AVANDIA With Glyburide In African American And Hispanic Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Not Controlled by Glyburide Alone
This study was designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of AVANDIA (rosiglitazone) (8mg once daily) in African American and Hispanic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. As microvascular and macrovascular disease are significant contributors to diabetes morbidity and mortality and previous studies suggest that the thiazolidinedione compounds could have potentially beneficial vascular effects, the effects of rosiglitazone therapy on serum parameters associated with endothelial dysfunction, vascular inflammation and impaired fibrinolysis were examined in this study. Improvement in these parameters suggests that rosiglitazone may provide an additional beneficial vascular effect, apart from its ability to improve glycemic control.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
GSK Clinical Trials Call Center
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00333723
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Rats, Inbred Bb
A strain of Rattus norvegicus which is a model for spontaneous insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, INSULIN-DEPENDENT).
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1
A subtype of DIABETES MELLITUS that is characterized by INSULIN deficiency. It is manifested by the sudden onset of severe HYPERGLYCEMIA, rapid progression to DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS, and DEATH unless treated with insulin. The disease may occur at any age, but is most common in childhood or adolescence.
A biguanide hypoglycemic agent used in the treatment of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus not responding to dietary modification. Metformin improves glycemic control by improving insulin sensitivity and decreasing intestinal absorption of glucose. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p289)
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