Rituximab in Kidney Transplantation

10:30 EDT 2nd October 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to determine whether treatment with rituximab in people who develop new anti-HLA antibodies after kidney transplant will promote longer-term survival of the transplanted kidney.

Description

Organ rejection occurs when a patient's body does not recognize the new organ and attacks it. Data suggest that the development of anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibodies is an early clinical indication that organ rejection may occur. Rituximab is a genetically engineered monoclonal antibody directed against the CD20 antigen on B cells and is known to deplete B cells when administered intravenously; it is FDA-approved for the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. In a previous small study, kidney transplant patients with either acute humoral rejection (AHR) or chronic humoral rejection (CHR) were given rituximab and other antilymphocyte therapy. Patients with AHR had lower or undetectable levels of circulating anti-HLA antibodies after study treatment, and patients with CHR had a sustained decrease of anti-HLA antibodies to undetectable after 6 to 9 months. This new study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of rituximab in preventing organ rejection and promoting long-term survival of donor kidneys in people who undergo kidney transplantation.

The study will last 8 years. The study will enroll participants for 3 years, and patients will participate in the study for 2 to 5 years. This study involves two stages.

Stage 1 begins 3 to 36 months after transplant. During Stage 1, blood collection will occur every 3 months for up to 36 months after transplant to test for anti-HLA antibodies. When these antibodies are detected twice within 1 month, the patient will undergo a baseline kidney biopsy and have his or her glomerular filtration rate (GFR) measured to determine kidney function. If a patient meets certain study criteria, he or she will enter Step 2.

If anti-HLA antibodies are not detected in a patient's blood during Stage 1, the patient's participation will be complete.

In Stage 2, patients will be randomly assigned to one of two study treatment groups:

- Group 1 adult participants, 18 years of age or older, will receive an intravenous infusion of 1000mg of rituximab at Days 0 and 14. Group 1 pediatric participants, 18 years of age or younger, will receive an intravenous infusion of 375 mg/m2 of rituximab at Days 0, 8, 15 and 22.

- Group 2 adult participants, 18 years of age or older, will receive an intravenous infusion of 1000mg of placebo at Days 0 and 14. Group 2 pediatric participants, 18 years of age or younger, will receive an intravenous infusion of 375 mg/m2 of placebo at Days 0, 8, 15, and 22.

All participants will also receive standard of care immunosuppressive drugs. Adult participants, 18 years of age or older, will have 9 study visits over 24 months. Pediatric participants, 18 years of age or younger, will have 11 study visits over 24 months. A physical exam, medication history, adverse events assessment, and blood and urine collection will occur at all visits. A biopsy of the kidney transplant will occur at Stage 2 entry and Month 24.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Kidney Transplantation

Intervention

Rituximab, Immunosuppressive drugs

Location

University of Alabama, Pediatric Nephrology
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Recruiting

Source

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Clinical Trials [1757 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Kidney and Blood Stem Cell Transplantation That Eliminates Requirement for Immunosuppressive Drugs

The Stanford Medical Center Program in Multi-Organ Transplantation and the Division of Bone Marrow Transplantation are enrolling patients into a research study to determine if blood stem c...

Trial of Rituximab Given Pre-Transplant to Sensitised Live Donor Kidney Recipients

About one third of prospective kidney transplant recipients have antibodies in their blood directed against the tissues of their only available kidney donor. Recently, "desensitisation" tr...

Rituximab and Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) for Desensitization in Renal Transplantation

The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of IVIG in combination with Rituximab to lower the level of HLA-sensitive antibodies and block their ability to attack a tra...

Belatacept Evaluation of Nephroprotection and Efficacy as First-line Immunosuppression (BENEFIT)

The purpose of this study is to learn if Belatacept can provide protection from organ rejection following kidney transplantation while avoiding some of the toxic effects of standard immuno...

Randomized Trial of Cyclosporine and Tacrolimus Therapy With Steroid Withdrawal in Living-Donor Renal Transplantation

The use of steroids after kidney transplantation has been challenged because of variable adverse effects which may increase the patient morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was t...

PubMed Articles [9736 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Clinical Translation of Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells in Transplantation.

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease is increasing each year and currently the best therapeutic option for end-stage renal disease patients is kidney transplantation. H...

Quality of Life of Older Patients Undergoing Renal Transplantation: Finding the Right Immunosuppressive Treatment.

Kidney transplantation is currently the best treatment for end-stage renal disease, both in terms of mortality benefit and quality of life (QOL). Elderly patients are a rapidly growing subset of the k...

Kaposi's Sarcoma after Kidney Transplantation: a 21-Years Experience.

The long-term use of immunosuppressive agents for prevention of allograft rejection increases the risk of malignancy approximately 100 times as high as that in the general population and Kaposi's sarc...

The course of parvovirus B19 infection during pregnancy after kidney transplantation.

Having a tropism for erythroid progenitor cells, parvovirus B19 may cause partial red cell aplasia and thrombocytopenia. Early diagnosis of parvovirus B19 infection in immunocompromised patients is ne...

Successful outcome of a corticodependent henoch-schönlein purpura adult with rituximab.

Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic vasculitis involving small vessels with deposition of immunoglobulin A (IgA) complexes, usually affecting children. Compared with children, HSP in adults ...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Preparative treatment of transplant recipient with various conditioning regimens including radiation, immune sera, chemotherapy, and/or immunosuppressive agents, prior to transplantation. Transplantation conditioning is very common before bone marrow transplantation.

Deliberate prevention or diminution of the host's immune response. It may be nonspecific as in the administration of immunosuppressive agents (drugs or radiation) or by lymphocyte depletion or may be specific as in desensitization or the simultaneous administration of antigen and immunosuppressive drugs.

The end-stage of CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY. It is characterized by the severe irreversible kidney damage (as measured by the level of PROTEINURIA) and the reduction in GLOMERULAR FILTRATION RATE to less than 15 ml per min (Kidney Foundation: Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative, 2002). These patients generally require HEMODIALYSIS or KIDNEY TRANSPLANTATION.

The transference of a kidney from one human or animal to another.

Anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody that exerts immunosuppressive effects by inducing peripheral T-cell depletion and modulation of the T-cell receptor complex (CD3/Ti). This biochemically purified IMMUNOGLOBULIN G is obtained through the fusion of mouse myeloma cells to lymphocytes from immunized animals to produce hybridomas that secrete specific antibodies to the T3 (CD3) antigens of human T-lymphocytes. It is often used as an IMMUNOSUPPRESSIVE AGENTS in TRANSPLANTATION.

More From BioPortfolio on "Rituximab in Kidney Transplantation"

Search BioPortfolio:
Loading