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Low-Dose or High-Dose Conditioning Followed by Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Myelodysplastic Syndrome or Acute Myelogenous Leukemia

19:55 EDT 24th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate, busulfan, and cyclophosphamide, and total-body radiation therapy before a donor peripheral stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It is not yet known whether low-dose chemotherapy and total-body radiation therapy is more effective than high-dose chemotherapy in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia.

PURPOSE: This phase III trial is studying low-dose conditioning to see how well it works compared to high-dose conditioning followed by peripheral blood stem cell transplant in treating patients with myelodysplastic syndromes or acute myeloid leukemia

Description

OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine whether the conditioning intensity affects outcomes after HCT in patients with MDS or AML who have < 5% marrow myeloblasts at the time of HCT.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

Arm I (Nonmyeloablative regimen):

CONDITIONING: Patients receive fludarabine phosphate IV on days -4 to -2 and undergo low-dose total-body irradiation on day 0.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) infusion on day 0.

GRAFT-VS-HOST DISEASE PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive cyclosporine every 12 hours on days -3 to 57 with taper on days 57-177 or cyclosporine every 12 hours on days -3 to 100 with taper on days 101-177. Patients also receive oral mycophenolate mofetil every 12 hours on days 0-27 or every 8 hours on days 0-40 with taper on days 41-96.

Arm II (Myeloablative regimen):

CONDITIONING: Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups.

Group A: Patients receive fludarabine IV once daily and oral busulfan four times daily or busulfan IV over 3 hours on days -5 to -2.

Group B: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1-2 hours on days -3 and -2 and oral busulfan four times daily or busulfan IV over 3 hours on days -7 to -4.

TRANSPLANTATION: Patients undergo PBSC infusion on day 0.

GRAFT-VS-HOST DISEASE PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive tacrolimus IV continuously or orally every 12 hours on days -1 to 56 and taper on days 57-200. Patients also receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11.

Treatment in both arms continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Multilineage Dysplasia Following Myelodysplastic Syndrome

Intervention

total-body irradiation, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, cyclophosphamide, mycophenolate mofetil, busulfan, cyclosporine, fludarabine phosphate, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, nonmyeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem

Location

HealthOne Presbyterian St. Lukes Medical Center
Denver
Colorado
United States
30322

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.

Transplantation of STEM CELLS collected from the fetal blood remaining in the UMBILICAL CORD and the PLACENTA after delivery. Included are the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

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