactone treatment on renal autoregulation in hypertensive type 1 diabetic patients.
Double-masked, randomized, crossover trial. In random order, patients will be treated with spironolactone 25 mg o.d. and matched placebo for 28 days.
On the last day of treatment, GFR will be determined twice on the same day: first without clonidine and secondly after injection of clonidine (clonidine induces a transient reduction in blood pressure, with no influence on renal plasma flow and GFR), in order to evaluate the effect of antihypertensive treatment with spironolactone on renal autoregulation of GFR.
The study will be preceded by a wash-out period of 1 month for patients receiving antihypertensive medication. Patients will be instructed to measure blood pressure twice daily, three days a week during this period. If, during the washout period, blood pressure exceeds 170/105 mm Hg or persistent edemas develop, treatment with long-acting loop diuretics will be initiated and continued throughout the rest of the study. If blood pressure despite diuretic treatment still exceeds 170 mm Hg systolic and/or 105 mm Hg diastolic, the patient will be excluded from the study and previous/appropriate antihypertensive treatment will be restarted.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Steno Diabetes Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00335413
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.
A potassium sparing diuretic that acts by antagonism of aldosterone in the distal renal tubules. It is used mainly in the treatment of refractory edema in patients with congestive heart failure, nephrotic syndrome, or hepatic cirrhosis. Its effects on the endocrine system are utilized in the treatments of hirsutism and acne but they can lead to adverse effects. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p827)
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.
A condition of markedly elevated BLOOD PRESSURE with DIASTOLIC PRESSURE usually greater than 120 mm Hg. Malignant hypertension is characterized by widespread vascular damage, PAPILLEDEMA, retinopathy, HYPERTENSIVE ENCEPHALOPATHY, and renal dysfunction.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of spironolactone on lowering blood pressure when added to therapy in patients with resistant arterial hypertension.
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